Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 November 2023

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Catalog of Fishes

Species that contain: Labrus and bergylta [ 19 ] records

aper, Labrus Retzius [A. J.] 1800:335 [Faunae Suecicae a Carolo A Linné; ref. 18622] Mari Occidental. No types known. Based in part on Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 (misspelled berggalt by Retzius). •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascarius 1767. Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

balanus, Labrus Fleming [J.] 1828:209 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] England. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

ballan, Labrus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:115, Pl. 98 (fig. 400) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Wales, England (United Kingdom), France (Atlantic coast). No types known. Based on 'The wrasse (Ballan)' of Pennant 1769:203, Pl. 12 [ref. 18527]. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

ballan, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:259 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Seas of Great Britain. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus ballan Bonnaterre 1788 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

ballanus, Labrus Shaw [G.] 1803:498, Pl. 71, bottom [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Filey Bridge near Scarborough, England. No types known. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). •Apparently based on the same source [Pennant] as Labrus ballan Bonnaterre 1788. Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bergylta, Labrus Ascanius [P.] 1767:3, Pl. 1 [Icones rerum naturalium, ou figures enluminées d'histoire naturelle du Nord; ref. 5115] Stavanger, Norway. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:44 [ref. 24101] as Pl. 1 in the original description [specimen not in existence]. Also described in Ascanius 1767:17, pl. 1 [ref. 30153]. Name spelled Labrus berg-galt by Müller 1776:46 [ref. 17808]. Species epithet misspelled bergilta by Cuvier 1831:187 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:926 [ref. 13676], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:873 [ref. 19219], Porteiro et al. 1996:30 [ref. 23330], Santos et al. 1997:96 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:94 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:44 [ref. 24101], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:110 [ref. 26753], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:93 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:48 [ref. 30182], Kuiter 2010:83 [ref. 35285], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2750 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:167 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:282 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bañón & Maño 2021:89 [ref. 38887], Kovačić et al. 2021:69 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Distribution: Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Morocco, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: marine.

comber, Labrus Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Pennant) 1788:115, Pl. 99 (fig. 405) [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Cornwall, southwestern England, United Kingdom. No types known. Based on 'The comber' of Pennant 1769:210 [ref. 18527], which was based on the 'Comber cornub.' of Ray 1713:163, fig. 5 [ref. 30231]. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:873 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

comber, Labrus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1297 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] "Cornubiae littore". No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus comber Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

comber, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:259 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus comber Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cynaedus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:288 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea (Greece; Italy); Belgium; Portugal. No types known. Spelled cynoedus by Bonnaterre 1788:117 [ref. 4940], cynedus by Rafinesque 1810 [ref. 3594], cinaedus by Lacepède 1801:443, 509 [ref. 2710]. Based on the 'Labrus luteus, dorso purpuro, pinna a capite ad caudam continua' of Artedi 1738:56 [ref. 30349], which was based on various historical sources and multiple species (Labrus merula Linnaeus 1758 and L. bergylta Ascanius 1767), including the 'Cynædus' of Rondeletius 1554:170 [ref. 30354], the 'Alphestes vel Cynaedus' of Gesner 1558:40 [ref. 30350], the 'Cinædus Rondeletii' of Aldrovandi 1638:67 [ref. 37991], the 'Cinædus' of Jonston 1649:Pl. 15, fig. 3 [ref. 30579], the 'Alphestes' of Charleton 1668:135 [ref. 30580], the 'Alphestes sive Cinedus' of Willughby 1686:323 [ref. 30164], and the 'Alphestes sive Cinædus' of Raius 1713:137 [ref. 30231]. •Synonym of Labrus merula Linnaeus 1758. Nomen Oblitum. Current status: Synonym of Labrus merula Linnaeus 1758. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

donovani, Labrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:39 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Brittany. Syntypes: MNHN A-1041 (1, dry, mounted). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:82 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

