Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 November 2023

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Catalog of Fishes

Species that contain: Barbus and barbus [ 1049 ] records

ablabes, Puntius (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1863:114, Pl. 23 (fig. 1) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Dabo Crom, Guinea. Syntypes: RMNH 2466 (2). Misspelled ablades by Pellegrin 1921:635 [ref. 30437]. •Valid as Barbus ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:176 [ref. 12829], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:350 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], De Weirdt et al. 2007:501 [ref. 30024], Bamba et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31488] in 'Barbus', Pezold et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34870] in 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius ablabes (Bleeker 1863). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

aboinensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:369 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 45) (art. 45); ref. 14782] Omalu, headwaters of Aboina River, tributary of Cross River, southern Nigeria. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1911.3.30.23-32 (orig. 18), USNM 86631 (1). •Valid as Barbus aboinensis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:346 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:5035 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius aboinensis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aboinensis (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

acuticeps, Barbus Matthes [H.] 1959:62 [Folia Scientifica Africae Centralis v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 11929] River Nyawarongo, Rwanda (±2°26'S, 30°21'E). Holotype: MRAC 130313. Paratypes: MRAC 130310 (1), 130311-12 (2), 130314 (1). •Valid as Barbus acuticeps Matthes 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:15 [ref. 17656]). •Valid as Labeobarbus acuticeps (Matthes 1959) -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:53 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus acuticeps (Matthes 1959). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Rwanda and Burundi. Habitat: freshwater.

acutirostris, Barbus brunellii Bini [G.] 1940:174, Pl. 10 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Debre Mariam (locality 1), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°38'N, 37°24'E). Neotype: RMNH 32870. Subspecific name spelled acutirostis on Pl. 10; also says "n. sp." after trinominal on Pl. 10 and "sp. nova." on p. 174. Original 8 syntypes lost, neotype designated by Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:130 [ref. 23829]. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus brunellii Bini 1940, but a valid subspecies acutirostris Bini 1940 -- (Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254]). •Valid as Barbus acutirostris Bini 1940 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:130 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:205 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus acutirostris (Bini 1940) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus acutirostris (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

aeneus, Cyprinus Burchell [W. J.] 1822:280, Fig. on p. 285 [Travels in the interior of southern Africa. 2 vols.; ref. 17293] Zak River, South Africa (±29°39'S, 21°11'E). No types known. •Valid as Barbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:168 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Skelton 2001:168 [ref. 27406], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Marshall 2011:102 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

afer, Barbus (Capoeta) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:395 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Probably the Swartkops River system, Cape Colony, South Africa. Syntypes: ZMB 5413 (3). •Valid as Barbus afer Peters 1864 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus afer (Peters 1864) -- (Skelton 1988:280 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:124 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:124 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33568], Chakona & Skelton 2017:121 [ref. 35153], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus afer (Peters 1864). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:8, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Holotype: SMF 6786 (dry). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

affinis, Barbus lateristriga Kammerzell [F.] 1917:333, Abb. 1 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 14 (no. 36); ref. 34769] Sunda Inseln (aquarium import). No types known. Named by mistake of Barbus sp. aff. lateristriga Duncker. Also described earlier (?) by Stansch, Die Prachtbarbe und die übrigen Barben-Arten, p. 23 as Barbus lateristriga spec. affinis Duncker or Barbus lateristriga var. affinis. •Senior synonym of Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929). Not in use. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

afrohamiltoni, Barbus Crass [R. S.] 1960:428 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 14 (pt 3); ref. 11905] Sabi River, Transvaal [now Mpumalanga], South Africa. Syntypes: SAM 10771 [now at AMG] (3, in 2 bottles). Replacement name for Barbus hamiltoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1913, secondarily preoccupied by Systomus hamiltonii Jerdon 1849 when in Barbus. •Valid as Barbus afrohamiltoni Crass 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:221 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:162 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:162 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:97 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius afrohamiltoni (Crass 1960) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:42 [ref. 36373]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Enteromius afrohamiltoni (Crass 1960). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

afrovernayi, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Boulton [R.] 1927:45 [Copeia No. 163; ref. 17987] Capelongo, Huila Province, Angola. Holotype: AMNH 8680. Paratypes: AMNH 8994 (4). Replacement name for Barbus vernayi Nichols & Boulton 1927, preoccupied by Barbus vernayi Norman 1925. •Valid as Barbus afrovernayi Nichols & Boulton 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:221 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:157 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:157 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:94 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius afrovernayi (Nichols & Boulton 1927) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Enteromius afrovernayi (Nichols & Boulton 1927). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ahlselli, Barbus Lönnberg [E.] 1911:39, Fig. 5 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 47 (no. 6); ref. 14793] Luazomela River, a tributary to Guaso Nyiri from the south, Kenya. Syntypes: NRM 9238 (2). •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

akakianus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:122, Fig. 99 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Akaki River, Hawash system, southern Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.1.20.85. •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius akakianus (Boulenger 1911) -- (Englmaier et al. 2020:138 [ref. 37252], Prokofiev et al. 2021:15 [ref. 38739]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius akakianus (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Upper Awash River basin and Central Main Ethiopian Rift, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

akeleyi, Barbus Hubbs [C. L.] 1918:13, Pl. 3 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 10684] Athi River, Kenya, East Africa. Holotype: FMNH 6106. Paratypes: FMNH 6111-12 (12, 48). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367] but FMNH 6112 not listed. •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alba, Barbus fluviatilis var. Krauss [F.] 1882:346 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 38; ref. 20854] Enz River at Lomersheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Holotype (unique): SMNS 14332. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:10 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:31 [ref. 29864]. Species epithet correct as albus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

albanicus, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1870:630 [8], Pl. 3 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4218] Lake Scutari [Lake Iannina], Albania. Syntypes: (several) MSNG 9043 (2), NMW 53651 (2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:184 [ref. 10343]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Messinobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1870) -- (Bianco 1998:128 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus albanicus Steindachner 1870 -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Economidis & Herzig-Straschil in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:23 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1870) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:135 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:55 [ref. 35029], Shumka et al. 2023:38 [ref. 40747]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1870). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Albania, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

alberti, Barbus Poll [M.] 1939:28, Fig. 9 [Poissons. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Fasc. 24; ref. 17216] Rutshuru River, May-Ya-Moto, Lake Edward basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Lectotype: MRAC 64723. Paralectotype: MRAC 64722 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. Lectotype selected by Maetens et al. 2020:16 [ref. 37713]. •Valid as Barbus alberti Poll 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:221 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus stigmatopygus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque 1989:170 [ref. 12829]). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius alberti (Poll 1939) -- (Maetens et al. 2020:15 [ref. 37713], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius alberti (Poll 1939). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa: River systems of Lake Edward and Lake Victoria basins, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya and Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

albus, Systomus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1063 [73] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris and Orontes rivers. Syntypes: NMW 53674-77 (1, 1, 1, 1), 53680 (1), 91400 (1, dry); ?SMF 812 [ex NMW in 1843] (1). Illustrated in Heckel 1943: Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [ref. 2067]. On p. 73 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:90 [ref. 26519], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:34 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:58 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:136 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aliciae, Barbus Bigorne [R.] & Lévêque [C.] 1993:63, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 20656] Mani River, Saint John basin, Liberia. Holotype: MNHN 1991-0324. Paratypes: MNHN 1991-0325 (17), plus additional material. •Valid as Barbus aliciae Bigorne & Lévêque 1993. •Valid as Enteromius aliciae (Bigorne & Lévêque 1993) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aliciae (Bigorne & Lévêque 1993). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Liberia and Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alloiopleurus, Barbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:201 [5] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 4486] Da River, Black River, Upper Tonkin, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1892-0261. On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Poropuntius alloiopleurus (Vaillant 1893) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2000:852 [ref. 25863], Kottelat 2001:35 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius alloiopleurus (Vaillant 1893). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

aloyi, Barbus Roman [B.] 1971:15, Fig. 4 [Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada Barcelona v. 49 [1970]; ref. 7780] River Bolo, affluent of Kie River, Ntem basin, River Muni, Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Holotype (unique): MCSBCN. •Valid as Barbus aloyi Roman 1971 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:481 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius aloyi (Roman 1971) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Fermon et al. 2022:138 [ref. 39448] possible). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aloyi (Roman 1971). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alpina, Systomus albus var. Heckel [J. J.] 1847:257 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Kara-Agatsch River, and Alpine lakes Pire-San und Deria Kaserun, Iran. Syntypes: NMW 53678-79 (5, 2), 53681-82 (2, 2); ?RMNH 2464 [ex NMW] (2). •Synonym of Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:90 [ref. 26519], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:34 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:58 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:136 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

altianalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:479 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 6 (no. 35); ref. 14721] Lake Kivu, northeast of Lake Tanganyika (±2°0'S, 29°10'E). Lectotype: BMNH 1906.9.6.13. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1906.9.6.14 (1) Lake Kivu, 1906.9.6.15 (1) Rusisi River. Lectotype selected by Banister 1973. •Valid as Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus, Seegers 2008:183 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (R. Bills, pers. comm. 1/19/2012 on a 2007 technical report, Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168], Akoth et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

alticola, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:566 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Alaba River, flowing into Lake Gandjule (Margherita), southern Ethiopia, elevation 6000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.1.20.184-185 (2), 1937.4.20.67 (1). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

altidorsalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:493 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Kafue River, 250 miles from Victoria Falls, Zambia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.11.6.26 [or 20]. •Valid as Barbus altidorsalis Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29, 58 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Enteromius altidorsalis (Boulenger 1908) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:119 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Chao Phya River, Thailand. Syntypes: (orig. at least 4) BMNH 1862.11.1.241 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:11 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Barbodes altus (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996:95 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:25 [ref. 23436]). •Valid as Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Gante et al. 2008:1091 [ref. 29529], Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606], Dahruddin et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38577], Taki et al. 2021:116 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

altus, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:60 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Kingani River and Uniamwese, Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMH H472 [ex 8071]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 13686 (7) Kingani R., 14495 (1) Uniamwese. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Barbus zanzibaricus Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peter 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alvarezi, Barbus Roman [B.] 1971:17, Fig. 38 [Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada Barcelona v. 49 [1970]; ref. 7780] Bolo River, affluent of Kie River, 16 kilometers south of Ebebiyin, Republic of Equatorial Guinea. Holotype: MCSBCN. •Valid as Barbus alvarezi Roman 1971 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus brazzai Pellegrin 1901 -- (Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:45 [ref. 22814]). •Synonym of Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901) based on placement of brazzai. •Valid as Enteromius alvarezi (Roman 1971) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

amanpoae, Barbus Lambert [J. G.] 1961:21, Pls. 2 (fig. 1), 4 (fig. 2) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 93; ref. 9362] Amanpoa River, Ponthierville Territory, Congo. Holotype: MRAC 131373. Paratypes: MRAC 131374-77 (4). •Valid as Barbus amanpoae Lambert 1961 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius amanpoae (Lambert 1961) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius amanpoae (Lambert 1961). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

amatolicus, Barbus Skelton [P. H.] 1990:189, Figs. 1-4 [South African Journal of Zoology. v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 16720] Isidenge River, tributary to Kubusi-Kei River system, on farm Isidenge Valley, about 32°40'S, 27°19'E, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype: AMG 12622 [ex AMG P8666.8]. Paratypes: AMG 8451 (11 + 2 c&s), 8454 (21), 8458 (10), 8463 (20), 8666 (7), 12623 (3, c&s), 12624 (3, c&s). Plus other material. •Valid as Barbus amatolicus Skelton 1990 -- (Skelton 1993:134 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:134 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius amatolicus (Skelton 1990) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius amatolicus (Skelton 1990). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

ambassis, Barbus Day [F.] 1869:583 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 21115] Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7553 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.681-85 (5), NMW 53688-89 (1, 1), RMNH 2686 (1), ZMB 11125 (1), ZSI A.788 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Puntius guganio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:273 [ref. 20764], Ataur Rahman 2003:147 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Puntius ambassis (Day 1869) -- (Menon 1999:85 [ref. 24904], Menon et al. 2000:267 [ref. 25168], Jameela Beevi & Ramachandran 2005:85 [ref. 28531], Bleher 2018:702 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil 2019:717 [ref. 37157], Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:98 [ref. 37958]). Current status: Valid as Puntius ambassis (Day 1869). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

amblycephalus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1855:166 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 16837] Rivers, Pengaron, southeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (?): BMNH 1866.5.2.197. Bleeker specimen: BMNH 1866.5.2.197 (1), possible holotype. •Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1942) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

amboseli, Barbus Banister [K. E.] 1980:145, Figs. 1-6 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 8749] Amboseli National Park, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1979.9.4.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.9.4.2-6 (5). •Valid as Barbus amboseli Banister 1980 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015]). •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius amboseli (Banister 1980) -- (Schmidt et al. 2018:571 [ref. 36148], Englmaier et al. 2020:137 [ref. 37252]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius amboseli (Banister 1980). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Middle Athi River drainage, southern Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

amguidensis, Barbus biscarensis Pellegrin [J.] 1934:56 [Mémories de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 19568] Amguid, Algeria. Lectotype: MNHN 1932-0034. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1931-0101 (1), 1932-0033 (1), 1932-0035 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574] as amguibensis. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1134 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus amguidensis (Pellegrin 1934) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus amguidensis (Pellegrin 1934). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Algeria. Habitat: freshwater.

amphibia, Capoeta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:282, Pl. 478 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bombay [probably presidency and not Mumbai proper], India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0073. Paralectotypes: MNHN 2005-0006 [ex MNHN 0000-0073] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] established the lectotype. See also Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] for locality information and comments on validity. •Valid as Barbus (Puntius) amphibius (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Guibé & Spillmann 1958:463 [ref. 26589] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Valid as Puntius amphibius (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:91 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:257 [ref. 20764], Indra 1993:183 [ref. 24009], Indra 1994:414 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi et al. 1996:133 [ref. 24021], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:152 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:169 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi et al. 1999:156 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:85 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:11 [ref. 27711], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] but with question, Silva et al. 2008:55 [ref. 29719] as not occurring in Sri Lanka, Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Kumar et al. 2012:32 [ref. 31807], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil 2016:5 [ref. 34781] as ampibius, Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:704 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:96 [ref. 37958], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:101 [ref. 38032] as ampibius). Current status: Valid as Puntius amphibius (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Western Ghats (India). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

amphigramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:53, Pl. 5 (fig. 4) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 61) (art. 3); ref. 15013] Nairobi River, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, elevation 6500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.11.8.24-26 (3). Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as amphigramma. •Valid as Barbus amphigramma Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius amphigramma (Boulenger 1903) -- (Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

analimaculatus, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1929:433, Fig. [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 29); ref. 33636] Japan (?) -- probably in error, possibly southeast Asia. No types known. Named analipunctatus by Schreitmüller 1936:93 [ref. 33637]. •In Oreichthys or Pethia? Nomen Dubium. Current status: Unknown. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anatolicus, Barbus Turan [D.], Kaya [C.], Geiger [M. F.] & Freyhof [J.] 2018:542, Figs. 2-4, 5a, 6a, 7 [Zootaxa 4461 (no. 4); ref. 36092] Kızılırmak River at Kesikköprü, Kırşehir province, Turkey, 38°57'39''N, 34°11'57''E. Holotype: FFR 08811. Paratypes: FFR, FSJF. Plus additional non-type material. Type catalog: Kaya et al. 2021:402 [ref. 38688]. •Valid as Barbus anatolicus Turan, Kaya, Geiger & Freyhof 2018 -- (Çiçek et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36267], Levin et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36643], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Yogurtçuoglu et al. 2020:[3] [ref. 37627], Güçlü et al. 2021:125 [ref. 38911], Çiçek et al. 2023:364 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:145 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus anatolicus Turan, Kaya, Geiger & Freyhof 2018. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: southern Black Sea basin: Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak River drainages (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

anchisporus, Barbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:96, Fig. 72 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Kapuas River, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7732. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1903-0193 (1); RMNH 12241 [ex RMNH 7732] (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Alfred 1963:138 [ref 28886]. •Valid as Puntius anchisporus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:153 [ref. 28284], Kottelat & Tan 2011:213 [ref. 31694]). •Valid as Systomus anchisporus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Kottelat & Tan 2011:213 [ref. 31694], Tan 2012:288 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Puntigrus anchisporus (Vaillant 1902) -- (Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Puntigrus anchisporus (Vaillant 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

andrewi, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1937:305 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 19 (no. 110); ref. 17314] Berg River, southwestern Cape, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.2.11.9 [ex SAM]. •Valid as Barbus andrewi Barnard 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:165 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:165 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:576 [ref. 32786]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:22 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Synonym of Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

anema, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:533 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 71) (art. 52); ref. 15019] Nile River between Assuan and Luxor, White Nile, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1336-37 (2) Luxor, 1907.12.2.1238-43 (6) Fashoda, 1907.12.2.1244-49 (6), 1907.12.2.1250-52 (3), 1907.12.2.1253-54 (2) Gondokoro; MNHN 1907-0200 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30-31 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus anema Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:169 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:329 [ref. 21589], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015]). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque 1990:42 [ref. 19786]). •Valid as Enteromius anema (Boulenger 1903) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Prokofiev et al. 2021:17 [ref. 38739]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius anema (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa: Nilo-Sudan River basins. Habitat: freshwater.

angustatus, Barbus Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:88 [German p. 153] [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Kura River near Borzhom, Caucasus. Holotype: ZIN 10416 (1 of 2, 167 mm). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:694 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

annamensis, Barbus (Puntius) Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1936:225, Fig. 3 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61 (no. 3); ref. 13735] Hang Giang, China Sea slope, Annam, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0337. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:41 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Lissochilus annamensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Mai 1978:95 [ref. 13511], Nguyen 1997:4 [ref. 24128]). •Valid as Hypsibarbus annamensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Rainboth 1996:55 [ref. 22681], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:112 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus annamensis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

annandalei, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:87, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Sutlej River near Ludhiana, India. Holotype (unique): MCZ 18655. •Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:288 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:101 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

annectens, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1917:554 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 6); ref. 15119] Sabi River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM (missing). •Valid as Barbus annectens Gilchrist & Thompson 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:136 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:136 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:80 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius annectens (Gilchrist & Thompson 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius annectens (Gilchrist & Thompson 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa: Zambezi to KwaZulu-Natal. Habitat: freshwater.

anniae, Barbus Lévêque [C.] 1983:97, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 8315] Affluent of Koumba River, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1982-1003. Paratypes: MNHN 1982-1004 to 06 (2, 11, 290), MRAC 82-15-P-486-492 (7). •Valid as Barbus anniae Lévêque 1983 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1987:172 [ref. 16249], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:333 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius anniae (Lévêque 1983) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius anniae (Lévêque 1983). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Fouta Djallon ecoregion endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

anoplus, Barbus Weber [M.] 1897:151 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 10; ref. 14640] Cape Colony, South Africa. Lectotype: ZMA 100995. Paralectotypes: FMNH 52397 [CM 653] (3) Buffels River. near Laingsburg; SMF 22487 [old no. 685, ex ZMA] (2); ZMA 100995a (148), 101348-49 (9, 11). Type catalog: Matthes 1964:179 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:26 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. Lectotype selected by Matthes 1964:179 [ref. 19237]. •Valid as Barbus anoplus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1990:191 [ref. 16720], Skelton 1993:132 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:132 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Kambikambi et al. 2021:10 [ref. 38355]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa: Gouritz River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

ansorgii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:16 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 79) (art. 3); ref. 572] Luache River at Bange Ngola, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.2.167-168 (2). •Valid as Barbus ansorgii Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius ansorgii (Boulenger 1904) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius ansorgii (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

antinorii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:112, Fig. 89 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Oasis of Nefzana, Tunisia. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.10.19.7 (1); MSNG 17345 (now many), 17346 (5). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:184 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus antinorii (Boulenger 1911) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus antinorii (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aphantogramma, Barbus Regan [C. T.] 1920:105 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31); ref. 3670] Morogoro, Tanzania. Syntypes: BMNH 1920.3.8.24-32 (10). Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as aphantogramma. •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) based on placement of apleurogramma. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aphya, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:137 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.84. Replacement name for Gnathopogon javanicus Bleeker 1863 (not Barbus javanicus Bleeker). •Valid as Puntius aphya (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Leptobarbus hoevenii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Leptobarbus hoevenii (Bleeker 1851). Leptobarbidae. Distribution: Java, Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

apleurogramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:144, Fig. 120 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Kavirondo, Kisumu Bay, Kenya, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.11.15.12. Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as apleurogramma. •Valid as Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1990:41 [ref. 19786], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:150 [ref. 20130], Seegers 1996:95, 375 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Schmidt et al. 2018:571 [ref. 36148], Englmaier et al. 2020:137 [ref. 37252], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315], Akoth et al. 2023:10 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River, Lake Victoria and Lake Kivu affluents. Habitat: freshwater.

apoensis, Barbus Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:113, Fig. 1 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Permanent stream near Khamis Mushyat, 18°17'N, 42°34'E, Saudi Arabia. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.166. Paratypes: BMNH 1971.2.11.1-2 (2), 1976.4.7.167-171 (5), 1976.4.7.172-175 (4). •Valid as Barbus apoensis Banister & Clarke 1977 -- (Alkahem & Behnke 1983:550 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:579 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304]). •Valid as Carasobarbus apoensis (Banister & Clarke 1977) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:93 [ref. 26519] dated 1975, Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:7 [ref. 32915], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Freyhof et al. 2020:127 [ref. 37658], Esmaeili & Hamidan 2023:207 [ref. 40377], Çiçek et al. 2024:133 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus apoensis (Banister & Clarke 1977). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Middle East: Hijaz mountain range (Saudi Arabia). Habitat: freshwater.

apogon, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:392 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH 2509 (1), 2446 (2), 2103 (1), 1735 (1), 1736 (1). •Valid as Puntias apogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Shrestha 1978:36 [ref. 15970]). •Valid as Anematichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842)-- (Pasco-veil et al.1912:52 [ref. 32355]). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:39 [ref. 16753], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:176 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1993:15 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:229 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:87 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Tan & Lim 2004:108 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:288 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Cervancia & Kottelat 2007:145 [ref. 29034], Shrestha 2008:62 [ref. 29923], Schäfer 2009:204 [ref. 30705], Pasco-Viel et al. 1913:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:91 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:598 [ref. 36226], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606], Taki et al. 2021:140 [ref. 39830], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888], Jamaluddin et al. 2022:[5] [ref. 39245]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sundaland, Myanmar to Vietnam; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

apogonostomatus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1913:240 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38 (no. 8); ref. 3428] Kikoulo River, French Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1913-0240. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus apogonostomatus Pellegrin 1913 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus salessei Pellegrin 1908 -- (Lévêque 1989:168 [ref. 12829], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:325 [ref. 21589] Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius salessei (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius salessei (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

arabicus, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1941:14 [British Museum (Natural History) expedition to southwest Arabia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 12735] Wadi Kharid, 20 miles northeast of San'a, Yemen. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1940.2.15.1. •Valid as Barbus arabicus Trewavas 1941 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:120 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:551 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:579 [ref. 8320]). •Valid as Arabibarbus arabicus (Trewavas 1941) -- (Borkenhagen 2014:1180, 1195 [ref. 33432], Freyhof et al. 2020:122 [ref. 37658], Esmaeili & Hamidan 2023:207 [ref. 40377], Çiçek et al. 2024:132 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Arabibarbus arabicus (Trewavas 1941). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Middle East: Southern Red Seabasin and internal basins (southern Saudi Arabia and Yemen). Habitat: freshwater.

arabicus, Cyprinus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:202 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Arabia. In genus Barbus on p. xii. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

arambourgi, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1935:138, Fig. 4 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 13918] Marsh, about 50 kilometers northwest of Sergoit, on the plateau Uasin Gishu, near Omo River, Omo, Ethiopia, elevation 1800 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0097 to 0099 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus arambourgi Pellegrin 1935 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius arambourgi (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius arambourgi (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

arcangelii, Barbus Tortonese [E.] 1939:236 [60], Fig. 6 [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino. (Ser. 3) v. 47 (no. 100); ref. 4414] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): MZUT 3196. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:140 [ref. 21559]. On. p. 60 of separate. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

arcislongae, Barbus trispilopleura var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:167 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa]. Syntypes: ZMB 18177-79 (1, 3, 3). Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:108, Pl. 2, fig. 8 [ref. 32109]. •Valid as Barbus arcislongae Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Enteromius arcislongae (Keilhack 1908) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius arcislongae (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Malawi. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

arenatus, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:574, Pl. 142 (fig. 7) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Madras, India. Holotype (?): ZSI F2737. Syntypes: AMS B.7906 (1), ZSI 2737 (figured specimen). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:115 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Puntius arenatus (Day 1878) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:258 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:237 [ref. 24005], Menon 1999:97 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:706 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:98 [ref. 37958]). Current status: Valid as Puntius arenatus (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Eastern Ghats (southern India). Habitat: freshwater.

argenteus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:103 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Polungo Alto, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.7.13.47-50 (4). •Valid as Barbus argenteus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:159 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:159 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

argyrotaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:674, Pl. 79 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1912 (pt 3) (art. 37); ref. 14834] Eusso Nyiro [Ewaso Ng'iro] River below the falls, east of Lake Baringo, Kenya. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1912.3.22.80-89 (orig. 10). Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as argyrotaenia. •Synonym of Barbus zanzibaricus Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

armatus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntype: RMNH 2502 (1). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.86 (1), 1867.11.28.79 (1). Type information: Roberts 1993:15-16 [ref. 21799]. But Kottelat states (2013) that Valenciennes examined several specimens. •Valid as Anematichthys apogon (Valenciennes 1820) -- (Pasco-veil et al.1912:52 [ref. 32355]). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:15 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:229 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:88 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:26 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Doi et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25691], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Cervancia & Kottelat 2007:144 [ref. 29034], Pasco-Viel et al. 1913:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606], Fu et al. 2021:9569 [ref. 39347], Taki et al. 2021:141 [ref. 39830], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888], Jamandre 2023:165 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sundaland to Cambodia, Palawan (Philippines). Habitat: freshwater.

armenicus, Barbus Kamensky [S. N.] (ex Kessler) 1899:80 [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Çildir Gölu, elevation 6522 feet; Kars-chai, Turkey. Lectotype: ZIN 5198. Paralectotypes: (3) Caucasian Museum (whereabouts unknown). Lectotype established in caption to Fig. 452 in Berg 1949:696 [ref. 20661] if specimen is identifiable. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:694 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

artvinica, Barbus tauricus var. Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:32 [German p. 129] [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Çoruh River basin, Turkey. Holotype (unique): ZIN 11530. Spelled artvinica on pp. 32 and 96, artwinica on p. 129. Species epithet correct as artvinicus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, subspecies escherichi Steindachner 1897 -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus escherichi Steindachner 1897 -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267]). •Synonym of Barbus rionicus Kamensky 1899 -- (Çiçek et al. 2023:367 [ref. 40625]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus rionicus Kamensky 1899. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ashmeadi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:193, Figs. 151-152 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68137. Paratypes: ANSP 68138-39 (2). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:11 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Discherodontus ashmeadi (Fowler 1937) -- (Rainboth 1989:14 [ref. 13537], Rainboth 1996:90 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:28 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Taki et al. 2021:146 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Discherodontus ashmeadi (Fowler 1937). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong River basin, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

asper, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:176, Fig. 154 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Groote River at Sleyterville, Gamtoos River system and Le Roux River at Ondtshoon, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.12.8.6-9 (4, now 3) Le Roux R., 1909.12.8.10 (1) Groote R.; SAM 10644 [now at AMG] (1 of 3) Le Roux R., 10664 + 10673 [now at AMG] (now 2), 10664a [now at AMG] (1). See Barbus biscarensis for comments on Boulenger's style in this work. •Valid as Barbus asper Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186] with holotype and paratypes). •Valid as Pseudobarbus asper (Boulenger 1911) -- (Skelton 1988:285 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:125 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:125 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus asper (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

aspilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:337 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 118) (art. 43); ref. 15137] Ja River at Bitye, southern Cameroon. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.5.30.120. •Valid as Barbus aspilus Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius aspilus (Boulenger 1907) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[3] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius aspilus (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

aspius, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:14, Pl. 22 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Lebuzi River at Boma Vonde, Congo (±5°08'S, 12°39'E). Syntypes: BMNH 1912.4.1.354 (1), MRAC 1536 (1). •Valid as Barbus aspius Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186] with MRAC as holotype). •Valid as Labeobarbus aspius (Boulenger 1912) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:515 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus aspius (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lebuzi River drainage, Chiloango basin, Democratic Republic of Congo and ? Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

atakorensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1957:140, Fig. 17 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 50; ref. 12063] Creek in Atakora mountain range, between Tanguiéta and Natitingou, Benin [Dahomey]. Holotype: MNHN 1956-0107. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0448 (20). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:264 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus atakorensis Daget 1957 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:205 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:354 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius atakorensis (Daget 1957) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius atakorensis (Daget 1957). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

athi, Barbus Hubbs [C. L.] 1918:10, Pl. 1 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 10684] Athi River, Kenya, East Africa. Holotype: FMNH 6108. Paratypes: FMNH 6109-10 (10, 55). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367] with 63 paratypes. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

atkinsoni, Barbus Bailey [R. G.] 1969:92, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 7796] Pool in flood plain of Kilombero River near Ifakara, Rufiji system, Tanzania. Holotype: BMNH 1969.6.5.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1969.6.5.2-10 (9), 1969.6.5.11-13 (3), 1969.6.5.14-24 (11). •Valid as Barbus atkinsoni Bailey 1969 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Enteromius atkinsoni (Bailey 1969) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius atkinsoni (Bailey 1969). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

atlantica, Capoeta Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:124 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 50) (art. 23); ref. 14845] Stream running into the Wad N'fys [Oued Nfis] at Tsigadir-el-hor, Atlas Mountains, Morocco. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.1.4.18-19 (2). Genus originally as Capoëta. •Synonym of Barbus fritschii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Enteromius fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

atromaculatus, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:697, Fig. 12 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Yakuluku, Rep. of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6295. Paratypes: (25) AMNH 5845 (6, now 5), 6074 (1), 6125 (1), 6214 (5, now 3), 6246 (2). •Valid as Barbus atromaculatus Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius atromaculatus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius atromaculatus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: upper Congo basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

aurantiacus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:554 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1911.6.1.78. Paralectotypes: (4) BMNH 1911.6.1.79-80 (2), NMW 53702 (1), ZMB 18223 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:200 [ref. 19234]. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853, but a valid subspecies -- (Greenwood 1970:9 [ref. 7743], Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Barbus fluviatilis var. Fatio [V.] 1882:249 [Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse Part 1; ref. 1308] Confluence of rivers Sarine and Aar, Switzerland. Treated as infrasubspecific and unavailable by Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], but name is available as described. Species epithet correct as auratus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurata, Barbus fluviatilis var. Veesenmayer [G.] 1884:325 [Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg v. 40; ref. 20855] Danube River at Rottenacker, 5 kilometers south-southwest of Ehingen, 48°14'N, 9°41'30"E, Germany. Holotype (unique): SMNS 14331. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:10 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:31 [ref. 29864] A primary homonym of Barbus fluviatilis aurata Fatio 1882. Species epithet correct as auratus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aureus, Barbus Tirant [G.] 1883:96 [27] [Bulletin de la Société des Études Indo-chinoises. Saigon. 1883; ref. 17920] Hué, Vietnam. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0029 (3566). Paralectotypes: MHNL 4200-0030 (2). Type catalog: Chevey 1937:250 [ref. 31779]. On p. 27 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Labeobarbus aureus Cope 1867 in Barbus, replaced by Barbus fernandezypezi Fowler 1958. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1987:6 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Barbus semifasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Kottelat 1987:8 [ref. 11434]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). •Questionably the same as Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aureus, Labeobarbus Cope [E. D.] 1867:406 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 13); ref. 18027] Umvoti, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ANSP 7669-70 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aurotaeniatus, Barbus Tirant [G.] 1885:195 [160] [Excursions et Reconnaissances: Cochinchine française v. 10; ref. 17923] Thu-dâu-môt, Vietnam. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0258. On p. 160 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1987:8 [ref. 11434]. •Valid as Barbus aurotaeniatus Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1987:8, 21 [ref. 11434]). •Valid as Systomus aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Puntius aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:49 [ref. 23436], Doi 2000:396 [ref. 25097], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:72 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Barbodes aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805], Taki et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Chao Phraya and Mekong River basins, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Barbus intermedius Banister [K. E.] 1973:75 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 7554] Lake Baringo, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1932.6.13.191. Paratypes: (58) 1932.6.13.192-200 (9). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

babaulti, Barbus (Agrammobarbus) Pellegrin [J.] 1935:382 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 5041] Katana and Kadjuju, Lake Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1935-0087 and 0088 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus (Capoeta) babaulti Pellegrin 1926, replaced by Barbus lapsus Bannister 1973. •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

babaulti, Barbus (Capoeta) Pellegrin [J.] 1927:387 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 51 (no. 5) [for 1926]; ref. 15937] Nairobi, Kenya. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1926-0285. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:45 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

babaulti, Varicorhinus Pellegrin [J.] 1932:958 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 4 (no. 8); ref. 16514] River near Bukavu, Kivu region, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1932-0181. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:46 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Varicorhinus pellegrini Bertin & Estève 1948 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:339 [ref. 6186]). •Preoccupied by Barbus (Capoeta) babaulti (Pelegrin 1926), replaced by Labeobarbus pellegrini (Bertin & Estève 1948) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus pellegrini (Bertin & Estève 1948). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

bagbwensis, Barbus Norman [J. R.] 1932:181, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 10 (no. 56); ref. 3222] Tributaries of Bagbwe River, Sierra Leone. Holotype: BMNH 1932.5.18.20-21 (larger of 2). Paratypes: BMNH 1932.5.18.20-21 (smaller of 2). •Valid as Barbus bagbwensis Norman 1932 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:347 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Enteromius bagbwensis (Norman 1932) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bagbwensis (Norman 1932). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

balcanicus, Barbus Kotlík [P.], Tsigenopoulos [C. S.], Ráb [P.] & Berrebi [P.] 2002:233, Fig. 4 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 26484] Krupaja River (tributary of Mlava River, Danube River basin), at Milanovac, near Krepoljin, Serbia, Yugoslavia (about 44°16'N, 21°37'E). Holotype: NMW 94609. Paratypes: CMK 17002 (2), MNHN 2001-2675 (3), NMW 94610-94611 (3), ZFMK 22321-22335 (15). •Valid as Barbus balcanicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:118 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:45 [ref. 35029], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178], Antal et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34094], Ćaleta et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Rossi et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38697], Nagy et al. 2023:356 [ref. 40348], Shumka et al. 2023:36 [ref. 40747]). Current status: Valid as Barbus balcanicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Romania, Greece, Albania and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

balleroides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:158 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Indo-Australian area [not Suriname]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3394. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:25 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbodes balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:229 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:580 [ref. 23647]). •Valid as Barbonymus aff. balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:598 [ref. 36226], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bampurensis, Barbus Nikolskii [A. M.] 1900:410 [36] [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 4; ref. 14731] Bampur, Iran. Syntypes: ZIN 11715 (5). On p. 36 of separate. •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). •Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880) -- (Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:65 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:142 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bangwelensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:643 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 16 (no. 96) (art. 72); ref. 15342] Lake Bangwelo [Bangweolo, Bangwelu], Zambia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.11.10.6. As banguelensis in Boulenger 1911:151 [ref. 579]. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725], Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bantamensis, Barbus Rendahl [H.] 1920:1, Fig. 1 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 12 (no. 16); ref. 15255] Ban Tam, Maeping River, eastern foothills of Doi Chieng Dao, northwestern Thailand. Holotype (unique): NHRM 10969. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:3 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Acrossocheilus bantamensis (Rendahl 1920) -- (Datta & Karmakar 1984:170 [ref. 8167]). •Synonym of Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996: [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Poropuntius bantamensis (Rendahl 1920) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:113 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius bantamensis (Rendahl 1920). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

bantolanensis, Barbus Day [A. L.] 1914:188, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 9 (Sect. D, no. 2); ref. 12407] Lake Manguao near Taytay, northern Palawan Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 29823. Paratypes: FMNH 47122 (12), CAS-SU 69674 (5 or 4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291]. Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989] gives precedence to manguaoensis over bantolanensis. •Synonym of Barbodes manguaoensis (Day 1914) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes manguaoensis (Day 1914). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

barbatus, Bagrus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:230, Pl. 49 (figs. 1-2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rio de la Plata, South America. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Fabiano et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33530], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barbodon, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:345, Fig. 16 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: AMNH 8368. Paratypes: AMNH 10697 (2). •Questionably a synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Wu et al. 1977:289 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) subspecies iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:117 [ref. 26639]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

barbouri, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:83, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Probably Himalayas, India. Holotype (unique): MCZ 18653. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

barbulus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1847:256 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Kara Agatsch River [Qarah Aqaj River] near Geré [Jereh], Iran, 29°15'N, 51°58'E; Kueik River at Aleppo, Syria. Syntypes: NMW 6596 (1). Discussion of type locality see Valiallahi 2020:60 [ref. 38919]. •Probably a synonym of Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1847 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:11, 13 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Barbus barbulus Heckel 1847 [also seen as 1849 and 1843] -- (Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Coad 2010:106 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Luciobarbus barbulus (Heckel 1847) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391] dated 1849, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:874 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Khaefi et al. 2017:836 [ref. 40256], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:80 [ref. 37983], Valiallahi 2020:59 [ref. 38919], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1401 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2023:16 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:371 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:21 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:166 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus barbulus (Heckel 1847). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Euphrates and Tigris river basins (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran); Zoreh, Mond and Kol river basins (Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

barbus, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:320 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Europe. Lectotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.144 (skin). Paralectotypes: NRM 8052 (1), 8055 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:212 [ref. 13434], Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:217-218 [ref. 20707]. The Gronovius specimen in the British Museum has been suggested as the putative lectotype by Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:218 [ref. 20707]; that specimen designated lectotype by Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:687 [ref. 20661], Lelek 1987:156 [ref. 22962], Berrebi & Cattaneo-Berrebi 1993:319 [ref. 38654], Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:87 [ref. 23589], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Briolay et al. 1998:101 [ref. 25586], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Kotlík et al. 2002:237 [ref. 26484], Ryabov 2002:794 [ref. 26575], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:43 [ref. 27353], Hanel 2003:51 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:46 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:233 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:87 [ref. 28831], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:119 [ref. 29996], Kottelat 2013:110 [ref. 32989], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178], Turan et al. 2018:554 [ref. 36092], Ćaleta et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Dyldin et al. 2020:105 [ref. 37569], Rossi et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38697], Dyldin et al. 2023:[10] [ref. 40328], Nagy et al. 2023:356 [ref. 40348]). Current status: Valid as Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Widespread in Europe, east to Ukraine; introduced in Italy. Hybridizes with Barbus meridionalis Risso 1827. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

barbus, Gobio Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:198, Pl. 99 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1737 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH 2627 (2). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:156 [ref. 12876]. Junior secondary homonym of Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758 when placed in Barbus as by Günther 1868:135. •Synonym of Hemibarbus labeo (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:324 [ref. 25598]). •Valid as Hemibarbus barbus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Kuroda 1953:275 [ref. 39545], Okada 1961:444 [ref. 6363], Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:56 [ref. 6441], Okamura & Machida 1987:105 [ref. 22279], Sato 1995:50 [ref. 25531], Watanabe 1998:263 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:270 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:86 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:270 [ref. 26001]). •Synonym of Hemibarbus labeo (Pallas 1776) -- (Lu et al. 1977:444 [ref. 2850], Kottelat 2006:35 [ref. 28831], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:325 [ref. 30085], Kottelat 2013:110 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:660 [ref. 34853]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Hemibarbus labeo (Pallas 1776). Gobionidae. Habitat: freshwater.

barbus, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:94, 102 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Tropical America. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Status uncertain -- (Burgess 1989:168 [ref. 12860]). •Valid as Netuma barba (Lacepède 1803) -- (Higuchi et al. 1982:6 [ref. 11467], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:84 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1997:81 [ref. 23536], Sverlij et al. 1998:43 [ref. 27632], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], López et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:83 [ref. 28131]). •Valid as Guiritinga barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Koerber 2011:6 [ref. 31122], Marceniuk et al. 2012:667 [ref. 32225], Catelani et al. 2014:931 [ref. 37496], Koerber 2014:6 [ref. 33621], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117], Petry et al. 2016:303 [ref. 34966], Nión et al. 2016:33 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:7 [ref. 36103], Marceniuk et al. 2019:434 [ref. 36658], Ribeiro et al. 2019:8 [ref. 36717], Chiaramonte et al. 2023:210 [ref. 40423], Carvalho-Filho 2023:72 [ref. 40480], Hoff et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40463], Loureiro et al. 2023:140 [ref. 40506], Marceniuk et al. 2023:17 [ref. 40422]). Current status: Valid as Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: eastern Brazil south to northern Patagonia (Argentina). Habitat: brackish, marine.

barilioides, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1914:385 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 14 (no. 83); ref. 14146] Solwezi River, tributary of Chifulowa River, [northern Rhodesia] Zambia. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.9.21.10-11 (2). •Synonym of Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

barnardi, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1965:41 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 85); ref. 19233] Mwekera Fish Farm about 8 miles above confluence of Mwekera and Kafue rivers, South Africa. Holotype: AMG P1055. Paratypes: AMG P1056-1071 (orig. 16, now 13). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:181 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus barnardi Jubb 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:145 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:145 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:86 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius barnardi (Jubb 1965) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:43 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius barnardi (Jubb 1965). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barotseensis, Barbus radiatus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1920:149 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 45 (no. 3/7); ref. 15249] Zambezi River, Léalui, Zambia. Syntypes: MNHN 1920-0079 (8). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:35 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus barotseensis Pellegrin 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:137 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:137 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:81 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius barotseensis (Pellegrin 1920) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:44 [ref. 36373], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius barotseensis (Pellegrin 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

barryi, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:79, Fig. 17 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Konkouré, at bridge on road Kindia-Télimélé, Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0529 (7). •Valid as Barbus barryi Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus wurtzi Pellegrin 1908 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:118 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:305 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

baschakirdi, Barbus Holly [M.] 1929:62 [1] [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 7) (for 21 Feb. 1929); ref. 16087] Brook at Guadjik, southeastern Iran. Holotype (unique): NMW 13798. Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:42 [ref. 39277]. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Cyprinion watsoni (Day 1872) -- (Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831]). •Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:181 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35254], Çiçek et al. 2024:142 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

batesii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:25, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 570] Kribi River, southern Cameroon (ca. 2°56'N, 9°54'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.11.12.128. Non-types: BMNH 1904.2.29.32-36. •Valid as Barbus batesii Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186] with paratypes, but apparently based on a single individual originally). •Valid as Labeobarbus batesii (Boulenger 1903) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:521 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Fermon et al. 2022:136 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus batesii (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

baudoni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1918:426 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 2 (no. 11); ref. 15096] Syntypes: BMNH 1918.12.11.3-5 (3). •Valid as Barbus baudoni Boulenger 1918 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:201 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:337 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Enteromius baudoni (Boulenger 1918) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius baudoni (Boulenger 1918). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bawkuensis, Barbus Hopson [A. J.] 1965:254, Fig. 4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 71 (nos 3-4); ref. 9216] White Volta, Bazua Bridge, 10 miles west of Bawku, 11°05'N, 0°10'W, northern Ghana. Holotype: BMNH 1964.9.8.278. Paratypes: BMNH 1964.9.8.279-285 (7), MRAC 153534 (1). •Valid as Barbus bawkuensis Hopson 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:351 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Hauber et al. 2011:81 [ref. 31428]). •Valid as Enteromius bawkuensis (Hopson 1965) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bawkuensis (Hopson 1965). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bayoni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:77 [14] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 3). v. 5 (no. 45); ref. 580] Jinja, Ripon Falls and Kakindu, Victoria Nile, Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.3.3.5 (1) Kakindu; MSNG 17329 [or 17349] (1), 17347 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:184-185 [ref. 10343]. On p. 14 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

beasleyi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:194, Figs. 153-154 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68140. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poropuntius beasleyi (Fowler 1937) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931) -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22681], Rainboth 1996:97 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

beavani, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:96 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Cossye River, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.5.12.11 (1), 1867.5.12.27 (1). •Synonym of Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:73 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

beddomii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:110 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sea of Galilee [Bahr Tabariya], Israel. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.11.3.5. •Synonym of Barbus canis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:360 [ref. 13651]). •Valid as Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842) based on placement of canis. •Synonym of Carasobarbus canis (Valnciennes 1842) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:11 [ref. 32915], Çiçek et al. 2024:134 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

belayewi, Barbus Menon [M. A. S.] 1960:144, Fig. 2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 54 (pts 3-4) (1956); ref. 4961] Tigris River, Bagdad, Iraq. Holotype: ZSI-F1046/2. Paratypes: ZSI F1047/2 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:104 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Coad 1991:15 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:14 [ref. 23608], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:44 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:158 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bellcrossi, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1965:539, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 7 (no. 81) (for 1964); ref. 9219] Nyakaseya, Upper Zambezi River, 11°08'S, 24°08'E, Zambia, elevation 4000 feet. Holotype: AMG P1051. Paratypes: AMG P1052-54 (3, 1 decapitated). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:181 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus bellcrossi Jubb 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:137 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:137 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus bellcrossi (Jubb 1965) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:263 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1409 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:22 [ref. 39283]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus bellcrossi (Jubb 1965). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bergi, Barbus barbus Chichkoff [G.] 1935:305 [French p. 311], Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Godisnik na Sofijskija Universitet = Annuaire de l'Université de Sofia, Fiziko-Matematiceski Fakultet = Faculté des Sciences Physiques et Mathématiques, Sofija v. 31 (no. 3); ref. 13687] Riesova Rieca, Bulgaria. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397, 411 [ref. 27353], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877 -- (Turan et al. 2018:548 [ref. 36092]). •Valid as Barbus bergi Chichkoff 1935 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:120 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Çiçek et al. 2023:364 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:146 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus bergi Chichkoff 1935. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria and Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

bernardcarpi, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1958:183, Fig. 1 [Occasional Papers of the National Museums of Southern Rhodesia. B, Natural Sciences. v. 3 (no. 22B); ref. 12075] Kabuta, Chobe River, upper Zambezi system, southwest Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 312 [not 144]. Paratypes: AMG P309-311 (3, 3, 3); ?SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 133-135 (3), 145 (1), 148-149 (2). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:182 [ref. 12628]. •Synonym of Barbus poechii Steindachner 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bifasciata, Barbus hampal var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:173 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 0000-7612. •Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823 -- (Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bifrenatus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:266, Fig. 10 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Tsotsoroga Pan, Botswana. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30018 [ex TMP 15294]. Paratypes: (78) ANSP 54275-89 (15); FMNH 33233-42 (1 ea.); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30019 [ex TMP 15295] (53). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:70 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Barbus viviparus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:296 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus bifrenatus Fowler 1935 -- (Skelton 1993:142 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:142 [ref. 27406], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Marshall 2011:84 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius bifrenatus (Fowler 1935) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:44 [ref. 36373], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bifrenatus (Fowler 1935). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bigornei, Barbus Lévêque [C.], Teugels [G. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1988:179, Fig. 1; Pl. 1a [Cybium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 6865] Mongo River at Marcla, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1987-1220. Paratypes: MNHN 1987-1221 (10), MRAC 87-59-P-1-2 (2). Other material at MNHN and MRAC. •Valid as Barbus bigornei Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988 -- (Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:357 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Bamba et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31488] in 'Barbus"). •Valid as Enteromius bigornei (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bigornei (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

biharicus, Barbus Antal [L.], László [B.] & Kotlík [P.] in Antal, László, Koylik, Mozsál, Czeglédi, Oldal, et al. 2016:192, Fig. 4 [Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution v. 96; ref. 34094] Sebes-Körös River (Crişul Repede) at Bratca, tributary of Tisza River, Danube River basin, Romania, 46.9279°N, 22.5934°E. Holotype: HNHM-ICH-2015.51.1. Paratype: HNHM-ICH-2015.48.1 (1). Electronic online-first version (15 Dec. 2015) without ZooBank registration number, not fulfilling the amendment of ICZN Art. 8.5; available from journal version with page numbers published in Jan. 2016. •Valid as Barbus biharicus Antal, László & Kotlík 2016 -- (Nagy et al. 2023:356 [ref. 40348]). Current status: Valid as Barbus biharicus Antal, László & Kotlík 2016. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe: tributary of Tisza River, Danube River basin (Romania and Hungary). Habitat: freshwater.

bilkewitschi, Barbus Bulgakov [G. P.] 1923:236, Pl. [Trudy Turkestanskogo nauchnogo obshchestva = Transactions of the Scientific Society of Turjestan v. 1; ref. 16414] Atrek River, southeastern watershed of Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Spelled bilkewitchi on p. 236, bilkewitschi on the plate. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:699 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bimaculata, Barbus hampal var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:173 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Howong River, Bo River and Kajan River, Borneo. Syntypes: RMNH 7613 (3), 78614 (4), 7615 (3). •Valid as Hampala bimaculata (Popta 1905) -- (Doi & Taki 1994:405 [ref. 21214], Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:35 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Sulaiman et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35802], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Hampala bimaculata (Popta 1905). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

binduchitra, Barbus (Puntius) Hora [S. L.] 1937:327, Fig. 4 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 4); ref. 20745] Road-side drains and small streams at Sandoway, Lower Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F 12478/1. Paratypes: ZSI F12478/1 (9). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:116 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) based on placement of sarana. •Valid as Systomus binduchitra (Hora 1937) -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Systomus binduchitra (Hora 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bingeri, Capoeta Pellegrin [J.] 1905:292 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 15373] Bourka [Burka, effluent of Lake Ganjule] River, eastern Ethiopia [circa 5°50'N, 37°40'E]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1905-0252. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:44 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

binotatus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:168 (195) [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor, Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 2455 (3). Type information: Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]. Spelled binolatus by Bardach 1959:11c [ref. 24621]. Simultaneous synonym of binotatus Valenciennes; Bleeker 1855:408 gave precedence to binotatus. •Valid as Barbus binotatus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:36 [ref. 16753], Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Valid as Systomus binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159]). •Valid as Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:260 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2000:49 [ref. 25040], Doi 2000:396 [ref. 25097], Doi et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25691]). •Valid as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:521 [ref. 36606] as aff. binotatus, Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805], Sobri et al. 2021:[3] 658 [ref. 38823], Tan & Husana 2021:319 [ref. 38614], Kottelat & Lim 2021:532 [ref. 38873], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888], Jamaluddin et al. 2022:[5] [ref. 39245], Jamandre 2023:164 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Java (Indonesia); Palawan and Mindanao (Philippines). Habitat: freshwater.

