Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 November 2023

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Catalog of Fishes

Species that contain: Manta and birostris [ 12 ] records

alfredi, Ceratoptera Krefft [J. L. G.] 1868:3, 9, Fig. [The Illustrated Sydney News v. 5 (11 July 1868); ref. 5074] Watson's Bay, at entrance to Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.1731(stuffed and painted over). Original description reproduced in Whitley 1936:176 [ref. 6075] and with correction of type locality. Spelling of the original genus was Deratoptera, regarded as a typesetting error. It should have been Ceratoptera, Authorship has been attributed to Krefft (by Whitley 1936:176 and unquestioned), the then curator of the Museum; no author is given with the article. •Valid as Manta alfredi, but may be Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Paxton et al. 1989:51 [ref. 12442], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589]). •Synonym of Manta birostris (Donndorff 1798 [Walbaum 1792]) -- (Last & Stevens 1994:460 [ref. 23873], Allen et al. 2006:207 [ref. 29002]). •See Grove & Lavenberg 1997:130 [ref. 24023]. •Valid as Manta alfredi (Krefft 1868) -- (Marshall et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30599], Kitchen-Wheeler 2010:351 [ref. 30962], Fricke et al. 2011:348 [ref. 31242], Wirtz et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:22 [ref. 32988], Ebert et al. 2013:368 [ref. 33045], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:107 [ref. 34104], Weigmann 2016:145 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Mobula alfredi (Krefft 1868) -- (White & Last 2016:742 [ref. 35016], White et al. 2017:284 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:18 [ref. 36273], White & Ko'ou 2018:67 [ref. 35922], White et al. 2018:69 [ref. 37171], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:179 [ref. 37302], Zajonz et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:214 [ref. 37272], Ebert et al. 2021:100 [ref. 38234], Haque et al. 2021:216 [ref. 38677], Marshall 2022:629 [ref. 39677], Rambahhiniarison et al. 2022:[3] [ref. 39986], Allen & Erdmann 2024:72 [ref. 40796], Glaus et al. 2024:7 [ref. 40788]). Current status: Valid as Mobula alfredi (Krefft 1868). Mobulidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic; Western Sahara south to Senegal; Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen) and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.) and Tuamotu Archipelago (French Polynesia), north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

americana, Manta Bancroft [E. N.] 1829:454 [Zoological Journal, London v. 4 (no. 16) (art. 55); ref. 5051] American Seas. Apparently an alternate name for Cephalopterus manta Bancroft 1829 proposed in the same paper (p. 453). •Synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

birostris, Raja Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:535 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Some authors (e.g., Whitley 1936:180 [ref. 6075]) date to Donndorff 1798:876 because they regarded Walbaum's treatment as non-binominal, but the style of this section suggests that the second word "birostris" was not italicized through an oversite (see index) and binominal nomenclature was intended. Earlier authors, such as Jordan & Evermann 1896:92 [ref. 2443] credited the name to Walbaum. See remarks under Cephalopterus giorna Lesueur 1824. •Valid as Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) [sometimes with author as Donndorff 1790 or 1798] -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:57 [ref. 9277], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:16 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:44 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:28 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:59 [ref. 25518], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], McEachran & Séret 1990:73 [ref. 19318], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Randall et al. 1990:31 [ref. 15987], Boschung 1992:28 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:201 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:37 [ref. 22193], Last & Stevens 1994:459 [ref. 23873], Randall 1995:49 [ref. 22896], Acero P. & Franke 1995:17 [ref. 22546], McEachran & Notarbartolo-di-Sciara in Fischer et al. 1995:764 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:62 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23144], Santos et al. 1997:16 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:48 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:129 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:31 [ref. 25919], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:194 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:73 [ref. 24555], Myers 1999:40 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:33 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:206 [ref. 24490], Compagno & Last 1999:1527 [ref. 24637], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:124 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:718 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Menni & Stehmann 2000:94 [ref. 24909], Nakabo 2000:186 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Thomson et al. 2000:284 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:5 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:96 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], McEachran in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:80 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:108 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:186 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830] with author and date as Donndorf 1798, Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192] with author and date as Donndorff 1798, McEachran & Carvalho 2003:588 [ref. 26985], Milessi & Oddone 2003:126 [ref. 27316] with author and date as Donndorf 1798, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Duffy & Abbott 2003:715 [ref. 27479], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:67 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27624], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:55 [ref. 27735], Love et al. 2005:15 [ref. 37547], Nelson et al. 2004:57 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:88 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:23 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:107 [ref. 28379], Compagno et al. 2005:80 [ref. 29145], Allen et al. 2006:207 [ref. 29002], Randall 2007:47 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:145 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:12 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:16 [ref. 30426], Marshall et al. 2009:4 [ref. 30599], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Kitchen-Wheeler 2010:351 [ref. 30962], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:58 [ref. 35264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:67 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32972], Ebert et al. 2013:369 [ref. 33045], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:21 [ref. 33341] with remarks, Wirtz et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33516], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:108 [ref. 34104], Duffy 2015:202 [ref. 34217], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:135 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:145 [ref. 34211], Notarbartolo-di-Sciara & Séret 2016:1437 [ref. 34552], Fourriére et al. 2016:440 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:5 [ref. 35333], Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565] with author as Donndorff 1798, Kells et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618]). •Valid as Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (White & Last 2016:743 [ref. 35016], White et al. 2017:286 [ref. 35860], Biscoito et al. 2018:483 [ref. 37562], Ehemann et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:18 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:298 [ref. 36178], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], White & Ko'ou 2018:68 [ref. 35922], White et al. 2018:68 [ref. 37171], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:179 [ref. 37302], Cabanillas-Torpoco et al. 2019:397 [ref. 36704], Carneiro et al. 2019:52 [ref. 37250], Eagderi et al. 2019:12 [ref. 37020], Ehemann et al. 2019:[7] [ref. 36861], Fricke et al. 2019:48 [ref. 36673], Reiner 2019:51 [ref. 38139], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:247 [ref. 37881], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 4 [ref. 38321], Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610], Notarbartolo-di-Sciara et al. 2020:3 [ref. 37486], Psomadakis et al. 2020:214 [ref. 37272], Walker et al. 2020:4 [ref. 37499], Bessudo et al. 2021:[3] 1771 [ref. 39107], Ebert et al. 2021:100 [ref. 38234], González-Acosta et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:29 [ref. 39279], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 6 [ref. 38986], Ehemann et al. 2022:[3] 215 [ref. 40885], Fermon et al. 2022:109 [ref. 39448], Marshall 2022:630 [ref. 39677], Rambahhiniarison et al. 2022:[3] [ref. 39986], Robertson et al. 2022:86 [ref. 39353] as cf. birostris, Carvalho-Filho 2023:324 [ref. 40480], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40663], Hoff et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40463], Page et al. 2023:48 [ref. 40505], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:83 [ref. 40816], Allen & Erdmann 2024:73 [ref. 40796], Gadig et al. 2024:88 [ref. 40775], Glaus et al. 2024:7 [ref. 40788], Nair et al. 2024:107 [ref. 41023]). Current status: Valid as Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate water (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Gulf of California/Mexico); possibly straying to Mediterranean Sea. IUCN (2019): Endangered. Habitat: marine.

