Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Rhaphiodon Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:59, 76 Masc. Rhaphiodon vulpinus Spix & Agassiz 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Eigenmann 1910:444 [ref. 1224]. Raphiodon is a misspelling. Rhaphiodon is not a replacement name for Cynodon since Cynodon was not an available name at that time. For authorship and date see Kottelat 1988:78 [ref. 13380]. Kottelat's interpretation (p. 83) is regarded as incorrect; see also account of Cynodon Cuvier. Case 3041 [ref. 24268] before the ICZN was settled in Opinion 2012 [ref. 31354]. Cuvier's genus Rhaphiodon was suppressed. •Valid as Rhaphiodon Agassiz 1829 -- (Géry 1977:299 [ref. 1597], Vari 1983:5 [ref. 5419], Géry 1986:63 [ref. 6019], Taphorn 1992:436 [ref. 23654], Lucena & Menezes 1998:274 [ref. 23776], Britski et al. 1999:68 [ref. 24147], Géry et al. 1999:75 [ref. 24114], Toledo-Piza 2000:69 [ref. 24268], ICZN 2002:223 [ref. 31354], Toledo-Piza in Reis et al. 2003:235 [ref. 27061], Mirande 2009:6 [ref. 30267] in Characidae, Cynodontinae, Mirande 2010:480 [ref. 31006], Oliveira et al. 2011:11 [ref. 31685], Sarmiento et al. 2014:186 [ref. 35004], Bertaco et al. 2016:415 [ref. 34561]). Current status: Valid as Rhaphiodon Agassiz 1829. Cynodontidae.