binotatus, Leuciscus Blyth [E.] 1858:290 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Sri Lanka. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Secondarily preoccupied by Barbus binotatus Valenciennes 1842, replaced by Barbus tetraspilus Günther 1868 (see Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:212 [ref. 29986]). •Objective synonym of Barbus tetraspilus Günther 1868 and a species inquirenda in Puntius -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:201, 211 [ref. 29986]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Puntius tetraspilus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

biscarensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:108, Fig. 85 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Algeria. Syntype: BMNH 1856.9.2.14.b (1). Boulenger's style in this work normally was to exclude young from the type series and list adults as "types", but in this species he did not denote a type or types, so all are regarded as syntypes; the use of "Type" with figures was not used in the sense to denote one type. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus biscarensis (Boulenger 1911) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Geiger et al. 2014:Table S2 [ref. 37408], Brahimi et al. 2017:32 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974], Freyhof et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37614]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus biscarensis (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: North Africa: Shott Melghir basin, El Hodna (Keddara) lake basin and Chiffa River drainage (Algeria). Habitat: freshwater.

blanci, Barbus (Labeobarbus) Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:115, Fig. 3 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65 (no. 2); ref. 3418] Ban Nam Khueng, 30 km northwest of Ban Houei Sai, about 6 km from Mekong, Laos. Syntypes: MNHN 1939-0203 to 0205 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:50 [ref. 19574]. •In genus Neolissochilus (Rainboth 1985:31 [ref. 5968]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus stracheyi (Day 1871) -- (Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Neolissochilus blanci (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:82 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:38 [ref. 23436], Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003:164 [ref. 26859] with question, Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Hoàng et al. 2015:566 [ref. 33936], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus blanci (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Mekong basin: Laos and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

blitonensis, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1852:96 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16831] Tjirutjup River, Belitung Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

blythii, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1870:555 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Tenasserim Province, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI A.787. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •In genus Neolissochilus (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Neolissochilus blythii (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:228 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus blythii (Day 1870). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

boboi, Barbus Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(318) 325, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Gibi Mt. [Mt. Si], Liberia, elevation 900 feet. Holotype: USNM 118740. Paratypes: CAS-SU 66582 [ex USNM 118741] (3), 66583 [ex SNM 118742] (3); USNM 118741 (orig. 33, now 30), 118742 (orig. 42, now 39), 118743 (1). •Valid as Barbus boboi Schultz 1942 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:197 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Enteromius boboi (Schultz 1942) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius boboi (Schultz 1942). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

bocagei, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1864:3 [Catalogue préliminaire des poissons d'eau douce de Portugal, conservés au Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Lisbonne.; ref. 21708] Portugal. Syntypes: (many) MSNM 17 [ex MSNM 4657 and ex NMW] (1) Zamora; NMW 3362-68 (7), 5311 (1), 5876 (1), 18580 (2), 53763 (2), 53779-88 (2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 1), 53791-803 (1, 1, 11, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 2, 1), 53804-19 (33 spec., 16 lots), 53820 (?), 53812-23 (4, 1, 1), 53825 (?), 53826 (?), plus more at NMW. Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:223 [ref. 21560]. Appeared in more detail in Steindachner 1865:1 [ref. 13939]. Also in Steindachner 1866:7 [ref. 18757]. •Valid as Barbus bocagei Steindachner 1864 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Almaça & Bănărescu Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:99 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus bocagei (Steindachner 1864) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:135 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus bocagei (Steindachner 1864). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Spain and Portugal. Habitat: freshwater.

bomokandi, Barbus Myers [G. S.] 1924:397 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3090] Poko, Bomokandi River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 3°08'60"N, 26°52'60"E. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6328. Replacement name for Barbus rubripinnis Nichols & Griscom 1917 [ref. 3185], preoccupied by Barbus rubripinnis Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Barbus pleuropholis Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus bomokandi (Myers 1924) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:263 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1409 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2019:13 [ref. 37046], Munene et al. 2021:22 [ref. 39283]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus bomokandi (Myers 1924). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

bonvaloti, Barbus Vaillant [L. L.] 1893:201 [6] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (8th Série) v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 4486] Black River, northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1892-0262. On p. 6 of separate. •Synonym of Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Ng & Kottelat 2000:851-852 [ref. 25863], Kottelat 2001:23 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bortschalinicus, Barbus Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:67 [German p. 144], Pl. 6 [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Borchala, Kura River basin, Georgia, eastern Asia. Syntypes: (3) not found at ZIN. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:693 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Levin et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36643], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

borysthenicus, Barbus fluviatilis var. Dybowski [B. N.] (ex Kessler) 1862:213 (footnote) [Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands. Zweiter Serie. Biologische Naturkunde. Dorpat v. 3; ref. 1168] Dnieper River, Ukraine. No types at ZIN. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:689 [ref. 20661], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:87-88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:46 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Barbus borysthenicus Dybowski 1862 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44/ [ref. 26178], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:43 [ref. 27353], Dyldin et al. 2020:105 [ref. 37569], Dyldin et al. 2023:[10] [ref. 40328] with question). Current status: Valid as Barbus borysthenicus Dybowski 1862. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe: Ukraine. Habitat: freshwater.

bottegi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:563 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Southern Ethiopia., elevation 2000-2800 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.1.20.107-108 (2) Omo River at Kullo, 1908.1.20.109 (1) Gibe River, 1937.4.20.66 (1) Omo River at Kullo •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengerii, Barbus Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:172 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bongan River, Howong River, and Bo River, Borneo. Syntypes: (6) RMNH 7598-7600 (3, 1, 2). •Synonym of Puntius collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Roberts 1989:62 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

bouramensis, Barbus moulouyensis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1939:532 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 11 (no. 6); ref. 18817] Source of the Aïn Bouram River, 300 meters from the Ksiba to Taghzirt trail, Morocco. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1939-0121. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1136-1137 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842) based on generic placement of callensis. •Possibly valid as Luciobarbus bouramensis (Pellegrin 1939) -- (Doadrio et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Uncertain as Luciobarbus bouramensis (Pellegrin 1939). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Bouram spring, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

bourdariei, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1928:374 [6], Fig. [Comptes-Rendus des Séances, Académie des Sciences Coloniales, Paris v. 12 (for 1928) 1929; ref. 16513] Lake Monoun, Cameroon. Syntypes: MNHN 1928-0062 to 0064 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:37 [ref. 19574]. On p. 6 of separate. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1928:313 [ref. 15869]. •Valid as Barbus bourdariei Pellegrin 1928 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:477 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius bourdariei (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius bourdariei (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

bovanicus, Barbus Day [F.] 1877:[566], Pl. 138 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 3; ref. 4886] Bowany River, base of Neilgherry hills, Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7829 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.549-550 (2), NMW 53964 (1), ZSI F2384 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. The plate was published first (1877) with the spelling bovianicus; bovanicus in the text (p. 566) in 1878. Named for the Bhavani [Bowany in Day] River, so bovianicus is regarded as probably in error. The spelling bovanicus was given precedence by Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:00 [ref. 32071]. •Valid as Puntius bovanicus (Day 1877) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:261 [ref. 20764], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989]). •Valid as Barbodes bovanicus (Day 1877) -- (Menon 1999:68 [ref. 24904], Bleher 2018:334 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes bovanicus (Day 1877). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Upper Bhavani and Krishna River basins, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

bowkeri, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:288 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 9 (no. 52) (art. 48); ref. 18305] Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1862.8.28.3-8 (? now 5), 1874.3.5.1-2 (2), 1894.7.10.4 (1). •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachycephalus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1872:52 [8], Pl. 7 (figs. 9-11) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Syr-Darya River, central Asia. Syntypes: NMW 53971-73 (1, 2, 1); ZIN 5759 (1, not found in 2000), 5878 (1, not found in 1996 or 2000). Type catalog: Svetovidova 1978:261 [ref. 9011]. On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872 -- (Berg 1949:702 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:11 [ref. 23608], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Ryabov 2002:794 [ref. 26575], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:113 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872, as a valid subspecies brachycephalus Kessler 1872 -- (Mitrofanov et al. 1988:24 [ref. 37734]). •Valid as Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:136 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2008:41 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089], Dyldin et al. 2020:80 [ref. 37569], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:81 [ref. 37983], Kaya et al. 2020:328 [ref. 37582], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Çiçek et al. 2023:24 [ref. 40326], Dyldin et al. 2023:[12] [ref. 40328], Çiçek et al. 2024:167 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: Aral Sea and western and southern Caspian Sea; anadromous. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachygramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:166 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Tributary of Lukinda River. Lectotype: MRAC 12698. Paralectotypes: MRAC 12699 (1). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:98 [ref. 23725]. Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as brachygramma. •Valid as Barbus brachygramma Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:98, 376 [ref. 23725] as aff. brachygramma). •Valid as Enteromius brachygramma (Boulenger 1915) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brachygramma (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brachynemus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:18 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH. •Synonym of Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:30 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bramoides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:160 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and Valenciennes specimens: ?SMF 2584 [ex RMNH] (1, dry), 2595 [ex RMNH] (1, dry). Type information: Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]. Simultaneous synonym of balleroides and bramoides; Pellegrin 1934:24 gives preference to balleroides. •Valid as Puntius bramoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

brazzai, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1901:330 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 7 (no. 7); ref. 14887] Sangha River at Mobaka, Upper Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1886-0404. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus brazzai Pellegrin 1901 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], De Vos 1995 [ref. 22104], Kamdem Toham & Teugels 1997:51 [ref. 22814], De Weirdt et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Fermon et al. 2022:138 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brazzai (Pellegrin 1901). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon south to Democratic Republic of Congo, including Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

bredoi, Varicorhinus Poll [M.] 1948:9, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique v. 24 (no. 21); ref. 13069] Mwena River, affluent of the Lufira River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: IRSNB 76. Paratypes: IRSNB 77 (2). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:13 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:72 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Barbus trachypterus Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:292 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus trachypterus (Boulenger 1915) based on placement of trachypterus. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus trachypterus (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

breijeri, Barbus Weber [M.] 1897:154 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 10; ref. 14640] Pretoria, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Lectotype: ZMA 100257. Paralectotypes: NMW 53975 (1), ZMA 100257a (4). Type catalog: Matthes 1964:180 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:26 [ref. 19236]. Spelled breyeri in literature, the ij equivalent to Latin y. Lectotype selected by Matthes 1964:180 [ref. 19237]. •Synonym of Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:293 [ref. 6186] as breiyeri). •Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevibarbis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:431 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Zegi and Bahardar, Lake Tsana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.295 (1) Zegi, 1902.12.13.296-298 (3) Bahardar; MRAC 160971-72 (2). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicauda, Barbus intermedius var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:167 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 18167. Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:108, Pl. 1, fig. 7 [ref. 32109]. •Synonym of Barbus eurystomus Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brevicauda (Keilhack 1908) -- (Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:32 [ref. 29605]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:30, 61 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Malawi, eastern Africa [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

brevicephalus, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:131, Fig. 5.5 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Yigashu (locality 10), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°40'N, 37°25'E). Holotype: RMNH 32880. Paratypes: RMNH 32881-89 (9, five localities). •Valid as Barbus brevicephalus Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:191 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brevicephalus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus brevicephalus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana and tributaries (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

breviceps, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1936:68, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 40; ref. 13752] Brook 100 kilometers southeast of Quibala, Longa River system, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1935.2.20.144-145 (1 of 2). Non-types: BMNH 1935.2.20.144-145 (1 of 2). •Valid as Barbus breviceps Trewavas 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:135 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:135 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius breviceps (Trewavas 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius breviceps (Trewavas 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

brevidorsalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:167 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Tributary of Lukinda River. Syntypes: (2) MRAC 8691 (1). •Valid as Barbus brevidorsalis Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:231 [ref. 6186] with a holotype, Skelton 1993:144 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:144 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius brevidorsalis (Boulenger 1915) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:45 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brevidorsalis (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevifilis, Barbus (Labeobarbus) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1881:1033, Unnumbered plate fig. 4 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1880; ref. 3456] China, sent from Hong Kong. Syntypes: ZMB 11326 (2, now 1), 22290 [ex ZMB 11326] (1). •Valid as Tor brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Wu et al. 1977:327 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:85 [ref. 13511], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:145 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:195 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:166 [ref. 23876], Ding 1994:343 [ref. 21531], Yang & Chen 1995:62 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:50 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:167 [ref. 23556], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373]). •Valid as Tor brevifilis (Peters 1881), subspecies brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:155 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Kottelat 2001:23 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:102 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971] as cf. brevifilis, Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477] as Foliter, Fu et al. 2021:9569 [ref. 39347], Guo 2021:371 [ref. 38617] as Foliter). Current status: Valid as Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: East Asia: Yangtze River basin (China). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brevilateralis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:169, Fig. 74 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Tchimenji River, Angola. Holotype: MD 6343. Paratypes: MD 1611 or 6311 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus brevilateralis Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius brevilateralis (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brevilateralis (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

brevipinnis, Barbus Jubb [R. A.] 1966:159, Fig. 1 [Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums v. 5; ref. 9038] Sabie River, Incomati River system, Pilgrims Rest District, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype: AMG P1715 [not 1072]. Paratypes: AMG P1716-1735 [not 1073-1092] (30, not 20). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:182 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus brevipinnis Jubb 1966 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:139 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Enteromius brevipinnis (Jubb 1966) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Martin & Chakona 2019:114 [ref. 36723]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brevipinnis (Jubb 1966). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

brevispinis, Barbus ruspolii Holly [M.] 1927:141, Fig. 8 [Sitzungsberichte, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 136 (Abt. 1) (nos 3-4); ref. 2188] Lokunje River, Lolo, Sanaga, Cameroon [3°14'03"N 10°43'38"E]. Syntypes: NMW 7315-16 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:33 [ref. 39277]. •Valid as Barbus brevispinis Holly 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus brevispinis (Holly 1927) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:521 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus brevispinis (Holly 1927). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

brichardi, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1959:107, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 60 (nos 1-2); ref. 12015] Near Mindouli, Niari-Kouilou basin, Republic of the Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 125186. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus brichardi Poll & Lambert 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:495 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius brichardi (Poll & Lambert 1959) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:138 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius brichardi (Poll & Lambert 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

brookingi, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:406, Fig. 63 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] East London, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 10670 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Pseudobarbus trevelyani (Günther 1877) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). •Synonym of Amatolacypris trevelyani (Günther 1877). Current status: Synonym of Amatolacypris trevelyani (Günther 1877). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brucii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:309, Pl. 18 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Groot Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.34. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brucii, Varicorhinus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:310, Pl. 19 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Klein Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.37. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brueningi, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1937:109 [Deutscher Almanach für Aquarien- und Terrarienfreunde 1938; ref. 35566] Southeastern Asia (aquarium import). No types known. Also "described" with figure by Schreitmüller 1938:165 [ref. 17170] as Barbus bruenningi. •Possibly a synonym of Barbodes sellifer Kottelat & Lim 2021. Nomen Dubium. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brunellii, Barbus Bini [G.] 1940:173, Pl. 10 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (8) lost. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186] as a species). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bulatmai, Cyprinus Hablizl [C. L.] 1783:6 [Neue Nordische Beyträge zur physikalischen und geographischen Erd- und Völkerbeschreibung, Naturgeschichte und Oekonomie. St. Petersburg & Leipzig v. 4; ref. 20763] Enzelli (Enzeli, Bandar-e-Anzali), estuary of Enzeli River, Caspian Sea watershed in northern Iran. No types known. Cyprinus bulatmai Gmelin 1784:135 [ref. 18140] is not an independent description. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bunter, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1857:350 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Tjidani River, Tjampea, western Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

burchelli, Barbus (Pseudobarbus) Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Tradouw River, Breë River system, southwestern Cape Province, South Africa, 33°56'50"S, 20°42'39"E. Neotype: AMG P7223. Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:183 [ref. 12628]. Neotype designated by Skelton 1988:264 [ref. 7302]. •Valid as Barbus burchelli Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 1988:264 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:123 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:123 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

burgi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:147, Fig. 124 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Burg River, Paarl, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.2.11.14-16 (3). •Valid as Barbus burgi Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:233 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus burgi (Boulenger 1911) -- (Skelton 1988:269 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:123 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:123 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:135 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus burgi (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

burmanicus, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:572, Pl. 141 (fig. 4) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Mergui, Myanmar. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7898 (1) Pegu, NMW 53977 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295-296 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Puntius burmanicus (Day 1878) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:261 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Puntius burmanicus (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

burtoni, Barbus clavatus Mukerji [D. D.] 1934:64, Figs. 10-11 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 37 (pt 1); ref. 16440] Phungin Hka, tributary of Mali Hka River, Myitkyina District, Upper Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F11437/1. Paratypes: ZSI F11462/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. Not available from Mukerji 1933, figure (p. 831) Pl. 3, Fig. 1 [ref. 16509], no description. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706] with date as 1924 [sic]. •Status uncertain, in Poropuntius -- (Roberts 1998:116 [ref. 23549]). •Valid as Barbus burtoni Mukerji 1934 -- (Menon 1999:82 [ref. 24904] as bartoni). •Valid as Poropuntius burtoni (Mukerji 1934) -- (Vishwanath & Kosygin 2001:32 [ref. 25682], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius burtoni (Mukerji 1934). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mali Hka River drainage, upper Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

bynni, Cyprinus Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:71, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Nile River, Egypt (±24°05'N, 32°53'E). Neotype: BMNH 1907.12.2.1230. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:17 [ref. 30182]. Spelled binny by Lacepède 1803:530 [ref. 4930] and Geoffroy St. Hilaire 1827:282 [ref. 4185]. Neotype designated by Banister 1973:27 [ref. 7554]. •Valid as Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:233 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:26 [ref. 28023], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Barbus bynni (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:17 [ref. 30182]). •Valid as Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343] as a subspecies bynni, Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Akoth et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40069]). •Valid as Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Northeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cadenati, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:80, Fig. 18; Pl. 9 (fig. 18) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Lower Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0115 (5), 1960-0443 to 0444 (3, only 1 is a syntype). Additional material: (20). •Valid as Barbus cadenati Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:320 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius cadenati (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius cadenati (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Guinea, Fouta Djallon ecoregion endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

caldwelli, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] 1925:2 [American Museum Novitates No. 185; ref. 3180] Near Yenping [Yanping], Fukien [Fujian], China. Holotype: AMNH 8434. Paratypes: AMNH 10223 (3). •Valid as Barbodes caldwelli (Nichols 1925) -- (Wu et al. 1977:252 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Spinibarbus hollandi Oshima 1919 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:150 [ref. 13584], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:39 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:81 [ref. 25780], Zhang et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Spinibarbus caldwelli (Nichols 1925) -- (Mai 1978:78 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:108 [ref. 26639], Zheng et al. 1989:166 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:140 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:51 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:12 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2013:156 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Spinibarbus caldwelli (Nichols 1925). Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Distribution: Fukien Province, China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

calidus, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1938:86 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15990] Jan Dissels River, Olifants River system, Cape Province, South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 18605 [now at AMG]. Paralectotypes: [SAM now at AMG] SAM 18605 (with lectotype, many), 18606 (many), 18756 (many), plus apparently lost: 2912-2915 (1, 1, 1, 1), 22499 (?). Lectotype selected by Skelton 1988:295 [ref. 7302]. •Valid as Barbus calidus Barnard 1938 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1988:295 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:153 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:153 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus calidus (Barnard 1938) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Sedercypris calidus (Barnard 1938) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:19 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Sedercypris calidus (Barnard 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Clanwilliam - Olifants River system, southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

callensis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:147 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Lake near La Calle, Algeria. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0001. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2584 [ex MNHN 0000-0001] (6). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23-24 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1135 [ref. 20712]. •Valid as Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Levin et al.2012:544 [ref. 33912], Brahimi et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974], Freyhof et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37614]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: North Africa: eastern Algeria and Tunesia. Habitat: freshwater.

callewaerti, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & LaMonte [F. R.] 1933:3, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 656; ref. 3187] Luluabourg [Kananga], Kasai Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 12339. •Synonym of Varicorhinus macrolepidotus Pellegrin 1928 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:339 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus macrolepidotus (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus macrolepidotus (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

callipterus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:486 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 120) (art. 66); ref. 15138] Kribi River at Akok, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.5.30.178-181 (4). •Valid as Barbus callipterus Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:345 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], De Weirdt et al. 2007:493 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius callipterus (Boulenger 1907) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Fermon et al. 2022:138 [ref. 39448] possible). Current status: Valid as Enteromius callipterus (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Ivory Coast to Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

callopterus, Epalzeorhynchus Günther [A.] 1868:76 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Unjustified emendation of Barbus kalopterus Bleeker 1850. •Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos kalopterum (Bleeker 1850) -- ( Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Epalzeorhynchos kalopterum (Bleeker 1850). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

camptacanthus, Puntius (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1863:111, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Fernando Póo Island [Bioco Island], Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Syntypes: RMNH 2458 (3). •Valid as Barbus camptacanthus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:336 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:495 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius camptacanthus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Mipounga et al. 2019:14 [ref. 36746], Fermon et al. 2022:138 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius camptacanthus (Bleeker 1863). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Cameroon south to Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

canalii, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:143 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Topico [Topino] and Tevere, near Perugia, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1412. Paralectotypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1132 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:313 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Bianoc in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:427 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

candens, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:701, Fig. 15 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Kisangani, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: AMNH 6046. Paratypes: (54) AMNH 6251 (47), USNM 94243 (2). •Valid as Barbus candens Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius candens (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37046]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius candens (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

caninus, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1839:fasc. 25, punt. 129, Pl. 110 bis (fig. 2) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4895] Piemonte, Po River basin, Italy. Lectotype: ANSP 6142. Paralectotypes: ANSP 6143 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype selected by Bianco 1995:318 [ref. 21944]. •Valid as Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626] dating to Valenciennes, Bianco 1995:318 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Kotlík et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26484], Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:129 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:121 [ref. 29996], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Levin et al. 2013:544 [ref. 33912], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Rossi et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38697]). Current status: Valid as Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: northern Italy and Switzerland; some introductions elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

caninus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:142, Pl. 464 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] [Lac Majeur] Lago Maggiore, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1408. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-0070 (1), B-2578 [ex MNHN 0000-2597] (1), 0000-2583 (2), B-2597 (2), 0000-3369 (4), 0000-3943 (1), 0000-3944 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574]. Appeared first as name only in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995] and as Valenciennes in Cuvier 1842:217 [ref. 4980]. Type information: Almaça 1969:1120, 1132-1133 [ref. 20712] who allocated the type specimens among 3 species and named two lectotypes; Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952] selected MNHN 1408 as lectotype, which is the specimen referred to Barbus meridionalis caninus by Almaça. •Permanently invalid; synonym and homonym of Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:318 [ref. 21944], Bianco in Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:130 [ref. 27353]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbus caninus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

canis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:186, Pl. 468 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Jordan River, Palestine. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1413. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3994 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Krupp & Schneider 1989:360 [ref. 13651]. •Valid as Barbus canis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Goren 1974:91 [ref. 7502], Krupp & Schneider 1989:360 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Hamidan 2004:386 [ref. 37679]). •Valid as Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:91 [ref. 26519], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:11 [ref. 32915], Khalaf 2013:4 [ref. 37897], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Çiçek et al. 2023:458 [ref. 40601], Saad et al. 2023:16 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:133 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus canis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Middle East: Jordan River System (Israel, Jordan); coastal rivers of the Mediterranean Sea (Israel). Introduced in Azraq Oasis. Habitat: freshwater.

capensis, Barbus (Cheilobarbus) Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Olifants River, western coast of South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1845.7.3.99 (dry). The Labeobarbus capensis of authors is Labeobarbus seeberi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913), see Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168] and Skelton et al. 2018:6 [ref. 35835]. •Valid as Barbus capensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:171 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 2001:171 [ref. 27406], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417] as Pseudobarbus). •Valid as Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:17 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Cheilobarbus capensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Olifants River system, South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

capito, Cyprinus Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1773:519, 520 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 17 (for 1772); ref. 18173] Kura River, Transcaucasia. No types known. •Valid as Barbus capito subspecies capito Güldenstädt 1773 -- (Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:698 [ref. 20661], Coad 1981:9 [ref. 22348], Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:76 [ref. 8508], Mitrofanov et al. 1988:41 [ref. 37734], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Gabrielyan 2001:26 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:137 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2008:41 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]. Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:874 [ref. 34062], Casel-Lopez et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33943], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Dyldin et al. 2020:81, 105 [ref. 37569], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Kaya et al. 2020:330 [ref. 37582], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Çiçek et al. 2023:24 [ref. 40326], Çiçek et al. 2023:372 [ref. 40625], Dyldin et al. 2023:[12] [ref. 40328], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: Aral Sea and western and southern Caspian Sea river basins; anadromous and non-anadromous. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carassioides, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1019 [29] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Borneo. Type lost. On page 29 of separate [ref. 2067]. Very brief description but regarded as available; the character "Margine postico serrato" following previous chracters applies only to this species. Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989] declared it a nomen oblitum. •Synonym with question of Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864) -- (Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

carcharhinoides, Barbus Stiassny [M. L. J.] 1991:3, Figs. 1-3 [American Museum Novitates No. 3015; ref. 19336] Wologizi Mountains, Western Province, northeastern Liberia. Holotype: AMNH 59186. Paratypes: AMNH 59076 (6). •Valid as Enteromius carcharhinoides (Stiassny 1991) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius carcharhinoides (Stiassny 1991). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

cardozoi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:12, Pl. 20 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Loango at N'Kutu, Luali at Buco Zau, and Lebuzi at Boma Vonde, Congo (±4°57'S, 12°35'E). Syntypes: ANSP 38550-52 (3) Lebuzi R., Boma Vonde; BMNH 1912.4.1.343-348 (6) Lebuzi R., 1912.4.1.349-352 (4) Buco Zau, 1912.4.1.353 (1) N'Kutu; MRAC 1528-29 (2), 1530-32 (3); ZMB 18810 (1) Boma Vonde. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus cardozoi Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus cardozoi (Boulenger 1912) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:527 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Walsh et al. 2022:[4] [ref. 39281]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus cardozoi (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

carens, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:15, Pl. 22 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Chiloango at Mayili, Luali at Lundo, Luculla, and Lebuzi at Kuka Muno, Congo. Syntypes: ANSP 38642-53 (12); BMNH 1912.4.1.372-381 (10), 1912.4.1.382-383 (2), 1912.4.1.384-385 (2), 1912.4.1.386-387 (2); FMNH 56148 [CM 4939] (1); MRAC 1545-50 (6), 1551-54 (4), 1555-56 (2), 1557-58 (2), 1559-60 (2), NMW 54016 (17), ZMB 18812 (ca. 20) Lebuzi. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Barbus carens Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:481 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius carens (Boulenger 1912) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Fermon et al. 2022:138 [ref. 39448] possible). Current status: Valid as Enteromius carens (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: lower Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

carletoni, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:89, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Dehra Doon, India. Holotype: MCZ 4104. Paratypes: MCZ 160836 [ex MCZ 4104] (17). •Synonym of Puntius guganio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:95 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:288 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius sophore (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

carnaticus, Barbus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:311 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River, southern India. No types known. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] regard Systomus carnaticus and Barbus carnaticus as simultaneous synonyms, and they give preference to B. carnaticus. •Valid as Puntius carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:262 [ref. 20764], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Manimekalan 1998:435 [ref. 24989], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Kottelat 2001:42 [ref. 25482], Yadav 2003:14 [ref. 27711], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). •Uncertain in genus Puntius -- (Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:99 [ref. 37958]). •Valid as Barbodes carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:150 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:68 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam & Johnson 1999:480 [ref. 25440], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] unlikely in Barbodes, Bleher 2018:336 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Plamoottil 2022:700 [ref. 39044], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2022:526 [ref. 39357]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus carnaticus (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Cauvery River basin, Kerala (southern India). Habitat: freshwater.

carnaticus, Systomus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:315 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Bhowany River, at the foot of the Neilgherries, and Cavery River, southern India. No types known. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] regard Systomus carnaticus and Barbus carnaticus as simultaneous synonyms, and they give preference to B. carnaticus. •Synonym of ? Barbodes carnaticus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus carnaticus (Jerdon 1849). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus carnaticus (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carpathicus, Barbus Kotlík [P.], Tsigenopoulos [C. S.], Ráb [P.] & Berrebi [P.] 2002:230, Fig. 3 [Folia Zoologica: international journal of vertebrate zoology. v. 51 (no. 3); ref. 26484] Ublianka River (tributary of Uzh River, Danube River basin), at Ubla, Slovakia (48°53'N, 22°23'E). Holotype: NMW 94604. Paratypes: CMK 17001 (2), MNHN 2001-2674 (2), 2001-2811-2813 (8), NMW 94605-94608 (9). •Valid as Barbus carpathicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002 -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:121 [ref. 29996], Antal et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34094], Nagy et al. 2023:356 [ref. 40348]). Current status: Valid as Barbus carpathicus Kotlík, Tsigenopoulos, Ráb & Berrebi 2002. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe. Habitat: freshwater.

carpenteri, Puntius Fowler [H. W.] 1949:235, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Kafue River, near Malabuka, Rhodesia [Zambia]. Holotype: ANSP 71851. Paratypes: ANSP 71852-61 (11). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus multilineatus Worthington 1933 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius multilineatus (Worthington 1933) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius multilineatus (Worthington 1933). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

carpio, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:57 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Tararo, Lake Albert [Lake Albert Nyanza]. Lectotype: ZMH H471 [ex 10297]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 14491 (3). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caspius, Barbus brachycephalus Berg [L. S.] 1914:612, Fig. 119 [ ref. 274] Caspian Sea basin. Syntypes: ZIN 2982 (8), 3895 (10), 9108 (1, misidentified), 9109 (2), 9117-18 (11, 1), 9124 (8), 10619 (apparently lost). Original not seen. See Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:114 [ref. 27353] for information on types. •Synonym of Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872, but a valid subspecies caspius Berg 1914 -- (Berg 1949:706 [ref. 20661], Mitrofanov et al. 1988:39 [ref. 37734], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:113 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:49 [ref. 28183], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Luciobarbus caspius (Berg 1914) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:31 [ref. 36089], Kaya et al. 2020:328 [ref. 37582], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus caspius (Berg 1914). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: southern and western Caspian Sea basin. Habitat: freshwater.

castrasibutum, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1936:280, Fig. 27 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65755. Paratypes: ANSP 65756-58 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:71 [ref. 13621]. Original as castra-sibutum. •Valid as Barbus castrasibutum Fowler 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius castrasibutum (Fowler 1936) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[4] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius castrasibutum (Fowler 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cataractae, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:280, Fig. 40 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Cascade River, Murcielagos Bay, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 93137. Paratypes: USNM 93415 (26). •Valid as Barbodes cataractae (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989], Jamandre 2023:164 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes cataractae (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

catenarius, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1959:108, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 60 (nos 1-2); ref. 12015] Mindouli, Niari-Kouilou basin, Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 125187. Paratypes: MRAC 125188-206 (19), 25207-209 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus catenarius Poll & Lambert 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:499 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius catenarius (Poll & Lambert 1959) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:139 [ref. 39448] possible). Current status: Valid as Enteromius catenarius (Poll & Lambert 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

caucasicus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:102 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Kura-Araks River system, Azerbaijan. Syntypes: (30) ZIN 2929 (6, lost), 2930 (12). Non-types: ZIN 2913 (3). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, subspecies cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Berg 1949:693 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudimacula, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:107 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Golungo Alto, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.7.13.51 (?18), MSNG 9025 (1), USNM 86628 (1), ZMB 6258 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Barbus kessleri (Steindachner 1866) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius kessleri (Steindachner 1866) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kessleri (Steindachner 1866). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudimarginatus, Barbus Blyth [E.] 1860:157 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. No types known. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:69 [ref. 24904] but as genus Barbodes). •Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:104 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Systomus rubripinnis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudosignatus, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:171, Fig. 75 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Alto Cuílo, pool along bank of Cuílo River, Angola. Holotype: MD 5343. Paratypes: MD 5343 (15). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus caudosignatus Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius caudosignatus (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:231 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius caudosignatus (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

caudovittatus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:32, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoologie) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Ubangi River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.26.26 (1), MRAC 1168 (1). •Valid as Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:238 [ref. 6186] wrongly with a holotype, De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:22 [ref. 17656], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:525 [ref. 30024], Kullander & Roberts 2012:360, 368 [ref. 31751], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315], Munene et al. 2021:22 [ref. 39283], Fermon et al. 2022:136 [ref. 39448], Decru et al. 2022:19 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western and central Africa: Gabon south to Angola, east to Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

cauveriensis, Barbus Hora [S. L.] 1937:20, Fig. 7 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 1); ref. 15279] Cauvery River, Coorg State, southern India. Holotype: ZSI F12179/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:104 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntius dorsalis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:92 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Puntius cauveriensis (Hora 1937) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:263 [ref. 20764], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661] as caveriensis, Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil 2019:717 [ref. 37157], Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:96 [ref. 37958], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:100 [ref. 38032]). Current status: Valid as Puntius cauveriensis (Hora 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

cercops, Barbus Whitehead [P. J. P.] 1960:109, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 62 (nos 1-2); ref. 11961] Luambwa, Nzoia River, Nyanza Province, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1960.6.7.37. Paratypes: BMNH 1960.6.7.38-50 (13). •Valid as Barbus cercops Whitehead 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:147 [ref. 20130], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus' cf. cercops, Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius cercops (Whitehead 1960) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). •Synonym of Enteromius alberti (Poll 1939) -- (Maetens et al. 2020:15 [ref. 37713]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius alberti (Poll 1939). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cernuus, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1938:88 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15990] Olifants River, Clanwilliam, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Lectotype: SAIAB 209738 [ex SAM 18759]. Paralectotypes: SAM 18759 [SAIAB 135479] (267), 18765 [SAIAB 135483] (64), 19019 [SAIAB 135553] (240). Lectotype selected by Kambikambi et al. 2021:14 [ref. 38355]. •Synonym of Barbus anoplus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius cernuus (Barnard 1938) -- (Kambikambi et al. 2021:14 [ref. 38355]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius cernuus (Barnard 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa: Olifants River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

chabanaudi, Barbus Lohberger [K.] 1929:157 [1] [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 16) (for 20 June 1929); ref. 15908] Thian-Schan [Tien-Shan], exact locality not known. Syntypes: (15). On p. 1 of separate. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chaldanica, Barbus cyri var. Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:62 [German p. 141] [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Andzhikent-tchay near Khaldan, Chaldyr Lake. Holotype (unique): not found at ZIN. Species epithet correct as chaldanicus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chalybatus, Cyprinus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:292 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Southern Caspian Sea. No types known. Misspelled chalybeatus by Seeley 1886:124 [ref. 30373] in genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:698 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chalybeus, Cyprinus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Hablizl) 1792:24 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Enzelli (Enzeli, Bandar-e-Anzali), estuary of Enzeli River, Caspian Sea watershed in northern Iran. No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Cyprinus bulatmai Hablizl 1783. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1772). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chantrei, Labeobarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:165 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Antioche [Antakya] [= Amik Gölü], Lake [36°12'14"N, 36°09'26"E],Turkey. Lectotype: MNHN A-3866. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-3937 to A-3940 (1, 2, 3, 1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:49 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Krupp 1985:19 [ref. 11626] and again later (same specimen) by Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:92 [ref. 26519]. •Valid as Barbus chantrei (Sauvage 1882) -- (Krupp 1985:17 [ref. 11626], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702]). •Valid as Carasobarbus chantrei (Sauvage 1882) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:92 [ref. 26519], Fricke et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29533], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:17 [ref. 32915], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Bayçelebi 2020:752 [ref. 37964], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Çiçek et al. 2023:361 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:16 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:134 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus chantrei (Sauvage 1882). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Orontes River system (Turkey and Syria). Habitat: freshwater.

chapini, Varicorhinus Nichols [J. T.] & LaMonte [F. R.] 1950:175 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 63; ref. 12906] Albertville [Kalemie], Democratic Republic of Congo, Lake Tanganyika. Holotype (unique): AMNH 18785. •Synonym of Barbus tropidolepis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:294 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius tropidolepis (Boulenger 1900) based on placement of tropidolepis. •Synonym of Labeobarbus tropidolepis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:70 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus tropidolepis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chelynoides, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:271, 340, Pl. 57 (no. 5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mountain stream at Simla, India. Syntypes: SMF 942 (2). •Valid as Puntius chilinoides [sic] (McClelland 1839) -- (Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Tor chelynoides (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:302 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:518 [ref. 23778], Kullander et al. 1999:152 [ref. 23689], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860 -- (see Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537], Menon & Rema Devi 1995:390 [ref. 22480], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus Bleeker 1860 -- (see Rainboth 1989:24 [ref. 13537], Menon & Rema Devi 1995:390 [ref. 22480], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Yang et al. 2012:26 [ref. 32362]). •Valid as Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839) -- (Mirza & Javed 1992:99 [ref. 23458], Menon 1999:55 [ref. 24904] as cheilynoides, Shrestha 2008:82 [ref. 29923], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361], Bleher 2018:606 [ref. 36647], Jaafar et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38256], Çiçek et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40326]). Current status: Valid as Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: South Asia: Himalaya foothills (Pakistan, India, Nepal). Habitat: freshwater.

chicapaensis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:173, Fig. 76 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Alto Chicapa, marsh along River Coca, tributary of River Cutele, Angola, 10°56'S, 19°05'E. Holotype: MD 5433. Paratypes: MD 5433 (orig. 16), MRAC 160981-89 [ex MD] (10), 160990 [ex MD] (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus chicapaensis Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius chicapaensis (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius chicapaensis (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

chielynoides, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1838:945, Pl. 56 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 7 (for Nov. 1838); ref. 2924] Mountain stream at Simla, India. No types known. See also McClelland 1839:340, Pl. 57 (fig. 5) [ref. 2923] (spelled cheilynoides). Current status: Uncertain as Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chilinoides, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:127 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Mountain stream at Simla, India. No types known. Unjustified emendation of Barbus cheilynoides [= chelynoides] McClelland 1839. •In the synonymy of Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839) -- (Mirza & Javed 1992:99 [ref. 23458]). Current status: Synonym of Naziritor chelynoides (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chilotes, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:494 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Maramba River, tributary to Zambezi, 2 miles above Victoria Falls. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.11.6.24-25 (2). •Synonym of Barbus codringtonii Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186] as codringtoni). •Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chiumbeensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1936:53, Fig. 3 [Arquivos do Museu Bocage No. 7; ref. 13733] Kasai River at Chiumbé, Angola. Syntypes: (2) MNHN 1936-0084 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus chiumbeensis Pellegrin 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius chiumbeensis (Pellegrin 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Mipounga et al. 2019:14 [ref. 36746], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Fermon et al. 2022:139 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius chiumbeensis (Pellegrin 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon south to Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

chlorotaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:162, Fig. 140 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Odo Omi, headwaters of Omi River, Lagos, Nigeria. Syntypes: BMNH 1910.1.10.20-25 (orig. 6), MNHN 1911-0030 (1). Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as chlorotaenia. •Valid as Barbus chlorotaenia Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:355 [ref. 21589], De Weirdt et al. 2007:505 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius chlorotaenia (Boulenger 1911) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[5] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius chlorotaenia (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

choloensis, Barbus Norman [J. R.] 1925:315 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 33); ref. 15558] Nswadzi River, Cholo, Nyasaland [Malawi], elevation 2700 feet. Syntypes: (12) BMNH 1921.9.6.40-47 (8), 1921.9.6.48-49 (2). •Valid as Barbus choloensis Norman 1925 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:159 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:159 [ref. 27406], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:29 [ref. 29605] as 'Barbus', Banyankimbona et al. 2012:188 [ref. 32298] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius choloensis (Norman 1925) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius choloensis (Norman 1925). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Malawi, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cholorematicus, Barbus cyclolepis Stephanidis [A.] 1971:223, Fig. 4 [Biologia Gallo-Hellenica v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 7539] Cholorema River, near Almyros, Thessaly, Greece. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Economidis 1995:204 [ref. 23025], Economidis & Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181, 193 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus sperchiensis Stephanidis 1950 -- (Stoumboudi et al. 2006:131 [ref. 28767]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus sperchiensis Stephanidis 1950. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chondrorhynchus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:123, Fig. 81 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Keng Tung, Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ANSP 58062. Paratypes: ANSP 58063 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984: 73 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Poropuntius chondrorhynchus (Fowler 1934) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:114 [ref. 23549]). •Questionably a synonym of Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:71 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

chonglingchungi, Barbus Tchang [T.-L.] 1938:63, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 17175] Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: ZMFASIZB (now NZMC) 3704 [ex 10318]. Other specimens: ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 10319 (1), 10439-40 (1, 1). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808]. Tchang treats as 1936. •Valid as Barbodes chonglingchungi (Tchang 1938) -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:186 [ref. 13584], Yang 1991:195 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:80 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:55 [ref. 25213] as chonglingchengi, Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:21 [ref. 25272], He et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808]). •Valid as Poropuntius chonglingchungi (Tchang 1938) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Ye et al. 2015:16 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477] dated 1936). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius chonglingchungi (Tchang 1938). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chrysopoma, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:165, Pl. 466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Coast of Malabar, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5776 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:24 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:72 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Valid as Systomus chrysopoma (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Plamoottil 2014:145 [ref. 33650], Bleher 2018:788 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Systomus subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Plamoottil & Maji 2020:1035 [ref. 37708]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[14] [ref. 37737]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cincta, Barbus hemispinus Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:124 [Carps and carp-like fishes; ref. 4019] Original description not seen. •Synonym of Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925) -- (Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:146 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925), but a valid subspecies cinctus (Lin 1931) -- (Wu et al. 1977:275 [ref. 4807], Zheng et al. 1989:180 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:57 [ref. 25213], Zhao et al. 1997:245 [ref. 23724], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:101 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus cinctus (Lin 1931) -- (Yuan et al. 2006:171 [ref. 28704], Yuan & Zhang 2010:54 [ref. 31052]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus kreyenbergii (Regan 1908) -- (Yuan & Zhang 2010:37 [ref. 31050], Kottelat 2013:72 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus kreyenbergii (Regan 1908). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Zhu Jiang (Pearl River) basin, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

ciscaucasicus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:98 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Kuma River near Georgievsk, Russia. Lectotype: ZIN 10920. Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1897.7.5.22 [ex MLSU] (1), ZIN 50161 [ex ZIN 10920] (1). Lectotype selected by Bogutskaya et al. in Banarescu & Bogutskaya 2003:163 [ref. 27353] •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Valid as Barbus ciscaucasicus Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:163 [ref. 27353], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:46 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:123 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Levin et al. 2019:33 [ref. 36643], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Dyldin et al. 2023:[10] [ref. 40328]). Current status: Valid as Barbus ciscaucasicus Kessler 1877. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Caucasus region: Terek and Kuma River systems, and rivers in northern Azerbaijan, Caspian Sea basin. Habitat: freshwater.

citrinus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:24 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 4); ref. 587] Poko, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 8059. •Valid as Barbus citrinus Boulenger 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius citrinus (Boulenger 1920) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius citrinus (Boulenger 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

claudinae, Barbus De Vos [L. D. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1990:5, Fig. 3 [Cybium v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 17656] Satinsyi, near Ngororero, Rwanda, Africa, 1°51'S, 29°38'E. Holotype: MRAC 86-01-P-501. Paratypes: MRAC 85-44-P-141-144 (4), 85-44-P-269 (1), 85-44-P-281-289 (9), 86-01-P-502-508 (7), 86-09-P-444-451 (8), 87-11-P-1366-372 (7), 87-11-P-1373-384 (12), 91755-56 (2), 92214 (1), 130310 (1). Other material: MRAC 81-47-P-495 (1). •Valid as Labeobarbus claudinae (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990) -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus claudinae (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

clauseni, Barbus Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1976:197, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 90 (no. 1); ref. 7397] Upper Yewa River between Meka and Ilara at 7°26'N, 2°48'E, Nigeria. Holotype: MRAC 76-32-P-4901. Paratypes: MRAC 76-32-P-4902 (1), 76-32-P-4903-4911 (9); ZMUC (2). •Valid as Barbus clauseni Thys van den Audenaerde 1976 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:330 [ref. 21589], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015]). •Valid as Enteromius clauseni (Thys van den Audenaerde 1976) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius clauseni (Thys van den Audenaerde 1976). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Nigeria, Bight Drainages ecoregion endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

clavatus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1845:280, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2929] Rivers at foot of Sikkim Mountains, northern frontier of Bengal. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Poropuntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Roberts 1998:110 [ref. 23549], Menon 1999:83 [ref. 24904], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2001:35 [ref. 25682]). •Valid as Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:513 [ref. 23778], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Arunkumar & Tombe Singh 2003:481 [ref. 26926], Shrestha 2008:77 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Systomus clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:790 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Systomus clavatus (McClelland 1845). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, Nepal, India Bangladesh and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

codringtonii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:492 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Zambesi River above Victoria Falls, Zambia (±17°55'S, 25°51'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.11.6.23. •Valid as Barbus codringtonii Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186] as codringtoni, Skelton 1993:173 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Skelton 2001:173 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:106 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168], Bruton et al. 2018:41 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

cogginii, Barbus Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1911:16, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 6 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 14785] Lake Tali Fu, Yunnan Province, China, elevation 7000 feet. Syntypes: ZSI F4680/1 (1), F4682/1 (1), F4685/1 (1), F4686/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Barbodes cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Wu et al. 1977:241 [ref. 4807], Chen et al. 1999:87 [ref. 23883]). •Valid as Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Roberts 1998:112 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Poropuntius daliensis (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477] dated 1982). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

colemani, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:197, Figs. 159-160 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Me Poon [Mae Poon] River, Chiengmai, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68152. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:73 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Discherodontus halei (Duncker 1904) -- (Rainboth 1989:10 [ref. 13537]). •Valid as Barbodes colemani (Fowler 1937) -- (Chen et al. 1999:87 [ref. 23883]). •Valid as Discherodontus colemani (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:100 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Discherodontus colemani (Fowler 1937). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

collarti, Barbus Poll [M.] 1945:302, Fig. 3 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 38 (nos 3-4); ref. 13150] Muingisi River, Mayumbe, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 25010. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus collarti Poll 1945 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:485 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius collarti (Poll 1945) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Fermon et al. 2022:139 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius collarti (Poll 1945). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon and Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

collingwoodii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:483 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.1.27.15. •Valid as Puntius collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Roberts 1989:62 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Barbodes collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:229 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:179 [ref. 28285], Gante et al. 2008:1091 [ref. 29529], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus collingwoodii (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

comizo, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1864:4 [Catalogue préliminaire des poissons d'eau douce de Portugal, conservés au Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Lisbonne.; ref. 21708] Tejo [= Tajo] River [Spain and Portugal]. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.7.29.1 (1), 1909.7.29.2 [ex NMW] (1); MSNM 18 [ex MSNM 4658 and ex NMW] (1) Toledo; NMW 5306 (1), 5353 (1), 10696 (1), 18929 (2), 54603-68 (1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1), 54070-78 (2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 3); ?NRM 8054 (1). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:223 [ref. 21560] as comiza. Appeared in more detail in Steindachner 1865:2 [ref. 13939]. Also in Steindachner 1866:7 [ref. 18757] and spelled comiza. •Valid as Barbus comizo Steindachner 1864 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798] as comiza, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:197 [ref. 26728], Almaça & Bănărescu in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:173 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus comizo (Steindachner 1864) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:138 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus comizo (Steindachner 1864). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Portugal and Spain. Habitat: freshwater.