ehrenbergii, Ceratoptera Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1841:187 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMB 4708 (1), 22621 [ex Anat.-zool. Mus. 8731] (1) Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:180 [ref. 21041]. •Valid as Manta ehrenbergii (Müller & Henle 1841) -- (Dor 1984:21 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:6 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Marshall et al. 2009:4 [ref. 30599], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:58 [ref. 35264]). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Golani & Fricke 2018:18 [ref. 36273], Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

fowleri, Manta Whitley [G. P.] 1936:182 [Australian Zoologist v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 6075] Tabuaeran [= Fanning Island], Line Islands, central Pacific. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on illustrations and a description of Manta birostris by Fowler 1927:3, Pl. 1 (figs. D-G) [ref. 15785]. •Synonym of Manta alfredi (Krefft 1868) -- (Marshall et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30599]). •Synonym of Mobula alfredi (Krefft 1868). Current status: Synonym of Mobula alfredi (Krefft 1868). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

giorna, Cephalopterus Lesueur [C. A.] 1824:115 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 17520] Off entrance of Delaware River, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.; Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A.; Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A. No types known. Not Raja giorna Lacepède 1803. Based on a specimen collected off Delaware River mouth, on the "Devil-fish, Diabolus marinus" of Catesby 1771:xxxii [ref. 774], and on a specimen from Savannah, Georgia described in the Philadelphia Gazette of 6 Aug. 1824. Marshall et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30599] tentatively recognize a valid species distinct from (but occurring with) birostris; it occurs in the Atlantic. A neotype selection would be needed to fix the name of this species as giorna Lesueur 1824 if the species is shown to be distinct from birostris. •Synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (authors). •Treated as a synonym of Manta sp. cf. birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Marshall et al. 2009:22 [ref. 30599], also Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:21 [ref. 33341]). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Distribution: Atlantic, including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean (if valid). Habitat: marine.

hamiltoni, Brachioptilon Hamilton [F.] & Newman [E.] in Newman 1849:2358 [The Zoologist: a Popular Miscellany of Natural History v. 7 (for 1849); ref. 3169] Gulf of California, Mexico. No types known. Description based on account by Hamilton, Newman provided name; therefore we treat authorship as Hamilton & Newman. •Valid as Manta hamiltoni Hamilton & Newman 1849 -- (Castro-Aguirre 1965:251 [ref. 41098]). •May be a synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589]). •See Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:73 [ref. 24555]. •Synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:108 [ref. 25968], Marshall et al. 2009:4 [ref. 30599], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:135 [ref. 34398] with author as Newman). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

lacepedei, Cephaloptera Billberg [G. J.] 1833:51 [Linnéska Samfundets Handlingar v. 1 (for 1832); ref. 34146] No locality stated. No types known. Genus erroneously abbreviated as "M."; should be C. = Cephaloptera. Based on the "La raie manatia" of Lacepède 1798:160 [ref. 2708]; see Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]. •Synonym of Raja manatia Schneider 1801 and Manta birostris (Walbaum, 1792) -- (Kullander 2016:112 [ref. 34147]). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

manta, Cephalopterus Bancroft [E. N.] 1829:453 [Zoological Journal, London v. 4 (no. 16) (art. 55); ref. 5051] Kingston, Jamaica. No types known. •Synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen et al. 2006:207 [ref. 29002]). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

pinchoti, Manta Whitley [G. P.] 1936:182 [Australian Zoologist v. 8 (pt 3); ref. 6075] Near Hat Island, Ua Huka, Marquesas Islands. Holotype: USNM 89721 (parts). Paratypes: USNM 89722 (parts), 143796 (pieces), 143797 (1). Based on descriptions of Manta birostris by Fowler 1932:2 [ref. 1412]. Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

raya, Manta Baer [G. A.] 1899:112 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 15635] Zorritos, about 40 kilometers south of Tombez, 4 kilometers from Grau, Peru. No types known. •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Uncertain as Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.

vampyrus, Cephalopterus Mitchill [S. L.] 1824:23, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 1; ref. 17777] Near entrance to Delaware Bay, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792). •Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (Jones et al. 2020:302 [ref. 37610]). Current status: Synonym of Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Habitat: marine.


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