julis, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:284 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Genoa, Venice, Rome, and Naples (Italy), Marseille (France), and Crete (Greece), Mediterranean Sea. Neotype: CFM-IEOMA 7433. Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:262 [ref. 20707]. Based on multiple sources including the 'Labrus oblongus, nigricans, ...' of Gronow 1756: 28 [ref. 20783] from the Mediterranean Sea, and the 'Labrus palmaris varius ...' of Artedi 1738: 34 [ref. 30578]; 1738: 53 [ref. 30349], which was again based on multiple historical sources, starting with Aristotle, Athenaeus, Aelianus, Oppianus and Galenus, also including the 'Iulis' of Bellon 1553: 254 [ref. 37989] from Venice, Italy and Marseille, France, fig. (based on Labrus bergylta) and 'Phycis', p. 256, fig. from Marseille, France (based on Coris julis), the 'Iulis' of Rondelet 1554: 180 [ref. 30354], Gesner 1558: 549 [ref. 30360] and Gesner 1598:14 [ref. 37990] from Venice (Italy) and Greece, the 'Julia' and 'Julis' of Salviani 1558: 217, 219, fig. [ref. 30229] from Rome (Italy), the 'Iulis authoris' of Aldrovandi 1638: 39 [ref. 37991], the 'Iulis' of Jonston 1649: 45, pl. 14, fig. 3 [ref. 30579], the 'Julis' of Charleton 1668: 133 [ref. 30580], Willughby 1686: 324 [ref. 30164], and Ray 1713: 138 [ref. 30231]. Spelled iulis in Brünnich 1768:54 [ref. 17290]. Neotype selected by Ramírez-Amaro et al. 2021:14 [ref. 38684]. •Valid as Julis julis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kuiter 2010:310 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Coris julis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:431 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:924 [ref. 13676], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:871 [ref. 19219], Porteiro et al. 1996:28 [ref. 23330], Santos et al. 1997:95 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:94 [ref. 24952], Parenti & Randall 2000:15 [ref. 24943], Guillemaud et al. 2000:929 [ref. 24996], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:109 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S17 [ref. 28536], Bernardi et al. 2004:372 [ref. 27454], Golani 2005:50 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:93 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:115 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:47, 48 [ref. 30182], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:53 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:378 [ref. 33547], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2748 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:50 [ref. 35565], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:281 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:74 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:37 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:88 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:67 [ref. 38303], Ramírez-Amaro et al. 2021:10 [ref. 38684], Fricke & Durville 2021:34 [ref. 38902], Fermon et al. 2022:289 [ref. 39448] misidentified). Current status: Valid as Coris julis (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea: Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) eastward; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea. IUCN (2010): LC. Eastern Atlantic records based on Coris melanura (Lowe 1839). Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1792:17, Pl. 294 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] North Sea. Lectotype: ZMB 8587 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: (3, lost). New name for Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. On p. 16 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

multidentatus, Crenilabrus Thompson [W.] 1837:56 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 5 (1837) (54); ref. 4388] Youghal, Cork County, Ireland. Syntypes: (3) whereabouts unknown. Species originally published in 1837 as above, also published as new in 1838 with an illustration and further description (Thompson 1838:449, Pl. 13 [ref. 19964]). •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

neustriae, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:451, 522 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Près des rives de l'ancienne Neustrie. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:94 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

nubilus, Labrus Valenciennes [A.] 1843:62 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN A-8201 (1, dry), A-8202 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:89 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

perdica, Labrus Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:34, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Turkey). Neotype: SMNS 11609. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:48 [ref. 30182]. Neotype selected by Ramírez-Amaro et al. 2021:15 [ref. 38684]. •Synonym of Thalassoma pavo (Linnaeus 1758) -- (authors). •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Fricke 2008:48 [ref. 30182] in part). •Synonym of Coris julis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:15 [ref. 24943], Fricke 2008:48 [ref. 30182] in part, Ramírez-Amaro et al. 2021:10 [ref. 38684]). Current status: Synonym of Coris julis (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Labrus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1857.6.13.111 [ex Zool. Soc.] (dry). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus reticulatus Bonnaterre 1788 and Labrus reticulatus Walbaum 1792. •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

variabilis, Labrus Thompson [W.] 1837:59 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 5 (1837) (54); ref. 4388] Ireland. Substitute name "under which all the varieties [3 names] could be brought." •Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767 -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:427 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:874 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:27 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Labrus bergylta Ascanius 1767. Labridae. Habitat: marine.


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