commersonii, Pimelodus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:95, 103, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. •Synonym of Guiritinga barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk 2005:97 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk 2005:113 [ref. 29379], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

communis, Barbus Perty [J. A. M.] 1832:718 [Isis (Oken) v. 25 (no. 7); ref. 18534] England. No types known. Original not seen. Unneeded replacement name for and objective synonym of Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:43 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

communis, Barbus Nordmann [A. von] 1840:472 [Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée; ref. 3209] Unneeded replacement name for and objective synonym of Cyprinus barbus Linnaeus 1758. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus communis Perty 1832. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

compiniei, Barynotus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1879:102 [13] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 3; ref. 3881] Ogowe, French Congo (±0°49'S, 9°0'E). Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2845 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:13 [ref. 19574]. On p. 13 of separate. •Valid as Barbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186] as compinei). •Valid as Labeobarbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:529 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Fermon et al. 2022:136 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

compressiformis, Barbus Cockerell [T. D. A.] 1913:133 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 32 (Doc. 779) (for 1912); ref. 870] Fort Stedman, southern Shan States, Indochina, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.43-52 (10). Replacement name for Barbus compressus Boulenger 1893, preoccupied by Barbus (Barboides) compressus Day 1870. •Synonym of Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Puntius compressiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071], Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989], Fuke et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38221]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1893:202 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 12 (no. 69); ref. 14522] Fort Stedman, southern Shan States, Indochina, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.43-52 (10). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus (Barbodes) compressus Day 1870, replaced by Barbus compressiformis Cockerell 1913. Also replaced by Barbus liui Fowler 1958. •Synonym of Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1870:555 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Cashmere (erroneous) -- probably Myanmar, Holotype (unique): ZSI 5513/1. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968]). •Valid as Neolissochilus compressus (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:228 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus compressus (Day 1870). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

condei, Barbus Mahnert [V.] & Géry [J.] 1982:484, Fig. 63-69 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (no. 2); ref. 8448] Ivindo River basin, Belinga, Gabon. Holotype: MHNG 1544.49. Paratypes: MHNG (4), ?MNHN 1982-0739 (1), plus additional material (20). Type catalog: Weber 1998:6 [ref. 32707]. •Valid as Barbus condei Mahnert & Géry 1982 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186], Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998:1391 [ref. 23542], De Weirdt et al. 2007:485 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius condei (Mahnert & Géry 1982) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Fermon et al. 2022:139 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius condei (Mahnert & Géry 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Ivindo River basin (Gabon) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

congicus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:100, Pl. 40 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoologie) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Matadi and Boma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.6-7 (2), MRAC 870 (1), 871-872 (2), 873-875 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Barbus congicus Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus congicus (Boulenger 1899) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:262 [ref. 29761], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1409 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2019:13 [ref. 37046], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315] as Clupeobarbus congicus). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus congicus (Boulenger 1899). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Adrica: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

conirostris, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:127 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Bowany River, Nilgherries, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.7.24.50-51 (2). Based on literature sources and specimens. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:80 [ref. 24904], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34522]). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

conocephalus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1872:50 [6], Pl. 6 (fig. 6), Pl. 7 (figs. 7-8) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Zeravshan River, Uzbekistan. Syntypes: (6) ZMMU P-1513 (2), P-1518 (1). Type catalog: Vasil'eva et al. 2001:19 [ref. 25714]. On p. 6 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773), but a valid subspecies conocephalus Kessler 1872 -- (Starostin 1945:133 [ref. 40406], Berg 1949:700 [ref. 20661], Mitrofanov et al. 1988:41 [ref. 37734], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702]). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya 1998:88 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus conocephalus (Kessler 1872) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2016:790 [ref. 35991], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37983], Eagderi et al. 2021:69 [ref. 38309], Çiçek et al. 2023:24 [ref. 40326], Çiçek et al. 2024:169 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus conocephalus (Kessler 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: North Asia, Middle East: Uzbekistan, northern Iran and northern Afghanistan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

continii, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1926:221 [12] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 52; ref. 15610] Sea of Galilee [Tiberias], Israel. Holotype (unique): MSNG 22300. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. On p. 12 of separate. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

cookei, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:381, Fig. 41 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Crocodile River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 1074 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cottesi, Barbus camptacanthus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1907:320 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 13 (no. 5); ref. 15165] Ivindo River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: MNHN 1906-0315 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:31 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus holotaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:249 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417] as cotesi). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

crassibarbis, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:131, Fig. 5.6 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Angara (locality 14), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (12°13'N, 37°18'E). Holotype: RMNH 32890. Paratypes: RMNH 32891-99 (9, 7 localities). •Valid as Barbus crassibarbis Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:192 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus crassibarbis (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus crassibarbis (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

crocodilensis, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:426, Figs. 15-16 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Crocodile River, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 54917. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus argenteus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:228 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius argenteus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cumingii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:155 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (at least 11) BMNH 1852.2.19.135-137 (3). 1852.2.19.138-139 (4), 1859.5.31.44-45 (2); ZMB 4834 (2), 6303 (1). Based on Puntius phutunio of Bleeker 1864: 12, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) (not of Hamilton) and specimens. •Valid as Puntius cumingii (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:100 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:267 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath & Laisram 2004:135 [ref. 27863] as cumingi, Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Silva et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29719], Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861], Meegaskumbura et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29872], Knight et al. 2012:2414 [ref. 31841]). •Valid as Pethia cumingii (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Katwate et al. 2014:244 [ref. 33433], Katwate et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33571], Batuwita et al. 2015:580 [ref. 33714], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Pethia cumingii (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

curtus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:165 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 14172. •Synonym of Barbus stappersii Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:288 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclolepis, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1837:155 [Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte v. 2 (no. 1) (for 1840); ref. 2079] Philippopolis [now Plovdiv], Maritza River, eastern Rumelia, Balkan region of Bulgaria. Lectotype: NMW 54734. Paralectotypes: NMW 54736 (5). Also refered to as Barbus communis, Varietas cyclolepis on p. 155. Lectotype selected by Economidis & Bogutskaya in Banarescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181, 193 [ref. 27353]. •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Valid as Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 [often dated 1839 or 1840, sometimes as a subspecies as well] -- (Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811], Pehlivanov 2000:47 [ref. 25202], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Economidis & Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181 [ref. 27353] as a valid subspecies, Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369] dated 1840, Stoumboudi et al. 2006:131 [ref. 28767], Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:124 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:46 [ref. 35029] dated 1837, Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:26 [ref. 36599], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Güçlü et al. 2021:125 [ref. 38911], Çiçek et al. 2023:364 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:146 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe: Aegean Sea and Black Sea basins. Habitat: freshwater.

cyri, Barbus De Filippi [F.] 1865:358 [Note di un viaggio in Persia nel 1862; ref. 13943] Kura River near Tiflis, Georgia, Eurasia. Holotype (unique): MZUT 690. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:693 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Gabrielyan 2001:26 [ref. 25867]). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837, but a valid subspecies -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:91 [ref. 8508]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353], Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Khaefi et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35140], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Esmaeili et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36089], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Levin et al. 2019:33 [ref. 36643], Eagderi et al. 2019:244 [ref. 37089], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Kaya et al. 2020:327 [ref. 37582], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Çiçek et al. 2023:365 [ref. 40625], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2023:24 [ref. 40239], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: southern Caspian Sea basin: Kura and Aras (Araks) River basins, Lake Urmia and Transcaspian Atrek basins (Turkey to Azerbaijan and Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

daga, Barbus platystomus Bini [G.] 1940:171, Pl. 8 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (9) lost. Subspecific name spelled Dagà originally. Referred to on p. 172 as Barbus dagà. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dageti, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:11 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Karaj River, 30 kilometers from Teheran, Iran. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Barbus kessleri Derjavin 1929, secondarily preoccupied in Barbus by Puntius kessleri Steindachner 1866. •Synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dainellii, Barbus Bini [G.] 1940:175, Pl. 11 [+ Fig. on p. 176] [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] South Dek (locality 27), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°52'N, 37°14'E). Neotype: RMNH 32900. Original 6 syntypes lost, neotype designated by Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:132 [ref. 23829]. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus dainellii Bini 1940 -- (Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:132 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:205 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus dainellii (Bini 1940) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:342 [ref. 34085], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus dainellii (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

daliensis, Barbodes (Barbodes) Wu [H.-W.] & Lin [R.-D.] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:251, Fig. 7-11 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Xiaguan, China. Syntypes: WIH 122090028-29 (2). Appeared as a new name for Barbus gregori Norman 1923 (preoccupied), Barbus yunnanensis Fowler 1958 (preoccupied) and misidentifications as Barbus cogginii (not of Chaudhuri 1911). The species gregorii was replaced by yunnanensis (itself preoccupied). However, both preoccupied names were replaced by Barbus susanae Banister 1973 before Wu et al. The Code does not provide for simultaneous replacement of two names at one time. Treat as a validly described species in its own right. •Valid as Barbodes daliensis Wu & Lin 1977 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:200 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:56 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:151 [ref. 23556], Chen et al. 1999:84 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:35 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:148 [ref. 25461]). •Valid as Poropuntius daliensis (Wu & Lin 1977) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477] dated 1982). •Synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1912) -- (Roberts 1998:112 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

dartevellei, Barbus Poll [M.] 1945:299, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 38 (nos 3-4); ref. 13150] Matadi, Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo (±5°49'S, 13°27'E). Holotype (unique): MRAC 47781. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus dartevellei Poll 1945 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius dartevellei (Poll 1945) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus dartevellei (Poll 1945) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus dartevellei (Poll 1945). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

daruphani, Puntius (Barbodes) Smith [H. M.] 1934:312 [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 4052] Meping River at Raheng, central Thailand. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088]. Mention in Barbus -- (Kottelat 1984:805 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931) -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22681], Rainboth 1996:97 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypsibarbus wetmorei (Smith 1931). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

deauratus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:188 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Cochinchina, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2727. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Acrossocheilus deauratus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Datta & Karmakar 1984:170 [ref. 8167], Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438]). •Valid as Poropuntius deauratus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Lim et al. 1990:38 [ref. 16753], Rainboth 1996:98 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:109 [ref. 23549], Ng & Tan 1999:354 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2000:45 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989], Muhammad-Rasul et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36118]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius deauratus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

decioi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Buta, Congo. Syntypes: MSNG 26477 (1). Unneeded replacement name for Barbus nicholsi Vinciguerra 1928, preoccupied by Myers 1924, but already replaced by Barbus treadwelli Pellegrin 1933. •Synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

decipiens, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:492 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 19 (no. 114) (art. 57); ref. 15134] Africa. Syntypes: (81 spec., 13 localities) BMNH 1907.4.9.89-97 (9), BMNH 1902.7.24.12-17 (6), BMNH 1902.2.12.136-142 (7), BMNH 1905.3.7.179-182 (4), BMNH 1906.10.19.2-7 (6), BMNH 1907.3.15.13-15 (3), BMNH 1907.6.29.219-226 (8), BMNH 1907.4.29.137-142 (6), BMNH 1907.3.15.16-17 (2), BMNH 1893.11.15.101-102 (2), BMNH 1906.11.19.33 (1), BMNH 1904.4.29.11-12 (2), BMNH 1897.6.9.281 (1). •Synonym of Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:293 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

degeni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:435 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Zegi and Bahardar, Lake Tsana [Tana], Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.328-331 (4). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

deguidei, Barbus Matthes [H.] 1964:85, Pl. 3b [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 126; ref. 2911] Boteli River, Ikela region, Congo. Holotype: MRAC 138904. Paratypes: MRAC 138905 (1). •Valid as Barbus deguidei Matthes 1964 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius deguidei (Matthes 1964) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius deguidei (Matthes 1964). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dekkensis, Barbus platystomus Bini [G.] 1940:172, Pl. 9 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (17) lost. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dendrotrachelus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:424, Figs. 11-12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Paulpietersburg Dam, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 54906. Paratypes: ANSP 54915 (1), USNM 103113 [ex ANSP 54921] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:74 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

deserti, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1909:239 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 15 (no. 5); ref. 14407] Redir de Sfédil (Tassili des Azdjers), Algerian Sahara. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.12.9.7 [ex MNHN] (1), MNHN 1909-0457 to 0458 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:32 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus deserti Pellegrin 1909 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:174 [ref. 12829], Lévêque 1990:42 [ref. 19786]). •Valid as Enteromius deserti (Pellegrin 1909) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius deserti (Pellegrin 1909). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

devosi, Barbus Banyankimbona [G.], Vreven [E. J.] & Snoeks [J.] 2012:183, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 32298] Rutana Province, Malagarazi basin, Mazimero River, bridge on road from Rutana to Giharo, 3°53'05"S. 30°11'06"E, Burundi. Holotype: MRAC BO-3-P-13. Paratypes: many at MRAC. Also non-type specimens. Described in 'Barbus'. •Valid as Enteromius devosi (Banyankimbona, Vreven & Snoeks 2012) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius devosi (Banyankimbona, Vreven & Snoeks 2012). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Burundi and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

dezwaani, Barbus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:525 [4], Pl. 11 (fig. 3) [Durch Zentral-Sumatra. Von Alfred Maass... Berlin. v. 2; ref. 14895] Sòlòk, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 112644. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19236]. On p. 4 of separate. Species originally as de Zwaani. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

dialonensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:84, Fig. 20; Pl. 9 (fig. 19) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Senegal River system, Lower Guinea. Syntypes: (44) MNHN 1959-0117 (10), 1960-0454 to 0455 (7). Other material: (7). •Valid as Barbus dialonensis Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:322 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius dialonensis (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Walsh et al. 2022:[4] [ref. 39281]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius dialonensis (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

diamouanganai, Barbus Teugels [G. G.] & Mamonekene [V.] 1992:44, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 16 (no. 1); ref. 16248] Loubomo River, tributary of Kouilou towards Pointe-Noire, near Dolisie, 4°11'S, 12°38'E, Republic of the Congo. Holotype: MRAC 91-68-P-839. Paratypes: MRAC 91-68-P-840 to 843 (4), 91-68-P-844-845 (2), 91-68-P-846 (1). Other material: MRAC 91-79-P-1-19 (19). •Valid as Barbus diamouanganai Teugels & Mamonekene 1992 -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:511 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius diamouanganai (Teugels & Mamonekene 1992) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:139 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius diamouanganai (Teugels & Mamonekene 1992). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

diliciosus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:272, 342, Pl. 39 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Upper Assam, India. No types known. Spelled diliciosus on pp. 272, 343 and plate caption (p. 272); spelled deliciosus in index. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as deliciosus). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Systomus deliciosus (McClelland 1839) -- (Ramalingam & Parasivan 2020:1748 [ref. 38780]). •Valid as Systomus diliciosus (McClelland 1839). Current status: Valid as Systomus diliciosus (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Assam (India). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

diplochilus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1838:53, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Fische aus Caschmir; ref. 2063] Kashmir. Syntypes: NMW 48820 (7). •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348]). •Synonym of Crossocheilus latius (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies diplochilus -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:81 [ref. 8508], Bănărescu 1986:148 [ref. 8112], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:415 [ref. 20764], Menon & Jacob 1996:62 [ref. 22482], Menon 1999:141 [ref. 24904], Su et al. 2000:215 [ref. 25281], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030] as diplocheilus). •Valid as Crossocheilus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kullander et al. 1999:133 [ref. 23689], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220] as diplocheilus, Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207] as diplocheilus, Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173] as diplocheilus). •Valid as Gonorhynchus diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:356 [ref. 34017], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:195 [ref. 34083] as diplocheilus, Ciccotto & Page 2016:489 [ref. 34501], Bleher 2018:542 [ref. 36647]). •Valid as Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838) -- (Kottelat 2016:445 [ref. 34856], Esmaeili et al. 2017:59 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:39 [ref. 36089], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:95 [ref. 37983] as diplocheilus, Çiçek et al. 2023:20 [ref. 40326], Çiçek et al. 2024:181 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Tariqilabeo diplochilus (Heckel 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: South Asia: Indus, Sistan and Helmand Rivers (Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India). Habitat: freshwater.

ditinensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:92, Fig. 25; Pl. 10 (fig. 21) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Ditinn, Lower Guinea. Syntypes: (83) MNHN 1959-0111 (25), 1960-0433 to 0434. Additional material: (23). •Valid as Barbus ditinensis Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:358 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius ditinensis (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius ditinensis (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

dobsoni, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1876:574 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 12 (no. 64); ref. 14208] Deccan, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7860 (1, syntype) Poonah, BMNH 1889.2.1.566-567 (2), NMW 54058-59 (1, 1), RMNH 2659 (1), ZSI 2726 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Puntius jerdoni (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:274 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus dobsoni (Day 1876) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:77 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34522], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Arunachalam et al. 2016:271 [ref. 34977], Arunachalam et al. 2016:157 [ref. 34986], Plamoottil 2021:702 [ref. 39044], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2022:521 [ref. 39357]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus dobsoni (Day 1876). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Thunga and Bhadra River drainages, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

doggetti, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:450 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 78) (art. 52); ref. 15114] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.5.19.24. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dolichosoma, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:700, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Avakubi, Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6137. •Synonym of Barbus humeralis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186], Stiassny et al. 2016:11 [ref. 34182] as "Barbus"). •Synonym of Enteromius humeralis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius humeralis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

donaldsonsmithi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Niger River. Originally as donaldson-smithi. Replacement name for Barbus lepidus Pfaff 1933, preoccupied in Barbus by Puntius (Capoeta) lepidus Day 1868. •Valid as Barbus donaldsonsmithi Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus perince Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque 1989:198 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

donyensis, Barbus Holly [M.] 1929:33 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 3) (for 24 Jan. 1929); ref. 16086] Athi River, at Denye Satna, Kenya. Holotype: NMW (lost). Paratypes: NMW (3, lost). Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:74 [ref. 39277]. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsimaculatus, Barbus Ahl [E.] 1923:183 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 56 (nos 7/8); ref. 15393] Sumatra (?). Syntypes: ZMB 20671 (20). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Puntius dorsimaculatus (Ahl 1923) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Species inquirenda as Barbodes dorsimaculatus (Ahl 1923) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Barbodes dorsimaculatus (Ahl 1923). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

dorsolineatus, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1936:67, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 40; ref. 13752] Affluent of Catumbela River; and a locality 20 kilometers east of Bocoio, Angola. Syntypes: (25) BMNH 1935.3.20.122-131 (10) affluent of Catumbela R. •Valid as Barbus dorsolineatus Trewavas 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:164 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:164 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius dorsolineatus (Trewavas 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius dorsolineatus (Trewavas 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

douronensis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:187 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3826. Non-types: SMF 2580 (1, dry), 2611 (1, dry) both from Java, ex RMNH. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:49 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus douronensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Zhou & Cui 1996:134 [ref. 22573]). •Valid as Tor douronensis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Wu et al. 1977:324 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:141 [ref. 13584], Kottelat et al. 1993:49 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:235 [ref. 23210], Zhu 1995:50 [ref. 25213], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438] as duronensis, Shan et al. in Yue 2000:163 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Hoàng et al. 2015:566 [ref. 33936]). •Synonym of Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Lim et al. 1990:38 [ref. 16753], Roberts 1993:22 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 1998:57 [ref. 23436] with question, Parenti & Lim 2005:186 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989] with question, Zhang et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34477], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696], Jaafar et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38256]). Current status: Synonym of Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

duchesnii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:433 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Bahardar, Lake Tana and Moger River (elevation 6000 feet), tributary of Blue Nile, Shoa, Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.305 (1) Moger, 1902.12.13.306 (1) Baharda. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dukai, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:564, Pl. 143 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Teesta River, near Darjeeling, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7893 (1, syntype), BMNH 1889.2.1.518-19 (2), NMW 54061 (1), RMNH 2681 (1), ?RMNH 8659 (1), ZSI 2388. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:229 [ref. 20764] with question, Menon 1999:56 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Neolissochilus dukai (Day 1878) -- (Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003:159 [ref. 26859] with question, Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Khaironizam et al. 2015:154 [ref. 33812], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912], Umamaheswari & Arunachalam 2018:2 [ref. 36417]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus dukai (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

dunckeri, Barbus Ahl [E.] 1929:165, Figs. [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin 1929 (no. 10); ref. 20518] Bukith Timah, Singapore. Syntypes: (67) ZMB 20856 (2), 20861 (2), 20866 (2), 20876 (3), 31739 [ex ZMB 20876] (1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Puntius dunckeri (Ahl 1929) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989], Tan & Husana 2021:321 [ref. 38614]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes dunckeri (Ahl 1929). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Malaysia and Singapore. Habitat: freshwater.

duvaucelii, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:167 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bengal, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3817. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as duvancelli). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dwaarsensis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:384 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Dwaars River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9707 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eburneensis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1941:135, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 34 (no. 2); ref. 13178] Maseï River at confluence with Bon de Boan River, Nuon River system, Ivory Coast. Syntypes: MRAC 66384-87 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus eburneensis Poll 1941 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:339 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

eduardianus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:12 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 43) (art. 3); ref. 14749] Albert Edward Nyanza [Lake Edward]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.9.7.41. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900, but a valid subspecies -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

elephantis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:310, Fig. 91 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Groot Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.36. •Valid as Barbus elephantis Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29, 67 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:11, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): SMF 6779 (dry). Separates published in 1835; see reference 3845. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus elongatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254] dated 1836). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

elongatus, Barbus Seale [A.] 1910:265, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 14808] Sandakan, Sabah state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BSMP 2566 (lost). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus elongatus Rüppell 1835. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes sealei Herre 1933 -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes sealei Herre 1933. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

enoploides, Barbus Tirant [G.] 1885:191 [157] [Excursions et Reconnaissances: Cochinchine française v. 10; ref. 17923] Cochinchine [? southern Vietnam]. Lectotype: MHNL 4200-0260. Paralectotypes: ?RMNH 7012 (some of 6), 11905 (1). Type catalog: Chevey 1937:250 [ref. 31779]. On p. 157 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1987:9 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 1987:9, 21 [ref. 11434], Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1949) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

enoplos, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:16 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.142 (1); NMV 46585 (1); RMNH 7012 (some of 6), 11905 (1). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:88 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Pasco-Veil et al. 2012:52 [ref. 32355], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802]). •Valid as Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989], Taki et al. 2021:138 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Java and Borneo, to Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

ensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:549 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: (15) ANSP 37902-03 (2), BMNH 1911.6.1.11-18 (8), NMW 54083 (4), ZMB 18217 (4). USNM lots 28297, 28373, 29223, 29536 and 29611 are lost. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:75 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus ensis Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius ensis (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ensis (Boulenger 1910) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ensis (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

eques, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1839:fasc. 25, punt. 129, Pl. 110 (fig. 2) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4895] Arno River, Toscana, Italy. Lectotype: ANSP 6145. Paralectotypes: ANSP 6144 (1), 6146-49 (4); ? USNM 10103 (3). Appeared first as Barbus plebius, without distinguishing features and not available in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995]. Also appeared in Bonaparte 1839, fasc. 25 and pl. 110 [ref. 4895] as plebejus and in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:139 [ref. 1009] as plebeius. Lectotype selected by Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944]. •Synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952], Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:339 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:427 [ref. 27353] in part, but not the lectotype). Current status: Synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eques, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:141, Pl. 463 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Florence, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN A-6913. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2582 [ex MNHN A-6913] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1131 [ref. 20712]. Appeared first as name only, not available in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1131 [ref. 20712]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus eques Bonaparte 1839. •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:313 [ref. 21944]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ercisianus, Barbus plebejus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:204 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Ercis, Lake Van and road from Ercis to Patnos, Turkey. Syntypes: ZMH H4208 and 3566 (5), H3567 (13). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:157 [ref. 22013]. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35344]). •Valid as Barbus ercisianus Karaman 1971 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:32 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Şen et al. 2019:67 [ref. 36474], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Çiçek et al. 2023:365 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus ercisianus Karaman 1971. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: Van Gölü tributaries, Van and Bitlis provinces (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

erlangeri, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:331, Pl. 30 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 2 (pt 2) (art. 3); ref. 15110] Wabbi, Modjo and Irano rivers, Webi Shebeli system, Gallaland, southern Ethiopia. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1903.11.16.1-4 (4) Modjo R., 1903.11.16.5-6 (2) Wabbi R., 1903.11.16.7 (1) Irano R. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

erubescens, Barbus Skelton [P. H.] 1974:2, Figs. 1-3 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 13; ref. 7472] Suurvlei River, Olifants River system, western Cape Province, South Africa, 32°38'56"S, 19°12'21"E. Holotype: AMG P2424. Paratypes: AMG P2425-P2429 (21, 2, 2, 2, 2); BMNH 1974.6.13.1-10 (10); MRAC 192171-74 (4), 192175-80 (6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 74-265 to 74-269 (1, 1, 1, 6, 1). Type catalog: Skelton & Stuart 1987:182 [ref. 12628]. •Valid as Barbus erubescens Skelton 1974 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1988:300 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:154 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:154 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus erubescens (Skelton 1974) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417] as Pseudobarbus). •Valid as Sedercypris erubescens (Skelton 1974) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:19 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Sedercypris erubescens (Skelton 1974). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Twee River basin, Clanwilliam - Olifants River system, southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

erythropterus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:15 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.195 (1), RMNH 7016 (1), 10346 [ex RMNH 7016] (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:27-28 [ref. 19574]. •Synonymy of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

erythrozonus, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1959:106, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 60 (nos 1-2); ref. 12015] Foulakari River, French Equatorial Africa. Holotype: MRAC 125184. Paratypes: MRAC 125185 (1). •Valid as Barbus erythrozonus Poll & Lambert 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius erythrozonus (Poll & Lambert 1959) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius erythrozonus (Poll & Lambert 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

escherichii, Barbus lacerta var. Steindachner [F.] 1897:688 [4], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-1a) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 64; ref. 14691] Ankara [Angora], Turkey. Syntypes: (several) NMW 54086-87 (4, 4), 54158 (7), 54232-33 (1, 3), 78221 (1). The correct spelling is escherichii. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:89 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus escherichii (Steindachner 1897) -- (Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741] but misspelled scheich, Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Valid as Barbus escherichii Steindachner 1897 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251], Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Dyldin et al. 2020:91, 94 [ref. 37569], Güçlü et al. 2021:125 [ref. 38911], Çiçek et al. 2023:365 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:148 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus escherichii Steindachner 1897. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: northern Anatolian Black Sea watersheds (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

esocinus, Luciobarbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1054 [64] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 54088 (2), 54091-92 (1, 1); SMF 454 [ex NMW] (1), 6785 [ex NMW] (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 4, fig. 2 [ref. 2067]. On p. 64 of separate [ref. 2067]. •May be a synonym of Barbus xanthopterus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869]). •Valid as Barbus esocinus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 2010:108 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]. Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:84 [ref. 37983], Bayhan 2021:243 [ref. 40683], Çiçek et al. 2023:16 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:372 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:21 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:169 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Euphrates and Tigris river systems (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

ethiopicus, Barbus Zolezzi [G.] 1939:369, Fig. 1 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 17252] Lake Zwai, Ethiopia (±8°00'N, 38°48'E). Holotype: MCZR. Non-types: BMNH 1971.7.12.1-3 (3), Lab. Cent. Idrobiologia, Roma (1). •Valid as Barbus ethiopicus Zolezzi 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ethiopicus (Zolezzi 1939) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Levin et al. 2015:403 [ref. 34851], Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ethiopicus (Zolezzi 1939). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

euboicus, Barbus Stephanidis [A.] 1950:202 [Praktika tes Akademias Athenon v. 18; ref. 12807] Small streams on Evia [= Eúboia] Island, Greece. Syntypes: lost during WWII. •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus euboicus Stephanidis 1950 -- (Economidis 1995:204 [ref. 23025], Bianco et al. 1996:52 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Economidis & Daoulas in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:201 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:125 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:46 [ref. 35029]). Current status: Valid as Barbus euboicus Stephanidis 1950. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Evia Island, Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

euchilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:400, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1919 (pts 3-4) (art. 25); ref. 15206] Tumbwe, a village southwest of the Kalemie River, on a small stream flowing into Niemba River, tributary of Lukuga River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1919.7.24.7. •Synonym of Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eugrammus, Puntius Silas [E. G.] 1956:194 [Copeia 1956 (no. 3); ref. 12225] Marawand, Bangka, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4015. Replacement name for Barbus fasciatus Bleeker 1853, preoccupied by Barbus fasciatus Jerdon 1849. •Synonym of Puntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 1992:188 [ref. 16750], Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]). •Synonym of Systomus johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (authors). •Mention -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Puntius eugrammus Silas 1956 -- (Roberts 1989:64 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Mention -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Indonesia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

eumystus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:565 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Juju River, tributary of Didessa River, southern Ethiopia, elevation 2000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.1.20.170. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

euphrati, Labeobarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:166 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Euphrates River at Biredjik [Birecik], Turkey. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6971 [or A-6961]. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:29 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus esocinus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843 -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:84 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:169 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eurystomus, Barbus intermedius var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:166 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Langenburg, Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 18175. Paralectotypes: ZMB 18175 (2). Lectotype apparently designated first by Keilhack 1910:103 [ref. 32109]. Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:102 [ref. 32109]. •Valid as Barbus eurystomus Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:243 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus brevicauda (Keilhack 1908) -- (Seegers 1995:31 [ref. 33299]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:30, 61 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eutaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:218 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 81) (art. 32); ref. 15117] Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1864.7.13.52 [? not 1864.7.12.52]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1864.7.13.53-56 (4), NMW 54089 (2), ZMB 6257 (1). Based on Barbus kessleri of Günther. Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:176 [ref. 19234]. •Valid as Barbus eutaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:155 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:155 [ref. 27406], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111] as cf. eutaenia, Tweddle & Skelton 2008:29 [ref. 29605] as 'Barbus', Marshall 2011:93 [ref. 31755], Kullander & Roberts 2012:368 [ref. 31751], Banyankimbona et al. 2012:182 [ref. 32298] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius eutaenia (Boulenger 1904) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Kisekelwa et al. 2022:18 [ref. 39828], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius eutaenia (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

evansi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1930:34, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Quanza River, Chouzo, Angola. Holotype: ANSP 51780. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus evansi Fowler 1930 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius evansi (Fowler 1930) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius evansi (Fowler 1930). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

everetti, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:248 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Poeh, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.3.6.213-218 (6). •Valid as Puntius everetti (Boulenger 1894) -- (Roberts 1989:64 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:232 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Doi et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25691], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Barbodes everetti (Boulenger 1894) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805], Tan & Husana 2021:321 [ref. 38614]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes everetti (Boulenger 1894). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo and Sumatra. Habitat: freshwater.

exulatus, Barbus Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:116, Fig. 5; Pl. 1 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Qasam, Wadi Hadhramaut, 16°10'N, 49°04'E, southern Yemen. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.299. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.300-308 (9), 1976.4.7.309-327 (19), 1976.4.7.328-331 (4), 1976.4.7.332-333 (2), 1976.4.7.333-334 (2). •Valid as Barbus exulatus Banister & Clarke 1977 -- (Alkahem & Behnke 1983:551 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:582 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626]). •Valid as Carasobarbus exulatus (Banister & Clarke 1977) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:94 [ref. 26519] dated 1975, Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:21 [ref. 32915], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Freyhof et al. 2020:129 [ref. 37658], Esmaeili & Hamidan 2023:207 [ref. 40377], Çiçek et al. 2024:135 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus exulatus (Banister & Clarke 1977). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Middle East: Wadi Hajr and upper Wadi Hadhramaut drainage (Yemen). Habitat: freshwater.

fairbairnii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:493 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 12); ref. 14307] Gorge below Victoria Falls, Zambezi River, [Zambia/Zimbabwe]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.11.6.22. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

faoensis, Barbus Günther [A.] 1896:397 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 57); ref. 14608] Fao, Iraq, Persian Gulf. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1888.5.17.4 [ex ZSD]. •Synonym of Barbus sharpeyi Günther 1874 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Günther 1874) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:88 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:175 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1853:190 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16902] Marawang, Bangka, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 4015. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH 1866.5.2.191 (1, poor condition). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Cirrhinus fasciatus Jerdon 1849, replaced by Puntius eugrammus Silas 1956. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]. •Synonym of Puntius eugrammus Silas 1956 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Puntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]). •Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciolatus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:140 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1851.12.27.185. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 (same reference, p. 108), replaced by Barbus semifasciolatus Günther 1868. •Synonym of Capoeta semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Wu et al. 1977:259 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:164 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:171 [ref. 21202]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:113 [ref. 26639], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:138 [ref. 23876], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:11 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]) 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciolatus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:108 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Fluilla, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.13.63. •Valid as Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:244 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:147 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:147 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:88 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:47 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius fasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola; southern Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

fasolt, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:240, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Ituri, Irumu, Zaire (±1°29'N, 29°51'E). Holotype (unique): ZMB 19061. •Valid as Barbus fasolt Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus fasolt (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (Decru et al. 2022:8 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Uncertain as Labeobarbus fasolt (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fergusonii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:12 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 43) (art. 3); ref. 14749] Albert Edward Nyanza [Lake Edward]. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.9.7.42-43 (2). As fergussonii in Boulenger 1911:59 [ref. 579]. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186] as fergussonii, De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fernandezypezi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Hué River, Vietnam. Lectotype: MGHNL 42000029. Paralectotypes: MGHNL 42000030 (2). Originally as fernandez-ypezi. Replacement name for Barbus aureus Tirant 1883, secondarily preoccupied in Barbus by Labeobarbus aureus Cope 1867. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1987:6 [ref. 11434]. •Synonym of Barbus semifasciolatus Günther 1868 -- (Kottelat 1987:8 [ref. 11434]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). •Questionably a synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

figuigensis, Barbus callensis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1913:119 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38 (no. 4); ref. 14969] Oasis de Figuig, Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1913-0140. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1913-0141 and 0142 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1139 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus figuigensis Pellegrin 1913 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus figuigensis (Pellegrin 1913) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus figuigensis (Pellegrin 1913). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fitzsimonsi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1935:267, Fig. 11 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 16 (pt 2); ref. 1423] Chobe River, below rapids, 3 miles from Kasane, Botswana, Africa. Holotype: SAIAB 30021 [ex TMP 15251] (1 of 14). Paratypes: (31 + 44) ANSP 54290-99 (10), 54320-29 (10); FMNH 33243-52 (10), 33253-57 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30021 [ex TMP 15251] (13 of 14), 43015 [ex TMP 15250] (23). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Barbus thamalakanensis Fowler 1935 -- (pers. comm. P. Skelton, 3/2008). •Synonym of Enteromius thamalakaensis (Fowler 1935) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius thamalakanensis (Fowler 1935). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

flomoi, Barbus Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(317) 323, Pl. 36 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Near Bellyella, Liberia. Holotype: USNM 118737. Paratypes: USNM 118738 (23). •Synonym of Barbus eburneensis Poll 1941 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:339 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Synonym of Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius eburneensis (Poll 1941). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Barbus Fitzinger [L. J. F. J.] 1832:333 [Beiträge zur Landeskunde Österreichs unter der Enns, Wien v. 1; ref. 5019] Unneeded replacement name for Cyprinus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). •Valid as Barbus fluviatilis Fitzinger 1832 -- (Herrera 1896:23 [ref. 39336] with author as Agassiz). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:70 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

foerschi, Barbus Kottelat [M.] 1982:425, Figs. 2 c-d [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (no. 2); ref. 2667] About 50 to 100 kilometers north of Sampit, Kalimantan, Indonesia. Holotype: MHNG 2058.98. Paratypes: MHNG 2058.99-100 (2), 2059.01 (1). Type catalog: Weber 1998:6 [ref. 32707]. For comments on type locality see Schaller & Kottelat 1989:35 [ref. 13604]. •Valid as Puntius foerschi (Kottelat 1982) -- (Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Systomus foerschi (Kottelat 1982) -- (Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Desmopuntius foerschi (Kottelat 1982) -- (Kottelat 2013:96 [ref. 32989], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius foerschi (Kottelat 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

foureaui, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1919:209 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44 (no. 5/7); ref. 15224] Gribingui River, Congo. Syntypes: BMNH 1919.8.15.20 (1); MNHN 1919-0218 to 0222 (1, 1, 1, 5, 9). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:34 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus foureaui Pellegrin 1919 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis (Boulenger 1911), based on placement of bynni. •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

foutensis, Barbus Lévêque [C.], Teugels [G. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1988:185, Pl. 1b [Cybium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 6865] Kaba River, tributary to Little Scarcies, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1987-2038. Paratypes: MNHN 1987-2039 (15). Other material: MNHN 1961-0337 to 1961-0343 (10, 5, 4, 1, 1, 9, 4), 1982-1346 to 1348 (63, 31, 4). •Valid as Barbus foutensis Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988 -- (Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque et al. 1989:116 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:348 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Enteromius foutensis (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius foutensis (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

fowlerii, Barbus Popta [C. M. L.] 1906:218 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 27; ref. 18569] Replacement name for Barbus lineatus Popta 1905, preoccupied by Barbus lineatus Duncker 1904. •Questionably a synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

foxi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:188, Figs. 144-145 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68135. Paratypes: ANSP 68136 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbodes altus (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996:95 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Puntius foxi (Fowler 1937) -- (Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438]). •Valid as Barbodes foxi (Fowler 1937) -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym of Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus altus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

francisci, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1916:478 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 18 (no. 108); ref. 15051] A tributary of Benue River at Mutum Biu, 90 miles east of Ibi, southern Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1916.11.7.14. •Valid as Barbus francisci Boulenger 1916 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque 1989:175 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fraseri, Barbus Hora [S. L.] & Misra [K. S.] 1938:29, Fig. 4; Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 40 (pt 1); ref. 17151] Darna River, Deolali, Mumbai State, India. Syntypes: ZSI F12497/1 (orig. 7, now 6). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Puntius fraseri (Hora & Misra 1938) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:272 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:94 [ref. 24904], Menon et al. 2000:267 [ref. 25168], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Jameela Beevi & Ramachandran 2005:85 [ref. 28531], Bleher 2018:714 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius fraseri (Hora & Misra 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northern Western Ghats, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

fritschii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1874:231 [2], Pl. 14 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 18200] Oued Ksib [Ksob], Morocco (31°28'59"N, 9°46'3"W). Syntypes: BMNH 1874.1.30.27-31 (5); not SMF 636 (7), 952 (8). On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Barbus fritschii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Enteromius fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915], Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34978], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Morocco and Algeria. Habitat: freshwater.

fucini, Barbus Costa [O. G.] 1853:Pl. 11 [Fauna del regno di Napoli Part 1; ref. 976] Lake Fucino, Abruzzo region, Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0192 (1) Lake Fucino, NMW 54799 (1). Name available from table of plates and index, but not from text. Dated to apparent publication date for the index (1853) (see Bianco 1995:314 [ref. 21944]). •Synonym of Barbus tyberinus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:313 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:51 [ref. 22952], Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:427 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Barbus fucini Costa 1853 -- (Lorenzoni et al. 2021:11 [ref. 38166]). Current status: Valid as Barbus fucini Costa 1853. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: southern Adriatic slope of the Italian Peninsula, south Apulia-Campania district, Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

gallicus, Barbus barbus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:194 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Toulouse, France. Holotype (unique): NMW 54112. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lelek 1987:156 [ref. 22962]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bănărescu et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:44 [ref. 27353]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gambiensis, Barbus Svensson [G. S. O.] 1933:67, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 16524] Swamps along Gambia River, western Africa. Holotype: NRM 10232. Paratypes: (32) NRM 11141 (4), 14442-46 (7, 3, 2, 3, 13). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:175 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gananensis, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1895:53 [33], Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 15; ref. 4521] Ganana and Auata rivers, Somalia (±0°15'S, 42°38'E). Holotype: MSNG 17525. Paratypes: MSNG 17331 (4). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. On p. 33 of separate. •Valid as Barbus gananensis Vinciguerra 1895 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186], Dimmick et al. 2001:1123 [ref. 25827]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gananensis (Vinciguerra 1895) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Levin et al. 2015:403 [ref. 34851] as L. gananensis complex, Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Levin et al. 2019:[5] [ref. 36882]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gananensis (Vinciguerra 1895). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Africa: Indian Ocean catchment drainages, Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

gardonides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:156, Pl. 465 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Calcutta and Mumbai, India; Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3819. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3820 to 0000-3821 (1, 2), B-1214 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:24-25 [ref. 19574] with MNHN 3819 as holotype. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]. •Java specimens are questionably a synonym of Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904] as gardonoides). •Synonym of Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

garmani, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1924:81, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 76; ref. 15446] Streams tributary to the Ganges at Dehra Daro [Dehra Doon?], India. Holotype (unique): MCZ 18759. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

gerlachi, Barbus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1881:1034, Unnumbered plate fig. 5 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1880; ref. 3456] Hong Kong, China. Syntypes: ZMB 11327 (1). •Valid as Varicorhinus gerlachi (Peters 1881) -- (Wu et al. 1977:310 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:216 [ref. 13584] as gerachi, Zheng et al. 1989:191 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:162 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:61 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:161 [ref. 23556] as gerachi). •Valid as Onychostoma gerlachi (Peters 1881) -- (Bănărescu 1971:243 [ref. 7666], Mai 1978:39 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:122 [ref. 26639] dated 1880, Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:136 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:32 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:63 [ref. 25780], Hoang et al. 2015:123, 136 [ref. 33811] Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477], Song et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35890], Fu et al. 2021:9570 [ref. 39347], Taki et al. 2021:150 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma gerlachi (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Chao Phraya basin, Thailand to China. Habitat: freshwater.

gestetneri, Barbus Banister [K. E.] & Bailey [R. G.] 1979:218, Figs. 2-4 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 66 (no. 3) (for July 1979); ref. 8851] Above the falls on the Kalumengonga River, Upemba National Park, Shaba, Democratic Republic of Congo (8°49'S, 27°13'E). Holotype: BMNH 1976.10.12.98. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.10.12.86-97 (12). •Valid as Barbus gestetneri Banister & Bailey 1979 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:247 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius gestetneri (Banister & Bailey 1979) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gestetneri (Banister & Bailey 1979) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gestetneri (Banister & Bailey 1979). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

gibbosus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:155 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Aleppey, Kerala, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3816. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:24 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:72 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Systomus subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Plamoottil & Maji 2020:1036 [ref. 37708]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gibbosus, Barbus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:683 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Zambezi River, Tette [Tete], Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 4735. Paralectotypes: ZMB 32377 [ex ZMB 4735] (2). Also in Peters 1868:52, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [ref. 3440]. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:131 [ref. 23725]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus gibbosus Valenciennes 1842, replaced by Barbus longicauda Boulenger 1905. •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:277 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gilchristi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:88, Fig. 66 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Kraai River, Barkly East, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.12.8.1. •Synonym of Barbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) based on current placement of aeneus. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

girardi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:551 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: (11) ANSP 37973 (1), BMNH 1911.6.1.31-36 (6), NMW 54137 (1), ZMB 18215 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:77 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus girardi Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:247 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus girardi (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus girardi (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

globiceps, Barbus Worthington [E. B.] 1933:303, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 2; ref. 16532] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1932.11.15.275-282 (8). •Synonym of Barbus johnstonii Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) based on placement of johnstonii. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gobioides, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1852:592 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original as gobioïdes. •Synonym of Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:30 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gobioides, Barbus Poll [M.] & Gosse [J.-P.] 1963:57, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 116; ref. 5138] Lilanda River, at point of route Yangambi-Yaekela, Central Congo. Holotype: MRAC 137769. Paratypes: (23) MRAC 137770-71 (2), 137772 (1), 137773-74 (2), 137775-76 (2), 137777-78 (2), 137779 (1), 137780-81 (2), 137782 (1), 137783-85 (1), 137786 (3), 137787-89 (4), 177790-93 (4), 137794 (1), 137795 (1), 137796 (1), 137800-03 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus gobioides Bleeker 1852; replaced by Barbus stanleyi Poll & Gosse 1974. •Synonym of Barbus stanleyi Poll & Gosse 1974 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:287 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius stanleyi (Poll & Gosse 1974) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius stanleyi (Poll & Gosse 1974). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gobionides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:189 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN (whereabouts unknown). •Questionably a synonym of Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 1988:264 [ref. 7302]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Uncertain as Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

goktschaicus, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:105, Pl. 3 (fig. 19) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Sevan [Goktscha] Lake, Armenia. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1897.7.5.23 [ex ZIN] (1), ZIN 10921 (1). •Valid as Barbus goktschaicus Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1949:695 [ref. 20661], Gabrielyan 2001:26 [ref. 25867], Ryabov 2002:794 [ref. 26575], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:207 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:96 [ref. 35344], Levin et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36643], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:33 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:147 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyri De Filippi 1865. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Caucasus: Sevan Lake tributaries, Armenia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

gonionotus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:15 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.183. •Valid as Puntius gonionotus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Shrestha 2008:77 [ref. 29923]). •Valid as Barbodes gonionotus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:95 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:25 [ref. 23436]). •Valid as Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Parenti & Lim 2005:179 [ref. 28285], Gante et al. 2008:1091 [ref. 29529], Tan & Kottelat 2009:28 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntiini, Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477], Miesen et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34492], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805], Dahruddin et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38577], Fu et al. 2021:9569 [ref. 39347], Taki et al. 2021:117 [ref. 39830], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888], Jamandre 2023:165 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sumatra, Java and southern Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia), Mekong River basin. Introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

gorgorensis, Barbus intermedius Bini [G.] 1940:168, Pl. 6 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Debre Mariam (locality 1), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°38'N, 37°24'E). Neotype: RMNH 32910. Original 11 syntypes lost, neotype designated by Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:133 [ref. 23829]. Name appears first on p. 160. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus gorgorensis Bini 1940 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:133 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:204 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gorgorensis (Bini 1940) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gorgorensis (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

gorguari, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:9, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana, Ethiopia (±12°00'N, 37°20'E). Holotype (unique): SMF 2586 (dry). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186] with species as gorguarii). •Valid as Barbus gorguari Rüppell 1835 -- (Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:134 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:206 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gorguari (Rüppel 1835) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gorguari (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

gourmansis, Barbus (Nicholsopuntius) Pellegrin [J.] 1933:108, Fig. [Archiv für Hydrobiologie v. 26; ref. 3413] Fada N'Gourma, Upper Volta. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0299 (1); NMBA 4434-47 (14). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:38 [ref. 19574], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. •Valid as Barbus gourmansis Pellegrin 1933 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:247 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus stigmatopygus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque 1989:170, 172 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:328 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1913) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Barboides Brüning [C.] 1929:420, Fig. 2 [Wochenschrift für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde v. 26 (no. 27); ref. 30916] Iguidi River at Gbokoutou, Benin. Neotype: BMNH 1970.9.24.2. Neotype designated by Conway & Moritz 2006:77 [ref. 28637]; they selected the holotype of Barbus lorenzi as the neotype. •Valid as Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:217 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:287 [ref. 21589], Poll & Gosse 1995:161 [ref. 24781], Conway & Moritz 2006:73 [ref. 28637], De Weirdt et al. 2007:469 [ref. 30024], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Barbus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:313 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River, southern India. No types known. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:80 [ref. 24904], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34522]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Capoeta Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:201, Pl. 100 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Streams near Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2499. Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:157 [ref. 12876]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Barbus gracilis Jerdon 1849 when Günther 1868 placed gracilis Temminck & Schlegel in Barbus. Replaced by and objective synonym of Barbus homozonus Günther 1868; the name homozonus should be used for this species unless gracilis is treated as a nomen protectum. •Valid as Gnathopogon gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:436 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Squalidus gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846), subspecies gracilis -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:321 [ref. 25598], Sato 1995:51 [ref. 25531], Nakabo 2000:271 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:126 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:271 [ref. 26001], Miuchi & Kunimatsu 2021:18 [ref. 38479], Saiki et al. 2023:69 [ref. 40766]). •Valid as Squalidus gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:56 [ref. 6441], Hosoya & Jeon 1984:41 [ref. 17431], Okamura & Machida 1987:104 [ref. 22279], Kim 1997:211 [ref. 24032], Watanabe 1998:263 [ref. 23491], Sato et al. 1998:36 [ref. 24972]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Valid as Squalidus gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Gobionidae. Distribution: East Asia: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

graecus, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1895:187 [7], Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 63; ref. 14637] Archelous [Achelos] River [Aspropotamo] or Lake Wrachori [Trichonis], western Greece. Lectotype: NMW 10702. Paralectotypes: NMW (apparently lost). On p. 7 of separate. Lectotype selected by Economidis & Herzig-Straschil in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:219 [ref. 27353] but not at this time (Jan. 2004) acceptable under the 1999 code; they did not give a locality for NMW 10702. •Synonym of Messinobarbus albanicus (Steindachner 1895) -- (Bianco 1998:128 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus graecus Steindachner 1895 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489], Economidis & Herzig-Straschil in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:219 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus graecus (Steindachner 1895) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:138 [ref. 29996], Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:56 [ref. 35029] dated 1896, Freyhof & Yoğurtçuoğlu 2024:473 [ref. 40875]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus graecus (Steindachner 1895). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe, Asia Minor: Greece; western Anatonia (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

graellsii, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1866:14 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3; ref. 21709] Ebro River at Bilbao, Spain. Syntypes: (many) NMW 5295-98 (4), 5340 (1), 5359-66 (8), 54112 (1), 54139-41 (2, 1, 2), 54143-44 (1, 2), 54146 (10), 54148-51 (4, 10, 1, 2), 54152-57 (4, 2, 1, 2, 2, 5), 54159 (2), 79353 (5). Species first described in the abstract above as graelsii [this spelling twice], later described in more detail in Steindachner 1866 [ref. 14058], p. 198 [p. 1 of separate] as graellsii; also appeared in English in Steindachner 1866:311 [ref. 21711]. Also in Steindachner 1866:5 [ref. 18757] as graellsii. If the spelling graellsii has continuously been used, that spelling probably can be preserved. •Valid as Messinobarbus graellsii (Steindachner 1866) -- (Bianco 1998:134 [ref. 23811] as graellesi). •Valid as Barbus graellsii Steindachner 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489] as graellsi, Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Almaça & Bănărescu in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:227 [ref. 27353] ). •Valid as Luciobarbus graellsii (Steindachner 1866) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:139 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108], Massebouef et al. 2020:219 [ref. 38011]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus graellsii (Steindachner 1866). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southwestern Europe: Spain and Pyrenées Atlantiques (France). Introduced in Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

grahami, Barbus Regan [C. T.] 1904:190 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 20); ref. 15197] Lake Dianchi and subterranean waters, 24°48'N, 102°43'E, Yunnan Province, China, elevation 1885 meters. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.1.26.27. •Valid as Sinocyclocheilus grahami (Regan 1904) -- (Wu et al. 1977:263 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:175 [ref. 13584], Wang & Chen 1989:31 [ref. 25743], Yang & Chen 1995:72 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:53 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:155 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:104 [ref. 26415], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:66 [ref. 25272], Xiao et al. 2004:522, 523 [ref. 28157] as grahmia on p. 523, Zhao & Zhang 2006:73 [ref. 31176], Romero et al. 2009 [ref. 30522], Zhao et al. 2011:1551 [ref. 31493], Kottelat 2012:126 [ref. 32367], Ma & Zhao 2012:109 [ref. 34891], Li & Li 2013:84 [ref. 32723], Pan et al. 2013:368 [ref. 32821], Cheng et al. 2015:35 [ref. 34631], Zhang et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34477], Yang et al. 2017:509 [ref. 35837], Zhang et al. 2019:271 [ref. 36699], Zhao et al. 2021:274 [ref. 39337]). Current status: Valid as Sinocyclocheilus grahami (Regan 1904). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Lake Dianchi and Puduhe River drainage, upper Yangtze River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

grandisquamata, Barbus moulouyensis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1930:623 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 2 (no. 6); ref. 16319] Tensift, near Marrakech, Morocco. Holotype: MNHN?. Possible type: MCZ 32741 [ex MNHN] (1). Species epithet correct as grandisquamatus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus callensis (Valenciennes 1842) based on generic placement of callensis. •In the genus Carasobarbus Karaman 1971 -- (Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Uncertain as Carasobarbus grandisquamatus (Pellegrin 1930). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Tensift basin, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

greenwoodi, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:175, Fig. 77 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Vissabenguila River, tributary of Coemba River, of Cuanza River, Angola, about 12°10'S, 18°15'E. Holotype (unique): MD 1611. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus greenwoodi Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:247 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius greenwoodi (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius greenwoodi (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

gregorii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:422 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] El Narua, Nyuki and Kiroruma Rivers [specimens collected by Gregory, probably from Guasso Nyuki and Guasso el Narua, Kenya, 0°28'N, 36°08'E and 0°16'N, 38°18'E]. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.12.2.40-41 (2), 1893.12.2.42 (1), 1893.12.2.43-45 (? 2). Based on Barbus intermedius of Günther 1894:91 [ref. 14553]. See for information on the type localities, Banister 1973:71 [ref. 7554]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gregorii, Barbus Norman [J. R.] 1923:562 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 11 (no. 64) (art. 59); ref. 15416] Yunnan Province, China [as Lake Tali,[ Dali]]. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1923.2.21.29-36 (7). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus gregorii Boulenger 1902; replaced by Barbus yunnanensis Fowler 1958, yunnanensis itself preoccupied by Barbus yunnanensis Regan 1904. Replaced again by Barbus susanae Banister 1973. •Synonym of Barbodes daliensis Wu 1977 -- (Chen in Chen 1998:151 [ref. 23556], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:35 [ref. 25272]). •Questionably a synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Roberts 1998:112 [ref. 23549]). •If Poropuntius gregorii is valid then the earliest available name is Poropuntius susanae (Banister 1973) -- (Roberts 1998:113 [ref. 23549]). •Synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911) -- (Kottelat 2013:143 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Poropuntius cogginii (Chaudhuri 1911). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

gribinguensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1919:210 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44 (no. 5/7); ref. 15224] Gribingui River, Congo. Syntypes: (10) BMNH 1919.8.15.26 (1), MNHN 1919-0234 to 0235 (10). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:34 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus pleuropholis Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Clypeobarbus pleuropholis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Clypeobarbus pleuropholis (Boulenger 1899). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

grouti, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:422, Figs. 9-10 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Umsinduzi River, Natal, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 54914. Paratypes: ANSP 54922 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:78 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gruveli, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1911:184 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 36 (no. 4/6); ref. 14802] Dubreka River, near Conakry, French Guinea, western Africa (±9°48'N, 13°31'W). Holotype (unique): MNHN 1911-0040. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:49 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus gruveli Pellegrin 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:247 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:308 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gruveli (Pellegrin 1911) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gruveli (Pellegrin 1911). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

grypus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1048 [58] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 54160-61 (1, 2), 91023 (1); SMF 2613 [ex NMW] (1, dry), ZMB 8788 (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 3, fig. 1 [ref. 2067]. On p. 58 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Valid as Barbus grypus Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Tor grypus (Heckel 1843) -- (Roberts & Khaironizam 2008:47 [ref. 33824], Coad 2010:111 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:372 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Arabibarbus grypus (Heckel 1843) -- (Borkenhagen 2014:1179, 1189 [ref. 33432], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:865 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:31 [ref. 37983], Bayhan 2021:240 [ref. 40683], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1399 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2023:14 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:360 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:19 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:132 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Arabibarbus grypus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Euphrates and Tigris river systems and rivers (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

gudaricus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:564 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Gudar River (elevation 3400 feet) and Metti River, southern Ethiopia. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1908.1.20.131-132 (2) Gudar R., 1908.1.20.133 (1) Mette R. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Barbus Day [F.] 1869:582 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 21115] Hindree and Tamboodra rivers, Kurnool, southern India. Syntypes: BMNH 1868.10.27.23-24 (2) Kurnool [from Day]. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:297 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus curmuca (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon 1999:76 [ref. 24904], Knight et al.2013:204 [ref. 33021]). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus curmuca (Hamilton 1807). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

guentheri, Puntius (Capoeta) Bleeker [P.] 1871:9 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 12 (art. 2); ref. 6421] Replacement name for Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868:140, preoccupied by Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868:108 (both in ref. 1990). Also in Bleeker 1873:144 [ref. 431]. •Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

guildi, Barbus (Enteromius) Loiselle [P. V.] 1973:380, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 87 (no. 2); ref. 7573] Headwaters of the Hedjo River, at Gbota, Volta region, about 20 kilometers northeast of the town of Ho, Ghana. Holotype: USNM 205635. Paratypes: BMNH 1971.9.13.3-7 (6); USNM 205636 (1), 205637 [? = 271100] (4). •Valid as Barbus guildi Loiselle 1973 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:247 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:349 [ref. 21589], Pezold et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34870] as 'Barbus' cf. guildi). •Valid as Enteromius guildi (Loiselle 1973) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius guildi (Loiselle 1973). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

guineensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1913:239 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 38 (no. 8); ref. 3428] Kikoulo River, Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1913-0236 to 0239 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus guineensis Pellegrin 1913 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:248 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:321 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius guineensis (Pellegrin 1913) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius guineensis (Pellegrin 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Guinea, Fouta Djallon ecoregion endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

guirali, Barbus Thominot [A.] 1886:163 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 10; ref. 17904] San Benito River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1885-0429. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:29 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus guirali Thominot 1886 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:248 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:491 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius guirali (Thominot 1886) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[3] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Fermon et al. 2022:139 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius guirali (Thominot 1886). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon south to Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

guiraonis, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1866:66 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3; ref. 21715] Jucar River near Cuenca, Spain. Syntypes: (several) NMW 5291 (1), 54124-25 (1, 2), 54127-33 (2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2). Species first described in the above abstract, later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1866:11 [p. 6 of separate], Pl. 5 [ref. 18776]. Also in Steindachner 1866:7 [ref. 18757]. •Valid as Messinobarbus guiraonis (Steindachner 1866) -- (Bianco 1998:134 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus guiraonis Steindachner 1866 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Doadrio & Perdices in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:235 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus guiraonis (Steindachner 1866) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:139 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus guiraonis (Steindachner 1866). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Spain. Habitat: freshwater.

