SPECIES IN CALIFORNIA
is the product of a cooperative project among the public entomology collections
in the state of California. California has a rich heritage of entomological
studies within both The University of California system and The California
State University system. Additionally, there are three major free-standing
museums housing significant insect collections within the state, as well
as the major collection maintained for agricultural pest identification
at the California Department of Food and Agriculture. Taken together,
they provide the greatest insect reference resource in the western part
of the country and perhaps the greatest state system anywhere in the U.S.
The Neuropterida (Neuroptera
+ Megaloptera + Raphidioptera) were chosen because of the general interest
in this group among various workers in California, as well as its importance
in biological control work. Private collections were not included because
of their reduced availability for general public use, but it should be
noted that R. Bruce Miller of Project City, California, has probably the
best private collection of Neuropterida in the country. The included collections
Where an asterisk appears before a species name in purple type, this indicates
that the primary type exists in one of the California collections. In
cases where no determined species are listed, generic level identifications
are listed to give an indication that such materials exist. Where determined
species are listed, generic level determinations are not listed. Therefore,
there often are additional species amongst museum materials which have
not yet been identified to species level nor listed here. The classification
utlized here is that of Oswald & Penny (1991) with the exception that
Rapismatidae is considered a synonym of Ithonidae, and the Myrmeleontidae
is modified to reflect changes suggested by Stange (1994).
There are 1,096 taxa identified to species in this listing. Aspöck, et
al. (1980) indicated approximately 6,500 species of Neuropterida have
been described worldwide. Thus, the holdings in California collections
represents about 17% of known species. The coverage is more complete for
North American species. Of the 399 species listed in Penny, et al. (1997),
all but 46, or 88%, are found in California collections.
H., U. Aspöck, and H. Hölzel. 1980. Die Neuropteren Europas. 2 vols.
Goecke and Evers,
Krefeld, West Germany.
495 and 355 pp. Figures.
J.D. and N.D. Penny. 1991. Genus-group Names of the Neuroptera,
Raphidioptera of the World.
Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences.
No. 147. 94 pages.
N.D., P.A. Adams, and L.A. Stange. 1997. Species Catalog of the
of America North of Mexico. Proceedings of the
California Academy of Sciences
L.A. 1994. Reclassification of the New World antlion genera formerly
included in the
(Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Insecta Mundi 8(1-2):67-119.
NEUROPTERA (LACEWINGS, ANTLIONS)
MEGALOPTERA (DOBSON-FLIES, FISH-FLIES, ALDER-FLIES)
individuals who provided information or permission to use data
from their collections are: Norman D. Penny (CASC); Fred Andrews
and Alan Hardy (CDFA); Brian Brown and Brian Harris(LACM); Cheryl
Barr, Jerry A. Powell, and Felix Sperling(CISC); Steve Heydon
and Lynn Kimsey (UCDC), Saul Frommer and Doug Yanega (UCRC), David
Faulkner (SDMC) Stanley E. Vaughn and J. Gordon Edwards (SJSC).
Robert Allen provided additional information about the LACM Neuropterida
webpage was created by Norman D. Penny and Julieta Parinas.
Update: 24 June 1999