gulielmi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:550 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Quanza River at Dondo, Angola (±9°38'S, 14°25'E). Syntypes: BMNH 1911.6.1.29-30 (2), NMW 54138 (1). •Valid as Barbus gulielmi Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:248 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius gulielmi (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus gulielmi (Boulenger 1910) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus gulielmi (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

gunningi, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:391, Fig. 51 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Thabina River, Prenaara River and Six-mile Spruit, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Syntypes: (8) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30036 [ex TMP 10107] (1), 30037 [ex TMP 10106] (1), 30038 [ex TMP 10110] (1), 30039 [ex TMP 10108], 43017 [ex TMP 10109] (1). •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gurneyi, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:102 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Syntypes: (at least 16) BMNH 1862.8.28.1-8 (8), 1862.8.28.14-21 (8). •Valid as Barbus gurneyi Günther 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:248 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1990:191 [ref. 16720], Skelton 1993:133 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:133 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius gurneyi (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius gurneyi (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

guttatus, Barbus (Oreinus) McClelland [J.] 1838:946 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 7 (for Nov. 1838); ref. 2924] Mt. streams in Boutan, elevation 5000 feet. No types known. Apparently dates to late 1838 as above, even though the 1839, Pl. 39 was cited; distinguishing features provided in account of maculatus. Also in McClelland 1839:273, 344, Pl. 39 (fig. 1) [ref. 2923]. •Synonym of Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832) -- (Tilak 1987:50 [ref. 23969]). •Synonym of Oreinus richardsonii (Gray 1832) -- (Menon 1999:106 [ref. 24904] as richardsoni). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

haasi, Barbus Mertens [R.] 1925:1 [Archiv für Naturgeschichte v. 90 (no. 11) (for 1924); ref. 20243] Noguera Pallaresa River, Pobla de Segur, Lérida Province, Spain. Holotype: SMF 3254. Paratypes: SMF 3223-24 (1, 3). •Valid as Messinobarbus haasi (Mertens 1925) -- (Bianco 1998:129 [ref. 23811]). •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Valid as Barbus haasi Mertens 1925 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Doadrio & Perdices in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:243 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:125 [ref. 29996]). Current status: Valid as Barbus haasi Mertens 1925. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Mediterranean watersheds of Spain. Habitat: freshwater.

haasianus, Barbus David [L.] 1936:73, Fig. [Senckenbergiana: Wissenschaftliche Mitteilungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 18 (nos 1/2); ref. 13691] Rhodesia. Holotype: SMF 3268. Paratypes: MRAC 44430 (1); SMF 3269-70 (1, 1). •Valid as Barbus haasianus David 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:248 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:148 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:148 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:90 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius haasianus (David 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:48 [ref. 36373], Mamonekene et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius haasianus (David 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

habereri, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1912:444 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 49 (no. 23) (for 14 Nov. 1912); ref. 18816] Dscha [Dja] River, southern Cameroon (±2°2'N, 15°12'E). Holotype (unique): NMW 7274. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1913:24, Fig. 4, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [ref. 14987]. •Valid as Barbus habereri Steindachner 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:249 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus habereri (Steindachner 1912) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:517 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus habereri (Steindachner 1912). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

haerteli, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1937:153, Fig. [Nachrichtenblatt für Aquarien- und Terrarien-Vereine 1937 (Nr. 11); ref. 32423] Singapore (aquarium import). Syntypes: (2), whereabouts unknown. Found by Thomas Litz, Jan. 2013. •Possibly a species of Systomus or Barbodes? (RVL). Nomen Dubium. Current status: Unknown. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hagenii, Barbus maculatus var. Popta [C. M. L.] 1911:9 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 34 (no. 1) (art. 3); ref. 14805] Lombok, Indonesia and other areas in Indonesia. Syntypes or nontypes: RMNH 10510 (1);SMF 22299 (4), 22301-14 (1, 10, 5, 1, 12, 4, 1, 1, 7, 9, 1, 23, 1, 2). •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym questionably of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hainani, Barbus Lohberger [K.] 1929:49, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 84 (nos 1/4) (art. 8); ref. 15909] Hainan Island, China. Syntypes: (92) MSNM 19 [ex MSNM 4427 and ex NMW] (1), NMW 18424-73 (?), 18382-422 (?). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Synonym of Capoeta semifasciolata (Günther 1868) -- (Wu et al. 1977:259 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Mai 1978:109 [ref. 13511], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:138 [ref. 23876], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:12 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

halei, Barbus Duncker [G.] 1904:178, Pl. 2 (fig. 15) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Pahang River, Kuala Tembeling, eastern slope of Sangka Dua Pass, Malaysia, elevation about 2000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.5.6.7 [ex SSMKL]. Type catalog: Alfred 1963:165 [ref. 20555]. •Valid as Discherodontus halei (Duncker 1904) -- (Rainboth 1989:10 [ref. 13537], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832]). Current status: Valid as Discherodontus halei (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

hamiltoni, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:406, Fig. 64 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Sabi River, Transvaal [now Mpumalanga], South Africa. Syntypes: SAM 10771 [now at AMG] (3, in 2 bottles). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus hamiltonii (Jerdon 1849), replaced by Barbus afrohamiltoni Crass 1960, before 1961 [ICZN Art. 59.3]. •Synonym of Enteromius afrohamiltoni (Crass 1960) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius afrohamiltoni (Crass 1960). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hamiltonii, Systomus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:316 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Carnatic region, India. No types known. See also Day 1865:213 [ref. 1074]. Senior secondary homonym of Barbus hamiltoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1913. •Not used in 150 years -- (Plamoottil 2016:5 [ref. 34781]). •In Puntius -- (Plamoottil 2019:717 [ref. 37157]). •Uncertain in genus Puntius -- (Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:99 [ref. 37958] as hamiltoni). Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Puntius amphibius (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hampal, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:139 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] East Indies: Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Malay Peninsula. Syntypes: (at least 7) BMNH 1860.3.19.373 (1, LHS skin), 1862.2.4.20 (1), 1862.11.1.243-244 (2). Based on literature sources and specimens, perhaps not a replacement of macrolepidotus. •Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1923 -- (Kottelat 2013:109 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota Kuhl & van Hasselt 1823. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hampaloides, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:298, Pl. 9 (fig. 8) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Meetan, tributary of Houngarao, lower Salween basin, Tenasserim, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): MSNG 17326. Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Hampala macrolepidota (van Hasselt 1823 or Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:192 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Poropuntius hampaloides (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:111 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius hampaloides (Vinciguerra 1890). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

harringtoni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:428 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Hawash River at Warrar, Ethiopia, elevation about 4000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.12.13.230. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186] as harringtonii). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

harterti, Barbus Günther [A.] 1901:367, Pl. 18 (fig. A) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 8; ref. 14754] Oum Erbiah [Oued Oum er Rbia], Morocco (3°19'40"N, 8°20'02"W). Syntypes: BMNH 1901.7.26.4-5 (2). •Synonym of Barbus fritschii Günther 1874, but a valid subspecies -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186] as harteti). •Valid as Labeobarbus harterti (Günther 1901) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Barbus harterti Günther 1901 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366] as harteti). •Valid as Carasobarbus harterti (Günther 1901) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:30 [ref. 32915], Doadrio et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34978], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus harterti (Günther 1901). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope rivers, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

hasseltii, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1857:355 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Sadingwetan, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type information: Roberts 1993:18 [ref. 21799]. •Questionably a synonym of Lobocheilos falcifer (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:17-18 [ref. 21799], Kottelat & Tan 2008:35 [ref. 29715], Kottelat 2013:120 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Lobocheilos falcifer (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

helleri, Barbus Hubbs [C. L.] 1918:12, Pl. 2 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 12 (pt 2); ref. 10684] Athi River, Kenya, East Africa. Holotype: FMNH 6105. Paratypes: FMNH 6114 (10), ?6115 (92). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367] with 103 paratypes. •Synonym of Barbus amphigramma Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:225 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hemipleurogramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:150, Fig. 126 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Baakens River, Port Elizabeth, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1909.12.8[or 18].23-26 (4), MNHN 1911-0033 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as hemipleurogramma. •Synonym of Barbus pallidus Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:277 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius pallidus (Smith 1841) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Martin & Chakona 2019:107 [ref. 36723]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius pallidus (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hemispinus, Barbus (Lissochilichthys) Nichols [J. T.] 1925:2 [American Museum Novitates No. 185; ref. 3180] Yenping, Fukien Province, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8435. •Valid as Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925), subspecies hemispinus (Nichols 1925) -- (Shan et al. in Yue 2000:100 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925) -- (Wu et al. 1977:277 [ref. 4807], Zheng et al. 1989:180 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:146 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:57 [ref. 25213], Zhao et al. 1997:245 [ref. 23724], Kottelat 2000:39 [ref. 25040], Yuan et al. 2006:171 [ref. 28704], Yuan & Zhang 2010:54 [ref. 31052], Yuan 2012:168 [ref. 32352], Lan et al. 2014:437 [ref. 33407], Yuan et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34103]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus hemispinus (Nichols 1925). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Zhejiang Province and Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

herrei, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:280, Fig. 41 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] Vicar market, Lake Lanao, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 93138. Paratypes: CAS-SU 14971 (1), USNM 93408 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Barbodes herrei (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989], Jamandre 2023:164 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes herrei (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

heteronema, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1854:446 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 338] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1866.5.2.140 (1), 1960.1.29.1 [ex 1866.5.2.140] (1). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys heteronema (Bleeker 1854) -- (Roberts 1989:36 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:34 [ref. 23448], Doi & Taki 1994 [ref. 22160], Rainboth 1996:89 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606], Taki et al. 2021:142 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys heteronema (Bleeker 1854). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sundaland, Malay Peninsula to Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

hexagonolepis, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:270, 336, Pl. 41 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] All large rivers on the eastern frontier, Assam, India. No types known. Spelled hexagonolepus on p. 336 and 337, hexagonolepis on p. 270, on plate caption (p. 313) and in index. The spelling hexagonolepis used here to comform with stated etymology, which refers to form of scales. •Valid as Acrossocheilus hexagonolepis (McClelland 1839) -- (Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Datta & Karmakar 1984:170 [ref. 8167]). •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:28 [ref. 5968]). •Valid as Barbodes hexagonolepis (McClelland 1839) -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:184 [ref. 13584], Wu & Wu 1992:283 [ref. 21205], Zhang et al. 1995:70 [ref. 22734] as hexagonlepis, Zhu 1995:55 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:147 [ref. 23556], Chen et al. 1999:87 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:19 [ref. 25272], Chen & Chen 2001:148 [ref. 25461], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Gurung et al. 2013:4882 [ref. 32969], Khaironizam et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33812], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477] as a synonym of N. heterostomus and species as hexagonolepisnon). •Valid as Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:229 [ref. 20764], S/en 1995:510 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:56 [ref. 24904], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 2566/2], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Vidthayanon & Kottelat 2003:165 [ref. 26859], Shrestha 2008:72 [ref. 29923], Lasker et al. 2013:1 [ref. 32883], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361], Arunachalam et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35058], Laskar et al. 2018:[7] [ref. 35834], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912], Umamaheswari & Arunachalam 2018:2 [ref. 36417], Bleher 2018:610 [ref. 36647], Dahanukar et al. 2023:149 [ref. 39963]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Asia: Nepal, Bhutan, India, Myanmar and Southeast Asia and ? China. Habitat: freshwater.

hexastichus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:269, 333, Pl. 39 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Great rivers in the plains of India. Syntypes: SMF 547 (1). The SMF specimen recognized as a provisional lectotype (Rainboth 1985:28 [ref. 5968]). •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:27 [ref. 5968]). •Synonym of Tor tor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1992:225 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:61 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Neolissochilus hexastichus (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:230 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:510 [ref. 23778], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Lasker et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32883], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35058] as hexasticus, Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912], Dahanukar et al. 2023:149 [ref. 39963]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus hexastichus (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Asia: India. Habitat: freshwater.

hexazona, Barbus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:527 [6], Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Durch Zentral-Sumatra. Von Alfred Maass... Berlin. v. 2; ref. 14895] Tuluk and Gunung Sahilan, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1905.5.6.6 (1) Muar River at Tubing; ZMA 100253 (1), 103200 (13). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19236]. On p. 6 of separate. BMNH 1905.5.6.6 is also a paralectotype of Barbus tetrazona var. johorensis Duncker 1904. •Synonym of Puntius pentazona (Boulenger 1894) -- (Roberts 1989:65 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Puntius hexazona (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Kottelat 1992:188 [ref. 16750], Kottelat & Lim 1996:232 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716]). •Valid as Systomus hexazona (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Desmopuntius hexazona (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius hexazona (Weber & de Beaufort 1912). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra (Indonesia) and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

himalayanus, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1872:325 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 41 (pt 2, nos 1-4); ref. 14133] Ussun River, 4 miles from Simla, India. Syntypes: (5) AMS B.7868 (2), ZSI 2727 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:297 [ref. 25110]. Eschmeyer et al. 1988 use of holotype did not establish a lectotype as 5 specimens are mentioned in the original description. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hindii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:222, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 2 (art. 8); ref. 14843] Mathioya River, Kenya, elevation 4000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.5.26.25-28 (4), MNHN 1905-0207 (3), MSNM 23 [ex MSNM 4319 and ex BMNH] (1) Nyiro R. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:54 [ref. 19574], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hoevenii, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1851:207 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7035. Paralectotypes and Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.213 (1), MNHN 0000-3853 (2), NMV 46304 (1); RMNH 2091 (1), 10474 [ex 7035] (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:48 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selection no researched, now designated here (but Kottelat 2913 says designated by Eschmeyer). •Valid as Leptobarbus hoevenii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:41 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:37 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:230 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996: [ref. 22772] as hoveveni, Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832] as hoeveni, Vu & Nguyen 1997:27 [ref. 26438], Kottelat 2001:58 [ref. 25780], Grinang & Lim 2004:288 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:150 [ref. 28284], Tan & Kottelat 2009:39 [ref. 30261], Sulaiman et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Leptobarbus hoevenii (Bleeker 1851). Leptobarbidae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

holasi, Barbus Daget [J.] 1965:591 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 36 (no. 5) (1964); ref. 9210] Sassandra at Soubré, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MNHN 1964-0268. Paratypes: MNHN 1964-0269 (14, 3 dissected). Also in Daget & Iltis 1965:105, Fig. 57 [ref. 13626]. •Synonym of Varicorhinus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:341 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus wurtzi Pellegrin 1908 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:305 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:71 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus wurtzi (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hollyi, Barbus Lohberger [K.] 1929:92 [1] [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 11) (for 18 Apr. 1929); ref. 15907] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: NMW 54188 (2). On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

holotaenia, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:218 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 14 (no. 81) (art. 32); ref. 15117] Ogowe, western Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1869.5.3.23-24 (2) and 1896.5.5.107-112 (6) Ogowe, 1882.2.13.7 (1) Eloby, 1888.12.13.31 (1) and 1889.3.2.10 (1) Gabon, 1898.12.28.8-11 (4?) Chiloango, 1900.2.17.132 (1) Benito R. Based in part on Barbus kessleri of Gunther 1896 (Ogowe specimens). Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as holotaenia. •Valid as Barbus holotaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:249 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:509 [ref. 30024], Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius holotaenia (Boulenger 1904) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[5] [ref. 34099], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Fermon et al. 2022:140 [ref. 39448], Walsh et al. 2022:[4] [ref. 39281]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius holotaenia (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Cameroon south to Angola, including Chad River basin and Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

holubi, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1894:138 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 31 (no. 14) (for 25 May 1894); ref. 20493] Modder River (Orange River system), South Africa. Syntypes: (several) NMW 54174-76 (2, 1, 1), 54189 (1). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1894:449, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 14564]. •Synonym of Barbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) based on placement of aeneus. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

homogenes, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:136 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Japan. Based on Capoeta elongata Temminck & Schlegel 1846:200, Pl. 100 (fig. 1) [ref. 4374] (not of Rüppell). •Synonym of Gnathopogon elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846), subspecies elongatus -- (Okada 1961:424 [ref. 6363]). Current status: Synonym of Gnathopogon elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Gobionidae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

homozonus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:137 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Japan. Replacement name for Capoeta gracilis Temminck & Schlegel 1846, preoccupied by Barbus gracilis Jerdon 1849 when Günther placed Capoeta gracilis in Barbus. Perhaps qualifies as a nomen protectum. •Treated as a synonym of Gnathopogon gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:436 [ref. 6363]). •Treated as a synonym of Squalidus gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okamura & Machida 1987:104 [ref. 22279]). Current status: Synonym of Squalidus gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Gobionidae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

hondeensis, Barbus Määr [A.] 1962:783, Fig. 3 [Occasional Papers of the National Museums of Southern Rhodesia. B, Natural Sciences. v. 3 (no. 26B); ref. 6047] Pungwe River, Honde Valley, Zimbabwe [s. Rhodesia]. Holotype (unique): NMBZ [ ex QVMS] 0151. •Synonym of Barbus manicensis Pellegrin 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186], Marshall 2011:101 [ref. 31755] but possibly valid). •Synonym of Enteromius manicensis (Pellegrin 1920) -- (pers. comm. A. Chakona 5/16/2017, Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius manicensis (Pellegrin 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hosii, Barbus Regan [C. T.] 1906:66 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 14); ref. 15708] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1895.7.2.58. •Valid as Leptobarbus hosii (Regan 1906) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:37 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:119 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Leptobarbus hosii (Regan 1906). Leptobarbidae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

hospes, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1938:85 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15990] Orange River, at Goodhouse, Namaqualand, Cape Province, South Africa. Syntypes: SAM 18726 [now at AMG] (150, in 3 bottles). •Valid as Barbus hospes Barnard 1938 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:249 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:157 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:157 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus hospes (Barnard 1938) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Enteromius hospes (Barnard 1938) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Namaquacypris hospes (Barnard 1938) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:21 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Namaquacypris hospes (Barnard 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lower Orange River basin, northwestern South Africa and Namibia. Habitat: freshwater.

huangchuchieni, Barbus Tchang [T.-L.] 1962:96, Fig. 1 [Acta Zoologica Sinica v. 14 (no. 1); ref. 6526] Hsi-Shuan-Pan-Na, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 39258. Syntypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 39256 (1), 39865 [1]. Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:17 [ref. 33808]. •Valid as Barbodes huangchuchieni (Tchang 1962) -- (Wu et al. 1977:250 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:201 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:56 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:153 [ref. 23556], Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:36 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Poropuntius huangchuchieni (Tchang 1962) -- (Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989], Ye et al. 2015:17 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477], Fu et al. 2021:9570 [ref. 39347]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius huangchuchieni (Tchang 1962). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: upper Mekong River basin (Yunnan/China). Habitat: freshwater.

huguenini, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1853:294 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Ombiling River, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.185. •Valid as Poropuntius huguenini (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:42 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Hypsibarbus huguenini (Bleeker 1853) -- (Rainboth 1996:68 [ref. 22681], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:112 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus huguenini (Bleeker 1853). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

huguenyi, Barbus Bigorne [R.] & Lévêque [C.] 1993:67, Fig. 5 [Cybium v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 20656] Diani River, St. Paul basin, between Sérédou and Diani, Guinée. Holotype: MNHN 1991-0328. Paratypes: AMNH 59074 (47, 1 c&s); MNHN 1991-0329 (8, 2 c&s), 1991-0330 [ex AMNH 59074] (6); plus additional material. •Valid as Enteromius huguenyi (Bigorne & Lévêque 1993) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius huguenyi (Bigorne & Lévêque 1993). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Guinea and Liberia. Habitat: freshwater.

huloti, Barbus Banister [K. E.] 1976:192, Pl. 1; Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 30 (no. 5); ref. 7354] Zega on the Vuda River, Lake Albert [= Lake Albert Nyanza, = Lake Mobuto Sese Seko] basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, 1°44'N, 30°45'E. Holotype: IRSNB 558. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.4.30.1 (1), IRSNB 563 (10). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:11-12 [ref. 20755]. •Valid as Barbus huloti Banister 1976 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus huloti (Banister 1976) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). •Valid as Enteromius huloti (Banister 1976) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus huloti (Banister 1976). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

hulstaerti, Barbus Poll [M.] 1945:304, Fig. 4 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 38 (nos 3-4); ref. 13150] Flandria, Momboyo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MSNG 38454-55 [ex MRAC] (2, 2), MRAC 30142-43 (2), 30144-71 (28), 30172-96 (25), 30212-20 (9), 30260-88 (29), 47815-20 (6). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343], Derijst 1991:27 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus hulstaerti Poll 1945 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius hulstaerti (Poll 1945) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37046], Stiassny et al. 2021:1687 [ref. 39000], Fermon et al. 2022:140 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Enteromius hulstaerti (Poll 1945). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: central Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

humeralis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:33, Pl. 9 (fig. 3) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoologie) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Yembe River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.26.27 (1) Yembe R., MRAC 1277 (1). •Valid as Barbus humeralis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186], Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus', Stiassny et al. 2016:11 [ref. 34182] as "Barbus"). •Valid as Enteromius humeralis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2020:13 [ref. 37046], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius humeralis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: middle and upper Congo basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

humilis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:436 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Bahardar, Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.340-349 (10), MNHN [ex BMNH] 1907-0198 (3). •Valid as Barbus humilis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Enteromius humilis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Prokofiev et al. 2021:17 [ref. 38739]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius humilis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

humphri, Barbus Banister [K. E.] 1976:198, Figs. 4-6 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 30 (no. 5); ref. 7354] Tabie River, about 25 kilometers south of Beni, North Kivu District, Democratic Republic of Congo (±0°30'N, 29°28'E). Holotype: IRSNB 559. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.4.30.2 (1), IRSNB 564 (10). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:12 [ref. 20755]. •Valid as Barbus humphri Banister 1976 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus humphri (Banister 1976) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168], Decru et al. 2022:14 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus humphri (Banister 1976). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Ituri River drainage, Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

hursensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:434 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Hurso River, Upper Adal Country, Ethiopia, elevation about 7000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.309-310 (2). Additional material: (1) questionably included. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hypostomatus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1936:51, Fig. 2 [Arquivos do Museu Bocage No. 7; ref. 13733] Cubango [Okavango] River, near Vila da Ponte, Angola. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1936-0151. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus codringtonii Boulenger 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:240 [ref. 6186] as codringtoni). •Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus codringtonii (Boulenger 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hypsolepis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1959:670, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (Sér A) Sciences Naturelles v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 11987] Diafarabé and Lake Débo, upper Niger, Mali, 14°09'N, 5°01'W. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0149 (36), 1960-0457 (3), 1960-0458 (20). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:264 [ref. 20870]. Spelled hypsolepis in main heading and on p. 664, but hypsolepsis in caption to Fig. 1; hypsolepsis regarded as in error. •Valid as Barbus hypsolepis Daget 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:250-251 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:323 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:27 [ref. 28023]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus hypsolepis (Daget 1959) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:263 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1410 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus hypsolepis (Daget 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

hypsylonotus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:168 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1866.5.2.187 or ?RMNH 7022. Simultaneous synonym of haleroides; Kottelat (2013:80 [ref. 32989]) gives precedence to balleroides. •Synonym of Puntius bramoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]). •Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

ibridus, Barbus duchesnii Bini [G.] 1940:166, Pl. 5 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (6) lost. Name appears first on p. 159. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ida, Barbus Güçlü [S. S.], Kalayci [G.], Özuluğ [M.], Küçük [F.] & Turan [D.] 2021:122, Figs. 2-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 31 (no. 2): IEF-1164; ref. 38911] Gönen Stream drainage, Kocaçay at Kalkum, Çanakkale Province, Turkey, 39°48' 52" N, 27°13' 47" E. Holotype: IFC-ESUF 03-0518. Paratypes: FFR, IFC-ESUF. •Valid as Barbus ida Güçlü, Kalayci, Özuluğ, Küçük & Turan 2021 -- (Çiçek et al. 2023:366 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:148 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus ida Güçlü, Kalayci, Özuluğ, Küçük & Turan 2021. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: Gönen and Biga Streams, southern Marmara drainages, western Anatolia (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

ilgi, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1905:293 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 15373] Gotta River at confluence with AkakiRiver, Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1905-0257. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:31 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

inaequalis, Barbus Lévêque [C.], Teugels [G. G.] & Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] 1988:183, Fig. 3 [Cybium v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 6865] Cess basin, Kuakoko, Liberia, 6°59'N, 9°35'W. Holotype: MRAC 73-10-P-2612. Paratypes: MNHN 1987-1223 (29); MRAC 73-5-P-2634 (1), 73-5-P-2635 to 2636 (2), 73-10-P-2613 to 2614 (2). Other material: MNHN 1957-0052 (9), 1982-1123 (22); MRAC 73-5-P-2606 (1), 73-5-P-2607-2610 (4), 77-44-P-64 (1). •Valid as Barbus inaequalis Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:359 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Pezold et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34870] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius inaequalis (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius inaequalis (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1988). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa: Liberia and Ivory Coast. Habitat: freshwater.

inermis, Barbus (Dangila) Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:683 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Lower Zambeazi River, Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 4736 (3). Also in Peters 1868:54, Pl. 11 (fig. 3) [ref. 3440]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

inermoides, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Boulton [R.] 1927:6, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 264; ref. 15805] Capelongo, Huila Province, Angola. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8679. •Synonym of Barbus unitaeniatus Günther 1867 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:295 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius unitaeniatus (Günther 1867) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius unitaeniatus (Günther 1867). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

innocens, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:66 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Mbusini, East Africa [a little north of mouth of river Rukagura [Lukigura] into the Wami River, eastern Tanzania]. Lectotype: NMH H327 [ex 6934 in part]. Paralectotypes: NMH H510 [ex 6934] (7). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref.19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:157 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Barbus innocens Pfeffer 1896 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:101 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Valid as Enteromius innocens (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius innocens (Pfeffer 1896). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

innominatus, Barbus (Barboides) Day [F.] 1870:556 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Sri Lanka [possibly in error]. Syntypes: ZSI 792 (2, lost ?, measured in 1985, 1 present in 1996, in bad condition). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. Type locality may be in error (see Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989 [ref. 14110]). Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •In genus Neolissochilus, possible extinct -- (Rainboth 1985:29 [ref. 5968]). •Valid as Neolissochilus innominatus (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:230 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Barbus tetraspilus Günther 1868 -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:2001 [ref. 29986]). •Species inquirenda -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:212 [ref. 29986]). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Doubtfully Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:7, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Goraza, Lake Tana, Ethiopia (±12°00'N, 37°20'E). Holotype (unique): SMF 6778 (dry). Banister 1973:49 [ref. 7554] serves as first reviser establishing validity of intermedius. •Valid as Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367] as a subspecies, Nagelkerke et al. 1995:431 [ref. 22792], Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254], Mina et al. 1998:9 [ref. 23808] as representing several species in Lake Tana, Ryabov 2002:794 [ref. 26575], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Levin et al. 2015:403 [ref. 34851] as L. intermedius complex, Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

intermedius, Barilius Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:167 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Luapula River at Kasenga, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 11829. Not secondarily preoccupied by Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1836, but replaced by Barbus luapulae Fowler 1958. •Incorrectly valid as Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:333 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus luapulae Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186] with genus as Barbus). •Valid as Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915) -- (Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291], Manda et al. 2018:359 [ref. 36210]). Current status: Valid as Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Lower Luapula, Lake Mweru and Lake Bangweulu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

issenensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1922:105 [Bulletin de la Société des sciences naturelles du Maroc v. 2; ref. 15368] Oued Isson, Oued Aittel Hadj, Taroudant (oued Sous), Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1922-0057. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1922-0055 and 0056 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:36 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1138 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus issenensis Pellegrin 1922 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus issenensis (Pellegrin 1922) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus issenensis (Pellegrin 1922). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Northern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

iturii, Barbus Holly [M.] 1929:34 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 3) (for 24 Jan. 1929); ref. 16086] Ituri River, Democratic Republic of Congo (±1°40'N, 27°01'E). Holotype (unique): NMW (lost). Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:74 [ref. 39277]. •Valid as Barbus iturii Holly 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus iturii (Holly 1929) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34168], Decru et al. 2022:22 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus iturii (Holly 1929). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Ituri River drainage, Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

ivis, Barbus Seale [A.] 1910:494, Pl. 1 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Balabac Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 5233 (apparently destroyed). Paratypes: (89) BSMP (lost). •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Barbodes ivis (Seale 1910) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989], Jamandre 2023:164 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes ivis (Seale 1910). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

ivongoensis, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:428, Figs. 17-18 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1419] Ivongo River, Natal, South Africa. Holotype (unique): ANSP 54918. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:79 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

jacksoni, Barbus Günther [A.] 1889:72 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1889 (pt 1); ref. 2015] Rufu River, Arusha region, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.11.3.50. •Valid as Barbus jacksoni Günther 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186] as jacksonii, Seegers 1996:104 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', De Vos et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Seegers 2008:183 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Valid as Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069] as jacksonii). Current status: Valid as Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

jacobusboehlkei, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:11 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Huey Melin, a branch of the Menam Mao, northern Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 119452. Originally as jacobus-boehlkei. Replacement name for Puntius simus H. M. Smith 1945, secondarily preoccupied in Barbus by Barbus (Systomus) simus Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874. •Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:104 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Puntius jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:49 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:74 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Barbodes jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958) -- (Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971]). •Valid as Systomus jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958) -- (Taki et al. 2021:127 [ref. 39830]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Systomus jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya River basins, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

jae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:437 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 70) (art. 42); ref. 15018] Ja River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.7.28.287-289 (3), ?MRAC 7087. •Valid as Barbus jae Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186], Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998:1387 [ref. 23542], De Weirdt et al. 2007:489 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius jae (Boulenger 1903) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[5] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315], Fermon et al. 2022:140 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius jae (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Cameroon south to Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

janssensi, Barbus Poll [M.] 1976:64, Fig. [Poissons. Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba, Mission G. F. de Witte. Fascicule 73; ref. 7385] Upemba National Park, Kanonga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 79-1-P-3271. Paratypes: IRSNB 705-710 (6, 7, 14, 1, 1, 1); MRAC 79-1-P-3272 (1), 79-1-P-3273-3293 (21), 79-1-P-3294-3306 (13), 79-1-P-3307-3350 (44), 79-1-P-3351-3352 (2), 79-1-P-3353 (1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:12 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus janssensi Poll 1976 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius janssensi (Poll 1976) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Kisekelwa et al. 2022:18 [ref. 39828]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius janssensi (Poll 1976). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Kanonga River drainage, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

jarsinus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:429 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Jerrer River, flowing from Mt. Jarso to Webi Shebeli, Ethiopia, elevation about 6000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.261-270 (10), MNHN 1905-0200 to 0202 [ex BMNH] (1, 1, 1), USNM 86621 (2). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

javanicus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1855:403 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16848] Tjitarum and Bekassi rivers, Jarkarta; Gempol River, Pasuruan, Indonesia. Syntypes: (30) BMNH 1866.5.2.196 (1); NMV 45903 (1); RMNH 5218 (1), 8035 [ex 5218] (2). •Synonym of Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

jerdoni, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1870:372 [4] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 26 May 1870); ref. 17369] Mangalore, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7935 (1, syntype); BMNH 1889.2.1.568 (1); MCZ 4282 (1); RMNH 2645 (1); ZSI 2373 (1, lost), 2383 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:298 [ref. 25110]. On p. 4 of separate. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Puntius jerdoni (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:274 [ref. 20764], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:14 [ref. 27711]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus jerdoni (Day 1870) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:78 [ref. 24904], Abraham 2011:1591 [ref. 31231], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34522], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Arunachalam et al. 2016:272 [ref. 34977], Arunachalam et al. 2016:158 [ref. 34986], Bleher 2018:560 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil 2021:700 [ref. 39044], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2022:519 [ref. 39357]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus jerdoni (Day 1870). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Westwards flowing rivers, Karnataka and Kerala, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

johnstonii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:488 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 120) (art. 67); ref. 15139] Between Kondowe and Karonga, Lake Malawi. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1897.6.9.280. •Valid as Barbus johnstonii Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) -- (Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:32 [ref. 29605], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: Lake Malawi basin. IUCN (2019): Least concern. Habitat: freshwater.

johorensis, Barbus tetrazona var. Duncker [G.] 1904:178, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Muar River, Tebing Tinggi, Johore, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H371. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1905.5.6.6 [ex SSMKL] (1), ZMH H372 (2). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:165 [ref. 20555], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Puntius hexazona (Weber & de Beaufort 1912) -- (Kottelat 1992 [ref. 16750]). •Valid as Puntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:232-233 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1996:307 [ref. 22841]). •Valid as Systomus johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Parenti & Lim 2005:185 [ref. 28285]). •Valid as Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius johorensis (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

jubbi, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:177, Fig. 78 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Muíta, Luembe River, Angola (±7↑50'S, 21°22"E). Holotype: MD 1078. Paratypes: MRAC 161065 [ex MD 2299] (1), 161066 [ex MD 6363] (1); MD 2299 (?now 1), 6363 (? now 1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus jubbi Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus jubbi (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus jubbi (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Upper kasai drainage, middle Congo River Basin, south Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

kadoon, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1853:60 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Coromandel, India. No types known. Appeared as "Barbus ? kadon Blkr., Kadoon Russ. no. 206" which is Russell 1803: Pl. 206 [ref. 13862]. •Synonymy of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [re. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kahajani, Barbus Hoedeman [J. J.] 1956:288 [Het Aquarium v. 26 (no. 12); ref. 21476] Replacement name for Barbus tetrazona Bleeker 1856, preoccupied secondarily in Barbus by Capoeta tetrazona Bleeker 1855. •Synonym of Puntius rhomboocellatus Koumans 1940 -- (Roberts 1989:65 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Desmopuntius rhomboocellatus (Koumans 1940) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Desmopuntius rhomboocellatus (Koumans 1940). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kakus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:153 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Tank near Tartoor, Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Bases on Russell, Coromondal 2 1803, 83, no. 205. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies sarana -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kalopterus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1850:13 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH 12784. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.94 (1), MNHN 0000-1500 (1) Borneo. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:53 [ref. 19574]. Sometimes genus spelled Epalzeorhynchus. Species later spelled kallopterus by Bleeker. Roberts 1989 regards the genus as neuter. •Valid as Epalzeorhynchos kalopterum (Bleeker 1850) (also seen as kalopterus) -- (Bănărescu 1986:155 [ref. 8112] with RMNH 12784 as holotype, Roberts 1989:39 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:35 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Yang & Winterbottom 1998:49 [ref. 23307], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:150 [ref. 28284], Zhang & Kottelat 2006:22 [ref. 28711], Kottelat 2013:101 [ref. 32988], Kulabtong et al. 2014:371 [ref. 33425] as kalopterusm, Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Epalzeorhynchos kalopterum (Bleeker 1850). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Thailand, Malaya (Malaysia), Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

kamaiae, Barbus motebensis David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:218, Fig. 12 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Jadotville [Likasi], Kamaia River, Congo River system. Holotype: MRAC 44570. Paratypes: MRAC 44565-69 (5). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Barbus motebensis Steindachner 1894 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius motebensis (Steindachner 1894) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius motebensis (Steindachner 1894). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kamolondoensis, Barbus Poll [M.] 1938:401, Fig. 8 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Bukama, channels of Lake Kasibasiba, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (23) MRAC 36219-24 (6) Kiambi, 36244-46 (3) Manono, 49598-609 (12) Bukama, 49610-20 (11) Bukama. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus kamolondoensis Poll 1938 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius kamolondoensis (Poll 1938) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315] as cf. kamolondoensis). Current status: Valid as Enteromius kamolondoensis (Poll 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: upper Lualaba River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

karkensis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:430 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Karlsloof, Natal, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 10695 [now at SAIAB]. •Synonym of Barbus anoplus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Kambikambi et al. 2021:11 [ref. 38355]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

karoualensis, Barbus Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:147 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 2); ref. 20674] Karoul, Mayo Kébbi, Mayo-Kébbi basin. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0233 (25, as "types"); as "paratypes": MNHN 1959-0234 (23), CEPFL 712-715 (4). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:265 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus karoualensis Blache & Miton 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus stigmatopygus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque 1989:170, 173 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:328 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1913) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

karunensis, Barbus Khaefi [R.], Esmaeili [H. R.], Geiger [M. F.] & Eagderi [S.] 2017:106, Figs. 9-11 [FishTaxa v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 35344] Bashar River at Talegah village 10 km north of Yasuj City, Karun River drainage, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces, Iran, 30°47'27.5"N, 51°25'13.3"E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU G1047. Paratypes: FSJF, ZM-CSBU. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Barbus karunensis Khaefi, Esmaeili, Geiger & Eagderi 2017 -- (Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Eagderi et al. 2019:244 [ref. 37089], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:149 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus karunensis Khaefi, Esmaeili, Geiger & Eagderi 2017. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Middle East: Karun River drainage (Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

kassamensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:431 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Kassam River at Awhorra Mulka, Shoa, Ethiopia, elevation about 4000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.12.13.294. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

katangae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:132, Pl. 49 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoologie) v. 1 (fasc. 6); ref. 555] Lofoi, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 295. •Synonym of Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:293 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kemoensis, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1936:272, Fig. 52 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65561 [not 65560]. Paratypes: ANSP 65562-75 (14), ANSP 65576 (1, c&s). Additional material (86). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:80 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus pleuropholis Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186], Conway & Stiassny 2008:262 [ref. 29761]). •Synonym of Clypeobarbus pleuropholis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2019:13 [ref. 37046]). Current status: Synonym of Clypeobarbus pleuropholis (Boulenger 1899). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kersin, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1049 [59] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Syria. Syntypes: NMW 54212-13 (1, 4), 54215 (1); SMF 610 [ex NMW in 1844] (1), ZMB 3237 [ex NMW] (1). On p. 59 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12, 13 [ref. 23608] with question). •Valid as Barbus kersin Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533], Coad 2010:117 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Luciobarbus kersin (Heckel 1842) -- (Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37983], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1402 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2023:16 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:372 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:21 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:170 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus kersin (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Euphrates and Tigris River basins (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

kerstenii, Barbus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:601 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3443] On the route between the coast opposite Zanzibar and Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, East Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 6818 [or 6848]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 32378 [ex 6848] (2). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:168 [ref. 19234]. Also appeared as new in Peters 1869:146 [ref. 27674]. •Valid as Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:144 [ref. 20130], Skelton 1993:162 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:120 [ref. 23725], Skelton 2001:162 [ref. 27406], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Marshall 2011:100 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:48 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992], Akoth et al. 2023:10 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern-central and southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

kessleri, Barbus Derjavin [A. N.] 1929:75, Fig. 3 [Bulletins of the Ichthyological Laboratory of Baku. v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 16078] Karaj River, 30 kilometers from Teheran, Iran. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Puntius kessleri Steindachner 1866 in Barbus; replaced by Barbus dageti Fowler 1958. •Synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kessleri, Puntius Steindachner [F.] 1866:768, Pl. 14 (fig. 3) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 16; ref. 18789] Angola. Holotype (unique): NMW 77684. •Valid as Barbus kessleri (Steindachner 1866) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius kessleri (Steindachner 1866) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Fermon et al. 2022:140 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Enteromius kessleri (Steindachner 1866). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Angola, and central Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

khudree, Barbus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:159 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Mota Mola River, 8 miles east of Poona, Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:56 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:357 [ref. 18868]. •Valid as Tor khudree (Sykes 1839) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:132 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:303 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:220 [ref. 20679], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Jayaram 1997:53 [ref. 23452], Manimekalan 1998:437 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:154 [ref. 24759], Menon 1999:57 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2000:444 [ref. 25319], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:15 [ref. 27711], Silas et al. 2005:127 [ref. 28697], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:228 [ref. 31585], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361], Hoàng et al. 2015:554 [ref. 33936], Arunachalam et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34181], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Laskar et al. 2018:[8] [ref. 35834], Bleher 2018:802 [ref. 36647], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696], Jaafar et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38256], Johnson et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40481]). Current status: Valid as Tor khudree (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: South Asia: India and Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

kimberleyensis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:378, Fig. 38 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Kimberley Reservoir, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9645 [now at AMG]. •Valid as Barbus kimberleyensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1913 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186], Hay et al. 1999:42 [ref. 40428] as cf. kimberleyensis, Skelton 1993:167 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913) -- (Skelton 2001:167 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:103 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34168]), Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

kiogae, Barbus Worthington [E. B.] 1929:434, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1929 (Pt 3, no. 29) (art. 34); ref. 16064] Near villiages of Bugondio, Kagwara, and Namasali, on Victoria Nile, Lake Kioga, Uganda. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1929.1.24.105-108 (5) Lake Kioga. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900, subspecies radcliffi Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kiperegensis, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1914:537 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 51 (no. 25); ref. 18910] Brook Msola at Kiperege, Tanzania. Syntypes: NMW 54221 (3). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1915:72 [p. 14 of separate] Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [ref. 15072]. •Synonym of Barbus zanzibaricus Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peter 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kissiensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1954:204, Fig. 70 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Between Kissidougon and Kankan, Upper Niger. Syntypes: MNHN 1954-0014 (6), 1960-0453 (22). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:265 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus kissiensis Daget 1954 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:170 [ref. 12829] with question, Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Enteromius kissiensis (Daget 1954) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius kissiensis (Daget 1954). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Niger, Upper Niger ecoregion endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

kitalensis, Barbus percivali var. Pellegrin [J.] 1935:138 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 13918] Swamp near Kitale, Kenya, elevation 2100 meters. Syntypes: MNHN 1933-0094 (1), 1933-0095 to 0096 (15); NMBA 4887 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:274 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kivuensis, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:237, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Central Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 19052. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

koilometopon, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1857:347 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1866.5.2.180 (1), 1867.11.28.80 (1). •Valid as Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus gonionotus (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

kolus, Barbus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:159 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:56 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:357, Pl. 62 (fig. 1) [ref. 18868]. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus curmuca (Hamilton 1807) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:75 [ref. 2490], Knight et al. 2013:204 [ref. 33021]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus kolus (Sykes 1839) -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:76 [ref. 33598] dated 1841, Arunachalam et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34181], Arunachalam et al. 2016:76 [ref. 34522], Arunachalam et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34553], Bleher 2018:562 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus kolus (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

kosswigi, Barbus plebejus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:206 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Haman Suyu [Hamann], Beytusebab [Beytüssebap]-Hakkari Province, Tigris basin, Turkey. Syntypes: ZMH H4209 and 1159 (6 of 13). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:157 [ref. 22013]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Barbus by Cyclocheilichthys kosswigi Ladiges 1960. •Valid as Barbus kosswigi Karaman 1971 -- (Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626]). •Mention -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Questionably a synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952] but also a homonym). •Valid as Luciobarbus kosswigi (Karaman 1971) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Khaefi et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35344], Çiçek et al. 2024:149 [ref. 40789]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kosswigi, Cyclocheilichthys Ladiges [W.] 1960:135, Fig. 7 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 58; ref. 9361] Batman suyu [Batman Çayi], Turkey. Holotype (unique): ZMH H 1148. Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:157 [ref. 22013]. •Valid as Barbus kosswigi (Ladiges 1960) -- (Coad 1982 [ref. 5430], Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Coad & Najafpour 1997:273 [ref. 22745], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad 2010:118 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Kosswigobarbus kosswigi (Ladiges 1960) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:94 [ref. 26519], Fricke et al. 2007:40 [ref. 29533], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Carasobarbus kosswigi (Ladiges 1960) -- (Borkenhagen et al. 2011:328 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:32 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:22 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:57 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2023:12 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:361 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:17 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:135 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus kosswigi (Ladiges 1960). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Tigris-Euphrates system (Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

kotschyi, Labeobarbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1049 [59] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Tigris River, Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 49729 (1), 91022 (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref.2607]. On p. 59 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Barbus grypus Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Tor grypus (Heckel 1843) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:372 [ref. 33391]). •Synonym of Arabibarbus grypus (Heckel 1843) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:865 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:31 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:132 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Arabibarbus grypus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

krapfi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:54, Fig. 33 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Niro-Narok River system, flowing into Lorian Swamp, Kenya, elevation 4000-5000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.8.25.7-9 (3). Additional material (5). •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

krempfi, Barbus (Lissochilichthys) Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1934:339, 468, Fig. 2 (addendum) [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 59 (no. 4); ref. 16448] Nghia Lìô [Ngoi-Thai at Nghia Lô], tributary of Hong River upstream of Yên Bay, Tonkin, Vietnam. Holotype: MNHN 1934-0262. Non-types: IOI 460 (1); MGHNL 420000054 [3665B] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:42 [ref. 19574], Kottelat 1987:22 [ref. 11434]. Species first treated as above in text and on p. 468 of the addendum, but treated as Lissochilichthys krempfi in the figure caption on p. 467 of the addendum; that specimen not a type. •Valid as Lissochilus krempfi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Mai 1978:97 [ref. 13511], Nguyen 1997:4 [ref. 24128]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus krempfi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Wu et al. 1977:293 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:211 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:58 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:109 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Poropuntius krempfi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934) -- (Kottelat 1998:48 [ref. 23436], Roberts 1998:116 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2001:36 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:71 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:244 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477], Fu et al. 2021:9570 [ref. 39347]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius krempfi (Pellegrin & Chevey 1934). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

ksibi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:505, Fig. [Novitates Zoologicae v. 12; ref. 15346] Wed Ksib, Morocco. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1905.11.28.46-53 (8). •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus ksibi Boulenger 1905 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus ksibi (Boulenger 1905) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Casal-Lopez et al. 2015:9 [ref. 33943], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34978], Ouassal et al. 2022:[4] [ref. 39257]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus ksibi (Boulenger 1905). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: North Africa: Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

kubanicus, Barbus tauricus Berg [L. S.] 1912:120 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 17 (1912); ref. 14829] Upper and middle Kuban River, Russia. Syntypes: ZIN 15317 (5), 15318 (11), 15319 (6). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:691 [ref. 20661], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:735 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:89 [ref. 23589], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). •Valid as Barbus kubanicus Berg 1912 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Parin et al.2014:70 [ref. 33547], Levin et al. 2019:33 [ref. 36643], Dyldin et al. 2020:111 [ref. 37569], Dyldin et al. 2023:[10] [ref. 40328]). Current status: Valid as Barbus kubanicus Berg 1912. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: Kuban River drainage, Sea of Azov and the Manych valley system, northwestern Caucasus (Russia). Habitat: freshwater.

kuiluensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1930:204 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 3); ref. 16118] Kouilou River, Gabon. Syntypes: MNHN 1929-0243 (10). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:38 [ref. 19574]. Spelled in text as kniluensis, but apparently a printing error and intended as kuiluensis after Kouilou River but not spelled elsewhere in text. •Valid as Barbus kuiluensis Pellegrin 1930 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:499 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius kuiluensis (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:140 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius kuiluensis (Pellegrin 1930). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

kunnamo, Systomus (Barbodes) Bleeker [P.] 1860:276 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Hindustan, India. Based on Rusell No. 204 which is Russell 1803 [ref. 13862] and on Barbus kunnamvo Heckel and Barbus sarana Hamilton. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kurumanni, Barbus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:59 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Kuruman River, Orange River system, South Africa. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:293 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kusanensis, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1852:429 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16827] Kusan River, Prabukarta, southeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labecula, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:185 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Jordan River. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3818 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labialis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:424, Fig. 82 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Aapjes River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM (not found at SAM or AMG). •Synonym of Barbus unitaeniatus Günther 1867 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:295 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius unitaeniatus (Günther 1867) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius unitaeniatus (Günther 1867). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labiatomimus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1914:297 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 39 (no. 7); ref. 14170] Ogowe River at Adoumas, Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1886-0395. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:241 [ref. 6186] as campinei). •Synonym of Labeobarbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus compiniei (Sauvage 1879). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labiatus, Barbus (Labeobarbus) Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:223, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 2 (art. 8); ref. 14843] Mathioya River, Kenya. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.5.26.37. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labiosa, Barbus altianalis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1933:169 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 58 (no. 3/4); ref. 16515] Lake Kivu, Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1930-0118. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus massaensis labiosa Pellegrin 1922. Species epithet would be labiosus if combined with the masculine gender of the genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:222 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

labiosa, Barbus massaensis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1922:105 [Bulletin de la Société des sciences naturelles du Maroc v. 2; ref. 15368] Oued Massa, Oued Avt el Hadj, Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1922-0053. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1922-0054 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:36 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1137 [ref. 20712]. Species epithet correct as labiosus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. Not "Luciobarbus labiosus (Pellegrin 1920)" = Luciobarbus maghrebensis Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui 2015 [ref. 33943]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus labiosus (Pellegrin 1922) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912] as labiosa, Geiger et al. 2014:Table S2 [ref. 37408]). •Possibly synonym of Luciobarbus massaensis (Pellegrin 1922) -- (Casal-Lopez et al. 2015:9 [ref. 33943], not preoccupied by the unavailable Barbus setivimensis var. labiosa Pellegrin 1920). Current status: Uncertain as Luciobarbus labiosus (Pellegrin 1922). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Morocco Habitat: freshwater.

lacerta, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1044 [54] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Kueik [Qwaik] River near Aleppo, Syria. Lectotype: NMW 54227-1. Paralectotypes: NMW 54227-2-4 (3); SMF 3471 [ex NMW in 1844] (1), ZMB 3236 [ex NMW] (1). Illustrated in Heckel 1843: Pl. 2. (fig. 1) (ref. 2067). On p. 54 of separate [ref. 2067]. Lectotype selected by Bogutskaya in Banarescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353] but not at this time (Jan. 2004) acceptable according to the 1999 code. Species epithet a noun in apposition, therefore correct as lacerta. •Questionably valid -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Berg 1949:695 [ref. 20661], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251], Coad 2010:120 [ref. 36620], Esmaeili et al. 2010:367 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Khaefi et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35140], Esmaeili et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35254], Khaefi et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35344], Esmaeili et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36089], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Al-Moussawi & Afrasiab 2019:35 [ref. 37204], Eagderi et al. 2019:244 [ref. 37089], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:36 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2023:15 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:366 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:20 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:149 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Euphrates and Tigris River basins (Turkey, Syria, Iran, Iraq). Habitat: freshwater.

lacertoides, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1872:51 [7] [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 14134] Khodzhent [Leninabad], Syr Darya River, Tajikistan. Syntypes: (5) ?NMW 54235 (2), none at ZIN. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:700 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

laevis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:192 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor and Surayevi, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH D1811 (1, dry), D1812 (1, dry), 2531 (1). Non-types; SMF 2605 [ex RMNH in 1829] (1, dry). Type information: Roberts 1993:15 [ref. 21799]. •Valid as Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:30 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:15 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2000:83 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:76 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:521 [ref. 36606], Taki et al. 2021:169 [ref. 39830], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888]). Current status: Valid as Barbichthys laevis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sundaland to Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

lagensis, Barynotus Günther [A.] 1868:61 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Lagos, Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.3.8.12. Original spelling probably should be retained; spelled lagensis in text and index. Spelled lagoensis in Boulenger 1905:45 [ref. 17093] and Pellegrin 1921:635 [ref. 30437]. •Valid as Barbus lagensis (Günther 1868) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186] as lagoensis, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:304 [ref. 21589] as lagoensis). •Valid as Labeobarbus lagensis (Günther 1868) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:62 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus lagensis (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Nigeria. Habitat: freshwater.

lamani, Barbus Lönnberg [E.] & Rendahl [H.] 1920:169 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31); ref. 15241] Mukim bungu, Lower Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): NRM 9920. •Valid as Barbus lamani Lönnberg & Rendahl 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius lamani (Lönnberg & Rendahl 1920) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lamani (Lönnberg & Rendahl 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

lancrenonensis, Barbus Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:144 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 2); ref. 20674] Upper Lancrenon Falls, Ngou River, tributary of Mbéré River, Lake Chad basin. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0226 (3). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:265 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Barbus foureaui Pellegrin 1919 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis (Boulenger 1911), based on placement of bynni. •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

laoensis, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:115 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Laos Mts., Cochinchine. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1862.7.28.15. •Valid as Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868) -- (Rainboth 1996:99 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:48 [ref. 23436], Roberts 1998:111 [ref. 23549], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:358 [ref. 24929], Kottelat 2000:45 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:71 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:144 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:43 [ref. 33971], Muhammad-Rasul et al. 2018:336 [ref. 36118], Taki et al. 2021:122 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius laoensis (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong River basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

lapsus, Barbus Banister [K. E.] 1973:94 (footnote) [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 7554] Kadjuju, Lake Kivu. Syntypes: MNHN 1935-0087 to 0088 (2). Replacement name for Barbus (Agrammobarbus) babaulti Pellegrin 1935, preoccupied by Barbus babaulti Pellegrin 1926 (= Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889). •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lateristriga, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:161 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN A-9939. Type information: Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799]. Lectotype designated by Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989]. •Valid as Systomus lateristriga (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159]). •Valid as Puntius lateristriga (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:65 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:36 [ref. 16753], Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Lim & Ng 1999:157 [ref. 23893], Tan & Lim 2004:109 [ref. 27716], Rachmatika 2004:184 [ref. 28450], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Barbodes lateristriga (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:78 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606]). •Valid as Striuntius lateristriga (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805], Syarif et al. 2023:2 [ref. 40719]). Current status: Valid as Striuntius lateristriga (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Singapore, Belitung (Indonesia) and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

laticeps, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1889:20 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 6 (art. 4); ref. 3460] Mdjonga bei Matomondo, Tanzania. Syntypes: ZMB (2). •Valid as Barbus laticeps Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186] but dated to Pfeffer 1893). •Valid as Enteromius laticeps (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius laticeps (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

latirostris, Barbus intermedius var. Keilhack [L.] 1908:166 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Kiwira River at Langenburg, Lake Malawi, Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 18174. Paralectotype: ZMB 34766 (1). Lectotype designated by Vreven et al. 2016:30 [ref. 34168]. Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:103 [ref. 32109]. •Synonym of Barbus johnstonii Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:30, 62 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus latirostris (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Malawi basin, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lauzannei, Barbus Lévêque [C.] & Paugy [D.] 1982:81, Fig. 1 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 8452] Loffa River, Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1981-1051. Paratypes: MNHN 1981-1052 (9), 1981-1053 (18); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 20578 [ex MNHN] (2). •Valid as Barbus lauzannei Lévêque & Paugy 1982 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Stiassny 1991:7 [ref. 19336]). •Valid as Enteromius lauzannei (Lévêque & Paugy 1982) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lauzannei (Lévêque & Paugy 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lawrae, Barbus Hopson [A. J.] 1965:245, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 71 (nos 3-4); ref. 9216] Lissa Dam on the Kamba River, a tributary of the Black Volta, 15 miles northeast of Lawra, 10°40'N, 2°50'W, northwestern Ghana. Holotype: BMNH 1964.9.8.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1964.9.8.2-71 (1), MRAC 153536 (1). •Valid as Barbus lawrae Hopson 1965 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:260 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus perince Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque 1989:198 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

layardi, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:144 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1853.12.27.5 (1 or 2), ?1866.7.12.18 (1). •Synonym of Puntius dorsalis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:91 [ref. 24904]). •Apparently valid as Puntius layardi (Günther 1868) from Sri Lanka but not seen in the wild since 1868 -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:201 [ref. 29986]). •Valid as Puntius layardi (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805] as cf. layardi). Current status: Valid as Puntius layardi (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

leonensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:203 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 15 (no. 86); ref. 14997] Maka, Sierra Leone. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.12.9.7-8 (2). •Valid as Barbus leonensis Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:260 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:326 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Dankwa et al. 1999:27 [ref. 28023], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015]). •Valid as Enteromius leonensis (Boulenger 1915) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius leonensis (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

leonhardi, Pseudobarbus Bielz [E. A.] 1853:179, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Verhandlungen und Mittheilungen des Siebenbürgischen Vereins für Naturwissenschaften zu Hermannstadt. v. 4; ref. 16816] Several localities, Siebenbürgen [now Romania]. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Objective synonym of Barbus petenyi Heckel 1852 -- (Kotlík et al. 2002:237 [ref. 26484]). •Synonym of Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Economidis et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:301 [ref. 27353]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lepidura, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1936:275, Figs. 29-45 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Fort Sibut, Central African Republic [Ubangi-Shari]. Holotype: ANSP 65577. Paratypes: ANSP 65578-92, 65677-79, 65700-12 (31, in one jar), 65714 (1, c&s). Additional material (732). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:81 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus atromaculatus Nichols & Griscom 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:229 [ref. 6186] as B. lepidura). •Synonym of Enteromius atromaculatus (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius atromaculatus (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lepidus, Barbus Pfaff [J. R.] 1933:284, Fig. 3 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn v. 94; ref. 16517] Kabara, Mali, West Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMUC. Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:48 [ref. 9588]. Also appeared in Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. v. 19, 1939:5, figs. 7-8, Morocco. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Puntius (Capoeta) lepidus Day 1868; replaced by Barbus donaldsonsmithi Fowler 1958. •Synonym of Barbus perince Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque 1989:198 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Objective synonym of Barbus donaldsonsmithi Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:242 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lepineyi, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1939:5, Figs. 7-8 [Bulletin de la Société des sciences naturelles du Maroc v. 19; ref. 13215] Oued Noun, southern Morocco. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1938-0159. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:41 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1139 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus lepineyi Pellegrin 1939 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus lepineyi (Pellegrin 1939) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Ouassal et al. 2022:[5] [ref. 39257]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus lepineyi (Pellegrin 1939). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Northwestern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

leptopogon, Barbus Schimper [W.] 1834:201 [Schriften des Württembergischen naturhistorischen Reisevereins, enthaltend Reisebeschreibungen und Mittheilungen aus der Natur- und Völkerkunde, Stuttgart No. 1; ref. 21785] Algiers, Wilaya Province, Algeria. Holotype: ?MHNN 1029. Type catalog: Kottelat 1984:147 [ref. 21784] but as leptopogon; Kottelat assumed leptopagon was a lapsus calami. •Valid as Luciobarbus leptopogon (Schimper 1834) -- (Geiger et al. 2014:Table S2 [ref. 37408], Brahimi et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus leptopogon (Schimper 1834). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Coastal rivers around Algiers, Algeria. Habitat: freshwater.

leptopogon, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1839:fasc. 25, punt. 129, Pl. 110 bis (fig. 3) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4895] Algeria. Holotype: ANSP 6182. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:81 [ref. 13621]. Figure only, no description. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus leptopogon Schimper 1834. 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus leptopogon (Schimper 1834). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

leptorhinus, Barbus degeni Bini [G.] 1940:164, Pl. 3 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (8) lost. Name appears first on p. 159. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus nedgia (Rüppell 1835) -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:138 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus nedgia Rüppell 1835 -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus nedgia Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

leptosoma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:432 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Zegi, Lake Tsana [Tana], Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.300-302 (3). The use of Barbus intermedius leptosoma subsp. nova. by Bini 1940:167 [ref. 13041] is not a new subspecies description but is leptosoma Boulenger used at the subspecies level; see p.160 in Bini [ref. 13041]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lestradei, Barbus David [L.] 1936:150, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 13689] Usumbura, Lake Tanganyika. Holotype (unique): MRAC 43823. •Synonym of Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

liacanthus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:141 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Unjustified emendation of Systomus (Capoeta) leiacanthus Bleeker 1861. •Synonym of Puntius brevis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius brevis (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

liberiensis, Barbus camptacanthus var. Steindachner [F.] 1894:80 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 16 (nos 1-2, art. 1); ref. 4237] Grand Cape Mount and Robertsport, Liberia. Lectotype: RMNH 5335. Paralectotypes: NMW 53985 (4); RMNH 24268 (19). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962 [ref. 20568]. •Valid as Barbus liberiensis Steindachner 1894 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:260 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1987:170 [ref. 16249], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:332 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477] dated 1895, Pezold et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34870] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius liberiensis (Steindachner 1894) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius liberiensis (Steindachner 1894). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Barbus Duncker [G.] 1904:180, Pl. 2 (fig. 14) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Muar River at Tubing Tinggi [= Tebing Tinggi], Johor, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H328. Paralectotypes: (potentially 9) BMNH 1905.5.6.14-15 [ex SSMKL] (2), ZMA 103220 (1), ZMH H329 (3), ZRC 2311 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:166 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:70 [ref. 23931], Nijssen et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19236], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Puntius lineatus (Duncker 1904) -- (Roberts 1989:65 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1996:311 [ref. 22841], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:154 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Striuntius lineatus (Duncker 1904) -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:30 [ref. 35802], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Striuntius lineatus (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaysia and Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Barbus Popta [C. M. L.] 1905:171 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 25 (no. 4) (art. 15); ref. 3549] Bo River, affluent of Mahakam River, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 7579 (3). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus lineatus Duncker 1904. •Questionably a synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys armatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineolatus, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:375, Fig. 36 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Magalies River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Syntypes: (3) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30002 [ex TMP 10116] (1), 30003 [ex TMP 10115] (1); SAM 22336 [now at AMG] (1). •Synonym of Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:67 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lineomaculatus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:53, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 61) (art. 3); ref. 15013] Lumi River, Tanzania [Kilimandjaro region, Kenya]. Lectotype: BMNH 1902.11.8.22. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1902.11.8.23 (1). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:108 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Barbus lineomaculatus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:260 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:148 [ref. 20130], Skelton 1993:138 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:108, 114 [ref. 23725], Skelton 2001:138 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus' as cf lineomaculatus, Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Marshall 2011:81 [ref. 31755] Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius lineomaculatus (Boulenger 1903) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:49 [ref. 36373], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lineomaculatus (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern and eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

linnellii, Barbus Lönnberg [E.] 1904:138 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 74) (art. 15); ref. 15189] Elephant Lake, Cameroon Mountain, Cameroon. Syntypes: (2) NMG, ZMUU 572 (1). Type catalog: Wallin 1996:60 [ref. 32133]. •Synonym of Barbus batesii Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:230 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus batesii (Boulenger 1903) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus batesii (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lissochiloides, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] 1928:13 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 58 (art. 1); ref. 17983] Shanghai, China. New name for Crossochilus fasciatus Steindachner 1892. •Synonym of Acrossocheilus fasciatus (Steindachner 1892) -- (Wu et al. 1977:296 [ref. 4807]). •Not treated by Zhang et al.2016:86 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus fasciatus (Steindachner 1892). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater.

litamba, Barbus Keilhack [L.] 1908:164 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] North end of Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 18162. Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:99, Pl. 2, fig. 2 [ref. 32109]. •Valid as Barbus litamba Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:261 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus litamba (Keilhack 1908) -- (Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Enteromius litamba (Keilhack 1908) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius litamba (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: Lake Malawi. IUCN (2019): Data deficient. Habitat: freshwater.

lithopidos, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1874:708 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 3) (art. 6) (for 4 Nov. 1873); ref. 18825] South Canara, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.8374 (1, syntype), B.8374 (1, syntype?), B.3030 (1, lost),; BMNH 1889.2.1.554-61 (8); FMNH 2316 (2); NMW 54256 (1); RMNH 2637 (1), 2654 (1); ZIN 8217 (2); ZMB 11055 (3) Canara; ZSI 2392 (1), 2370 (1, lost), 2381 (1, lost), A.785 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:298 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Gonoproktopterus lithopidos (Day 1874) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:190 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus lithopidos (Day 1874) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:79 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:212 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34190], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Arunachalam & Chinnaraja 2016:109 [ref. 35148]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus lithopidos (Day 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

liui, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Fort Stedman, southern Shan States, Myanmar, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.43-52. Unneeded replacement name for Barbus compressus Boulenger 1898, preoccupied by Barbus (Barbodes) compressus Day 1869, but replaced earlier by Barbus compressiformis Cockerell 1913. •Synonym of Puntius clavatus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:265 [ref. 20764] as lini). •Synonym of Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913) -- (Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Systomus compressiformis (Cockerell 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lobochilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:92, Fig. 71 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.12.28.96. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lobogenys, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:435 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako and Buganga, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: (9) BMNH 1906.5.30.116 (1, skin), 1906.5.30.117-121 (5 or 6) Bunjako. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900, subspecies radcliffi Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lobogenysoides, Barbus altianalis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1935:380 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 5041] Loama River, Kivu Region, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0154. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:40 [ref. 19574]. Also appeared in Pellegrin 1935:850 [ref. 19569]. •Treated as a synonym of Barbus paucisquamatus Pellegrin 1935 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:279 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus lobogenysoides (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus lobogenysoides (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Loama River, Nyabarongo River and the Luhoho Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

longicauda, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:63 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 2); ref. 15341] Tette [Tete], Revugo, Mozambique [Zambezi River]. Lectotype: ZMB 4735. Paralectotypes: ZMB 32377 [ex ZMB 4735] (2). Replacement name for Barbus gibbosus Peters 1852, preoccupied by Barbus gibbosus Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Englmaier et al. 2020:136 [ref. 37252]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longiceps, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:179, Pl. 467 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Jordan River. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4309 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:25 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus longiceps Valenciennes 1842 -- (Goren 1974:90 [ref. 7502], Krupp 1985:66 [ref. 6403], Krupp & Schneider 1989:362 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Hamidan 2004:386 [ref. 37679], Khalaf 2013:4 [ref. 37897]). •Valid as Luciobarbus longiceps (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Çiçek et al. 2023:459 [ref. 40601], Saad et al. 2023:22 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:171 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus longiceps (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Middle East: Jordan River (Israel, Jordan). Habitat: freshwater.

longifilis, Barbus altianalis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1935:849 [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 201 (no. 19) (for 4 Nov. 1935); ref. 19569] Loama River, Kivu region, Africa (±2°01'S, 28°27'E). Lectotype: MHNN 1935-150. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1935-0075 (1), 1935-0145 to 0152 (1 ea. = 8) Loama R. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Banister 1973. •Valid as Barbus longifilis Pellegrin 1935 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:261 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus longifilis (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:62 [ref. 34168], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus longifilis (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Loama and Kansehete River, Kivu region (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

longirostris, Barbus Worthington [E. B.] 1929:435, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1929 (Pt 3, no. 29) (art. 34); ref. 16064] Kagwara, Lake Kioga, Victoria Nile, Uganda. Syntypes: BMNH 1929.1.24.191-192 (2). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900, subspecies radcliffi Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longirostrum, Barbus (Labeobarbus) Kimura [Sh.] 1934:114, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute Section 3, v. 1; ref. 16434] Chungking, Szechwan Province, China. Syntypes: (2) BDSSI (from Kottelat). Spelled longiridtrum on p. 115; inadvertet error. •Synonym of Tor brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Wu et al. 1977:327 [ref. 4807], Ding 1994:343 [ref. 21531] as longirostris). •Synonym of Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881) -- (Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated by Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Folifer brevifilis (Peters 1881). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

longispinis, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:132 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (8) BMNH 1852.2.19.126-127 (2), 1854.3.29.32 (1), 1858.10.19.70 (1), 1858.10.19.75 (1), 1858.10.19.94 (1). •Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:132 [ref. 20075], Menon 1992:220 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:58 [ref. 24904], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361] as longispinus, Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

longissimus, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:135, Fig. 5.11 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Kentefami (locality 11), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°40'N, 37°23'E). Holotype: RMNH 32930. Paratypes: RMNH 32931-39 (9, 5 localities). •Valid as Barbus longissimus Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:194 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus longissimus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:342 [ref. 34085], Vreven et al. 2016:62 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus longissimus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

lorenzi, Barbus Loiselle [P. V.] & Welcomme [R. L.] 1971:9, Fig. 2 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 83 (nos 1-2); ref. 7690] Iguidi River, Bokotou, Benin [Dahomey]. Holotype: BMNH 1970.9.24.2. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.9.24.3-4 (2), USNM 205335 (2). •Synonym of Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:217 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:287 [ref. 21589], Conway & Moritz 2006:73 [ref. 28637], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Barboides gracilis Brüning 1929. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lornae, Barbus Ricardo-Bertram [C. K.] 1943:203 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 41 (no. 278); ref. 13217] Lake Young and Mansya River, Bangweulu region, Zambia [northern Rhodesia] [lectotype locality probably Katete River]. Lectotype: BMNH 1943.7.27.178. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1943.7.27.179-187 (9) mixed localities. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:111 [ref. 23725]. •Synonym of Barbus lineomaculatus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:261 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus lornae Ricardo-Bertram 1943 -- (Seegers 1996:111 [ref. 23725]). •Valid as Enteromius lornae (Ricardo-Bertram 1943) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lornae (Ricardo-Bertram 1943). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lorteti, Barbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:165 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Orontes River at Antakya (= Antiochia), 36°12'N, 36°13'E, Turkey. Lectotype: MNHN A-3935. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-3936 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:43 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Krupp 1985:64 [ref. 6403]. •Valid as Barbus lorteti Sauvage 1882 -- (Krupp 1985:64 [ref. 6403], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Çiçek et al. 2023:373 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:22 [ref. 40501]). •Valid as Luciobarbus lorteti (Sauvage 1882) -- (Çiçek et al. 2024:171 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus lorteti (Sauvage 1882). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: Asi Nehri basin [Orontes] (Mediterranean tributary), Hatay Province (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

loveridgii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1916:245 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 17 (no. 99); ref. 15050] [Amala River entering east side of Lake Barringo, Kenya.] Tributary of Mara River, western Kenya. Lectotype: BMNH 1916.1.14.14. Paralectotypes: (several) BMNH 1916.1.14.15-16 [ex Nairobi Museum] (2). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:182 [ref. 19234]. Locality corrected by Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]. •Valid as Barbus loveridgii Boulenger 1916 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:261 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius loveridgii (Boulenger 1916) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius loveridgii (Boulenger 1916). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Victoria basin, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

luapulae, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1958:12 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310; ref. 1470] Luapula River at Kasenga, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 11829. Unnecessary replacement name for Barilius intermedius Boulenger 1915, preoccupied by Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835. The B was misinterpreted for Barbus instead of Barilius -- (see Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291]). •Valid as Barbus luapulae Fowler 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186]). •Objective synonym of Barilius intermediatus (Boulenger 1915) now placed in Raiamus -- (Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Raiamas intermedius (Boulenger 1915). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

luazomelae, Barbus Lönnberg [E.] 1911:40 [Kongliga Vetenskaps-Academiens Handlingar, Stockholm v. 47 (no. 6); ref. 14793] Luazomela River, Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.11.20.1-2 (2), NRM 9237 (54). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as luazomela). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417] as luazomela). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lucileae, Mannichthys Schultz [L. P.] 1942:(317) 321, Pl. 35 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 92 (no. 3152); ref. 3956] Near Bromley, Liberia. Holotype: USNM 118746. Paratypes: USNM 50961 (4), 118744-45 (51, 38). •Synonym of Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186] as lucilae, Lévêque 1989:175 [ref. 12829] as lucilae, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589] as lucilae, Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477] as lucilae). •Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911) based on placement of macrops. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lucius, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:553 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: BMNH 1911.6.1.42-43 (2), NMW 54246 (1). •Valid as Barbus lucius Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus lucius (Boulenger 1910) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:515 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:62 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus lucius (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Congo Brazzaville and Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

lufukiensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1917:365 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 20 (no. 119); ref. 15084] Lufuko River at Pala, Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: MRAC 11629 (1), not at BMNH. •Valid as Barbus lufukiensis Boulenger 1917 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186] with a holotype, Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius lufukiensis (Boulenger 1917) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lufukiensis (Boulenger 1917). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Lake Tanganyika and Lukuga River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

luhondo, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:242, Pl. 6 (fig. 3) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Lake Luhondo, Central Africa. Lectotype: ZMB 19064. Paralectotypes: ZMB 19064 (19, with lectotype). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:172 [ref. 19234]. •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868, but a valid subspecies -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:144 [ref. 20130]). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

luikae, Barbus Ricardo [C. K.] 1939:645, Fig. 3 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 40 (no. 275); ref. 17221] Luika Pool, Lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania. Lectotype: BMNH 1942.12.31.52. Paralectotypes: (6) BMNH 1942.12.31.53-56 (4). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:117 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Barbus luikae Ricardo 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:117 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius luikae (Ricardo 1939) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius luikae (Ricardo 1939). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lujae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:42 [Bulletins Mensuels / Société des naturalistes Luxembourgeois v. 23; ref. 14946] Kondué, Kasai River, southwestern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.4.5.1-4 (4); MRAC 1856-57 (2), 1858-60 (3), 1861-63 (3), 15329-33 (5). •Valid as Barbus lujae Boulenger 1913 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius lujae (Boulenger 1913) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lujae (Boulenger 1913). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lukindae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:166 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Tributary of Lukinda River. Syntypes: BMNH 1920.5.26.30 (1), MRAC 11839 (1). •Valid as Barbus lukindae Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius lukindae (Boulenger 1915) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lukindae (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lukusiensis, Barbus David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:221, Fig. 15 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Manono, Lukusi River, Congo River system, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 29623 (1), 36371-36384 (14). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus lukusiensis David & Poll 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:262 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius lukusiensis (David & Poll 1937) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius lukusiensis (David & Poll 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

luluae, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1930:36, Fig. 7 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 82; ref. 1406] Lulua River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): ANSP 51743 (not 51740). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:82 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus luluae Fowler 1930 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:263 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius luluae (Fowler 1930) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283] as cf. luluae). Current status: Valid as Enteromius luluae (Fowler 1930). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

lumiensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:52, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 61) (art. 3); ref. 15013] Lumi River, eastern side of Kilimanjaro, running into Lake Jipi, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.11.8.21. •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

luteus, Systomus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1061 [71] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Mosul, Iraq. Lectotype: NMW 54253:2. Paralectotypes: NMW 10827 (1), 54247-49 (2, 1, 1), 54250 (2), 54253-55 (1, 3, 2), 80043 (2). ?RMNH 2463 [ex NMW] (2); SMF 6784 [ex NMW in 1844] (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 6 (fig. 1) [ref. 2067]. On p. 71 of separate [ref. 2067]. Lectotype selected by Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:37 [ref. 32915]. •Valid as Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Krupp 1985:22 [ref. 11626], Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad 2010:123 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:79 [ref. 8508], Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:90 [ref. 26519], Fricke et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29533], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:327 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:34 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Mohamed et al. 2016:1 [ref. 35027], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:23 [ref. 36089], Al-Moussawi & Afrasiab 2019:36 [ref. 37204], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:58 [ref. 37983], Bayhan 2021:241 [ref. 40683], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1399 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2023:12 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:361 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:17 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:136 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Tigris and Euphrates and adjacent basins (Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

lydianus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1896:153 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 18 (no. 104); ref. 14602] Gediz River, Izmir Province, between north coast of Smyrna and Troy, Turkey. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1893.1.14.9-12 (4), 1895.12.28.18 (1). •Valid as Luciobarbus lydianus (Boulenger 1896) -- (Turan et al. 2008:36 [ref. 29741], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Çiçek et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36267], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Çiçek et al. 2023:373 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus graecus (Steindachner 1895) -- (Freyhof & Yoğurtçuoğlu 2024:473 [ref. 40875]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus graecus (Steindachner 1896). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: Aegean and Marmara Sea tributaries (Turkey) [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

macedonicus, Barbus barbus Karaman [S.] 1928:151 [Glasnik Skopskog Nauchnog Drustva [Glasnik -- Bulletin de la Société Scientifique de Skopje]. v. 6; ref. 15903] Vardar River, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Also as new in Karaman 1929:171 [ref. 15904]. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lelek 1987:156 [ref. 22962]). •Apparently a synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus macedonicus Karaman 1928 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Economidis in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:271 [ref. 27353] Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:127 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:46 [ref. 35029], Turan et al. 2018:551 [ref. 36092]). Current status: Valid as Barbus macedonicus Karaman 1928. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Greece and Macedonia. Habitat: freshwater.

machadoi, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:181, Fig. 79 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Dundo, in a marsh connecting with Luachimo River, Angola. Holotype: MD 2367. Paratypes and non-types: MD 2367 (11); MRAC 161067-72 [ex MD 2367] (6), 161073 [ex MD 2368] (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus machadoi Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:263 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius machadoi (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius machadoi (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

macinensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1954:200, Fig. 67 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Upper Niger: Diafarabe; Dabola, chutes du Tinkisso; Kouroussa; Faranah; Bissikrima; Niandu, near Kissidougou. Syntypes: MNHN 1954-0011 (6), 1960-0435 to 0442 (2, 160, 12, 19, 2, 5, 13, 15). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:265-266 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus macinensis Daget 1954 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:263 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:202 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:338 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius macinensis (Daget 1954) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius macinensis (Daget 1954). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

maciveri, Barbus jerdoni var. Annandale [N.] 1919:137, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 15202] Krishna River near Mahuli, 3 miles from Satara, Maharashtra, India. Holotype (?): ZSI F9576. Syntypes (?): ZSI F9576/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Puntius jerdoni (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:274 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus dobsoni (Day 1876) -- (Menon 1999:77 [ref. 24904], Knight et al. 2016:324 [ref. 34872]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus maciveri (Annandale 1919) -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:160 [ref. 34986], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2022:526 [ref. 39357]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus maciveri (Annandale 1919). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Krishna River, Maharashtra, and Thunga River and Aghanashini River, Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

macmillani, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:562 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Lake Ganjule, Margherita, southern Ethiopia, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.1.20.103-106 (4), 1937.4.20.68 (1). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macracantha, Barbus holotaenia var. Pellegrin [J.] 1930:198 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 3); ref. 16118] Ogowe River, La Passa, Gabon. Lectotype: MNHN 1929-0235 (86.0 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN 1929-0235 (5 of 6), 1929-0236 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:37 [ref. 19574]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus macracanthus Bleeker 1854, replaced by Barbus prionacanthus Mahnert & Géry 1982. Lectotype selected by Mahnert & Géry 1982:483 [ref. 8448]. Species epithet should have been macracanthus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Possibly a synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902, subspecies rubrostigma Poll & Lambert 1964 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius prionacanthus (Mahnert & Géry 1982) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius prionacanthus (Mahnert & Géry 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macracanthus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1854:516 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ?BMNH 1866.5.2.136 (1); RMNH 7011 (1), 10478 (1). •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys enoplos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Roberts 1989:35 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:93 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilos enoplos (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:270, 335, Pl. 55 (fig. 2) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Assam, India. Holotype: BMNH 1880.2.2.5 (stuffed). •Synonym of Tor putitora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1992:223 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:60 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Synonym of Tor putitora (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Barbus dainellii Bini [G.] 1940:176, Pl. 11 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): lost. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus macrocephalus McClelland 1839. On Pl. 10 and p. 176 is given "n. sp." after trinominal. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus dainellii Bini 1940 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:132 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus dainellii (Bini 1940) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:58 [ref. 34168]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus dainellii (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macroceps, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1936:281, Fig. 48 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 88; ref. 1424] Epulu River Ferry, Democratic Republic of Congo (±1°15'N, 28°21'E). Holotype: ANSP 65759. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:82 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus macroceps Fowler 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:263 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius macroceps (Fowler 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus macroceps (Fowler 1936) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:62 [ref. 34168], Decru et al. 2022:14 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus macroceps (Fowler 1936). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Epulu River drainage, middle Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepis, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1889:17 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 6 (art. 4); ref. 3460] Mbusine, East Africa (±6°12'S, 38°01'E). Lectotype: NMH H330 [ex 68 79]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1909.2.25.8 [ex NMH] (1) Mbusini; NMH H331 (3), H332 (4), H333 (1), H474 (1); ZMB 31672 [ex NMH] (2). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Barbus macrolepis Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:263 [ref. 6186], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus macrolepis (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:31, 63 [ref. 34168]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus macrolepis (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Katare, Malagarasi swamp and Wami, Ruaha and Rufiji river systems, Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

macronema, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:427 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Ethiopia, elevation 5000-7000 feet. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1902.12.13.221 (1) Maki River at Gafersa, 1902.12.13.222-223 (2) Hawash River, BMNH 1902.12.13.224 (1) Hurso River. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrophtalmus, Barbus gorguarii Bini [G.] 1940:177, Pl. 12 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Bet Menzo (locality 4), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°,45'N, 37°25'E). Neotype: RMNH 32940. Unique holotype lost, neotype designated by Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:136 [ref. 23829]. Not preoccupied by Barbus macrophthalmus Bleeker 1855. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus gorguari Rüppell 1835, but a valid subspecies macrophthalmus Bini 1940 -- (Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254]). •Valid as Barbus macrophtalmus Bini 1940 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:205 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus macrophtalmus (Bini 1940) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus macrophtalmus (Bini 1940). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

macrophthalmus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1855:404 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16848] Tjiliwong River, Jakarta, Java; Kalimas River, Surabaja, Indonesia. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1866.5.2.181 (1) Java; RMNH 7021 (1), 10368 (3). •Synonym if Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:80 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus balleroides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

macropristis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:449 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 78) (art. 52); ref. 15114] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1904.5.19.22-23 (2). •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrops, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:374 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 7 (no. 40) (art. 41); ref. 12351] Cobal River above the rapids, Guinea-Bissau. Lectotype: BMNH 1912.4.1.110. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1912.4.1.94-103 (10), 1912.4.1.104-109 (6), 1912.4.1.111 (1); ?MCZ 31503 [ex BMNH] (1); MRAC 7073 (1); NMW 54271 (5). Lectotype selected by Hopson & Hopson 1965 [ref. 22244]. •Valid as Barbus macrops Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:263 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:175 [ref. 12829], Paugy & Bénech 1989:301 [ref. 26478], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque 1990:42 [ref. 19786], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:344 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023]). •Valid as Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Moritz et al. 2019:141 [ref. 36792], Freyhof et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37614], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius macrops (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa; White Nile River (Sudan). Habitat: freshwater.

macrotaenia, Barbus Worthington [E. B.] 1933:305, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 2; ref. 16532] Bar House, Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1932.11.15.386. •Valid as Barbus macrotaenia Worthington 1933 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:146 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:146 [ref. 27406], Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111]). •Valid as Enteromius macrotaenia (Worthington 1933) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius macrotaenia (Worthington 1933). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

macrurus, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:425, Fig. 83 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Dwaars River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Syntypes: (6+6) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30022 [ex TMP 10112] (1); SAM 10681 [now at AMG] (3 + 2). •Synonym of Barbus unitaeniatus Günther 1867 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:295 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius unitaeniatus (Günther 1867) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius unitaeniatus (Günther 1867). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:195 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Appeared first as name only in van Hasselt 1823 [ref. 5963]. See Kottelat 1999:595 [ref. 24610] for first reviser information when this species is considered a synonym of Barbus binotatus Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989], Kottelat & Lim 2021:537 [ref. 38873]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Barbus (Oreinus) McClelland [J.] 1838:946, Pl. 56 (fig. 3) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 7 (for Nov. 1838); ref. 2924] Mt. streams at Simla, India, elevation 5000 to 6000 feet. Possible syntypes: BMNH 1843.2.25.21-22 (2, dry). See also McClelland 1839:274, 345, Pl. 57 (fig. 6) [ref. 2923]. •Synonym of Oreinus sinustus (Heckel 1838) -- (Malik 1966:130 [ref. 23693]). •Synonym of Schizothorax plagiostomus Heckel 1838 -- (Coad 1981:13 [ref. 22348], Wu & Wu 1992:406 [ref. 21205]). •Synonym of Oreinus richardsonii (Gray 1832) -- (Menon 1999:106 [ref. 24904] as richardsoni). •Synonym of Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832). Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray 1832). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculatus, Hemibarbus Bleeker [P.] 1871:19, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen (Amsterdam) v. 12 (art. 2); ref. 6421] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-5030 to 5031 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:88 [ref. 19574]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Barbus maculatus Valenciennes 1842, replaced by Barbus semibarbus Günther 1889. Current usage can be maintained under the 2000 Code (Art. 59.3). •Treated as valid as Hemibarbus maculatus Bleeker 1871 -- (Berg 1949:710 [ref. 20661], Lu et al. 1977:448 [ref. 2850], Mai 1978:111 [ref. 13511], Wang 1984:20 [ref. 22951], Chen & Li in Chu & Chen 1989:102 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:121 [ref. 21202], Ding 1994:245 [ref. 21531], Yue 1995:120 [ref. 22652], Zhu 1995:73 [ref. 25213], Naseka 1996:158 [ref. 22943], Cheng & Zhou 1997:154 [ref. 26385], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:737 [ref. 24702], Chen in Chen 1998:133 [ref. 23556], Naseka 1998:83 [ref. 23590], Yue in Chen et al. 1998:242 [ref. 23878], Kottelat 2001:27 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25780], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Wang et al. 2001:118 [ref. 26566], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:66 [ref. 28183], Kottelat 2006:35 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:37 [ref. 28933], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:325 [ref. 30085], Parin et al. 2014:79 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:73 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:661 [ref. 34853], Zhang et al. 2019:222 [ref. 36699], Dyldin et al. 2021:23 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:65 [ref. 38158], Fu et al. 2021:9569 [ref. 39347], Guo 2021:206 [ref. 38617], Taki et al. 2021:147 [ref. 39830], Dyldin et al. 2023:[22] [ref. 40328]). Current status: Valid as Hemibarbus maculatus Bleeker 1871. Gobionidae. Distribution: East Asia: Russia, China, Mongolia and Taiwan; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

magdalenae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:437 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Bunjako, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Lectotype: BMNH 1906.5.30.125. Paralectotypes: (11) BMNH 1906.5.30.126-133 or 134 (now 7). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:190 [ref. 19234]. •Valid as Barbus magdalenae Boulenger 1906 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius magdalenae (Boulenger 1906) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:10 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius magdalenae (Boulenger 1906). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Victoria basin. Habitat: freshwater.

magniatlantis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1920:324 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44 (no. 8/10) [for 1919]; ref. 17935] Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1919-0431. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1919.11.13.1 [ex MNHN] (1); MNHN 1919-0432 to 0437 (6), 1919-0438 to 0440 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:34-35 [ref. 19574]. Originally as magni atlantis. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1140 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus nasus Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus magniatlantis Pellegrin 1920 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus magniatlantis (Pellegrin 1920) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Casel-Lopez et al. 2015:17 [ref. 33943], Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34185]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus magniatlantis (Pellegrin 1920). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Northwestern Africa: Tensift basin, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

mahakkamensis, Barbus Ahl [E.] 1922:34 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1922 (no. 1-2); ref. 15335] Mahakam River, eastern Kalimantan Prov, eastern Borneo. Syntypes: ZMB 20533 (5). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Barbodes mahakkamensis (Ahl 1922) -- (Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832] as mahakkammensis). •Valid as Barbonymus mahakkamensis (Ahl 1922) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989], Dahruddin et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38577]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus mahakkamensis (Ahl 1922). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: southeastern Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Habitat: freshwater.

malabaricus, Barbus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:312 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Mountain streams of Malabar, India. Syntypes: ZMB 10782 (1). Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361] •Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839), but a valid subspecies -- (Indra 1993:185 [ref. 24009]). •Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:303 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:220 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:58 [ref. 24904], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361]). •Valid as Tor malabaricus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Silas et al. 2005:127 [ref. 28697], Pinder et al. 2018:12 [ref. 35981], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696], Jaafar et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38256]). Current status: Valid as Tor malabaricus (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: South Asia: India endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

malacanthus, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] 1911:516, Fig. 2 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 14797] Uelleburg, Benito River, Equatorial Guinea, western Africa (±1°36'N, 9°37'E). Holotype (unique): ZMB 18392. •Valid as Barbus malacanthus Pappenheim 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus malacanthus (Pappenheim 1911) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:521 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168], Fermon et al. 2022:137 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus malacanthus (Pappenheim 1911). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

manguaoensis, Barbus Day [A. L.] 1914:189, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 9 (Sect. D, no. 2); ref. 12407] Lake Manguao near Taytay, northern Palawan Island, Philippines. Holotype [spec. no. 15] and paratypes: (at least 6). •Valid as Barbodes manguaoensis (Day 1914) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989], Tan & Husana 2021:321 [ref. 38614], Jamandre 2023:165 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes manguaoensis (Day 1914). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Palawan (Philippines) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

manicensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1920:398 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44 (no. 8/10) [for 1919]; ref. 15227] Revue River, Mozambique. Syntypes: MNHN 1919-0487 (7). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:35 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus manicensis Pellegrin 1920 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:264 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:163 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:163 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:101 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius manicensis (Pellegrin 1920) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius manicensis (Pellegrin 1920). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

marequensis, Barbus (Cheilobarbus) Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 10 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Marico River, South Africa (±24°12'S, 26°53'E). Holotype: BMNH 1845.7.3.95 (dry). •Valid as Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:172 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 2001:172 [ref. 27406], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:32 [ref. 29605], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Marshall 2011:103 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

margarianus, Barbus Anderson [J.] 1879:867, Pl. 79 (fig. 1) [Anatomical and zoological researches; ref. 14265] Nampoung [Nampung = Hong Bong He] River, Kakhyen Hills, near Bhamo, Irrawaddy basin, western Yunnan border, China. BMNH 1875.8.4.1. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1875.8.4.1 (1?). •Valid as Barbodes margarianus (Anderson 1879) -- (Wu et al. 1977:242 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:196 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:56 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:149 [ref. 23556], Chen et al. 1999:84 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:32 [ref. 25272] with author as Day 1878). •Valid as Poropuntius margarianus (Anderson 1879) -- (Roberts 1998:111 [ref. 23549], Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius margarianus (Anderson 1879). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

margaritae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:565 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 102) (art. 71); ref. 15648] Lake Ganjule, Margherita, southern Ethiopia, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1908.1.20.181-183 (3). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

marginatus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:164 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Tjicanigui River at Sijira, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ? MNHN 0000-4303 (1). Type information: Roberts 1993:19 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 2000:84 [ref. 25486] Simultaneous subjective synonym of obtusirostris, but Bleeker 1864:107 gave precedence to obtusirostis as used by Jordan & Seale 1907:538 [references not checked]. •Valid as Mystacoleucus marginatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Wu et al. 1977:272 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 1984:805 [ref. 11440], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:227 [ref. 13584], Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:41 [ref. 16753], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:225 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1993:19 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:231 [ref. 23210], Zhu 1995:62 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:91 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:38 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:167 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:151 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2015:42 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477], Fu et al. 2021:9569 [ref. 39347]). •Synonym of Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

mariae, Barbus Holly [M.] 1929:34 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 3) (for 24 Jan. 1929); ref. 16086] Kitui River, Kenya. Lectotype: NMW 96552. Paralectotypes: NMW 96553 (1). Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:28 [ref. 39277]. Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186] say lectotype was selected by Banister 1973, which would be ref. 7554 [not investigated]. •Valid as Barbus mariae Holly 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus' with remarks on status, Seegers 2008:155 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •Preoccupied by Varicorhinus mariae Holly 1926 when both species are in Labeobarbus, replaced by Labeobarbus rhinoceros (Copley 1938) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:31, 63 [ref. 34168]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus rhinoceros (Copley 1938). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

marinus, Silurus Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:376 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. No types known. Corresponds to Silurus 16-radiatus on p. 386. Appeared as Silurus marinus vel 16-radiatus in Devincenzi 1925:309, 322 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Trachysurus barbus (Lacép.) [= Pimelodus barbus Lacepède 1803]. Perhaps marinus was intended for Silurus marinus Mitchill 1815. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marleyi, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:407, Fig. 2 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 16422] Sinclair, Broadmoor, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype: ANSP 53444. Paratypes: ANSP 53445 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:82 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

marmoratus, Barbus David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:221, Fig. 16 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Kando River at Tenke, Congo River system. Holotype: MRAC 36.510. Paratypes: MRAC 34822-23 (2), 36588-90 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus marmoratus David & Poll 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius marmoratus (David & Poll 1937) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius marmoratus (David & Poll 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

martorelli, Barbus Roman [B.] 1971:11, Fig. 3 [Publicaciones del Instituto de Biología Aplicada Barcelona v. 49 [1970]; ref. 7780] Nsie River, affluent of Guoro River, Ntem basin, Numi River, Rep. of Equatorial Guinea. Holotype: MCSBCN. Paratypes: (33) MRAC 164706-08 (3). •Valid as Barbus martorelli Roman 1971 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:507 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius martorelli (Roman 1971) -- (Armbruster et al. 2015:[5] [ref. 34099], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:140 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius martorelli (Roman 1971). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Cameroon to Gabon and Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

massaensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1922:104 [Bulletin de la Société des sciences naturelles du Maroc v. 2; ref. 15368] Oued Massa, Taroudant (Oued Sous) Oued Ait el Hadj, Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1922-0044. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1922-0042 to 0043 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:36 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1137 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus massaensis Pellegrin 1922 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus massaensis (Pellegrin 1922) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus massaensis (Pellegrin 1922). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Algeria, Morocco and Tunidia. Habitat: freshwater.

mathoiae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:66, Fig. 45 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Mathioya River, Upper Tana River, Kenya, elevation 4000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.5.26.38. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

matris, Barbus Holly [M.] 1928:4, Fig. 6 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 75 (nos 1/2) (art. 1); ref. 15853] Athi River, Nairobi, Kenya (ca. 1°17'S, 36°49'E). Holotype: NMW 8000. Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:30 [ref. 39277]. •Possible synonym of Barbus mariae Holly 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Valid as Labeobarbus matris (Holly 1928) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:31, 64 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus matris (Holly 1928). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Athi River (Kenya). Habitat: freshwater.

matthesi, Barbus Poll [M.] & Gosse [J.-P.] 1963:54, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 116; ref. 5138] Tshuapa River, Central Congo. Holotype: MRAC 131239. Paratypes: MRAC 131240-45 (6), 137804-07 (4), 137808-09 (1, 1), 137810-815 (6). •Valid as Barbus matthesi Poll & Gosse 1963 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186], Mlotshwa 1996:33 [ref. 22374]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus matthesi (Poll & Gosse 1963) -- (Stiassny et al. 2016:12 [ref. 34182], Stiassny & Sakharova 2016:1404 [ref. 34176], Manda et al. 2020:13 [ref. 37046]). •Valid as Enteromius matthesi (Poll & Gosse 1963) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius matthesi (Poll & Gosse 1963). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Tshuapa and Léfini River drainages, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

mattozi, Barbus Guimarães [A. R. P.] 1884:7, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Jornal do Sciências Mathemáticas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa v. 10 (no. 37); ref. 18171] Coroca River, Angola. Holotype (unique): destroyed. •Valid as Barbus mattozi Guimarães 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:161 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:161 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:98 [ref. 31755], Kramer et al. 2016:unnumbered p. [ref. 34331]). •Valid as Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa to Namibia and Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

mauritanica, Barbus pobeguini var. Pellegrin [J.] 1937:337 [Comptes rendus de la ... session, Association Française pour l'Avancement des Sciences. Paris v. 60; ref. 17243] West Sahara, Mauritania. Syntypes: MNHN 1936-0134 to 0140 (79). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:41 [ref. 19574]. Species epithet correct as mauritanicus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus pobeguini Pellegrin 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:324 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Enteromius pobeguini (Pellegrin 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius pobeguini (Pellegrin 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mawambi, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:241, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Ituri, Mawambi, Central Africa (±1°03'N, 28°36'E). Holotype (unique): ZMB 19062. •Valid as Barbus mawambi Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus mawambi (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Enteromius mawambi (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus mirabilis (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Decru et al. 2017:237 [ref. 35620], Decru et al. 2022:22 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus mirabilis (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mawambiensis, Barbus hindii var. Steindachner [F.] 1911:533 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 48 (no. 27) (for 21 Dec. 1911); ref. 14818] Ituri River, Democratic Republic of Congo (±1°03'N, 28°36'E). Lectotype: NMW 54177 [largest]. Paralectotypes: (6 of following) NMW 54177 (1, smallest), ? 54286 (3), 54287 (2), 54288 (2). Later listed as a full species as Barbus mawabiensis in Steindachner 1913:25, Fig. 5, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 14987]. Lectotype selected by Decru et al. 2022:19 [ref. 39816]. •Valid as Barbus mawambiensis Steindachner 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus mawambiensis (Steindachner 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34168], Decru et al. 2022:23 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus mawambiensis (Steindachner 1911). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Ituri River drainage, Congo River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

maximus, Barbus duchesnii Bini [G.] 1940:165, Pl. 4 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (5) lost. Species not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). Name appears first on p. 159. •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mayori, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:138, Pl. 461 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Lake Zug, Switzerland. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3822. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:22 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1130 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mbami, Barbus perplexicans Holly [M.] 1927:143, Fig. 9 [Sitzungsberichte, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 136 (Abt. 1) (nos 3-4); ref. 2188] Mbami River, Cameroon (ca. 6°49'N, 12°00'E). Holotype (unique): NMW 7528. Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:32 [ref. 39277]. •Valid as Barbus mbami Holly 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus mbami (Holly 1927) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:525 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus mbami (Holly 1927). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

mclellandi, Barbus Day [F.] 1870:619 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 9 Dec. 1869); ref. 14093] Pegu and Moulmein, Myanmar. Syntypes: (6 + 15) AMS B.7542 (1, non-type) Darjeeling, 7741-43 [syntypes] (1, 1, 1) Moulmein; BMNH 1889.2.1.850-852 (3), NMW 54560a [?54640] (1), 54272 (2); ZSI F2298 (1) Moulmein, A.789-790 (2, lost). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299 [ref. 25110]. Originally as m'clellandi, mclellandi is the correct original spelling. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Pethia stoliczkana (Day 1871) -- (Kottelat 2013:141 [ref. 32989]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Pethia stoliczkana (Day 1871). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mediosquamatus, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:183, Fig. 80 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Dundo, in a marsh connecting with Luachimo River, Angola. Holotype: MD 2368. Paratypes: MD 2368 (orig. 7), 2405 (1); MRAC 161080-83 [ex MD 2368] (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:28 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus mediosquamatus Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus mediosquamatus (Poll 1967) -- (Munene et al. 2021:22 [ref. 39283]). •Valid as Enteromius mediosquamatus (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius mediosquamatus (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola; southern Congo River basin (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

megalepis, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:271, 337 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern parts of Bengal, India. No types known. •Synonym of Tor tor (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mirza & Javed 1986:73 [ref. 23030], Menon 1992:225 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:61 [ref. 24904]). •Synonymy of Tor mosal (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:168 [ref. 32989], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Synonym of Tor mosal (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

megastoma, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:137, Fig. 5.13 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Rema (locality 25), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°51'N, 37°28'E). Holotype: RMNH 32950. Paratypes: RMNH 32951-59 (6 localities). •Valid as Barbus megastoma Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:196 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus megastoma (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus megastoma (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

melanepiptera, Barbus camptacanthus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1924:288 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49 (no. 3/5); ref. 15463] Niari River, region of Loango, Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1924-0069. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:36 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus guirali Thominot 1886 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:248 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius guirali (Thominot 1886) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius guirali (Thominot 1886). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

melanhypopterus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1928:314 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 53 (no. 5); ref. 15869] Lake Monoun, Mbam River, Sanaga River system, Cameroon. Lectotype: MNHN 1928-0065. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1928-0066 to 0068 (1, 1, 7). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:37 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Prolabeops melanhypopterus (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:331 [ref. 6186] as melanhypoptera, Poll & Gosse 1995:165 [ref. 24781], Schedel et al. 2022:[3] [ref. 39604]). Current status: Valid as Prolabeops melanhypopterus (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: southern Cameroon endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1850:11 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 7030. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.92 (1); MNHN 0000-3846 (1) Borneo, 0000-3847 (1) Sumatra; RMNH 17343 [ex RMNH 7030] (14). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:52 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Balantiocheilos melanopterus (Bleeker 1850) -- (Roberts 1989:29 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:32 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:86 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:38 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284], Ng & Kottelat 2007:13 [ref. 29118], Kottelat 2013:74 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:521 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Balantiocheilos melanopterus (Bleeker 1850). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Malaya (Malaysia), Singapore, Sumatra (Indonesia) and Borneo [now extinct in many areas]. Habitat: freshwater.

melanostigma, Barbus Day [F.] 1878:573, Pl. 143 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Wynaad Hills, Kerala, India. Lectotype: not identified. Paralectotypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.635-637 (3), NMW 54360 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:162 [ref. 23762]. Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275] designated the specimen shown in Pl. 143 as the lectotype. •Synonym of Puntius mahecola (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:150 [ref. 28275], Plamoottil 2016:4 [ref. 34781], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2020:98 [ref. 38032]). •Valid as Puntius melanostigma (Day 1878) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:275 [ref. 20764], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:436 [ref. 24989], Menon 1999:96 [ref. 24904], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Pethiyagoda et al. 2008:209 [ref. 29986], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071], Bleher 2018:718 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:97 [ref. 37958]). Current status: Valid as Puntius melanostigma (Day 1878). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Cauvery and Bhavani River basins, Karnataka and Kerala (India). Habitat: freshwater.

melanotaenia, Barbus Stiassny [M. L. J.] 1991:5, Figs. 4-5 [American Museum Novitates No. 3015; ref. 19336] Wologizi Mountains, northeastern Liberia. Holotype: AMNH 59187. Paratypes: AMNH 59075 (9, 1 c&s). •Valid as Enteromius melanotaenia (Stiassny 1991) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius melanotaenia (Stiassny 1991). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Liberia, western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

melanypopterus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1928:314 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 53 (no. 5); ref. 15869] Lake Monuoun, Foumban (Mbam), Cameroon. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

meneliki, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1905:293 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 15373] Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya. Holotype: MNHN 1905-0275. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:31 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mentalis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:385, Fig. 44 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Kimberly Reservoir, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 9644 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822) based on current placement of aeneus. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mento, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:434 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Gota River, Marmasa, flowing north from Jebel-Amhar Mts., Ethiopia, elevation 5000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.12.13.307. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

meridionalis, Barbus Risso [A.] 1827:437 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Var River at Nice, Département des Alpes-Maritimes, France. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0070. Lectotype selected by Bianco 1995:319 [ref. 21944]. •Valid as Barbus meridionalis Risso 1827 -- (Berg 1949:698 [ref. 20661], Lelek 1987:160 [ref. 22962], Michajlova 1989:23 [ref. 20062], Berrebi & Cattaneo-Berrebi 1993:319 [ref. 38654], Karakousis et al. 1993:232 [ref. 22335], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Kotlík et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26484], Doadrio & Perdices in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:277 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:127 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Barbus meridionalis Risso 1827. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: northern Mediterranean coastal watersheds. Hybridizes with Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758). Not in Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

meruensis, Barbus macropristis Lönnberg [E.] 1907:(7) 3 [Sjöstedts Kilimandjaro-Meru Expedition; ref. 15155] River Ngare na nyuki, from the Meru mountain, northern Tanzania. Syntypes: (9) Syntypes: NRM 8062 (7), ZMB 16580 (1). •Synonym of Barbus amphigramma Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:224 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Englmaier et al. 2020:136 [ref. 37252]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mfongosi, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:382, Fig. 42 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] M'Fongosi, Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 11392 [now at AMG]. Originally as m'fongosi, correction mandatory. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

microbarbis, Barbus David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:261, Fig. 30 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Lake Luhondo, Rwanda, ±1°30'S, 29°45'E. Holotype: MRAC 41847. Paratypes: MRAC 41848-49 (2) [reidentified as Labeobarbus ruandae by Banister 1973]. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus microbarbis David & Poll 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:21 [ref. 17656]). •Possible hybrid Barbus ruandae x Barbus ruasae -- (Banister 1973:89 [ref. 7554], de Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:21 [ref. 17656]). •Possible hybrid Labeobarbus ruandae x Labeobarbus ruasae -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29, 64, 71 [ref. 34168]). Hybrid. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

microcephalus, Barbus Almaça [C. A.] 1967:321, Pls. 15-16 [Revista da Faculdade de Ciencias Universidade de Lisboa, Ser. 2, C -- Ciencias Naturais v. 14 (no. 2) (for 1966); ref. 7856] Río Guadiana, about 4 kilometers from Moura, and Río Ardila, Portugal. Syntypes: (20) Río Guadiana, (30) Río Ardila [apparently all types lost in fire in 1978] •Valid as Messinobarbus microcephalus (Almaça 1967) -- (Bianco 1998:134 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus microcephalus Almaça 1967 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:197 [ref. 26728], Almaça in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:287 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus microcephalus (Almaça 1967) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:140 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus microcephalus (Almaça 1967). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Spain and Portugal. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1850:12 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7034. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.80 (1), 1866.5.2.137 (1); RMNH 16586 [ex RMNH 7034] (1). •Valid as Rohteichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1850) -- (Roberts 1989:78 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:48 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:13 [ref. 22832], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:155 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:157 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Rohteichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1850). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

microlepis, Barbus Keyserling [E. von] 1861:4 [7], Pl. 1 [Zeitschrift für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 2601] River near Anardeh [Anar Darreh, 32°46'N, 61°39'E], between Herat and Lasch, Afghanistan. Holotype (unique): not saved. On p. 7 of separate. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus microlepis Bleeker 1850. •Synonym of Schizothorax zarudnyi (Nikolskii 1897) -- (Coad 1981:13 [ref. 22348], Coad 1995:20 [ref. 23608], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:93 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:180 [ref. 40789]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Schizothorax zarudnyi (Nikolskii 1897). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Habitat: freshwater.

micronema, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:237 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 15113] Kribi River, Cameroon (±2°56'N, 9°54'E). Syntypes: BMNH 1904.2.29.37-38 (2). •Valid as Barbus micronema Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus micronema (Boulenger 1904) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:519 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34168], Fermon et al. 2022:137 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus micronema (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Cameroon south to Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:26 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Appeared as name in synonymy of Barbus fluviatilis. The same name was used later by Sauvage 1882, which makes Barbus microphthalmus Bonaparte 1846 an available name. •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:293 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Barbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:164 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Koura River at Tiflis [Tibilisi], Georgia, Eurasia. Syntypes: MNHN 1881-1007 (1), 1881-1008 (1), ?A-3923 [ex 1881-1007 and 1008] (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:29 [ref. 19574]. Independent of Barbus microphthalmus Bonaparte 1846 -- name in synonymy, but use by Sauvage makes Barbus microphthalmus Bonaparte 1846 an available name. Sauvage's Barbus microphthalmus is therefore preoccupied and objectively invalid. •Synonym of Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Barbus barbus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 1997:47 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:293 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

micropogon, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:188 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Mysore, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1404. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:26 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Gonoproktopterus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:190 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:79 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Arunachalam et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34181], Arunachalam et al. 2016:100 [ref. 34190], Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34522], Arunachalam et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34553], Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872], Bleher 2018:566 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil 2021:702 [ref. 39044], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2022:522 [ref. 39357]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

microps, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:124 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1845.4.22.334-336 (3), 1845.4.22.341-342 (2). •Valid as Puntius microps (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448] with question, Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbodes microps (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes microps (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

microstoma, Barbus intermedius Bini [G.] 1940:168, Pl. 6 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (12) lost. Name appears first on p. 160. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

microterolepis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:426 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Maki River at Buggali, flowing towards Lake Swai from eastern slope of Adami Mts., Addia country, Ethiopia (±8°05'N, 38°50'E), elevation about 4000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.12.13.220. •Valid as Barbus microterolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186]). •Possible hybrid Barbus ethiopicus x Barbus intermedius -- (Banister 1973:91 [ref. 7554]). •Possibly hybrid Labeobarbus ethiopicus x Labeobarbus intermedius -- (Vreven et al. 2016:29, 64, 71 [ref. 34168]). Hybrid. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Zwai, Ethiopia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

milesi, Barbus Day [F.] 1880:228 [6] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1880 (pt 2) (art. 1) (for 6 Apr. 1880); ref. 14278] Trál, Afghanistan. Syntypes: (2) ?NMW 52736 (1). Non-types, as a variety: (3). On p. 6 of separate. Not treated by Whitehead & Talwar 1976 [ref. 23762]. •Status uncertain -- (see Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:181 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:16 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Mirza 2003:6 [ref. 27265], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:870 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:120 [ref. 35030], Nasri et al. 2016:259 [ref. 34951], Esmaeili et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:25 [ref. 36089], Nasri et al. 2018:98 [ref. 36032], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:65 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40326], Çiçek et al. 2024:142 [ref. 40789], Esmaeili et al. 2024:4 [ref. 40903]). Current status: Valid as Cyprinion milesi (Day 1880). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Western Asia: Makran to Indus River systems (southeastern Iran, Pakistan). Habitat: freshwater.

miliaris, Barbus De Filippi [F.] 1863:393 [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 2; ref. 18082] Teheran, Iran. Syntypes: MZUT 676 (3). Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:140 [ref. 21559]. Also in De Filippi 1865:358 [ref. 13943]. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391] or valid). •Valid as Barbus miliaris De Filippi 1863 -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:76 [ref. 8508], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:866 [ref. 34062], Khaefi et al. 2017:34 [ref. 35140], Esmaeili et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35254], Khaefi et al. 2017:105 [ref. 35344], Esmaeili et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36089], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Eagderi et al. 2019:244 [ref. 37089], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:37 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:150 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus miliaris De Filippi 1863. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Middle East: Namak Lake and Kavir basins (Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

mimus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:674, Pl. 79 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1912 (pt 3) (art. 37); ref. 14834] Eusso Nyiro [Ewaso Ng'iro / Euasso Nyiro] River below the falls, east of Lake Baringo, Kenya. Lectotype: BMNH 1912.3.22.99. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1912.3.22.90-98 (9), NRM 10967 (2). Lectotype selected by Maetens et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37713]. •Valid as Barbus mimus Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:268 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius mimus (Boulenger 1912) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Maetens et al. 2020:18 [ref. 37713]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius mimus (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa: Euasso Nyiro River drainage and Tana River system, Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

minchini, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:436 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 17 (no. 101) (art. 49); ref. 574] Entebbe, Uganda, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.5.30.123-124 (2). •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

miochilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1920:401 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1919 (pts 3-4) (art. 25); ref. 15206] Tumbwe, a village southwest of the Kalemie River, on a small stream flowing into Niemba River, tributary of Lukuga River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1919.7.24.8-9 (2), MRAC 6992 (1). •Synonym of Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

miolepis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:31, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoologie) v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 562] Yembe River at Banzyville, Democratic Republic of Congo, about 4°18'N, 21°11'E. Holotype (unique): MRAC 1278. •Valid as Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Skelton 1993:155 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:155 [ref. 27406], Tweddle & Skelton 2008:29 [ref. 29605] as 'Barbus', Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus', Banyankimbona et al. 2012:182 [ref. 32298] as 'Barbus', Stiassny et al. 2016:11 [ref. 34182] as "Barbus", Stiassny & Sakharova 2016:1410 [ref. 34176] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:27 [ref. 35381], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:229 [ref. 36564], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[7] 706 [ref. 38315] as cf. miolepis, Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Stiassny et al. 2021:1687 [ref. 39000] as cf. miolepis, Kisekelwa et al. 2022:6 [ref. 39828]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern-central Africa: Ubangi River system, Democratic Republic of Congo [other areas are different species]. Habitat: freshwater.

miolepis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:532 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 71) (art. 52); ref. 15019] White Nile River, Sudan. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1328-1332 (?5) Lake No, 1907.12.2.1333 (1) Fashoda, 1907.12.2.1334 (1) Kaka, 1907.12.2.1335 (1) Gondokoro. Described as a new species, not same as (and preoccupied by) Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 from Zaire. Objectively invalid. Barbus werneri Boulenger 1905 is a replacement name. •Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius stigmatopygus (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mirabilis, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:239, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Ituri, Democratic Republic of Congo (±1°03'N, 28°36'E). Holotype (unique): ZMB 19059. •Valid as Barbus mirabilis Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Possible a synonym of B. somereni (Banister 1973) -- (Vreven et al. 2015:64 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Labeobarbus mirabilis (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus mirabilis (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Ituri River drainage, Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

mirei, Barbus (Hemigrammocapoeta) Estève [R.] 1952:177 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 5564] Ksar Torchane, northern Atar, Mauritania. Syntypes: MNHN 1951-0030 (15). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:266 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Barbus pobeguini Pellegrin 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:324 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Enteromius pobeguini (Pellegrin 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius pobeguini (Pellegrin 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mitior, Barbus jacksoni var. Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1905:415 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 15364] Bubu at Irangi, east Africa. Syntypes: (5) ZMB 16409 (now 3). •Synonym of Barbus jacksoni Günther 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186] as jacksonii, Seegers 1996:104 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mocoensis, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1936:68, Pl. 2 (fig. 6) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 40; ref. 13752] Brook at Mt. Moco, Cuvo River system, Angola. Syntypes: (36) BMNH 1935.3.20.146-164 (19) Mt. Moco. •Valid as Barbus mocoensis Trewavas 1936 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius mocoensis (Trewavas 1936) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius mocoensis (Trewavas 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

moeruensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1922:273 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 10; ref. 15367] Lukonzolwa, Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 14765. Also in Pellegrin 1928:42 [ref. 3411]. •Synonym of Barbus stappersii Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:288 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mohasicus, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:241, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Lake Mohasi, central Africa. Syntypes: ZMB 19063 (many). •In part synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Valid as Barbus mohasicus Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:144 [ref. 20130]). •Valid as Enteromius mohasicus (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius mohasicus (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

monunensis, Barbus brevispinis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1928:312 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 53 (no. 5); ref. 15869] Lake Monoun, Cameroon. Syntypes: MNHN 1928-0057 to 0061 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:37 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus brevispinis Holly 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus brevispinis (Holly 1927) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus brevispinis (Holly 1927). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mortonius, Barbus Mason [F.] 1850:312 [ ref. 33185] Tennesserim, Myanmar. Syntypes: unknown. Apparently not used as a valid name since 1900. •Senior synonym of Neolissochilus stracheyi (Day 1871) -- (Kottelat 2013:128 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Uncertain as Neolissochilus stracheyi (Day 1871). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

motebensis, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1894:139 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 31 (no. 14) (for 25 May 1894); ref. 20493] Motebe River, Marico District, South Africa. Syntypes: (several) ZMB (4). Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1894:453, Pl. 2 (fig. 12) [ref. 14564]. •Valid as Barbus motebensis Steindachner 1894 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:134 [ref. 24071], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:134 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius motebensis (Steindachner 1894) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius motebensis (Steindachner 1894). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

moulouyensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1924:459, Fig. 2 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 49 (no. 6/7); ref. 15465] Guéfaït, Oued el Haï, Moulouya basin, Morocco. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1924-0167. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:36 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1136 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:236 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus moulouyensis Pellegrin 1924 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus moulouyensis (Pellegrin 1924) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). •Valid as Carasobarbus moulouyensis (Pellegrin 1924) -- (Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Carasobarbus moulouyensis (Pellegrin 1924). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Northwestern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

multilineatus, Barbus Worthington [E. B.] 1933:44 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 12 (no. 67) (art. 3); ref. 16533] Swamp near Luombo River, Luapulu River system, central Africa, elevation 3900 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1932.12.16.206-223 (18). •Valid as Barbus multilineatus Worthington 1933 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:156 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:156 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:94 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius multilineatus (Worthington 1933) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:50 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius multilineatus (Worthington 1933). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

multimaculatus, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1870:633 [11], Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4218] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: (20) NMW 54377 (4), 54381 (3), 75055 (3), 54379-80 (5, 4), 54382-83 (2, 4). On p. 11 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus burchelli Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:232 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841) -- (Skelton 1988:264 [ref. 7302], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudobarbus burchelli (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mungoensis, Barbus Trewavas [E.] 1974:345 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 26 (no. 5); ref. 7546] Wowe River, tributary of Mungo River, Cameroon (±4°04'N, 9°31'E). Holotype: BMNH 1973.5.14.163. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.5.14.164-182 (19). Additional non-type material: 1973.5.14.183-185 (3), 1973.5.14.186-191 (6). •Valid as Barbus mungoensis Trewavas 1974 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus mungoensis (Trewavas 1974) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:523 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:64 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus mungoensis (Trewavas 1974). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

mursa, Cyprinus Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1773:513, Pl. 9 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae v. 17 (for 1772); ref. 18173] Kura River at Tiflis [= Tbilisi], Transcaucasia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Species name spelling from title and p. 521. •Valid as Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:707 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Gabrielyan 2001:26 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:293 [ref. 27353], Fricke et al. 2007:33 [ref. 29533], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:165 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Turan et al. 2008:41 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:875 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Khaefi et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35140], Esmaeili et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36089], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:85 [ref. 37983], Kaya et al. 2020:330 [ref. 37582], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Çiçek et al. 2023:373 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: Kura-Aras River basin, Caspian Sea and Lake Urmia basins. Habitat: freshwater.

mursoides, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:120 [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Transcaucasia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 2863. •Synonym of Barbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:707 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:293 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:172 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus mursa (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mussullah, Barbus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:159 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Downstream of Bhira Dam at Koland, Maharashtra State, Deccan, India. Neotype: ZSI/SRC F 8759. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:56 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:356, Pl. 61 (fig. 4) [ref. 18868]. Knight et al. 2014:280 [ref. 34128] named a neotype and another specimen as the lectotype (missing), an error; the neotype is hereby selected. Another neotype selected by Arunachalam et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34181] is invalid, preoccupied by the neotype designation in Knight et al. 2014, Code Art. 75.4. •Valid as Tor mussullah (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:306 [ref. 20764], Jayaram 1997:48 [ref. 23452], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:15 [ref. 27711], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:228 [ref. 31585], Khare et al. 2014:[3] [ref. 33361], Hoang et al. 2015:554 [ref. 33936]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus mussullah (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:80 [ref. 24904] as musullah, Knight et al. 2013:202 [ref. 33021], Knight et al. 2014:280 [ref. 34128], Arunachalam et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34181] with date 1838, Arunachalam et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34190], Arunachalam et al. 2016:76 [ref. 34522], Knight et al. 2016:326 [ref. 34872], Bleher 2018:568 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus mussullah (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Karnataka, India. Habitat: freshwater.

musumbi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:554 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Quanza River at Cambambe, Bengo River at Cabiri and Lake Kilunda, Angola. Syntypes: ANSP 37941-48 (8); BMNH 1911.6.1.81-82 (2) Quanza R., 1911.6.1.83-84 (2) Bengo R., 1911.6.1.85-92 (8) Lake Kilunda; NMW 54376 (8); ZMB 18224 (10). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:84 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus musumbi Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius musumbi (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius musumbi (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

myersi, Barbus Poll [M.] 1939:144 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 32 (no. 1); ref. 18565] Kabunda, Muniengashi River, Congo system. Syntypes: MRAC 50.519-50.556 (38). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. Replacement name for Barbus paradoxus Poll 1938, preoccupied by Barbus paradoxus Günther 1868. •Valid as Barbus myersi Poll 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mylodon, Barbus Berg [L. S.] 1907:3 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 15130] Keumsan River, near Pusan, South Korea. Syntypes: ZIN 13961 (2). •Valid as Hemibarbus mylodon (Berg 1907) -- (Bănărescu 1992:313 [ref. 40251], Kim 1997:224 [ref. 24032], Kim & Park 2002:130 [ref. 25913], Choi et al. 2003:157, 508 [ref. 26218], Jang et al. 2003:119 [ref. 27681]). Current status: Valid as Hemibarbus mylodon (Berg 1907). Gobionidae. Distribution: East Asia: Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

mysorensis, Barbus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:313 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Cavery River, southern India. No types known. •Mention under Gonoproktopterus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:190 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:80 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849) -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:77 [ref. 34522]). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus gracilis (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mystaceus, Cyprinus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:293 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Georgian rivers, Eurasia. No types known. •Questionably valid as Cyprinus mystaceus Pallas 1814 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353] in part). •Tentatively valid as Luciobarbus mystaceus (Pallas 1814) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:42 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Luciobarbus mystaceus (Pallis 1814) -- (Turan et al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Bayhan 2021:244 [ref. 40683]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus mystaceus (Pallas 1814). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Euphrates and Tigris river systems. Habitat: freshwater.

nairobi, Barbus Holly [M.] 1928:1, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 75 (nos 1/2) (art. 1); ref. 15853] Athi River, Nairobi, Kenya. Syntypes: NMW 13330-31 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bogutskaya et al. 2022:31 [ref. 39277]. •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nairobiensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:132, Fig. 109 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Nairobi River, tributary of Athi River, Kenya, elevation 3500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1909.11.15.16-19 (4). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nanningsi, Labeobarbus de Beaufort [L. F.] 1933:493, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57 (no. 6) [for 1932]; ref. 16535] Lindu, Angola (±9°30'S, 20°00'E). Holotype (unique): ZMA 113010. Type catalog: Matthes 1964:179 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:30 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Barbus nanningsi (de Beaufort 1933) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus nanningsi de Beaufort 1933 -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus nanningsi de Beaufort 1933. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Kasai drainage, middle Congo River basin, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

narayani, Barbus Hora [S. L.] 1937:24, Fig. 10 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 39 (pt 1); ref. 15279] Cauvery River, Coorg State, Karnataka, southern India. Syntypes: ZSI F12180/1 (2) Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:353 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Puntius narayani (Hora 1937) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:275 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:97 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2000:40 [ref. 25661], Yadav 2003:13 [ref. 27711], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:73 [ref. 32071]). •Valid as Pethia narayani (Hora 1937) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Katwate et al. 2014:5814 [ref. 33390], Katwate et al. 2014:242 [ref. 33433], Katwate et al. 2014:218 [ref. 33571], Katwate et al. 2015:414 [ref. 33839], Katwate et al. 2016:2044 [ref. 34413], Bleher 2018:672 [ref. 36647], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Pethia narayani (Hora 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Cauvery River system, Western Ghats (southern India). Habitat: freshwater.

nashii, Barbus Day [F.] 1869:584 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 21115] Fraserpett River, at base of Coorg Hills, Coorg District, Karnataka, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7693 (1, non-type), BMNH 1889.2.1.385-386 (2), NMW 51657 (1), RMNH 8705 [?=2690] (1) Wynaad. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:300 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Osteochilus nashii (Day 1869) -- (Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359]). •Valid as Osteochilus (Osteochilichthys) nashii (Day 1869) -- (Patil et al 2009:53 [ref. 38380]). •Valid as Osteochilichthys nashii (Day 1869) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:247 [ref. 20764], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994:104 [ref. 21421], Menon 1999:117 [ref. 24904], Bleher 2018:646 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil 2022:979 [ref. 39362]). Current status: Valid as Osteochilichthys nashii (Day 1869). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: South Asia: Western Ghats, Kerala and Karnataka, southwestern India. Habitat: freshwater.

nasus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1874:232 [3], Pl. 14 (fig. B) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 18200] Morocco. Syntypes: BMNH 1874.1.30.25-26 (2). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Barbus nasus Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus nasus (Günther 1874) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34185]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus nasus (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Kasab Basin, Morocco. Habitat: freshwater.

nasutus, Varicorhinus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1911:477 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 7 (no. 41); ref. 14789] Gorge below Vitoria Falls, Zambezi River, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAM 8801 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186], Tweddle & Skelton 1998:383 [ref. 23328]). •Valid as Voricorhinus nasutus Gilchrist & Thompson 1911 -- (Skelton 1993:174 [ref. 24071]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Marshall 2011:103 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

natalensis, Barbus Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:59 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Tugela River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean (±29°14'S, 31°30'E). •Valid as Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:169 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Skelton 2001:169 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:103 [ref. 31755], Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nedgia, Labeobarbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:14, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Goraza (probably = Korata), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°45'N, 37°27'E). Holotype (unique): SMF 2619 (dry). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:251 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus nedgia (Rüppell 1835) -- (Mina et al. 1996:387 [ref. 38254], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:138 [ref. 23829], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:203 [ref. 24546]). •Valid as Labeobarbus nedgia Rüppell 1835 -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus nedgia Rüppell 1835. Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana and tributaries (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

neefi, Barbus Greenwood [P. H.] 1962:211, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 65 (nos 3-4); ref. 5928] Kabompo River, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), 12°10'S, 25°20'E. Holotype: BMNH 1962.5.1.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1962.5.1.2 (1), 1962.5.1.3-17 (15); MRAC 140417-19 (3). •Valid as Barbus neefi Greenwood 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:140 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:140 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius neefi (Greenwood 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Martin & Chakona 2019:114 [ref. 36723], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius neefi (Greenwood 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

neglectus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:532 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 71) (art. 52); ref. 15019] Nile Delta and Luxor, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1303 (1), 1907.12.2.1304-1319 (16), 1907.12.2.1320-1322 (3), 1907.12.2.1323-1324 (2), 1907.12.2.1325-1326 (2), 1907.12.2.1327 (1); MNHN 1907-0199 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:30 [ref. 19574]. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus perince Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque 1989:198 [ref. 13471]). •Valid as Barbus neglectus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367]). •Valid as Enteromius neglectus (Boulenger 1903) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius neglectus (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Egypt. Habitat: freshwater.

neilli, Barbus Day [F.] 1869:581 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 21115] Thungabhadra River at Kurnool, southern India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7870 (1, syntype?) Deccan; BMNH 1868.10.27.16-17 (2, dry); RMNH 2638 (1); ZSI 2295 (1), 7151 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:300 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Valid as Tor neilli (Day) -- (Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:228 [ref. 31585]). •Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:303 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:220 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:58 [ref. 24904], Pinder et al. 2018:12 [ref. 35981], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Synonym of Tor khudree (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

neumayeri, Barbus Fischer [J. G.] 1884:31 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 1; ref. 14381] Ngurumán [Kuruman], affluent of the Uaso Nyiro River, Lake Natron basin, Kenya, 35°03'E, 0°47'S. Lectotype: NMH [= ZMH] 334 [ex ZMH 3853]. Paralectotypes: NMH [= ZMH] 335 [ex ZMH 3853] (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes, Seegers 2008:158 [ref. 29830]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:144 [ref. 20130], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Seegers 2008:158 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus', Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:10 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

neuvillei, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1905:294 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 15373] Gotta River, Confluent Akaki, Ethiopia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1905-0266. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:31 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:253 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nicholsi, Barbus Myers [G. S.] 1924:3 [American Museum Novitates No. 150; ref. 15458] Chindwin River at Monywa, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8352. Not the same as Barbus nicholsi Vinciguerra 1928. •Valid as Chagunius nicholsi (Myers 1924) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:168 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath et al. 1998:255 [ref. 24981], Menon 1999:75 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:86 [ref. 32989, ]Bhakta et al. 2023:[2] [ref. 40461]). Current status: Valid as Chagunius nicholsi (Myers 1924). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: West Bengal (India) and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

nicholsi, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1928:15 [11] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 53; ref. 15879] Buta, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (many) MSNG 26477 (9). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus nicholsi Myers 1924, replaced by Barbus treadwelli Pellegrin 1933. •Synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigeriensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:327, Pl. 28 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 15009] Agberi, Niger Delta, southern Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.10.25.2. •Valid as Barbus nigeriensis Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:274 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:206 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:357 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], De Weirdt et al. 2007:501 [ref. 30024] dated 1902). •Valid as Enteromius nigeriensis (Boulenger 1903) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Lederoun & Vreven 2016:104 [ref. 34899], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius nigeriensis (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Nigeria, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrifilis, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] 1928:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 309; ref. 15863] Ankoro, junction of Lualaba and Luvua rivers, Katanga Province, southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 9251. •Valid as Barbus nigrifilis Nichols 1928 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:274 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius nigrifilis (Nichols 1928) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius nigrifilis (Nichols 1928). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

nigriparipinnis, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1930:594, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 81 (for 1929); ref. 1404] Shanghai, China. Holotype (unique): ANSP 51533. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:85 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Paracanthobrama guichenoti Bleeker 1864 -- (Lu et al. 1977:451 [ref. 2850], Yue in Chen et al. 1998:250 [ref. 23878]). •Not in Zhang et al. 2016:75 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Paracanthobrama guichenoti Bleeker 1864. Gobionidae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrofasciatus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:155 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Southern Sri Lanka. Syntypes: (at least 12) BMNH 1854.5.31.49, 1854.5.31.53, 1858.10.19.99-101, 1864.7.11.29-31; ZMB 4835 (1), 6304 (2). •Valid as Puntius nigrofasciatus (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:109 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:276 [ref. 20764], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Silva et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29719], Kullander & Britz 2008:61 [ref. 29861], Meegaskumbura et al. 2008:151 [ref. 29872]). •Valid as Pethia nigrofasciata (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:81 [ref. 32071], Katwate et al. 2014:5814 [ref. 33390], Katwate et al. 2014:213 [ref. 33571], Batuwita et al. 2015:580 [ref. 33714], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Sudasinghe et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38791]). Current status: Valid as Pethia nigrofasciata (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: southwestern Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrolinea, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1889:19 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 6 (art. 4); ref. 3460] Rufu River at Korogwe, Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMH H336. Paralectotypes: ZMH H337 (7), H338 (8). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Type catalog and lectotype designation: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigroluteus, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1930:335, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 4); ref. 16120] Tributary of Upper Niari River, Republic of the Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1930-0142 (6). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:38 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus nigroluteus Pellegrin 1930 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:274 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:483 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius nigroluteus (Pellegrin 1930) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius nigroluteus (Pellegrin 1930). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Republic of Congo, central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrovittatus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1893:202 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 12 (no. 69); ref. 14522] Fort Stedman, southern Shan States, Myanmar, elevation 3000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.41-42 (2). •In genus Neolissochilus -- (Rainboth 1985:30 [ref. 5968]). •Valid as Neolissochilus nigrovittatus (Boulenger 1893) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:231 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Kano et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34887]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus nigrovittatus (Boulenger 1893). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

niluferensis, Barbus Turan [D.], Kottelat [M.] & Ekmekçi [F. G.] 2009:21, Figs. 2b, 3b, 5 [Zootaxa No. 1981; ref. 29999] Karaköprü Stream, entering Doganci Reservoir, Nilüfer River drainage, 40°04'N, 29°00'E, Orhangazi County, Bursa Province, Turkey. Holotype: FFR 381. Paratypes: CMK 18818 (5), 18820 (5); CGE uncat. (21); FFR 218 (50). Plus additional non-type material. Type catalog: Kaya et al. 2021:402 [ref. 38688]. •Valid as Barbus niluferensis Turan, Kottelat & Ekmekçi 2009 -- (Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Güçlü et al. 2021:125 [ref. 38911], Çiçek et al. 2023:366 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:150 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus niluferensis Turan, Kottelat & Ekmekçi 2009. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: Nilüfer River basin (Marmara Sea tributary), Bursa Province (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

niokoloensis, Barbus Daget [J.] 1959:689, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire (Sér A) Sciences Naturelles v. 21 (no. 2); ref. 11988] Senegal. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0148 (11), 1960-0449 (10), 1960-0450 to 0452 (4, 4, 3). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:266 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus niokoloensis Daget 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:274 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:353 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius niokoloensis (Daget 1959) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius niokoloensis (Daget 1959). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

njassae, Barbus Keilhack [L.] 1908:165 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1908 (no. 7); ref. 14324] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa]. Syntypes: ZMB 18163-64 (1, 1). Also appeared as new in Keilhack 1910:99, P. 2, fig. 4 [ref. 32109]. •Synonym of Barbus johnstonii Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) based on placement of johnstonii. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

normani, Barbus Tchang [T.-L.] 1935:60, Fig. 1 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 6 (no. 2) (art. 3); ref. 15746] Yi-lon-hu, Shiping, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 19324. Paratypes: ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 09253 (1), 11052 (1). •Synonym of Fustis vivus Lin 1932 -- (Wu et al. 1977:269 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Luciocyprinus langsoni Vaillant 1904 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:177 [ref. 21202], Zhang et al. 2016:91 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Luciocyprinus langsoni Vaillant 1904. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

nounensis, Barbus Van den Bergh [E. C.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1998:1373, Figs. 4-6 [Journal of Natural History v. 32 (no. 9); ref. 23542] Soukpen River, affluent of Noun River, Sanaga Basin at Soukpen village, 5°23'N, 10°32'E, Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC 94-74-P-128. Paratypes: MRAC 94-22-P-250-254 (5), 94-22-P-273-282 (10), 94-74-P-29-130 (2), 94-74-P-862-868 (7), 94-74-P-126-127 (2); plus additional material. •Valid as Barbus nounensis Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998 -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:487 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius nounensis (Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius nounensis (Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

nummifer, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:449 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 13 (no. 78) (art. 52); ref. 15114] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1904.5.19.16-21 (7). •Synonym of Barbus jacksoni Günther 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186] as jacksonii, De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130] as jacksonii, Seegers 1996:104 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nyanzae, Barbus Whitehead [P. J. P.] 1960:107, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 62 (nos 1-2); ref. 11961] Nzoia River, Nyanza Province, Kenya. Holotype: BMNH 1960.6.7.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1960.6.7.2-11 (10). •Valid as Barbus nyanzae Whitehead 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:147 [ref. 20130], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius nyanzae (Whitehead 1960) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius nyanzae (Whitehead 1960). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Victoria basin. Habitat: freshwater.

nyasensis, Varicorhinus Worthington [E. B.] 1933:299, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 2; ref. 16532] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1932.11.15.387-392 (6), 1932.11.15.393-395 (3). Additional material: BMNH (2). •Synonym of Barbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:256 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus johnstonii (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

oatesii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1893:201 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 12 (no. 69); ref. 14522] Nampandet, southern Shan States, Myanmar, elevation 2000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.15-24 (10), FMNH 5708 (2), ZSI F3002/1 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:69 [ref. 24904] but as genus Barbodes). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) based on placement of sarana. •Valid as Hypsibarbus oatesii (Boulenger 1893) -- (Rainboth 1996:92 [ref. 22681], Kottelat 2013:112 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus oatesii (Boulenger 1893). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

obesus, Barbus Worthington [E. B.] 1929:433, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1929 (Pt 3, no. 29) (art. 34); ref. 16064] Victoria Nile at Masindi Port, Uganda. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1929.1.24.84a. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) based on placement of altianalis. Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusirostris, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:167 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-4303. Possible syntype: RMNH 2102 (1). •Synonym of Mystacoleucus marginatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:45 [ref. 6439], Roberts 1993:19 [ref. 21799]). •Valid as Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:524 [ref. 36606], Taki et al. 2021:143 [ref. 39830], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888]). Current status: Valid as Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Malaya (Malaysia), Thailand, Laos, Yunnan (China), Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusirostris, Barbus Yakovlev [V. E.] 1870:102 [2] [On the new and little-known species of fish found in the mouths of the Volga; ref. 19610] Volga River Delta, Russia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. On p. 2 of separate. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus obtusirostris Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872 -- (Coad 1995:11 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:81 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:167 [ref. 40789]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

occidentalis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:32, Fig. 13 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Ogun River at Aro, near Abeokuta, Lagos, Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.3.3.14. Based on one specimen plus photograph of a large specimen from the Upper Niger that "... evidently pertains to the same species." •Valid as Barbus occidentalis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), but a valid subspecies -- (Lévêque 1990:42 [ref. 19786], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:26 [ref. 28023]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), but a valid subspecies -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

okae, Puntius Fowler [H. W.] 1949:251, Figs. 28-32 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 101; ref. 1461] Oka, 18 miles north of Eovo, Congo system, French Equatorial Africa. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71900. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:85 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus okae (Fowler 1949) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius okae (Fowler 1949) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius okae (Fowler 1949). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

okavangoensis, Beirabarbus Barnard [K. H.] 1941:470 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 8 (no. 47) (art. 35); ref. 13231] Okavango River, southern Africa. Syntypes: (75) BMNH 1949.12.30.1-10 [ex SAM] (10); SAM 19488 (1), 21697 [now at AMG] (many). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

oligogrammus, Barbus David [L.] 1937:415, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 15272] Malagarazi River system of Lake Tanganyika, Burundi. Lectotype: MRAC 47295. Paralectotypes: MRAC 47296-302 (7). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:120 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Barbus oligogrammus David 1937 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130], Seegers 1996:120, 376 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Kullander & Roberts 2012:360 [ref. 31751] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius oligogrammus (David 1937) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius oligogrammus (David 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepis, Barbus tauricus Battalgil [F.] 1941:178 [Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles v. 6 (nos 1-2); ref. 13194] Simav River at Bursa, Asia Minor. No types known. A secondary junior homonym of Capoeta oligolepis Beeker 1853, but Bleeker's species is now placed in Oliotius, so both species names are available (Turan et al. 2009:18 [ref. 29999]). •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877 -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Barbus oligolepis Battalgil 1941 -- (Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Güçlü et al. 2021:125 [ref. 38911], Çiçek et al. 2023:366 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:151 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus oligolepis Battalgil 1941. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor: Marmara Sea tributaries, Bursa Province (Turkey). Habitat: freshwater.

oliphanti, Barbus Keilhack [L.] 1910:101 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 32109] Klein Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.37. Replacement name for Varicorhinus brucii Boulenger 1907, preoccupied by Barbus brucii Boulenger 1907 when placed in the same genus. •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

olivaceus, Barbus Seegers [L.] 1996:126, Figs. 83-84 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques v. 278; ref. 23725] Small brook, Samvya River affluent, Rukwa Region, Tanzania, 8°11'S, 31°42'E. Holotype: MRAC 94-34-P-362. Paratypes: MRAC 94-34-P-363-365 (3), 366-371 (6), 372-394 (23), 395-396 (2), 397 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 50328 (17); ZMB 32601-05 (6, 5); ZMH 8548-49 (10, 10). •Valid as Enteromius olivaceus (Seegers 1996) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius olivaceus (Seegers 1996). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

ophicephalus, Barbus (Puntius) Raj [B. S.] 1941:375, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 43 (pt 3); ref. 13245] Kaller River, tributary of Pambiyar River, a few miles south of Periyar Lake, Kerala, Travancore, India. Holotype: ZSI F13514/1. Paratypes: ZSI F13515/1 (7) Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743] as ophiocephalus. •Valid as Barbus ophicephalus Raj 1941 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:277 [ref. 20764], Zacharias et al. 1996:39 [ref. 25526] as ophiocephalus). •Valid as Puntius ophicephalus (Raj 1941) -- (Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Arunachalam et al. 2004:166 [ref. 27864]). •Valid as Eechathalakenda ophicephalus (Raj 1941) -- (Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526] as Echathalakanda, Menon 1999:83 [ref. 24904], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:82 [ref. 32071], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172], Bleher 2018:458 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Eechathalakenda ophicephalus (Raj 1941). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Periyar basin, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

oraniensis, Barbus anoplus forma Barnard [K. H.] 1943:210 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 36 (pt 2); ref. 13193] Bossieslaagtespruit River, Orange River system, South Africa. Neotype: SAIAB 209735. Former syntypes: (1300 specimens examined, lost). Neotype designated by Kambikambi et al. 2021:16 [ref. 38355]. •Synonym of Barbus anoplus Weber 1897 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius anoplus (Weber 1897) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). •Valid as Enteromius oraniensis (Barnard 1943) -- (Kambikambi et al. 2021:16 [ref. 38355]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius oraniensis (Barnard 1943). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa: Orange River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

oreas, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:432 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Jerrer River near Harrar, Ethiopia, elevation about 6000 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.303-304 (2). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

oresigenes, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:17 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Diëng Lake, elevation 6000 feet; lake and rivers in Ambarawa, elevation 1500 feet, Java, Indonesia. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:60 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbodes binotatus Valenciennes 1842 -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

orontis, Labeobarbus Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:166 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 14297] Canal de l'Oronte a Antioche [Antakya], Turkey. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3868. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:49 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843)-- (Çiçek et al. 2024:173 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

orphoides, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:193 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type information: Roberts 1993:21-22 [ref. 21799]. Simultaneous synonym of Barbus rubripinnis Valenciennes 1842; Bleeker 1860:338 [ref. 380] gave preference to rubripinnis, with question; see Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]. Due to prevailing usage, the name orphoides is here retained. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764], Arunkumar & Tombi Singh 1998:256 [ref. 24931], Arunachalam & Sankaranarayanan 1999:336 [ref. 24216], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies -- (Menon 1999:69 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1993:21 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:43 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Doi 2000:396 [ref. 25097], Kottelat 2001:74 [ref. 25780], Vishwanath & Laisram 2004:136 [ref. 27863], Shantakumar & Vishwanath 2006:2279 [ref. 28676], Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Systomus rubripinnis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:104 [ref. 22772], Parenti & Lim 2005:186 [ref. 28285], Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil 2014:145 [ref. 33650], Plamoottil 2016:96 [ref. 34814], Bleher 2018:794 [ref. 36647], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sundaland, Chao Phraya and Mekong River basin, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

oscensis, Barbus Rossi [G.] & Plazzi [F.] in Rossi, Plazzi, Zuffi, Marchi, De Bonis, Valli, Marinšek et al. 2023:10, Fig. 5 [BMC Zoology v. 6 (art. 8); ref. 38697] Fiumara di Atella stream, Ofanto River watershed, Adriatic side of Southern Apennine region, elevation 340 meters. Holotype: MZUB 201001. Paratypes; MZUB. Dated to the Correction, BMC Zoology v. 8 (art. 7), 2 June 2023. •Valid as Barbus oscensis Rossi & Plazzi 2023. Current status: Valid as Barbus oscensis Rossi & Plazzi 2023. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Tyrrhenian and southern Adriatic regions of Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

osseensis, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 2000:186, Fig. 3 [Netherlands Journal of Zoology v. 50 (no. 2); ref. 24546] Debre Mariam (locality 1), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°38'N, 37°24'E). Holotype: RMNH 33721. Paratypes: RMNH 33722-30 (9). •Valid as Labeobarbus osseensis (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus osseensis (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

ovomaculata, Barbus holotaenia var. Pellegrin [J.] 1930:335 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 4); ref. 16120] Kouilou River, tributary of Upper Niari River, Republic of the Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1930-0138 (13). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:38 [ref. 19574]. Species epithet correct as ovomaculatus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Possible synonym of Barbus holotaenia Boulenger 1904 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:249 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius holotaenia (Boulenger 1904) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Uncertain as Enteromius holotaenia (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

owenae, Barbus Ricardo-Bertram [C. K.] 1943:205 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 41 (no. 278); ref. 13217] Edge of Lake Bangweulu, Zambia [northern Rhodesia]. Syntypes: BMNH 1943.7.27.190-199 (13). •Valid as Barbus owenae Ricardo-Bertram 1943 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius owenae (Ricardo-Bertram 1943) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius owenae (Ricardo-Bertram 1943). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Zambia. Habitat: freshwater.

oxycephalus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:165 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): MRAC 14113. •Synonym of Barbus stappersii Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:288 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus stappersii (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

oxyrhynchus, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1889:18 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 6 (art. 4); ref. 3460] Rufu River at Korogwe, Tanzania (±5°09'S, 38°29'E). Lectotype: NMH H339. Paralectotypes: NMH H340 (7). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:275 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Seegers 2008:155 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pagenstecheri, Barbus Fischer [J. G.] 1884:30 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 1; ref. 14381] Pangani catchment, Tanzania [from a stream flowing down from, Kilimandjaro] (±3°04'S, 37°22'E). Lectotype: NMH 342 [ex ZMH 3851]. Paralectotypes: NMH 341 [ex ZMH 3850] (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161], Seegers 2008:157 [ref. 29830]. Lectotype not selected by Boulenger 1911 [ref. 579]; see Seegers 2008:157 [ref. 29830] for discussion of lectotype designation. Lectotype selected by Banister 1973:101 [ref. 7554] is invalid. •Valid as Barbus pagenstecheri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers 2008:155 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus pagenstecheri (Fischer 1884) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus pagenstecheri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pahangensis, Barbus Duncker [G.] 1904:179, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Pahang River above Kuala Kitchal, 88-120 kilometers above river mouth, Pahang, Malaysia. Lectotype: ZMH H362. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1905.5.6.11-13 [ex SSMKL] (3), ZMA 103213 (2), ZMH H363 (7), ZRC 914 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:165 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:70 [ref. 23931], Nijssen et al. 1982:27 [ref. 19236], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Probarbus jullieni Sauvage 1880 -- (Roberts 1992:41 [ref. 14387] Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Probarbus jullieni Sauvage 1880. Cyprinidae: Probarbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

palavanensis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:186 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 20); ref. 14549] Palawan Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BMNH 1894.6.30.188-190 (3). •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Barbodes palavanensis (Boulenger 1895) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989], Tan & Husana 2021:321 [ref. 38614], Jamandre 2023:165 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes palavanensis (Boulenger 1895). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Palawan (Philippines) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

pallaryi, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1920:323 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44 (no. 8/10) [for 1919]; ref. 17935] Oued Zousfana, Figuig, Morocco. Lectotype: MNHN 1919-0430. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1919-0427 to 0429 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:34 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1140 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus pallaryi Pellegrin 1920 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Luciobarbus pallaryi (Pellegrin 1920) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Ouassal et al. 2022:[6] [ref. 39257]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus pallaryi (Pellegrin 1920). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Northwestern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pallidus, Barbus (Pseudobarbus) Smith [A.] 1841:no pagination, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Targetklooff downstream of bridge on the road to Walmer, Baakens River system, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 33°58'12"S, 25°35'40"E, elevation 20 meters [Various parts of Cape Colony, South Africa.] Neotype: SAIAB 207086. Neoptype designated by Martin & Chakona 2019:107 [ref. 36723]. •Valid as Barbus pallidus Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:277 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:140 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:112 [ref. 23725], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:140 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Enteromius pallidus (Smith 1841) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Martin & Chakona 2019:107 [ref. 36723]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius pallidus (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Krom to Great Fish River systems, eastern Cape Fold Ecoregion, South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

paludinosus, Barbus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:683 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 4732. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1861.3.10.6-7 (2); NMW 54476 (2); ZMB 4733-34 (4, 5), 4738 (2), 32375 [ex ZMB 4732] (3). Also in Peters 1868:51, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [ref. 3440]. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:129 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Barbus paludinosus Peters 1852 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:277 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:149 [ref. 20130], Skelton 1993:160 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:129, 376 [ref. 23725], Hay et al. 1999:42 [ref. 40428], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015], Skelton 2001:160 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Marshall 2011:95 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Englmaier et al. 2020:115 [ref. 37252], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Prokofiev et al. 2021:17 [ref. 38739], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius paludinosus (Peters 1852). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern, central and southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

palustris, Beirabarbus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:100 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 49; ref. 2112] Swampy savanna about 12 kilometers from Beira, South Africa. Holotype: CAS-SU 31522. Paratypes: BMNH 1938.5.6.1-8 (8), FMNH 47172 (12), MRAC 154693-96 (4), SAM 22272 [now at AMG] (2 + 2), CAS-SU 69112 (208), USNM 101281 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:30 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) based on placement of radiatus. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

papilio, Barbus Banister [K. E.] & Bailey [R. G.] 1979:221, Figs. 5-9, 10 (center right) [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 66 (no. 3) (for July 1979); ref. 8851] Forest stream, a tributary of Kasuku River, at Sciere village near Kindu, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: BMNH 1976.10.12.255. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.10.12.226-227 (2). •Valid as Barbus papilio Banister & Bailey 1979 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius papilio (Banister & Bailey 1979) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius papilio (Banister & Bailey 1979). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pappenheimi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:44 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 16 (no. 91) (art. 6); ref. 17093] Lake Rukwa, southwestern Tanzania. Lectotype: ZMB 16316. Paralectotypes: ZMB 32376 [ex ZMB 16316] (2). Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:105 [ref. 23725]. Based on Barbus jacksoni of Hilgendorf & Pappenheim (not of Günther 1889). •Synonym of Barbus jacksoni Günther 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186] as jacksonii, Seegers 1996:104 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius jacksoni (Günther 1889). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

parablabes, Barbus Daget [J.] 1957:134, Fig. 13 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 50; ref. 12063] Creek in Atakora mountain range, between Tanguiéta and Natitingou, Volta River system, Benin [Dahomey]. Holotype: MNHN 1956-0108. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0456 (3). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:266 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus parablabes Daget 1957 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:278 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:176 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:351 [ref. 21589], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], Bamba et al. 2011:52 [ref. 31488] in 'Barbus"). •Valid as Enteromius parablabes (Daget 1957) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius parablabes (Daget 1957). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

paradoxus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:97 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Taiwan. Syntypes: BMNH 1865.5.2.20-23 (4). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:26 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Acrossocheilus labiatus (Regan 1908) -- (Wu et al. 1977:275 [ref. 4807]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Günther 1868) -- (Yuan et al. 2006:170 [ref. 28704], Yuan & Zhang 2010:43 [ref. 31050], Ho & Shao 2011:26 [ref. 31432], Ho & Shao 2011:25 [ref. 31432], Lan et al. 2014:437 [ref. 33407], Yuan et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34103] and as cf. paradoxus p. 153 from China, Zhang et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus paradoxus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Taiwan and China. Habitat: freshwater.

paradoxus, Barbus Poll [M.] 1938:417, Fig. 15 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Kabunda, Muniengashi River, Congo system. Syntypes: MRAC 50519-56 (38). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus paradoxus Günther 1868, replaced by Barbus myersi Poll 1939. •Synonym of Barbus myersi Poll 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:271 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) based on placement of radiatus. 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

parajae, Barbus Van den Bergh [E. C.] & Teugels [G. G.] 1998:1378, Figs. 8-11 [Journal of Natural History v. 32 (no. 9); ref. 23542] Lheu River, affluent of Kim River, Sanaga basin between Kong and Yoko, 5°36'N, 12°06'E, Cameroon. Holotype: MRAC 95-89-P-22. Paratypes: MRAC 95-89-P-1-21 (21), 95-89-P-50 (1), 95-89-P-51-55 (5), 95-89-P-82-84 (3), 95-89-P-85-88 (4); plus additional material. •Valid as Barbus parajae Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998 -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:487 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius parajae (Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius parajae (Van den Bergh & Teugels 1998). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

parallens, Barbus (Lissochilichthys) Nichols [J. T.] 1931:455, Fig. 1 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 16312] Lung T'au Shaan, Kwangtung Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 10112 [ex Lingnan Univ. P-92]. Paratypes: AMNH 9688 (1), 11659 (7), 11668 (2). •Synonym of Acorssocheilus labiatus (Regan 1908) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:179 [ref. 21202]). •Valid as Acrossocheilus parallens (Nichols 1931) -- (Wu et al. 1977:276 [ref. 4807], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:145 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:57 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:98 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:12 [ref. 25373], Yuan et al. 2006:170 [ref. 28704], Yuan & Zhang 2010:43 [ref. 31050], Lan et al. 2014:437 [ref. 33407], Yuan et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34103], Zhang et al. 2016:88 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus parallens (Nichols 1931). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

parawaldroni, Barbus Lévêque [C.], Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] & Traoré [K.] 1987:347, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 11 (no. 4); ref. 16250] Cess River (Nipoué), Toyebli, Ivory Coast (±6°37'N, 8°29'E). Holotype: MRAC 73-10-P-2296. Paratypes: MRAC 73-5-P-1936 (1), 73-10-P-2297 (1), 73-10-P-2298-2299 (2). Other material at MNHN and MRAC. •Valid as Barbus parawaldroni Lévêque, Thys van den Audenaerde & Traoré 1987 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:303 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477]). •Valid as Labeobarbus parawaldroni (Lévêque, Thys van den Audenaerde & Traoré 1987) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:66 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus parawaldroni (Lévêque, Thys van den Audenaerde & Traoré 1987). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Liberia and Ivory Coast, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

parenzani, Barbus macronema var. Zolezzi [G.] 1939:372, Fig. 3 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 17252] Hallo River, Ethiopia. No types known. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

parieschanica, Barbus Wossughi [G. H.], Khoshzahmat [A.] & Etemadfar [A.] 1983:34, Fig. [Journal of Veterinary Faculty, University of Tehran v. 38 (no. 2-4); ref. 8264] Lake Parishan, Iran. Not investigated. Originally as parschanica according to Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608] -- thought to be in error. •Synonym of Barbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2010:368 [ref. 33391], Borkenhagen et al. 2011:327 [ref. 31372], Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:34 [ref. 32915], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:869 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35254], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:58 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:136 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus luteus (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

partipentazona, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:344, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1418] Kratt, southeastern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 60200 [with paratype]. Paratypes: ANSP 60201 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:86 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Puntius partipentazona (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:74 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Systomus partipentazona (Fowler 1934) -- (Rainboth 1996:104 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:355 [ref. 24159], Kottelat & Tan 2011:213 [ref. 31694], Tan 2012:288 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Puntigrus partipentazona (Fowler 1934) -- (Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:525 [ref. 36606], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805], Taki et al. 2021:131 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Puntigrus partipentazona (Fowler 1934). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malay Peninsula, Chao Phraya and Mekong River basins, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

paucior, Barbus zanzibaricus var. Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1905:414 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 15364] Ufiomi, East Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1905.7.25.74-75 (2), 1905.7.25.76 (1); ZMB 16402 [ex BMNH] (6) •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 [1 syntype] -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:226 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym in part of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

paucisquamata, Barbus altianalis var. Pellegrin [J.] 1935:849 [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 201 (no. 19) (for 4 Nov. 1935); ref. 19569] Nya-Barongo River, Kitembo (±5°53'S, 19°08'E). Lectotype: MNHN 1935-0076. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1935-0077 to 0078 (2), MRAC 42932 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:39 [ref. 19574]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus mohasicus var. paucisquamatus Pellegrin 1933. Lectotype selected by Banister 1973 [ref. 7554]. Species epithet originally appeared as paucisquamata; mandatory correction to paucisquamatus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Wrongly treated as valid as Barbus paucisquamatus Pellegrin 1935 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:178 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus paucisquamatus (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:66 [ref. 34168], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus lobogenysoides (Pellegrin 1935). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus lobogenysoides (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africva: Nya-Barongo River (Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

paucisquamata, Barbus mohasicus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1933:171 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 58 (no. 3/4); ref. 16515] Lake Kivu, Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1933-0004 to 0005 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:38 [ref. 19574]. Species epithet originally appeared as paucisquamata; mandatory correction to paucisquamatus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:258 [ref. 6186], erroneous). •Synonym of Barbus mohasicus Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:270 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius mohasicus (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius mohasicus (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

paytonii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:82, Fig. 60 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Oum Erbiah [Oum er Rbia River], near Mazagan [Al-Jadida], Morocco. Syntypes: BMNH 1903.10.29.17-20 (7). •Synonym of Barbus fritschii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus paytonii Boulenger 1911 -- (Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366] as paytoni). •Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pectoralis, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1045 [55] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Orontes River, Syria. Holotype (unique): ?NMW 54474. Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [ref. 2067] On p. 57 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Valid as Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12, 13 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad 2010:128 [ref. 36620]). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773), but a valid subspecies -- (Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:169 [ref. 25489]). •Valid as Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:43 [ref. 29533], Turan et al. 2008:41 [ref. 29741], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Esmaeili et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35254], Bayçelebi 2020:753 [ref. 37964], Çiçek et al. 2020:248 [ref. 37644], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1402 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2023:17 [ref. 40616], Çiçek et al. 2023:374 [ref. 40625], Saad et al. 2023:22 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:173 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Asia Minor and Middle East: Orontes River system (Turkey and Syria); Mediterranean watersheds (Turkey); Iraq. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrini, Barbus Poll [M.] 1939:26, Fig. 8 [Poissons. Exploration du Parc National Albert. Fasc. 24; ref. 17216] Lake Kivu. Lectotype: MNHN 1935-0080. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1935-0081 to 0082 (1, 1), 1996-0265 [ex MNHN 1935-0080] (3); not MRAC 42968 (1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. Replacement name for Barbus serrifer trimaculata Pellegrin 1935, preoccupied by Barbus trimaculatus Peters 1852. Lectotype selected by Seegers 1996:136 [ref. 23725]. •Valid as Barbus pellegrini Poll 1939 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:279 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:150 [ref. 20130], Seegers 1996:136, 376 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', Seegers 2008:159 [ref. 29830] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius pellegrini (Poll 1939) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Van Ginneken et al. 2017:28 [ref. 35381], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315], Kisekelwa et al. 2022:6 [ref. 39828], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Enteromius pellegrini (Poll 1939). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrini, Varicorhinus Bertin [L.] & Estève [R.] 1948:46 [Catalogue des types de poissons du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 4e partie; ref. 19574] River flowing into Lake Kivu, near Bukavu, Sud Kivu Province, Congo. Holotype: MNHN 1932-0181. Replacement name for Varicorhinus babaulti Pellegrin 1932, preoccupied by Barbus (Capoeta) babaulti Pellegrin 1926 (= Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889) when in genus Labeobarbus. •Valid as Varicorhinus pellegrini Bertin & Estève 1948 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:339 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus pellegrini (Bertin & Estève 1948) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:66 [ref. 34168], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus pellegrini (Bertin & Estève 1948). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Centra Africa: Lake Kivu basin (Sud Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

peloponnesius, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:144 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Morea, Peloponnese Peninsula, Greece. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3824. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:23 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1134 [ref. 20712]. •Valid as Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842 [sometimes with subspecies] -- (Karakousis et al. 1993:232 [ref. 22335], Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Economidis et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:301 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:127 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:47 [ref. 35029], Shumka et al. 2023:36 [ref. 40747]). Current status: Valid as Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe; Albania and Greece. Habitat: freshwater.

pentazona, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1894:248 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 26); ref. 535] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1889.7.31.13 (1). •Valid as Puntius pentazona (Boulenger 1894) -- (Roberts 1989:65 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 1992:187 [ref. 16750], Kottelat et al. 1993:44 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193]). •Valid as Systomus pentzona (Boulenger 1894) -- (Parenti & Lim 2005:186 [ref. 28285], Tan 2012:285 [ref. 32058]). •Valid as Desmopuntius pentazona (Boulenger 1894) -- (Kottelat 2013:97 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Valid as Desmopuntius pentazona (Boulenger 1894). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Borneo (Sarawa, Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

percivali, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:52, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 11 (no. 61) (art. 3); ref. 15013] Nairobi River, Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, elevation 6500 feet. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1902.11.8.11-20 (10). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pergamonensis, Barbus plebejus Karaman [M. S.] 1971:203 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Bergama, Turkey. Syntypes: ZMH H4209 and 3898 [not 3889] (5 or 6), J3602 (7 or 8). For comments on types see Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952]. •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Luciobarbus pergamonensis (Karaman 1971) -- (Turan al. 2008:42 [ref. 29741], Turan et al. 2009:16 [ref. 29999]). •Valid as Barbus pergamonensis Karaman 1971 -- (Stoumboudi et al. 2006:131 [ref. 28767], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:128 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:47 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Güçlü et al. 2021:125 [ref. 38911], Çiçek et al. 2023:367 [ref. 40625], Çiçek et al. 2024:151 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus pergamonensis Karaman 1971. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: Greece and Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

perince, Barbus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:12, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Nile River, Egypt. Syntypes: BMNH 1850.7.29.25-26 and 1860.11.9.115-116 [from Rüppell] (4 in 1 jar); SMF 851 (1). •Valid as Barbus perince Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:279 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:198 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:340 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Valid as Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:10 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius perince (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

periyarensis, Barbus (Puntius) micropogon Raj [B. S.] 1941:379, Figs. 3-4 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 43 (pt 3); ref. 13245] Periyar Lake, Travancore, India. Holotype: ZSI F13516/1. Paratypes: ZSI F13517/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:105 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Gonoproktopterus micropogon (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:191 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus periyarensis (Raj 1941) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Menon 1999:81 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Arunachalam et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34181], Arunachalam et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34190], Arunachalam et al. 2016:76 [ref. 34522], Arunachalam et al. 2016:78 [ref. 34553], Knight et al. 2016:326 [ref. 34872], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus periyarensis (Raj 1941). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

perniciosus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1047 [57] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Damascus, Syria. Holotype (unique): NMW 54472. Illustrated by Heckel 1843: Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [ref. 2067]. On p. 57 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843) -- (Çiçek et al. 2024:173 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

perplexicans, Barbus (Capoeta) Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:223, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 2 (art. 8); ref. 14843] Mathioya River, Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.5.26.35-36 (2). •Synonym of Barbus oxyrhynchus Pfeffer 1889 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:276 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:32 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus oxyrhynchus (Pfeffer 1889). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

persicus, Bertinius longiceps Karaman [M. S.] 1971:219, Fig. 31 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Karun, Iran. Holotype (unique): ZMH H2509. •Status uncertain in Barbus -- (see Coad 1995:11 [ref. 23608]). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pessuliferus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1937:196, Figs. 157-158 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Mekong River at Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68141. Paratypes: ANSP 68142-50 (9), 68151 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:12 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:86 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Systomus aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Rainboth 1996:103 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Puntius aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 1998:49 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:72 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Barbodes aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes aurotaeniatus (Tirant 1885). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

petchkovskyi, Barbus Poll [M.] 1967:185, Fig. 81 [Publicações Culturais, Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (DIAMANG), Lisboa No. 75; ref. 3528] Alto Cuílo, Cuílo, Angola. Holotype (unique): MRAC 167417 [ex MD 5359]. Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528] as petchkowskyi. •Valid as Barbus petchkovskyi Poll 1967 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:279 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius petchkovskyi (Poll 1967) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius petchkovskyi (Poll 1967). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

petenyi, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1852:29 [Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. v. 2; ref. 22971] Mures River, at Rastolita, Transylvania, Romania. Neotype: NMW 94602. Appeared first as name only and not available as petenyii in Heckel 1848:194 [ref. 18256]. Neotype designated validly in Kotlík et al. 2002:229, 237 [ref. 26484]. •Synonym of Barbus meridionalis Risso 1827, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:698 [ref. 20661], Lelek 1987:160 [ref. 22962]). •Probably a synonym of Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Karakousis et al. 1993:232 [ref. 22335]). •Synonym of Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952], Economidis et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:301 [ref. 27353] but as a valid subspecies). •Valid as Barbus petenyi Heckel 1852 -- (Michajlova 1989:23 [ref. 20062], Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Kotlík et al. 2002:229 [ref. 26484], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:167 [ref. 28369] dated 1847, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:128 [ref. 29996], Antal et al. 2016:187 [ref. 34094], Levin et al. 2019:42 [ref. 36643], Nagy et al. 2023:356 [ref. 40348]). Current status: Valid as Barbus petenyi Heckel 1852. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Danube basin and western Black Sea tributaries (Romania and Bulgaria). Habitat: freshwater.

petersianus, Barbus Fang [P.-W.] 1943:399 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 15 (no. 6); ref. 1306] Based on Barbus gibbosus of Peters 1852:683 [ref. 18539]. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

petitjeani, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:77, Fig. 16; Pl. 8 (fig. 17) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Bafing at Ballay, upper Senegal, Guinea (±10°31'N, 11°55'W). Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0108 (3). Additional material: MNHN 1960-0431 and 0432 (1, 2). •Valid as Barbus petitjeani Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:308 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Labeobarbus petitjeani (Daget 1962) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:66 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus petitjeani (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Guinea, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pfefferi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:43 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 16 (no. 91) (art. 6); ref. 17093] Kingani River and Uniamwese, Tanzania. Syntypes: ZMB 472. Replacement name for Barbus altus Pfeffer 1896, preoccupied by Barbus altus Günther 1868. •Synonym of Barbus zanzibaricus Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:298 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peter 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius zanzibaricus (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

phlegethon, Barbus Barnard [K. H.] 1938:87 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 15990] Olifants River, Clanwilliam, Cape Province, South Africa. Lectotype: out of SAM 22484. Paralectotypes: SAM 22484 [ex SAM 18767 and 19003, now at AMG] (ca. 30). Lectotype selected by Skelton 1988:273 [ref. 7302]. •Valid as Barbus phlegethon Barnard 1938 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus phlegethon (Barnard 1938) -- (Skelton 1988:273 [ref. 7302], Skelton 1993:126 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:126 [ref. 27406], Chakona & Swartz 2013:568 [ref. 32786], Chakona et al. 2014:122 [ref. 33568], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus phlegethon (Barnard 1938). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pienaarii, Barbus Fitzsimons [V.] 1949:195, Fig. 1 [Annals of the Transvaal Museum v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 18086] Vaal River near Villiers, South Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 45824 [ex TMP 21828]. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 44304 [ex TMP 21829] (2, now 1); TMP 21887 (1) not found in 1996. •Synonym of Barbus kimberleyensis Gilchrist & Thompson 1913 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:259 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:61 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pierrei, Puntius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:232 [22] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3889] Rapids of Dang-nai, Bien Hoa Province, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2847 (dry). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:28-29 [ref. 19574]. On p. 22 of separate. Species illustrated in Sauvage 1881 Pl. 7, fig. 3 [ref. 18672]. Roberts 2007:302 [ref. 29792] lists the holotype as MNHN A-4451. •Valid as Barbus pierrei (Sauvage 1880) -- (Kottelat 1984:804 [ref. 11440]). •Valid as Barbodes pierrei (Sauvage 1880) -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:194 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:56 [ref. 25213], Chen et al. 1999:84 [ref. 23883], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:29 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Hypsibarbus vernayi (Norman 1925) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hypsibarbus pierrei (Sauvage 1880) -- (Rainboth 1996:98 [ref. 22681], Rainboth 1996:96 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:57 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Fang 2005:61 [ref. 28089], Kottelat 2013:113 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hypsibarbus pierrei (Sauvage 1880). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mekong River basin. IUCN (2011): Data deficient. Habitat: freshwater.

pietschmanni, Barbus Lohberger [K.] 1929:92 [1] [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 11) (for 18 Apr. 1929); ref. 15907] Sesse Islands, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): NMW 54567. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656], Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pingi, Barbus (Spinibarbichthys) Tchang [T.-L.] 1931:229, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoological Series) v. 2 (no. 11); ref. 16335] Szechwan, China. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (2). •Synonym of Barbodes sinensis (Bleeker 1871) -- (Wu et al. 1977:257 [ref. 4807]). •Synonym of Spinibarbus sinensis (Bleeker 1871) -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:152 [ref. 13584], Ding 1994:317 [ref. 21531], Chen in Chen 1998:154 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34477], Zhang et al. 2019:264 [ref. 36699]). Current status: Synonym of Spinibarbus sinensis (Bleeker 1871). Cyprinidae: Spinibarbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

plagiostomus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:429 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.271-272 (2) Kassam River at Awhorra Mullka in Shoa, BMNH 1902.12.13.273 (1) Gota River at Marmusa. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

planifrons, Netuma Higuchi [H.], Reis [E. G.] & Araújo [F. G.] 1982:12, Fig. 1 [Atlântica, Rio Grande do Sul v. 5; ref. 11467] Lagoa dos Patos, RS, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 14828. Paratypes: AMNH 48875 (4); ANSP 149293-94 (4, 3); CAS 50701 (5); FMNH 94701 (5); MCZ 58691 (5, not 4); MOFURG 80.155-157 (3, 3, 2); MZUSP 14822-25 (4), 14826-27 (2), 14829 (1), 14834-35 (2); NMC 82-061 (3); UF 32871 (5); USNM 233896 (4), 233897 (4, not 3). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:60 [ref. 12367], Böhlke 1984:22 [ref. 13621], Ferraris & Vari 1992:9 [ref. 19771], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155]. Additional paratypes are added on p. 15. •Valid as Netuma planifrons Higuchi, Reis & Araújo 1982 -- (Burgess & Finley 1996:165 [ref. 22901]). •Synonym of Guiritinga barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kailola 2004:145 [ref. 28108]). •Valid as Genidens planifrons (Higuchi, Reis & Araújo 1982) -- (Marceniuk & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:450 [ref. 27061], Marceniuk & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:42 [ref. 27192], Marceniuk 2005:98 [ref. 28718], Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:66 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Marceniuk et al. 2019:434 [ref. 36658], Carvalho-Filho 2023:72 [ref. 40480], Marceniuk et al. 2023:17 [ref. 40422]). Current status: Valid as Genidens planifrons (Higuchi, Reis & Araújo 1982). Ariidae: Ariinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Laguna dos Patos and nearby Atlantic (southern Brazil). Habitat: brackish.

platycephalus, Barbus capito capito natio Abdurakhmanov [Y. A.] 1960:801, Fig. [Mä'ruzälär / Azärbaj´gan SSR Elmlär Akademijasy = Doklady / Akademija Nauk Azerbajdzanskoj SSR. v. 16 (no. 8); ref. 23637] Kura River basin. Syntypes: (28) whereabouts unknown. Infrasubspecific name published before 1961; probably not available, would only be available if it was either adopted as the valid name of a species or subspecies or was treated as a senior homonym before 1985 (ICZN Art. 45.6.4.1.). Name also spelled patycephalus on p. 802 (table) in original description. •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773), but a valid subspecies or natio -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:148 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platydorsus, Barbus Nagelkerke [L. A. J.] & Sibbing [F. A.] 1997:139, Fig. 5.17 [A revision of the large barbs; ref. 23829] Rema (locality 25), Lake Tana, Ethiopia (11°51'N, 37°28'E). Holotype: RMNH 32970. Paratypes: RMNH 32971-79 (9, 7 localities). •Valid as Barbus platydorsus Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997 -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1998:5 [ref. 23807], Nagelkerke & Sibbing 2000:198 [ref. 24546], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Labeobarbus platydorsus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997) -- (de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Nagelkerke et al. 2015:1198 [ref. 34084], Vreven et al. 2016:66 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343], Beshera et al. 2023:190 [ref. 40418]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus platydorsus (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Tana (Ethiopia). Habitat: freshwater.

platyrhinus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:479 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 6 (no. 35); ref. 14721] South of Usambura, Lake Tanganyika (±3°22'S, 29°22'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1906.9.6.12. •Valid as Barbus platyrhinus Boulenger 1900 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus platyrhinus (Boulenger 1900) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:67 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus platyrhinus (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Lake Tanganyika and its affluent of Koki River, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

platyrostris, Barbus Kessler [K. F.] 1874:52, Pl. 8 (fig. 38) [Izvestiia Imperatorskago Obschchestva Liubitelei Estestvozaniia, Antropologii i Etnografii v. 11; ref. 2596] Aksu River, tributary to Lake Balchasch, Turkistan. Holotype: ZIN 2167. Unjustifiably emended to latirostris as B. platyrostris[latir-] by O'Shaughnessy in Zoological Record for 1874, p. 104. •Synonym of Barbus brachycephalus Kessler 1872 -- (Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:113 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:81 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:167 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus brachycephalus (Kessler 1872). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

platysoma, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1855:404 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16848] Surakarta, central Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.5.2.184. Also spelled platijsoma by Bleeker on p. 404. •Valid as Barbodes platysoma (Bleeker 1855) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Barbonymus platysoma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus platysoma (Bleeker 1855). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

platystomus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:430 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Bahardar, Lake Tsana [Tana], Ethiopia, elevation about 5500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.274-275 (2). •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

plebeius, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:139, Pl. 462 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Po River, Italy. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3825. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2581 [ex MNHN 0000-3825] (1), 0000-3828 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:22 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1130 [ref. 20712]. Appeared first as Barbus plebeius, without distinguishing features and not available in Cuvier 1829:273 [ref. 995]. Lectotype selected by Almaça 1969:1130 [ref. 20712]. •Valid as Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1995:308 [ref. 21944], Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

plebejus, Barbus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1839:Fasc. 25, Pl. 110 (fig. 1) [Iconografia della fauna italica; ref. 4895] Lake Como, Italy. Lectotype: ANSP 6183. Paralectotypes: ANSP 6184-88 (5), ?USNM 10079 (2). Lectotype selected by Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944]. •Valid as Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839 -- (Bianco 1988:154 [ref. 22383], Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702] with question, Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608] with question, Bianco 1995:307 [ref. 21944], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079] dating to Valenciennes 1842, Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:127 [ref. 23811], Bianco in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:339 [ref. 27353], Zupančič 2008:26 [ref. 29926], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:129 [ref. 29996], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Ćaleta et al. 2015:51 [ref. 34877], Buonerba et al. 2015:115 [ref. 35178], Ćaleta et al. 2019:151 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Lorenzoni et al. 2021:2 [ref. 38166], Rossi et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38697]). Current status: Valid as Barbus plebejus Bonaparte 1839. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Adriatic basin (Padano-Venetian district), introduced in northern Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

pleurogramma, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:436 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Bahardar and Unfras River, Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.12.13.353-355 (3) Bahardar, 1902.12.13.356 (1) Unfras R. Species epithet a noun in apposition; therefore correct as pleurogramma. •Valid as Barbus pleurogramma Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186], de Graaf et al. 2000:7 [ref. 25061]). •Valid as Enteromius pleurogramma (Boulenger 1902) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Englmaier et al. 2020:136 [ref. 37252], Prokofiev et al. 2021:15 [ref. 38739]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius pleurogramma (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

pleuropholis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1899:100, Pl. 40 (fig. 4) [Annales du Musee du Congo (Ser. Zoologie) v. 1 (fasc. 5); ref. 589] Coquilhatville [Mbandaka], Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo, 0°04'N, 18°16'E. Syntypes: BMNH 1899.11.27.8 (1), MRAC 877 (1). •Valid as Barbus pleuropholis Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:323 [ref. 21589], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus pleuropholis (Boulenger 1899) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:262 [ref. 29761], Kullander & Roberts 2012:366 [ref. 31751], Stiassny et al. 2016:12 [ref. 34182], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1410 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417], Manda et al. 2019:13 [ref. 37046]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus pleuropholis (Boulenger 1899). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Congo River basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pobeguini, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1911:187 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 36 (no. 4/6); ref. 14803] Vicinity of Kouroussa, Upper Niger River, French Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1904-0256 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:32-33 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus pobeguini Pellegrin 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:324 [ref. 21589], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015]). •Valid as Enteromius pobeguini (Pellegrin 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius pobeguini (Pellegrin 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

podonemus, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:18 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Kalimas River, Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Lost. •Synonym of Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:43 [ref. 6439]). Current status: Synonym of Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

poechii, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1911:531 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 48 (no. 27) (for 21 Dec. 1911); ref. 14818] Tauche swamp, on arm of the Okavango River, about 20 kilometers north of Toan, Ngamiland. Neotype: NMW 19991a (71 mm). Non-types: NMW 19991 (1, with neotype). Neotype selected by Greenwood 1962 [ref. 23158]; apparently a syntype of Barbus poechii Lohberger 1930. •Valid as Barbus poechii Steindachner 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:281 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:151 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:151 [ref. 27406], Marshall 2011:92 [ref. 31755]). •Valid as Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:52 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

poechii, Barbus Lohberger [K.] 1930:246, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 88 (nos 9/10) (art. 3); ref. 16107] Tauche swamp, on arm of the Okavango River, about 20 kilometers north of Toan, Ngamiland. Neotype: NMW 19919. Paratypes:: NMW 1999 (1). Originally as pöchii. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus poechii Steindachner 1911. Both species may have been based on the same specimens (see Greenwood 1962:192 [ref. 23158]). Neotype selected by Greenwood 1962: •Objective synonym of Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius poechii (Steindachner 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

poehli, Barbus Rendahl [H.] 1928:129 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 20 A (pt 1) (no. 1); ref. 3702] Replacement name for Barbus (Cyclocheilichthys) sinensis Bleeker 1879, apparently preoccupied [not researched, perhaps unneeded]. •Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys sinensis Bleeker 1877 -- (Wu et al. 1977:321 [ref. 4807], Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Cyclocheilichthys sinensis Bleeker 1877. Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

pojeri, Barbus Poll [M.] 1944:4, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 13181] Lukuga River, Albertville [Kalemie] Region, Democratic Republic of Congo (±5°56'S, 29°12'E). Holotype: IRSNB 71. Paratypes: IRSNB 599 (1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:12 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). •Valid as Labeobarbus pojeri (Poll 1944) -- (Kullander & Roberts 2012:360, 368 [ref. 31751], Vreven et al. 2016:67 [ref. 34168], Decru et al. 2022:19 [ref. 39816]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus pojeri (Poll 1944). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Central Africa: Lukuga River drainage, Congo basin, Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

polydori, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:170 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3827. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:25 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904]). •Uncertain in genus Puntius -- (Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:99 [ref. 37958]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

polylepis, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:308, Fig. 90 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Klein Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa (±25°41'S, 29°20'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.33. •Valid as Barbus polylepis Boulenger 1907 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:170 [ref. 24071]). •Valid as Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907) -- (Skelton 2001:170 [ref. 27406], Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:852 [ref. 34067], de Graaf et al. 2010:340 [ref. 34085], Vreven et al. 2016:67 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus polylepis (Boulenger 1907). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

polylepis, Barbus tauricus Battalgil [F.] 1941:177 [Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles v. 6 (nos 1-2); ref. 13194] Creek entering the Bosphorus, near Eyub, Istanbul, Turkey. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus polylepis Boulenger 1907. •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

polyspilos, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1857:351 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Perdana, Tjibiliong, Bantam Province, West Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) ?RMHN. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Synonymy of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

portali, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1906:36 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 6); ref. 18280] Small tributary stream of Mpanga, near Fort Portal, 12 miles east of Ruwenzori, Uganda, elevation 4500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.6.15.30-34 (5). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

potamogalis, Enteromius Cope [E. D.] 1867:405 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 13); ref. 18027] "Streams and rivers 50-60 miles north of the equator and same distance from the ocean, West Africa." [Tributaries of the Rio Muni, Republic of Equatorial Guinea]. Syntypes: ANSP 7607-21 (15), MNHN 0000-4685 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:28 [ref. 19574], Böhlke 1984:87 [ref. 13621]. Also appeared in Cope in Günther 1868:134. See Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988] for locality information. •Synonym of Barbus ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus potamogalis (Cope 1867) -- (Roberts 2010:188 [ref. 30988]). •Valid as Enteromius potamogalis Cope 1867 -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Fermon et al. 2022:141 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius potamogalis Cope 1867. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

presbyter, Leuciscus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:307 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Mumbai, India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3893 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:71 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus (Puntius) amphibius (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Guibé & Spillmann 1958:463 [ref. 26589]). •Uncertain in genus Puntius -- (Plamoottil & Johnson 2020:99 [ref. 37958]). •Mention in Rasbora -- (Silva et al. 2010:47 [ref. 30779]). •Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Brittan 1954:42 [ref. 646] with question, Menon 1999:53 [ref. 24904] as presbiter). Current status: Synonym of Rasbora rasbora (Hamilton 1822). Danionidae: Rasborinae. Habitat: freshwater.

prespensis, Barbus graecus var. Karaman [S.] 1924:32 [Pisces Macedoniae; ref. 15902] Lake Prespa and its tributaries, Republic of Macedonia. Syntypes: (several) IEBMT. •Synonym of Barbus plebeius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lelek 1987:163 [ref. 22962] as plebejus). •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus prespensis Karaman 1924 -- (Economidis 1995:207 [ref. 23025], Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952], Kotlík et al. 2002:236 [ref. 26484], Economidis & Daoulas in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:339 [ref. 27353], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:130 [ref. 29996], Barbieri et al. 2015:47 [ref. 35029], Shumka et al. 2023:36 [ref. 40747]). Current status: Valid as Barbus prespensis Karaman 1924. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Lakes Prespa basin (Greece, Albania and Macedonia). Habitat: freshwater.

prionacanthus, Barbus Mahnert [V.] & Géry [J.] 1982:473 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 89 (no. 2); ref. 8448] Leyou River, tributary of Ogôoué River, Gabon. Lectotype: MNHN 1929-0235 (86.0 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN 1929-0235 (5 of 6), 1929-0236 (4). Replacement name for Barbus holotaenia var. macracantha Pellegrin 1930, preoccupied by Barbus macarcanthus Bleeker 1854. Lectotype selected by Mahnert & Géry 1982:474 [ref. 8448]. •Valid as Barbus prionacanthus Mahnert & Géry 1982 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:509 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius prionacanthus (Mahnert & Géry 1982) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:141 [ref. 39448]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Enteromius prionacanthus (Mahnert & Géry 1982). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: southern Cameroon south to Gabon. Habitat: freshwater.

procatopus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1916:244 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 17 (no. 99); ref. 15050] [Amala River, entering east side of Lake Baringo, Kenya.] Tributary of Mara River, Lake Victoria system. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1916.1.14.7 [ex Nairobi Mus.] (1), Nairobi Mus. (2?). Original type locality in error -- Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835, subspecies australis Banister 1973 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:255 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087] with type locality correction and as procathopus). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) based on placement of altianalis. •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

proctozysron, Puntius (Puntius) Bleeker [P.] 1864:200, Pl. [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 17; ref. 17036] Ajuthia [Ayuthia], Thailand. Lectotype: MNHN 1830. Paralectotypes: (4) MNHN 1868 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:10 [ref. 19574], Monkolprasit 1969:11 [ref. 25088]. Appeared without description in Bleeker 1865:197 [ref. 17029] and Bleeker 1865:176 [ref. 413]. Lectotype selected by Bănărescu 1978:114, fig. 2 [ref. 36231]. Kottelat 2013:147 [ref. 32989] declared it a nomen protectum in relation to Barbus carassioides. •Valid as Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864) -- (Chen & Huang 1977:397 [ref. 8497], Bănărescu 1978:114 [ref. 36231], Zhou in Chu & Chen 1989:323 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:96 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:93 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438] as protozysron, Yue & Chen 1998:164 [ref. 26415], Freyhof et al. 2000:95 [ref. 25184], Luo & Yue in Yue 2000:392 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:72 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989], Taki et al. 2021:112 [ref. 39830]). •Synonym of Puntioplites falcifer Smith 1929 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malay Peninsula to Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

profundus, Barbus radiatus Greenwood [P. H.] 1970:9 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 82 (nos 1-2); ref. 7743] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza], 2°09'S, 32°35'E, depth 57 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1970.5.14.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1970.5.14.2-135 (many). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:285 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus profundus Greenwood 1970 -- (Seegers 1996:144 [ref. 23725]). •Valid as Enteromius profundus (Greenwood 1970) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius profundus (Greenwood 1970). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

progeneius, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:270, 334, Pl. 56 (fig. 3) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Great rivers in the plains of India. No types known. •Valid as Tor progeneius (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:306 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:222 [ref. 20679], Menon 1999:59 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Arunkumar & Basudha 2003:274 [ref. 28839] as progmeius in table, Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:228 [ref. 31585] as progenius). •Synonym of Tor putitora (Hamilton 1822) -- (Lasker et al. 2013:2 [ref. 32883], Pinder et al. 2019:[3] [ref. 36696]). Current status: Synonym of Tor putitora (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: India (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

progenys, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:24, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 570] Kribi River, southern Cameroon (±2°56'N, 9°54'E). Holotype (unique): BMNH 1902.11.12.127. •Valid as Barbus progenys Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus progenys (Boulenger 1903) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:517 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:67 [ref. 34168], Fermon et al. 2022:137 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus progenys (Boulenger 1903). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: southern Cameroon south to Congo, including central Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

prognathus, Barbus platystomus Bini [G.] 1940:173, Pl. 9 [Missione di Studio al Lago Tana, Roma v. 3; ref. 13041] Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Syntypes: (2) lost. Subspecific name spelled prognatus on Pl. 9. Name appears first on p. 161. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:254 [ref. 6186]). •Not collected -- (Nagelkerke & Sibbing 1997:146 [ref. 23829]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudognathodon, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1915:166 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 4 (fasc. 2); ref. 15086] Lake Moero [Lake Mweru], Democratic Republic of Congo, 8°28'S, 28°53'60"E. Syntypes: (about 1600) BMNH 1920.5.26.32-46 (15), 1920.5.26.47-56 (10), 1920.5.26.57-71 (15) L. Mweru; MRAC 8198-8246 (48), 8425-8505 (31), 8552-8638 (87), 8705-8712 (8), 8788-8856 (69), 8885-8999 (15), plus 15 more lots at MRAC. •Valid as Barbus pseudognathodon Boulenger 1915 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus pseudognathodon (Boulenger 1915) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:262 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1410 [ref. 34176], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus pseudognathodon (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pseudomussullah, Hypselobarbus Arunachalam [M.], Chinnaraja [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2016:7, Fig. 2B [FishTaxa v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 34181] Thunga River, India, 13°55'213"N, 75°26'426"E. Holotype: MSUMNH 94. Paratypes: CMA, ZSI/SRC. •Synonym of Hypselobarbus mussullah (Sykes 1839) based on placement of paratype ZSI/SRC F.8759 (which is also the neotype of Barbus mussullah Sykes 1839) -- (Knight et al. 2016:325 [ref. 34872]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus pseudomussullah Arunachalam, Chinnaraja & Mayden 2016 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2016:76 [ref. 34522]). Current status: Synonym of Hypselobarbus mussullah (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Nethravathi and Thunga Rivers, Karnataka, and Krishna River, Maharashtra, India (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

pseudotoppini, Barbus Seegers [L.] 1996:139, Figs. 96-97 [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques v. 278; ref. 23725] Piti River, an affluent of the Rungwa River, Mbeya Region, western Tanzania, 7°26'S, 33°25'E. Holotype: MRAC 94-34-P-481. Paratypes: MRAC 94-34-P-482-483 (2), 484-493 (10); ZMH 8560-61 (1, 13). •Valid as Barbus pseudotoppini Seegers 1996 -- (De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius pseudotoppini (Seegers 1996) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius pseudotoppini (Seegers 1996). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

puellus, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Boulton [R.] 1927:4, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 264; ref. 15805] Chitau, Angola. Holotype: AMNH 8681. Paratypes: AMNH 8996 (22), 9014 (now 50), ?AMNH 9839-40 (14, 5) removed as not this species. •Valid as Barbus puellus Nichols & Boulton 1927 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:282 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius brevidorsalis (Boulenger 1915) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:352 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius brevidorsalis (Boulenger 1915). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

pulchellus, Barbus (Barbodes) Day [F.] 1870:372 [4] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 2) (art. 3) (for 26 May 1870); ref. 17369] Nethravathi River at Nidugal, Karnataka, India, 13°0'50"N, 75°21'22"E. Neotype: MSUMNH 78. Type: ?ZSI 3136 (dry, lost). Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.4328 (1), FMNH 2355 (2), NMW 54488 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762]. On p. 4 of separate. Knight et al. 2016:326 [ref. 34874] lists BMNH 1889.2.1.4328 as a syntype, collected by F. Day -- needs investigation. Neotype designated by Arunachalam et al. 2016:162 [ref. 34986]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Mention under Puntius jerdoni (Day 1870) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:274 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Day 1870) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1995:391 [ref. 22480], Menon 1999:81 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32222], Knight et al. 2013:213 [ref. 33021], Arunachalam et al. 2016:82 [ref. 34522], Knight et al. 2016:326 [ref. 34872], Arunachalam et al. 2016:152 [ref. 34986], Bleher 2018:570 [ref. 36647], Plamoottil 2021:703 [ref. 39044], Plamoottil & Vineeth 2022:521 [ref. 39357]). Current status: Valid as Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Day 1870). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Thunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi rivers, Karnataka, southern India. Habitat: freshwater.

pumilus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:444 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 47) (art. 55); ref. 557] Lake No, White Nile River, Sudan. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1361-1366 (6?), 1907.12.2.1369 (1). •Valid as Barbus pumilus Boulenger 1901 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:169 [ref. 12829], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:328 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Farm 2000:980 [ref. 25015]). •Valid as Enteromius pumilus (Boulenger 1901) -- (Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius pumilus (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

punctitaeniatus, Barbus Daget [J.] 1954:202, Fig. 68 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 36; ref. 11989] Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1954-0012 (6) Faranah, 1960-0424 (1) Dabola, 1960-0425 (9) Niandan, 1960-0426 (20) Faranah, 1960-0427 (18) Bissikrima. Type catalog: Blanc 1961:267 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Barbus punctitaeniatus Daget 1954 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:203 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:352 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Dankwa et al. 1999:28 [ref. 28023], De Weirdt et al. 2007:489 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius punctitaeniatus (Daget 1954) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius punctitaeniatus (Daget 1954). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

punjaubensis, Barbus (Puntius) Day [F.] 1871:334 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 40 (pt 2, no. 1-4); ref. 14128] Ravi River at Lahore, Pakistan. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7545 (1, non-type) Pakistan, FMNH 2349 (3), NMW 54492 (1), ZSI 2456 (1) Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301 [ref. 25110]. Species spelling as above, perhaps in error; punjabensis in current literature; see Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:82 [ref. 32071]. •Valid as Salmostoma punjabensis (Day 1871) -- (Coad 1981:12 [ref. 22348], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220]). •Valid as Puntius punjabensis (Day 1871) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:280 [ref. 20764], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Mirza 2003:9 [ref. 27265]). Current status: Valid as Puntius punjabensis (Day 1871). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

pygmaeus, Barbus Poll [M.] & Gosse [J.-P.] 1963:53, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Annales, Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Série in 8o, Sciences Zoologiques No. 116; ref. 5138] Congo River tributary, Yaekama, Central Congo. Holotype: MRAC 94839. Paratypes: MRAC 94840-42 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:30 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus pygmaeus Poll & Gosse 1963 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius pygmaeus (Poll & Gosse 1963) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius pygmaeus (Poll & Gosse 1963). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

quadrilineatus, Barbus lineomaculatus var. David [L.] 1937:417 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 15272] Malagarazi River system of Lake Tanganyika, Burundi. Syntypes: BMNH 1964.3.2.1-3 (3), MRAC 47279-47294 (orig. 16). •Synonym of Barbus lineomaculatus Boulenger 1903 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:261 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus quadrilineatus David 1937 -- (Seegers 1996:111 [ref. 23725], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius quadrilineatus (David 1937) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius quadrilineatus (David 1937). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Burundi. Habitat: freshwater.

quadrimaculatus, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:62 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Kongaran Botto. Syntypes: ZMB 14498 (1), ZMH 7988 (11), description based on one specimen. Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:412 [ref. 21161]. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

quadripunctatus, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:64 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Rufu River, Tanzania. Holotype: ZMB 14497. Paratypes: NMH 14824 (11). •Valid as Barbus quadripunctatus Pfeffer 1896 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:110 [ref. 23725], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius quadripunctatus (Pfeffer 1896) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius quadripunctatus (Pfeffer 1896). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

quinquefasciatus, Barbus paradoxus Koller [O.] 1927:34, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien v. 41; ref. 5622] River at Mt. Wu-tschi, Hainan Island, China. Syntypes: NMW 5102-03 (1, 1). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) subspecies iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:117 [ref. 26639]). •Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927) -- (Wu et al. 1977:289 [ref. 4807], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:152 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:71 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Acrossocheilus iridescens (Nichols & Pope 1927). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

quinquemaculatus, Barbus Seale [A.] & Bean [B. A.] 1907:229, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 33 (no. 1568); ref. 4002] Near Zamboanga, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 57840. Paratypes: (numerous). •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Barbodes quinquemaculatus (Seale & Bean 1907) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989], Jamandre 2023:165 [ref. 40455]). Current status: Valid as Barbodes quinquemaculatus (Seale & Bean 1907). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Mindanao (Philippines) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

quinquepunctata, Barbus trispilus var. Pellegrin [J.] 1911:185 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 36 (no. 4/6); ref. 14802] Mamou River, Upper Guinea, western Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1911-0040. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:32 [ref. 19574]. Species epithet correct as quinquepunctatus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Treated as a synonym of the younger name Barbus tiekoroi Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1987 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:334 [ref. 21589]). Infrasubspecific? •Synonym of Enteromius tiekoroi (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1987)-- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius tiekoroi (Lévêque, Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde 1987). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

radcliffii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903:218 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 12 (no. 68) (art. 14); ref. 15015] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1904.5.19.13 (skin). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900, but a valid subspecies -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:223 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:10 [ref. 17656]). •Synonym of Barbus altianalis Boulenger 1900 -- (Seegers et al. 2003:30 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:55 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus altianalis (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

radiatus, Barbus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1853:763 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1853; ref. 13481] Tete, Revugo River, Lower Zambezi River system, Mozambique. Lectotype: ZMB 4737. Paralectotypes: (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1963:22 [ref. 21397]. •Valid as Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Greenwood 1970:3 [ref. 7743], Lévêque & Daget 1984:283 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:148 [ref. 24071], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725], Skelton 2001:148 [ref. 27406], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus', Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus', Snoeks 2004:21 [ref. 28111], Marshall 2011:89 [ref. 31755], Van Steenberge et al. 2014:333 [ref. 33291] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Bruton et al. 2018:52 [ref. 36373], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564], Munene et al. 2021:21 [ref. 39283], Abwe et al. 2023:29 [ref. 39992], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

radiatus, Barbus Günther [A.] (ex Peters) 1868:134 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Mozambique. No types known. Based on a drawing and attributed to Peters, MS; Günther evidently formed the description and was unaware of Peters' prior published description. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus radiatus Peters 1853. •In the synonymy of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

raimbaulti, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:85, Fig. 21; Pl. 9 (fig. 20) [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 65; ref. 5866] Téné, near Kankalabé, Lower Guinea. Syntypes: (28) MNHN 1959-0113 (15). Other material: (4). •Valid as Barbus raimbaulti Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:285 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:347 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Enteromius raimbaulti (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius raimbaulti (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rajanorum, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1049 [59] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Aleppo, Syria. Holotype (unique): NMW 54494. On p. 59 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Hybrid between Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1843 and Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). Hybrid. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rapax, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1894:138 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 31 (no. 14) (for 25 May 1894); ref. 20493] Lompopo River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): NMW 54495 [now 77686]. Species illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1894:451, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [ref. 14564]. •Synonym of Barbus mattozi Guimarães 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186], Marshall 2011:98 [ref. 31755] but possibly valid). •Possibly valid as Enteromius rapax (Steindachner 1894) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

rebeli, Barbus Koller [O.] 1925:178 [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 62 (no. 18) (for 15 Oct. 1925); ref. 15594] Fandi Vogelj River at Mirditen area, Albania. Syntypes: (3) NMW 5333-34 (1, 1). Also appeared in Koller 1926:316 [ref. 15595]. •Synonym of Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842 -- (Kottelat 1997:49 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Barbus peloponnesius Valenciennes 1842, but a valid subspecies -- (Tsigenopoulos & Berrebi 2000:174 [ref. 25489], Economidis et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:301, 310 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Barbus rebeli Koller 1925 (often dated 1926) -- (Kotlík et al. 2002:237 [ref. 26484], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:131 [ref. 29996], Shumka et al. 2023:36 [ref. 40747]). Current status: Valid as Barbus rebeli Koller 1925. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Adriatic basin (Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia and Greece). Habitat: freshwater.

regani, Barbus Tchang [T.-L.] 1935:61, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoology Series) v. 6 (no. 2) (art. 3); ref. 15746] Fu-shien-hu, Kiangchuan, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] 03682 [ex 10393]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 03683 [ex 10394] (1), 11066 (1). Type catalog: Zhang 1996:499 [ref. 24036], Ye et al. 2015:19 [ref. 33808]. •Synonym of Percocypris pingi (Tchang 1930), but a valid subspecies -- (Wu et al. 1977:266 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:179 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:176 [ref. 21202], Yang 1991:195 [ref. 13585], Yang & Chen 1995:75 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:54 [ref. 25213], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:49 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Percocypris regani (Tchang 1935) -- (Kottelat 2001:35 [ref. 25482], Type catalog: Ye et al. 2015:19 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34477] as regaini). Current status: Valid as Percocypris regani (Tchang 1935). Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

reinii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1874:231 [2], Pl. 13 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 13 (no. 75) (art. 32); ref. 18200] Tensift River, Morocco (±32°02'N, 9°21'W). Syntypes: BMNH 1874.1.30.22-24 (3), SMF 579 (4). On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Barbus reinii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:285 [ref. 6186], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366]). •Valid as Labeobarbus reinii (Günther 1874) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:67 [ref. 34168]). •Valid as Atlantor reinii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Freyhof 2023:431 [ref. 40339]). Current status: Valid as Atlantor reinii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Northwest Africa: Tensift River drainage, Morocco [extinct]. Habitat: freshwater.

rendahli, Barbus Lin [S.-Y.] 1931:122 [Carps and carp-like fishes; ref. 4019] Shiu-Kwan, northern Kwangtung, China. Holotype: Chung-Shan Univ. [now SYSU] Spec. no 2943A. •Valid as Acrossocheilus rendahli (Lin 1931) -- (Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:151 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:58 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2000:38 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2013:72 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Acrossocheilus rendahli (Lin 1931). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

repasson, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1853:295 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Pangabuang, Lampong Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) ?RMNH 1261 (1), 4958 (1). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.143 (1). •Valid as Anematichthys repasson (Bleeker 1853) -- (Pasco-veil et al.1912:52 [ref. 32355]). •Valid as Cyclocheilichthys repasson (Bleeker 1853) -- (Roberts 1989:37 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:35 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:229 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:90 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:26 [ref. 23436], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:580 [ref. 23647], Ng & Tan 1999:353 [ref. 24159], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:354 [ref. 24929], Kottelat 2001:45 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:149 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Cervancia & Kottelat 2007:145 [ref. 29034], Pasco-Viel et al. 1913:483 [ref. 32659], Kottelat 2013:479 [ref. 32660], Kottelat 2013:92 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34477], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:598 [ref. 36226], Ng et al. 2019:523 [ref. 36606], Fu et al. 2021:9569 [ref. 39347], Taki et al. 2021:141 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Cyclocheilichthys repasson (Bleeker 1853). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Sundaland to Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

rhinoceros, Barbus Copley [H.] 1938:191 [The Journal of the East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society v. 13 (no. 5); ref. 17184] Athi River, Kenya. Possible types: BMNH 1936.12.22.35-39 (5). See comments under Barbus mariae Holly 1929. •Synonym of Barbus mariae Holly 1929 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus rhinoceros (Copley 1938) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:31, 68 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus rhinoceros (Copley 1938). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Athi and Tana river systems, Kenya, Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rhinophorus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:552 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: BMNH 1911.6.1.37-38 (2). •Valid as Barbus rhinophorus Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:285 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius rhinophorus (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus rhinophorus (Boulenger 1910) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus rhinophorus (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Lucala River, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

rhoadesii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1908:238 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 575] Lake Malawi [Lake Nyasa], southeastern Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.10.27.12-17 (6). •Synonym of Barbus litamba Keilhack 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:261 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus litamba (Keilhack 1908) based on placement of litamba. •Synonym of Enteromius litamba (Keilhack 1908). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius litamba (Keilhack 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rhodesianus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:14, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1902, v. 2 (pt 1) (art. 2); ref. 14842] Near Mazoë, Zimbabwe. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.2.12.143-146 (4). •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

riggenbachi, Barbus Günther [A.] 1902:447, Pl. 23 [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 9; ref. 2020] Oum Erbiah [Qued Qum er Rbia], Morocco. Syntypes: BMNH 1902.7.28.19 (1), 1902.7.28.20-21 (2). •Synonym of Barbus fritschii Günther 1874 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günher 1902) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rionica, Barbus tauricus var. Kamensky [S. N.] 1899:30 [German p. 128], Pl. 3 [Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere; ref. 14707] Rioni River, Georgia, Eurasia. Syntypes: (6) not at ZIN. Species epithet correct as rionicus due to masculine gender of genus Barbus. •Synonym of Barbus tauricus Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1949:692 [ref. 20661], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:397 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus escherichii Steindachner 1897 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:47 [ref. 28183]). •Valid as Barbus rionicus Kamensky 1899 -- (Çiçek et al. 2016:116 [ref. 35152] as rionica, Turan et al. 2018:542 [ref. 36092], Levin et al. 2019:33 [ref. 36643], Çiçek et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37644], Dyldin et al. 2020:91 [ref. 37569], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Çiçek et al. 2023:367 [ref. 40625], Dyldin et al. 2023:[10] [ref. 40328], Çiçek et al. 2024:152 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Barbus rionicus Kamensky 1899. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Eurasia: western Caucasus: Black Sea tributaries (Choruh to Bzyb River drainages) of southern Russia and Georgia. Habitat: freshwater.

robinsoni, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:387 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 11371 [now at AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus natalensis Castelnau 1861 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:272 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:65 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus natalensis (Castelnau 1861). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rocadasi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:550 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Quanza and Lucalla rivers, Angola (±13°49'S, 17°26'E). Syntypes: (many) ANSP 37986-91 (6) Lucalla River, BMNH 1911.6.1.19-20 (2) Lucalla River, 1911.6.1.21-25 (5) Cambambe, 1911.6.1.27-28 (2) Dondo, BMNH (1, skeleton); ZMB 18214 (6) Lucalla. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:89 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus rocadasi Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:285 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeo rocadasi (Boulenger 1910) -- (Skelton 2019:233 [ref. 36564]). •Valid as Labeobarbus rocadasi (Boulenger 1910) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:527 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus rocadasi (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rodactylus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:272, 273 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Lower Assam, India. No types known. Spelled rododactylus by Günther 1868:83 [ref. 1990]. Cyprinidae. Habitat: freshwater.

rogersi, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:180, Fig. 158 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Que River, Upper Zambezi River system, Angola. Lectotype: BMNH 1907.6.29.149. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1910.1.26.5 (1). Lectotype selected by Greenwood 1962:199 [ref. 19234]. •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rohani, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1922:119, Fig. 1 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 46 (no. 8/10) [for 1921]; ref. 15419] Lomba River, affluent of Kouando River, Angola. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1919-0446. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:35-36 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus rohani Pellegrin 1922 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:285 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius rohani (Pellegrin 1922) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius rohani (Pellegrin 1922). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rosae, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:552 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Lucala River at Lucala, Angola (±9°16'23"S, 15°14'42"E). Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1911.6.1.39-41 (3), NMW 54500 (1), ZMB 18216 (1). •Valid as Barbus rosae Boulenger 1910 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius rosae (Boulenger 1910) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694]). •Valid as Labeobarbus rosae (Boulenger 1910) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus rosae (Boulenger 1910). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Lucala River, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

roseipinnis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:169 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Puducherry [Pondicherry], India. Syntypes: MNHN 1405 (2). •Valid as Puntius roseipinnis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:281 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies subnasutus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:72 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 3289]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

rothschildi, Barbus Günther [A.] 1901:368, Pl. 18 (fig. B) [Novitates Zoologicae. A Journal of Zoology in Connection with the Tring Museum v. 8; ref. 14754] Oued Qum er Rbia, Morocco. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.7.26.6-7 (2). •Synonym of Barbus harterti Günther 1901 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:246 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Borkenhagen & Krupp 2013:24 [ref. 32915]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:59 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Carasobarbus fritschii (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

roulei, Barbus Wu [H.-W.] 1931:15, Fig. 2 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16348] Fukien, China. Holotype (unique): not researched. •Valid as Onychostoma roulei (Wu 1931) -- (Bănărescu 1971:358 [ref. 20619]). •Synonym of Varicorhinus lepturus (Boulenger 1900) -- (Wu et al. 1977:305 [ref. 4807], Zhang et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Onchostoma leptura (Boulenger 1900) -- (Kottelat 2013:129 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Onychostoma lepturus (Boulenger 1900). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

roussellei, Barbus Ladiges [W.] & Voelker [J.] 1961:134 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 59; ref. 6046] Stream at Tumba Grande, Longa-Gebiet, Angola. Holotype: ZMH H1262. Paratypes: NMH H1263 (4). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:157 [ref. 22013]. •Valid as Barbus roussellei Ladiges & Voelker 1961 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Enteromius roussellei (Ladiges & Voelker 1961) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Skelton 2019:232 [ref. 36564] as rousellei). Current status: Valid as Enteromius roussellei (Ladiges & Voelker 1961). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

rouxi, Barbus Daget [J.] 1962:583, Fig. 2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 33 (no. 6) (for 1961); ref. 9308] Gabon-Congo region [Congo]. Holotype: MNHN 1962-0142. Paratypes: MNHN 1962-0143 (6), 1962-0144 (20). •Valid as Barbus rouxi Daget 1962 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:491 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius rouxi (Daget 1962) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Fermon et al. 2022:141 [ref. 39448] possible). Current status: Valid as Enteromius rouxi (Daget 1962). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Western-central Africa: Niari River system (Congo). Habitat: freshwater.

roylii, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1912:13, Pl. 21 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 2 (fasc. 3); ref. 581] Loango at N'Kutu and Luali River at Buco Zau, Congo (±4°57'S, 12°35'E). Syntypes: (10) ANSP 38548 (1) Luali R.; BMNH 1912.4.1.338-340 (3) Loango R., 1912.4.1.341-342 (2) Luali R.; MRAC 1533-1535 (1, 1, 1); NMW 54501 (1); ZMB 18809 (1) Buco Zau. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:89 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbus roylii Boulenger 1912 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus roylii (Boulenger 1912) -- (De Weirdt et al. 2007:523 [ref. 30024], Vreven et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34168], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus roylii (Boulenger 1912). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: West Africa: Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

ruasae, Barbus (Barbus) Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:238, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Mkunga, Rausa, Rwanda (±1°32'S, 29°42'E). Lectotype: ZMB 22652 [ex ZMB 19053]. Paralectotypes: ZMB 19053 (1). Lectotype selected by Banister 1973 [ref. 7554]. •Valid as Barbus ruasae Pappenheim 1914 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186], De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:18 [ref. 17656]). •Valid as Labeobarbus ruasae (Pappenheim 1914) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus ruasae (Pappenheim 1914). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Rwanda, eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

rubellus, Barbus Crass [R. S.] 1960:431, Fig. 1 (a-b) [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 14 (pt 3); ref. 11905] Mzenyeni pan, 27°10'S, 32°23'E, Pongolo River system, Ingwavuma District, Natal, South Africa. Holotype: AMG 1158 [ex NMP 1411, ex Natal Parks Bd. 146/1]. Paratypes: (14, orig. Natal Parks Bd. 146/2-146/8 and 150/1-150/7) AMG 1159 [ex NMP 1412] (1); BMNH 1960.11.5.1-2 (2), 1960.11.5.3-5 (3). •Synonym of Barbus radiatus Peters 1853 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:284 [ref. 6186], Seegers 1996:143 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius radiatus (Peters 1853). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubra, Barbus schwanefeldi var. Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:95 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Kalamantan Timor, Mahakam river at Tepoe, Borneo. Syntypes: (4). •Synonym of Puntius schwanenfeldii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Roberts 1989:66 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Barbonymus schwanefeldii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbonymus schwanefeldii (Bleeker 1854). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubricroceus, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1936:417, Fig. [Nachrichtenblatt für Aquarien- und Terrarien-Vereine 1936 (Nr. 30); ref. 33635] Witu, Kenya, tributary of Tana River, [aquarium import]. Syntypes (2), whereabouts unknown. Found by Litz, 27 Dec. 2014. Original as rubricrocëus. •Possible a synonym of Enteromius venustus (Bailey 1980) (RVL). Current status: Uncertain as Enteromius rubricroceus (Schreitmüller 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Kenya. Habitat: freshwater.

rubripinnis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:194 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See also remarks under Barbus orphoides Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:69 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Valid as Systomus rubripinnis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:525 [ref. 36606], Taki et al. 2021:127 [ref. 39830], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888]). •Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842). Current status: Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubripinnis, Barbus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:699, Fig. 13 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Poko, Bomokandi River, Democratic Republic of Conga, 3°08'60"N, 26°52'60"E. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6328. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Barbus rubripinnis Valenciennes 1842, replaced by Barbus bomokandi Myers 1924. •Synonym of Barbus pleuropholis Boulenger 1899 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:280 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Clypeobarbus bomokandi (Myers 1924) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:262 [ref. 29670], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Clypeobarbus bomokandi (Myers 1924). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrostigma, Barbus miolepis Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1964:408, Fig. [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 70 (nos 3-4); ref. 9242] On route from Lambaréné to Mouila, Ogooué basin, Gabon. Holotype: MRAC 142823. Paratypes or additional material: MRAC 142824-25 (3), 124826-27 (1, 1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:29 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus rubrostigma Poll & Lambert 1964 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186], De Weirdt et al. 2007:505 [ref. 30024]). •Valid as Enteromius rubrostigma (Poll & Lambert 1964) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Mamonekene et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36400], Skelton 2019:227 [ref. 36564], Fermon et al. 2022:141 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius rubrostigma (Poll & Lambert 1964). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Republic of Congo, Gabon, Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

rudolfianus, Barbus bynni Worthington [E. B.] 1932:123 [The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology v. 38 (no. 258); ref. 16405] Lake Rudolf [Lake Turkana], Kenya. Syntypes: BMNH 1932.6.13.300-303 (4). •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:31 [ref. 28087]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:56 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rueppelli, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1902:427 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 10 (no. 60) (art. 59); ref. 14852] Errer River, a mountain stream flowing north from Jebel-Amhar range, Upper Adal country, Ethiopia, elevation about 4000 feet. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1902.12.13.225-228 (4). On Official List (Opinion 1285). Original spelling is correct -- see Kullander 2016:96 [ref. 34436]. •Synonym of Barbus intermedius Rüppell 1835 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:252 [ref. 6186] as rueppellii). •Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:60 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus intermedius (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rufua, Barbus Pappenheim [P.] in Pappenheim & Boulenger 1914:243, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika Expedition, 1907-1908 v. 5 (Zool. 3); ref. 18518] Mpororo, Rofuaposten [Rufua]. Syntypes: ZMB 19065 (20) in 2 bottles. •Synonym in part of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) based on placement of apleurogramma. Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

ruspolii, Barbus Vinciguerra [D.] 1897:29 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 17; ref. 17888] Abaya [Abaia] and Gandjule (Margherita) Lakes, Ethiopia. Holotype: MSNG 17333 (dry, poor condition). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343]. •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:233 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

russellii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:121 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Indus River, Sabzilkot, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.732 (1), 1860.3.19.856 (1). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sabiensis, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:397 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Sabi River, Magalies River system, Malalane, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Lectotype: SAM 10760 [now at AMG]. Paralectotypes: (4) TMP 10111 Magalies River and Malanene; ?SAM 10766 (1). Lectotype selected by Groenewald 1958 [ref. 12069]. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:266 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sachsii, Barbus Ahl [E.] 1923:182 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 56 (nos 7/8); ref. 15393] India, Indo-Malay Archipelago, or China [aquarium import]. Syntypes: ZMB 20670 (now 1). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:90 [ref. 21847]. •Valid as Puntius sachsii (Ahl 1923) -- (Fuller et al. 1999:144 [ref. 25838]). •Possible synonym of Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2001:74 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sacratus, Barbus Daget [J.] 1963:577 [Mémoires de l'Institut français d'Afrique Noire No. 66; ref. 4594] Mount Nimba, French Guinea (±8°23'N, 9°17'W). Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0119 (4) Zié at 500 meters elevation, 1959-0139 (1) Sérédou. •Valid as Barbus sacratus Daget 1963 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:307 [ref. 21589], Paugy et al. 1990:338 [ref. 26477], Stiassny 1991:7 [ref. 19336]). •Valid as Labeobarbus sacratus (Daget 1963) -- (Tsigenopoulos et al. 2010:853 [ref. 34067], Vreven et al. 2016:68 [ref. 34168], Beshera et al. 2016:377 [ref. 34343]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus sacratus (Daget 1963). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Guinea and Liberia, West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

sakaniae, Barbus chilotes Poll [M.] 1938:413, Fig. 13 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 30 (no. 4); ref. 17167] Kandulu, near Sakania, tributary of Luembe River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: MRAC 50061-62 (1, 1). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:26 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Barbus caudovittatus Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:239 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus caudovittatus (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

salessei, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1908:207 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 14 (no. 5); ref. 14329] Side channel of Rotuma River, near Konakry, French Guinea. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.11.19.1 (1), MNHN 1908-0109 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:32 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Barbus salessei Pellegrin 1908 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:286 [ref. 6186], Lévêque 1989:211 [ref. 13471], Lévêque 1989:168 [ref. 12829], Lévêque et al. 1989:117 [ref. 26480] with author as Boulenger, Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:325 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Farm 2000:979 [ref. 25015]). •Valid as Enteromius salessei (Pellegrin 1908) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius salessei (Pellegrin 1908). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

salmo, Barbus Pfeffer [G. J.] 1896:56 [Die Thierwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete v. 3; ref. 14617] Pangani River, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): ZMB 13163. •Possible synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:257 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Barbus salmo Pfeffer 1896 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:287 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus kerstenii Peters 1868 -- (Seegers 1996:121 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius kerstenii (Peters 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

samniticus, Barbus Lorenzoni [M.], Carosi [A.], Quadroni [S.], De Santis [V.], Vanetti [I.], Delmastro [G. B.] & Zaccara [S.] 2021:7, Fig. 6 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 98 (no. 5); ref. 38166] Sangro River at Roccascalegna, Abruzzo region, Italy, 42°05'29.76"N, 14°34'75.82"E [probably 42°03'43.3"N, 14°20'50.6"E, E. Schraml pers. com. 03/21]. Holotype: NMW 100289. Paratypes: GSN, MCSNC, NMW, ZFMK. •Valid as Barbus samniticus Lorenzoni, Carosi, Quadroni, De Santis, Vanetti, Delmastro & Zaccara 2021. Current status: Valid as Barbus samniticus Lorenzoni, Carosi, Quadroni, De Santis, Vanetti, Delmastro & Zaccara 2021. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Europe: Apennine rivers of the middle Adriatic slope of the Italian Peninsula, northern Apulia-Campania district, Italy. Habitat: freshwater.

sarananella, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1849:16 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 12); ref. 16883] Serayu River, Banjumas; Gombong; Bogowonto River, Purworedjo, Java, Indonesia. •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:69 [ref. 24904] as saranella). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) based on placement of sarana. •Synonym of Systomus rubripinnis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842). Current status: Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

sauvagei, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1912:107 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 37 (no. 3); ref. 14858] South-central region of South Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1894-0014. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:33 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus mattozi Guimarães 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schanicus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1893:201 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 12 (no. 69); ref. 14522] Southern Shan States, Indochina. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.6.30.25-26 (orig. 4) Toungyi, depth 4600 feet, 1893.6.30.27-28 (2) Fort Stedman, depth 3000 feet. •Valid as Puntius schanicus (Boulenger 1893) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Poropuntius schanicus (Boulenger 1893) -- (Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989] with question, Kano et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34887]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius schanicus (Boulenger 1893). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

schejch, Luciobarbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1055 [65] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Syria. Syntypes: NMW 50399 (1), 54520 (2). Spelled schech on p. 1019 [29] and 1098 [108], discrepancy not noted in corrigenda. •Questionably a synonym of Barbus pectoralis Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843) -- (Çiçek et al. 2024:173 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus pectoralis (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schlegelii, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:135 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Japan and Taiwan. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1865.5.2.14 (1 of 2) Taiwan, 1865.5.2.59 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:26 [ref. 31432]. Based on literature sources and specimens; regarded by Kottelat 2006:35 [ref. 28831] as a replacement name for Gobio barbus Temminck & Schkegel 1846 and types are incorrect.. •Synonym of Hemibarbus barbus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:444 [ref. 6363], Okamura & Machida 1987:105 [ref. 22279]). •Synonym of Hemibarbus labeo (Pallas 1776) -- (Lu et al. 1977:444 [ref. 2850], Yue in Chen et al. 1998:237 [ref. 23878] as schlegeli, Kottelat 2006:35 [ref. 28831], Ho & Shao 2011:26 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:110 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:660 [ref. 34853]). Current status: Synonym of Hemibarbus labeo (Pallas 1776). Gobionidae. Habitat: freshwater.

schneemanni, Barbus Klausewitz [W.] 1957:279, Fig. 1 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 38 (nos 5/6); ref. 12151] Soga, vicinity of Dar es Salam, Tanzania. Holotype: SMF 4229. Paratypes: SMF 4230-31 (2). •Synonym of Barbus apleurogramma Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:227 [ref. 6186] as scheemanni, Seegers 1996:95 [ref. 23725]). •Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius apleurogramma (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schoutedeni, Barbus Poll [M.] & Lambert [J. G.] 1961:266, Fig. 1 [Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines v. 64 (nos 3-4); ref. 9371] Gangala na Bodio, Dungu River, northeast basin of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, 3°40'60"N, 29°07'60"E. Holotype: MRAC 138836. Paratypes: (31, in 3 lots) MRAC 138837-61 (24), 138862-65 (4), 13866-67 (2). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:30 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Barbus schoutedeni Poll & Lambert 1961 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:287 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Clypeobarbus schoutedeni (Poll & Lambert 1961) -- (Conway & Stiassny 2008:263 [ref. 29761], Stiassny & Sakharva 2016:1410 [ref. 34176]). Current status: Valid as Clypeobarbus schoutedeni (Poll & Lambert 1961). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

schrenki, Barbus Nikolskii [G. V.] 1930:115, Fig. 1 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 89 (nos 3/4); ref. 16114] Lower and middle part of Chu River, Kazakhstan. Holotype: ZIN 23760. Paratypes: (several). If a holotype was not established originally, the lectotype was established in caption to Fig. 456 in Berg 1949:702 [ref. 20661]. •Synonym of the hybrid Barbus capito conocephalus x Schizothorax pseudaksaiensis issykkuli -- (Berg 1949:701 [ref. 20661]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

schwanenfeldii, Barbus Bleeker [P.] 1854:517 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Lake Singkara, western Sumatra; Moara kompeh, Palembang, eastern Sumatra; Pangabuang, Lampong, southeastern Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: (8) BMNH 1866.5.2.178 (1), RMNH 7013 (1), 10322 (3). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:28 [ref. 19574]. Name later spelled schwanefeldii by Bleeker and authors (named after H. W. Schwanefeld, but this name was misprinted in the article). Species epithet spelled schwanefeldi by Maxwell 1921:89 [ref. 30344]. Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989] explains the error and spells it without a second 'n' as per Code art. 32.5.1. •Valid as Puntius schwanenfeldii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Roberts 1989:66 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:37 [ref. 16753]). •Valid as Barbodes schwanenfeldii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:33 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:229 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:3 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:25 [ref. 23436] as schwanefeldii, Ng & Tan 1999:352 [ref. 24159], Fuller et al. 1999:143 [ref. 25838] as schwanefeldii). •Valid as Barbonymus schwanefeldii (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 1999:595 [ref. 24610], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:40 [ref. 25780], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:148 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:179 [ref. 28285], Gante et al. 2008:10989 [ref. 29529], Kottelat 2013:81 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:251 [ref. 37108], Ng et al. 2019:522 [ref. 36606], Dahruddin et al. 2021:6 [ref. 38577], Taki et al. 2021:116 [ref. 39830] as schwanenfeldii, Jamaluddin et al. 2022:[5] [ref. 39245], Chan et al. 2023:134 [ref. 40365]). Current status: Valid as Barbonymus schwanefeldii (Bleeker 1854). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Malaya (Malaysia), Java, Sumatra and southern Borneo (Kalimantan, Indonesia), Mekong River basin, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. Introduced in Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Hong Kong (China). Habitat: freshwater.

scincus, Barbus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1049 [59] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Aleppo [now Haleb], Syria. Syntypes: NMW 22272 (2), 54525-26 (1, 1). On p. 59 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608], Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:251 [ref. 27353], Khaefi et al. 2017:100 [ref. 35344], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:36 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:149 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Barbus lacerta Heckel 1843. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sclateri, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:93 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Guadalquivir River, Spain; Portugal. Syntypes: (at least 6) BMNH 1861.11.20.9-13 (5). •Valid as Messinobarbus sclateri (Günther 1868) -- (Bianco 1998:134 [ref. 23811]). •Valid as Barbus sclateri Günther 1868 -- (Kottelat 1997:50 [ref. 22952], Miranda & Escala 2000:197 [ref. 24798], Almaça & Bănărescu in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:377 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Luciobarbus sclateri (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:140 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:5 [ref. 34978]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus sclateri (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southern Iberian Peninsula, Spain and Portugal. Habitat: freshwater.

sealei, Barbodes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:3 [Journal of the Pan-Pacific Research Institution v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 17125] Sandakan, Sabah state, Borneo, East Malaysia. No types known. Replacement name for Barbus elongatus Seale 1910, preoccupied by Barbus elongatus Rüppell 1836. •Synonym of Puntius binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:61 [ref. 6439]). •Valid as Barbodes sealei Herre 1933 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:44 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:233 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:583 [ref. 23647], Doi 2000:396 [ref. 25097], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Grinang & Lim 2004:289 [ref. 28551], Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35802], Wilkinson & Tan 2018:597 [ref. 36226], Tan & Husana 2021:318 [ref. 38614], Kottelat & Lim 2021:537 [ref. 38873]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Barbodes sealei Herre 1933. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northern Borneo and the Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

sector, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:309, Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1907 (pt 2) (art. 1); ref. 15132] Groot Olifant River, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.3.15.35. •Synonym of Barbus marequensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:265 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34168]). Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith 1841). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

seeberi, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:398, Fig. 57 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Olifants River, Cape Province, South Africa (±32°11'S, 18°54'E). Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1936.8.4.6 [ex SAM] (1), SAIAB 134867 [ex SAM 10672 [now at AMG] (3, now 2)]. •Synonym of Barbus capensis Smith 1841 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:237 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Labeobarbus seeberi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:21, 69 [ref. 34168], Skelton et al. 2018:4 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus seeberi (Gilchrist & Thompson 1913). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Clanwilliam - Olifants River system, Western Cape, South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

seguensis, Barbus Pellegrin [J.] 1925:281 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 31 (no. 4); ref. 15560] Niger River, Ségou, southern Mali, western Africa. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1925-0193. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:36-37 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Barbus foureaui Pellegrin 1919 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:245 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Barbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:301 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775), subspecies occidentalis (Boulenger 1911), based on placement of bynni. •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Forsskål 1775) -- (Vreven et al. 2016:57 [ref. 34168]). •Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775), Current status: Synonym of Labeobarbus bynni (Fabricius 1775). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Habitat: freshwater.

semibarbus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1889:224 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 21); ref. 2016] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Replacement name for Hemibarbus maculatus Bleeker 1871, preoccupied by Barbus maculatus Valenciennes 1842 when both are in Barbus. However, use of maculatus can be maintained on the basis of Art. 59.3. •Synonym of Hemibarbus maculatus Bleeker 1871 -- (Lu et al. 1977:447 [ref. 2850], Yue 1995:120 [ref. 22652], Yue in Chen et al. 1998:242 [ref. 23878], Kottelat 2013:110 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:661 [ref. 34853]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Hemibarbus maculatus Bleeker 1871. Gobionidae. Habitat: freshwater.

semifasciolatus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:484 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1851.12.27.185. Replacement name for Barbus fasciolatus Günther 1868 (same reference, p. 140). •Valid as Capoeta semifasciolata (Günther 1868) -- (Wu et al. 1977:259 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:164 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:171 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:52 [ref. 25213] as semifasciolate). •Valid as Puntius semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Mai 1978:108 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:113 [ref. 26639], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:138 [ref. 23876], Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Fuller et al. 1999:144 [ref. 25838], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:11 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:37 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:74 [ref. 25780], Manilo & Pan'kov 2004:281 [ref. 27733], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:50 [ref. 28183], Kullander & Fang 2005:297 [ref. 28193], Yang et al. 2015:99 [ref. 33694] in Cyprininae, tribe Poropuntini, Zhang et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34477], Fu et al. 2021:9570 [ref. 39347]). •Valid as "Puntius" semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Ren et al. 2020:[6] [ref. 37805]). •Valid as Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat 2013:79 [ref. 32989], Dyldin et al. 2020:97 [ref. 37569], Taki et al. 2021:128 [ref. 39830], Dyldin et al. 2023:[10] [ref. 40328]) Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Barbodes semifasciolatus (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Asia: northern Vietnam, southwestern China, Taiwan and Hainan Island. Introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.

sensitivus, Barbus Roberts [T. R.] 2010:189, Figs. 1-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 30988] Sanaga River at Belabo, 60 kilometers northwest of Bertoua, Cameroon, 4°56'N, 13°18'E. Holotype: CAS 95344. Paratypes: CAS 95345 (2). •Valid as Enteromius sensitivus (Roberts 2010) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius sensitivus (Roberts 2010). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Sanaga River, Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

senticeps, Barbus Smith [J. L. B.] 1936:54, Fig. 3 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 13749] Assegaibosch River, Krom River drainage [Kromme River], near Humansdorp, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 304 [ex AMG]. •Synonym of Barbus afer Peters 1864 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:220 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Pseudobarbus afer (Peters 1864) -- (Skelton 1988:281 [ref. 7302]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus senticeps (Smith 1936) -- (Chakona & Skelton 2017:126 [ref. 35153], Skelton et al. 2018:16 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Pseudobarbus senticeps (Smith 1936). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

serengetiensis, Barbus Farm [B. P.] 2000:974, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2000 (no. 4); ref. 25015] Pool below Nyabogati River truck crossing, 2°18'44"S, 34°50'28"E, Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Holotype: BMNH 1997.4.11.22. Paratypes: AMNH 227244-45 (2, 7); BMNH 1997.4.11.1 (1), .2-7 (6), .8 (1), .9 (1), .10-16 (7), .17-21 (5), 1997.4.11.23-31 (9), .32-33 (2), 1997.4.11.34-37 (4, c&s); JFBM 31408 (1); USNM 344644-45 (2, 8). Original genus as 'Barbus'. •Valid as Enteromius serengetiensis (Farm 2000) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius serengetiensis (Farm 2000). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

serra, Barbus Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1864:394 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1864; ref. 3437] Cape of Good Hope, Cape Colony, South Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB 3451. •Valid as Barbus serra Peters 1864 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:287 [ref. 6186], Skelton 1993:164 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:164 [ref. 27406]). •Valid as Pseudobarbus serra (Peters 1864) -- (Yang et al. 2015:89, 112 [ref. 33694], Vreven et al. 2016:21 [ref. 34168], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:356 [ref. 35417] as Pseudobarbus). •Valid as Cheilobarbus serra (Peters 1864) -- (Skelton et al. 2018:17 [ref. 35835]). Current status: Valid as Cheilobarbus serra (Peters 1864). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Southwestern Africa: Angola. Habitat: freshwater.

serratus, Barbus capito Sokolinskii [N. N.] 1927:173 [Izvestia Azerbajdzanskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Imeni V. I. Lenina = Bulletins de l'Universitè de Bakou. Ser.: Estestvoznanie i medicina. v. 6; ref. 21755] Southern Caspian Sea. Syntypes: (9). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Berg 1949:699 [ref. 20661], Bogutskaya et al. in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:147 [ref. 27353]). •Synonym of Barbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773), but a valid subspecies -- (Coad 1995:12 [ref. 23608]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37983], Çiçek et al. 2024:168 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus capito (Güldenstädt 1773). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

serrifer, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1900:479 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 6 (no. 35); ref. 14721] North end of Lake Tanganyika. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.9.6.16-18 (3). •Synonym of Barbus neumayeri Fischer 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:273 [ref. 6186]). •See De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:153 [ref. 20130]. •Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:354 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius neumayeri (Fischer 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

serrula, Barbus Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1913:414, Fig. 72 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 5); ref. 14958] Pienaars River, Pretoria District, Transvaal [now Gauteng], South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 30023 [ex TMP 10111]. •Synonym of Barbus mattozi Guimarães 1884 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:267 [ref. 6186] with species as sorrula). •Synonym of Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius mattozi (Guimarães 1884). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

setifensis, Barbus Playfair [R. L.] & Letourneux [A.] 1871:392 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 8 (no. 48) (art. 47); ref. 18558] Unwarranted emendation of or new name for Barbus setivimensis Valenciennes 1842. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:235 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Luciobarbus setivimensis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912]). Current status: Synonym of Luciobarbus setivimensis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Habitat: freshwater.

setigerus, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:203, Pl. 469 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Pebak River, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: none at RMNH or MNHN. Type information: Roberts 1993:18 [ref. 21799]. •Valid as Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Roberts 1989:43 [ref. 6439], Lim et al. 1990:42 [ref. 16753], Bănărescu 1991:35 [ref. 20021], Roberts 1993:18 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:38 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1996:230 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:75 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:7 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:59 [ref. 25780], Parenti & Lim 2005:182 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:122 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:526 [ref. 36606], Taki et al. 2021:91 [ref. 39830]). Current status: Valid as Luciosoma setigerum (Valenciennes 1842). Danionidae: Chedrinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Chao Phraya, Mae Klong and Mekong River basins, Malayan Peninsula, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

setivimensis, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:149 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] Setif River, Algeria. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1410. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:24 [ref. 19574], Almaça 1969:1135 [ref. 20712]. •Synonym of Barbus callensis Valenciennes 1842 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:234 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Luciobarbus setivimensis (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Geiger et al. 2014:Table S2 [ref. 37408], Casal-Lopez et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33943], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34185], Doadrio et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34978], Brahimi et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35360], Brahimi et al. 2018:557 [ref. 35974], Baikeche et al. 2021:959 [ref. 39080]). Current status: Valid as Luciobarbus setivimensis (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: North Africa: Soummam Basin (Algeria) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

sewelli, Barbus Prashad [B.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1929:197, Pl. 9 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 31 (pt 3); ref. 3558] Indawgyi Lake, Myitkyina District, Upper Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F10910/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706] with date as 1930. •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:282 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Barbodes sarana (Hamilton 1822), subspecies orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Menon 1999:70 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822). •Valid as Systomus sewelli (Prashad & Mujkerji 1929) -- (Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Systomus sewelli (Prashad & Mukerji 1929). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

sexdecimradiatus, Silurus Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:386 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Corresponds to Silurus marinus on p. 376. Appeared as Silurus marinus vel 16-radiatus in Devincenzi 1925:309, 322 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Trachysurus barbus (Lacép.) [= Pimelodus barbus Lacepède 1803]. •Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Marceniuk & Menezes 2007:65 [ref. 29031], Ferraris 2007:44 [ref. 29155], Litz & Koerber 2014:16 [ref. 33622], Mirande & Koerber 2015:28 [ref. 35117]). Current status: Synonym of Genidens barbus (Lacepède 1803). Ariidae: Ariinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sexradiatus, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:128, Fig. 106 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 2; ref. 579] Kavirondo, Kisumu Bay, Kenya, Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1909.11.15.11. •Valid as Barbus sexradiatus Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:287 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:33 [ref. 28087] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius sexradiatus (Boulenger 1911) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius sexradiatus (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: East Africa: Lake Victoria drainage. Habitat: freshwater.

seymouri, Barbus Tweddle [D.] & Skelton [P. H.] 2008:26, Figs. 2-5 [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 8; ref. 29605] Kaziwiziwi River, North Rumbphi River basin, Lake Malawi affluent, Malawi, 10°38'S, 34°05'E. Holotype: SAIAB 34888. Paratypes: SAIAB 34881 (5), 34887 (17), 34946 (1). Plus non-type material. Original genus as 'Barbus'. •Valid as "Barbus' seymouri Tweddle & Skelton 2008 -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:188 [ref. 32298] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Enteromius seymouri (Tweddle & Skelton 2008) -- (Yang et al. 2015:112 [ref. 33694], Hayes & Armbruster 2017:355 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Valid as Enteromius seymouri (Tweddle & Skelton 2008). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Rukuru system, Malawi. Habitat: freshwater.

shanensis, Barbus Hora [S. L.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1934:362, Fig. 3 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 36 (pt 3); ref. 16428] Lawksawk Canal at Lawksawk, southern Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): ZSI F11625/1. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Puntius shanensis (Hora & Mukerji 1934) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:287 [ref. 20764], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662]). •Valid as Barbodes shanensis (Hora & Mukerji 1934) -- (Chen et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23883]). •Valid, tentatively in Systomus -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071]). •Valid as Poropuntius shanensis (Hora & Mukerji 1934) -- (Doi 1997:10 [ref. 22832], Roberts 1998:116 [ref. 23549], Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius shanensis (Hora & Mukerji 1934). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

sharpeyi, Barbus Günther [A.] 1874:38 [3], Pl. 9 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 14 (no. 79) (art. 8); ref. 18197] Tigris River near Baghdad, Iraq. Syntypes: BMNH 1874.4.28.20 (1), 1874.4.28.27 (1), 1875.1.14.16 (1). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Barbus sharpeyi Günther 1874 -- (Coad 1991:14 [ref. 15702], Hanel et al. 1993:101 [ref. 26139], Coad 1995:13 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Coad 2010:131 [ref. 36620]). •Valid as Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Günther 1874) -- (Ekmekçi & Bănărescu 1998:95 [ref. 26519], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:876 [ref. 34062], Borkenhagen 2017:293 [ref. 35158], Esmaeili et al. 2017:52 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:32 [ref. 36089], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:88 [ref. 37983], Al-Faisal et al. 2022:1403 [ref. 39565], Çiçek et al. 2023:17 [ref. 40616], Saad et al. 2023:23 [ref. 40501], Çiçek et al. 2024:175 [ref. 40789]). Current status: Valid as Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi (Günther 1874). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Middle East: Tigris River system (Syria, Iraq, Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

siamensis, Puntius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:152 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 14348] Chao Phya River [Me Nam, Mae Nam Chao Phraya], Thailand. Syntypes: MNHN A-5058 (1), A-5106 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:50 [ref. 19574], Monkolprasit 1969:13 [ref. 25088]. MNHN A.5058 [as 5056] listed as holotype by Kottelat 1984:805. •Valid as Mystacoleucus siamensis (Sauvage 1883) -- (Kottelat 1984:805 [ref. 11440]). •Synonym of Mystacoluecus marginatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25780] with original genus as Barbus). •Synonym of Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:125 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

simplex, Barbus Schreitmüller [W.] 1935:508, Fig. [Nachrichtenblatt für Aquarien- und Terrarien-Vereine 1935 (Nr. 40); ref. 15737] Malaysia Archipelago. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Questionably a synonym of Barbodes binotatus (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:77 [ref. 32989]). •In the genus Pethia? (RVL). Nomen Dubium. Current status: Unknown. Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

simus, Barbus (Systomus) Sauvage [H.-E.] & Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1874:8 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 6) v. 1 (art. 5); ref. 15665] [Probably Yangtze basin], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7952. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:44 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Varicorhinus simus (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Wu et al. 1977:308 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:215 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:190 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:164 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:61 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:160 [ref. 23556]). •Valid as Onychostoma simum (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) (also seen as simus or sima) -- (Bănărescu 1971:243 [ref. 7666], Ding 1994:332 [ref. 21531], Shan et al. in Yue 2000:134 [ref. 25272], Tang et al. 2001:13 [ref. 25373], Zhang et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34477] with authorship as Dabry de Thiersant, Kottelat 2001:33 [ref. 25482], Xin et al. 2009:261 [ref. 30708], Kottelat 2013:130 [ref. 32989], Hoang et al. 2015:123 [ref. 33811], Song et al. 2018:161 [ref. 35890], Zhang et al. 2019:277 [ref. 36699] as sima, Guo 2021:365 [ref. 38617]). Current status: Valid as Onychostoma simum (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874). Cyprinidae: Acrossocheilinae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

simus, Puntius Smith [H. M.] 1945:185, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Huey Melin [Maelin], a tributary of the Mao River, northern Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 119452. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:13 [ref. 25088], Vilasri et al. 2018:53 [ref. 36451]. A secondary junior homonym of Barbus simus Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874. •Synonym of Systomus orphoides (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Rainboth 1996:104 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Barbodes jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958) -- (Vilasri et al. 2018:53 [ref. 36451]). •Synonym of Systomus jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958) -- (Kottelat 2013:166 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus jacobusboehlkei (Fowler 1958). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

singhala, Barbus Duncker [G.] 1912:263, Pl. (fig. 2) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 29; ref. 14839] Yakvella [Wakwella], Gin River basin, near Galle, Sri Lanka. Lectotype: ZMH H364. Paralectotypes: (potentially 5) BMNH 1913.5.24.7 (1); ZMH H365 (2), H366 (1), H367 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:403 [ref. 21161] as syntypes. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:159 [ref. 19181]. Misspelled sinhala by authors. •Synonym of Puntius filamentosus (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:105 [ref. 20075], Menon 1999:93 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Puntius singhala (Duncker 1912) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:288 [ref. 20764], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:130 [ref. 28274], Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1690 [ref. 31267]). •Valid as Dawkinsia singhala (Duncker 1912) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:80 [ref. 32071], Raghavan et al. 2013:4936 [ref. 32992]). •Synonym of Dawkinsia filamentosa (Valenciennes 1844) -- (Katwate et al. 2020:230 [ref. 37497]). •Valid as Dawkinsia singhala (Duncker 1912) -- (Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805]). Current status: Synonym of Dawkinsia filamentosa (Valenciennes 1844). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

smithi, Barbus (Puntius) Hora [S. L.] 1923:156, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Journal of the Natural History Society of Siam v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 15406] Bangkok, Thailand. Syntypes: ZSI F10526/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:106 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864) -- (Das 2003:354 [ref. 27706], Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntioplites proctozysron (Bleeker 1864). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Habitat: freshwater.

somereni, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1911:369 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 8 (no. 45) (art. 45); ref. 14782] Sebwe River, snow-water stream on Mt. Ruwenzori, Uganda (±0°10'N, 30°12'E), elevation 6000 feet. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1911.7.26.1. •Valid as Barbus somereni Boulenger 1911 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:287 [ref. 6186] with species as somerini, De Vos & Thys van den Audenaerde 1990:13 [ref. 17656], De Vos et al. 2001:131 [ref. 26059] as 'Barbus'). •Valid as Labeobarbus somereni (Boulenger 1911) -- (Banyankimbona et al. 2012:276 [ref. 34113], Vreven et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34168], Kiselkewa et al. 2020:[8] 707 [ref. 38315], Akoth et al. 2023:9 [ref. 40069]). Current status: Valid as Labeobarbus somereni (Boulenger 1911). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Eastern and central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

sophoroides, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:144 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Cachar and Hooghly [Hoogley] River, India. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1866.5.2.208[or 205] (1) Hoogley River [from Bleeker]. Based on literature citation and specimens. •Valid as Puntius sophoroides (Günther 1868) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2013:149 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:730 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Puntius sophoroides (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Northern India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

soro, Barbus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1842:191 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 16; ref. 1009] River Sading vetang, Bantam, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (not found). For authorship, see Scharpf 2015:499 [ref. 33890]. •Synonym of Tor tambra (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Lim et al. 1990:37 [ref. 16753], Roberts 1993:22-23 [ref. 21799]). •Tentatively valid -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:49 [ref. 2//3448]). •May belong in the genus Neolissochilus Rainboth 1985 -- (Roberts 1999:234 [ref. /23900]). •Valid as Tor soro (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus sorodes (Duncker 1904) -- (Khaironizam et al. 2015:153 [ref. 33812] with authorship as Bishop 1973). •Valid as Neolissochilus soro (Valenciennes 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989] with qualifications, Jaafar et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38256], Hasan et al. 2022:6035 [ref. 39888], Jamaluddin et al. 2022:[6] [ref. 39245]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus soro (Valenciennes 1842). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

soroides, Barbus Duncker [G.] 1904:178, Pl. 1 (fig. 7) [Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen (Zoologischen) Museum in Hamburg v. 21; ref. 5560] Pahang River, Malay Peninsula, eastern slope of Sangka Dua Pass, Pahang, Malaysia, elevation about 2000 feet. Lectotype: ZMH H368. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1905.5.6.8-10 [ex SSMKL] (3); ZMH H368 (1), H369 (1), H370 (1); ZRC 913 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181], Alfred 1963:165 [ref. 20555], Alfred 1970:70-71 [ref. 23931], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:402 [ref. 21161] as syntypes, but see Rainboth 1985:30 [ref. 5968]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:158 [ref. 19181]. •Valid as Neolissochilus soroides (Duncker 1904) -- (Rainboth 1996:83 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:8 [ref. 22832], Tan & Lim 2004:108 [ref. 27716] as cf. soroides, Roberts & Khaironizam 2008:25 [ref. 33824], Kottelat 2013:127 [ref. 32989], Khaironizam et al. 2015:153 [ref. 33812], Arunachalam et al. 2017:22 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35912], Ng et al. 2019:524 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus soroides (Duncker 1904). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

speleops, Barbus Roberts [T. R.] 1991:104, Figs. 1-4 [Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society v. 39 (no. 2); ref. 21975] Tham [cave] Phu Khieo, Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, 16°02'05"N, 101°32'10"E, Thailand. Holotype: CAS 67194. Paratypes: CAS 76112 (2), TISTR 2642-43 (1, 1). •Valid as Barbus speleops Roberts 1991 -- (Doi 1997:3, 20 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Poropuntius speleops (Roberts 1991) -- (Roberts 1998:123 [ref. 23549], Kottelat & Bréhier 1999:357 [ref. 24929], Romero & Paulson 2001:18 [ref. 26040], Trajano et al. 2002:169 [ref. 26082], Proudlove 2006:82 [ref. 28992], Kottelat 2013:145 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Poropuntius speleops (Roberts 1991). Cyprinidae: Cyprininae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

sperchiensis, Barbus euboicus Stephanidis [A.] 1950:202 [Praktika tes Akademias Athenon v. 18; ref. 12807] Sperchios [Spercios] River, Greece. Syntypes: lost. •Synonym of Barbus cyclolepis Heckel 1837 -- (Kottelat 1997:48 [ref. 22952], Bianco 1998:132 [ref. 23811]). •Synonym of Barbus cyclopis Heckel 1837, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Economidis & Bogutskaya in Bănărescu & Bogutskaya 2003:181, 193 [ref. 27353]). •Valid as Barbus sperchiensis Stephanidis 1950 -- (Stoumboudi et al. 2006:131 [ref. 28767], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:131 [ref. 29996], Levin et al. 2012:544 [ref. 33912], Barbieri et al. 2015:48 [ref. 35029], Kalogianni et al. 2023:[3] 699 [ref. 40691]). Current status: Valid as Barbus sperchiensis Stephanidis 1950. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. Distribution: Southeastern Europe: Sperchios basin and Evia Island basins (Greece). Habitat: freshwater.

spilopholus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1839:272, 341, Pl. 39 (fig. 4) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Northern parts of Bengal. Misspelled spilophilus in plate caption; etymology of name given on p. 272. •Mention -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:167 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:73 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Chagunius chagunio (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

spilopterus, Barbus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:122, Fig. 78 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 59112. Paratypes: ANSP 59113 (1). Additional material: (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:13 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:91 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Puntius spilopterus (Fowler 1934) -- (Doi 1997:11 [ref. 22832]). •Synonym with question as Puntius brevis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:148 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Puntius brevis (Bleeker 1849). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: Thailand (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

spilurus, Barbus Günther [A.] 1868:114 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sri Lanka. Syntypes: BMNH 1852.2.19.124 (1), 1858.10.19.86-91 (6), 1859.5.31.47 (1). •Synonym of Puntius sarana (Hamilton 1822), but a valid subspecies -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:284 [ref. 20764], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172] as spirulus). •Valid as Systomus spilurus (Günther 1868) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:77 [ref. 32071], Plamoottil 2014:145 [ref. 33650], Plamoottil 2016:96 [ref. 34814], Arunachalam et al. 2018:46 [ref. 36280], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Bhakta et al. 2022:[2] 194 [ref. 39348]). •Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:167 [ref. 32989], Sudasinghe et al. 2020:[16] [ref. 37737]). Current status: Synonym of Systomus sarana (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

spinulosus, Barbus McClelland [J.] 1845:280, Pl. 21 (fig. 3) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 5 (no. 18); ref. 2929] Rivers at foot of Sikkim Mountains, India. Syntypes: SMF 953 (2). •In genus Neolissochilus as spinulosis -- (Rainboth 1985:28 [ref. 5968]). •Synonym of Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland 1845) -- (Menon 1999:56 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Neolissochilus spinulosus (McClelland 1845) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:232 [ref. 20764], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:28 [ref. 25662], Arunachalam et al. 2017:24 [ref. 35058], Lalramliana et al. 2018:[3] [ref. 35912]). Current status: Valid as Neolissochilus spinulosus (McClelland 1845). Cyprinidae: Torinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

spurrelli, Barbus Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:51, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913 (pt 1) (art. 3); ref. 14947] Vicinity of Bibianaha, near Dunkwa, between watersheds of Tano and Ankobra rivers, Ghana. Lectotype: BMNH 1911.11.27.1. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1911.11.27.2 (1), 1912.2.15.13-15 (3), 1912.5.31.8-11 (4). Lectotype selected by Hopson & Hopson 1965 [ref. 22244]. •Synonym of Barbus ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:219 [ref. 6186] as spurelli, Lévêque 1989:176 [ref. 12829] as spurelli, Lévèque et al. 1991:140 [ref. 31367] as spurelli). •Synonym of Enteromius ablabes (Bleeker 1863) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:351 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius ablabes (Bleeker 1863). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

squamosissimus, Barbus Steindachner [F.] 1912:444 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse v. 49 (no. 23) (for 14 Nov. 1912); ref. 18816] [Dasha] Dja River, Moloundou District [East Region], southeastern Cameroon. Syntypes: NMW 54638-39 (1, 1). Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1913:26, Fig. 6, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [ref. 14987]. •Synonym of Barbus miolepis Boulenger 1902 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:269 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902) -- (Hayes & Armbruster 2017:353 [ref. 35417]). Current status: Synonym of Enteromius miolepis (Boulenger 1902). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

srilankensis, Barbus Senanayake [F. R.] 1985:166, Figs. 1-2 [Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Sciences) v. 15 (nos 1-2) [1982]; ref. 17278] Kalu Ganga Valley, eastern Sri Lanka. Holotype: BMNH 1976.2.10.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.2.10.2 (1), CAS 34955 (1). •Valid as Puntius srilankensis (Senanayake 1985) -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:115 [ref. 20075], Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 2005:139 [ref. 28274], Rema Devi et al. 2010:1121 [ref. 30982], Knight et al. 2011:1690 [ref. 31267]). •Valid as Dawkinsia srilankensis (Senanayake 1985) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 2012:80 [ref. 32071], Raghavan et al. 2013:4936 [ref. 32992], Katwate et al. 2020:231 [ref. 37497], Ren et al. 2020:[5] [ref. 37805], Katwate et al. 2020:726 [ref. 37975], Sudasinghe et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38706]). Current status: Valid as Dawkinsia srilankensis (Senanayake 1985). Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae. Distribution: South Asia: Kalu River drainage (Sri Lanka). Habitat: freshwater.

stanleyi, Barbus Poll [M.] & Gosse [J.-P.] 1974:220 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 88 (no. 1); ref. 19570] Lilanda River au pont de la route Yangambi-Yaekela, Central