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|Online Version, Updated 1 July 2016|
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Catalog of Fishes - version of 1 July 2016 (Continuously updated since the early 1980s.)
Richard van der Laan is now a co-author of the Catalog of Fishes. This becomes Eschmeyer, W. N., R. Fricke, and R. van der Laan.
Other projects include Fricke (early references, new references, and corrections) and van der Laan (data entry and Bleeker literature).
In this edition, we provide 183 new species in 2016.
Bill Eschmeyer, Florida Museum of Natural History, 1659 Museum Road, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA and California Academy of Sciences.
We are making additions to:
Van der Laan, R., W. N. Eschmeyer & R. Fricke (2014) (11 Nov.), Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa Monograph 3882 (1), 1-230. DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1
See Family Group Names for future updates by R. van der Laan.
By default, search results will not include item 3 names -- unavailable names that detract from the main list of available names. These are mostly names mentioned in synonymy, names in lists, etc. They are still in the database, so if you want to see them, check the box labeled Include unavailable names before searching.
Eschmeyer, W. N. and R. Fricke, and R. van der Laan (eds). CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2016. [This version was edited by Bill Eschmeyer.]
Fricke, R. (ed). REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2016. [Ron Fricke devoted much time to improving references and journals, many of which had not been examined in 15 to 25 years. Please remember that the title of a paper often differs in three places: the title on the paper itself, the contents listed by the journal, and in the PDF provided by the journal. Ron tends to follow the title on the pdf for recent papers and the title on the original for earlier publications. Many of our dates of publication are documented for priority purposes. Some current journals have a target date, but actual publication is often delayed. For nomenclatural date problems, we will help if we can.]
van der Laan, R., W. N. Eschmeyer and R. Fricke. FAMILY-GROUP NAMES. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-family-group-names/). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2016.
Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. JOURNALS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/journals.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2016. [Includes all journals appearing in the Catalog, including publication information and ISSN numbers.]
Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. GUIDE TO FISH COLLECTIONS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/collections.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2016. [Arranged by museum abbreviation and by country, includes type catalogs and historical publications and www sites where available.]
Eschmeyer, W. N. & Fong, J. D. SPECIES BY FAMILY/SUBFAMILY. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2016. [Recalculated with each new version; based on current literature, this provides all available species names, valid species, and species described in the last 10 years by family/subfamily.]
Please remember that if you got to the Catalog of Fishes from Fishbase, you are NOT in Fishbase. Fishbase is a more comprehensive database for a different audience, but they use Catalog of Fishes information in their authority file.
Some other useful sites for fishes are (1) Fishbase [Fishbase team, Manila]; (2) www.stri.org/sftep -- A comprehensive database on Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific (and of the eastern Atlantic) [Ross Robertson]; (3) shark-references.com -- A database on elasmobranchs, with over 13,000 references, information on taxa, type specimens, etc. [Jürgen Pollerspöck]; (4) FishWisePro.com -- a comprehensive relational database of more than 99,350 scientific species name combinations and over 34,300 well-identified (mostly marine) fish pictures [Dennis Polack]; (5) Freshwater Fish List, 17th edition 2016; (6) ETYFish Project (derivations of Fish Names) by Christopher Scharpf; and (7) BioStor, for Biodiversity Heritage Library references. A very useful site is Worldfish.de [not associated with Fishbase or Worldfish]. Maintained by Michal Mikšik and Erwin Schraml. They post new fish taxa and references as they are published.
A summary paper was published in 2010 from the Catalog of Fishes database that might be of interest to users of the Catalog. "Marine fish diversity: history of knowledge and discovery (Pisces)." By William N. Eschmeyer, Ronald Fricke, Jon D. Fong & Dennis A. Polack. Zootaxa, no. 2525:19-50 (2 July 2010, open access, click title to download).
As always, notifying us of missed original descriptions and errors in the database or providing PDFs of recent papers is most welcome.
Bill Eschmeyer edited type localities and standardized many place names. Our style is to use current place names found on an English map (or from Wikipedia and Google sites). Should you need original localities, they can be found in the original descriptions or from particular museum holdings (often online).
Many scientific names of fish species are based on personal names; some were found to be incorrect. For example, Jordan and co-workers spelled Japanese names ending in "a" with a terminal "e" as in matsubarae; that is acceptable, with the name Latinized first. So those names do not end in "i". Remarks are provided by Eschmeyer in this version for most species based on personal names. For a review of this very technical subject, see Dubois 2007: Zootaxa No. 1550:49-68.
New treatment of synonyms: Often an author revises a genus and treats a species in detail but does not mention the species synonyms (if any). If he/she does not mention the synonyms (rather common in recent treatments) and moves the valid “parent” species to a different genus, do we move the synonyms automatically, although the revising author may not have studied or assessed the synonyms? In the past, we did not move the synonyms. Typically, this often resulted in the synonyms being in a different current genus than the valid parent species. We now move the synonyms to the genus of the valid parent species, but no “status reference” showing the new generic placement is found with the synonym. Some synonyms will be moved incorrectly, but it is considered more desirable to have the potential synonyms in the same current genus as the valid parent species.
Some conventions used in the Catalog
Author plus date and a species code: The code of Zoological Nomenclature does not require a comma between the author and date, only a suggestion. In fact, we consider that confusing as that is traditionally used to show a cited reference in journal publications and not a species authorship and date. Genus+species+author+date (with parentheses as needed) is a (nearly) unique code or formula to define every species [2 known exceptions]. So you will find no comma between the author and date. Some journals are now treating species in this way.
Figures: Under a new species heading, some journals list (a) only the major figure, some list (b) all figures (including maps, habitats and graphs), and (c) some give figures showing the full view and any illustrated parts of the species. We give all figures that show a full view and any anatomical part of the species, so our listing of figures often differs from the treatment by a journal in the original description (as listed in the species heading).
Type localities: We give a current place name that one will find on a Google search or in an ‘English’ atlas. For some species described many years ago, one may find both the original locality and in parentheses a modern name for that locality. Many collections now have their holdings on-line, and it is there one can usually find the actual original locality if needed. Current localities are often augmented by additional information, such as coordinates.
Authors: We have added initials in brackets to distinguish all individual authors of genera and species.
Species of Fishes by Family/Subfamily -- Total valid taxa reflect new taxa added minus taxa moved into synonymy plus taxa newly moved to valid. The classification is as used in the Catalog of Fishes. Prepared by Bill Eschmeyer and Jon Fong.
Family-Group Names -- Priority applies to Family-group names. It did not in early years. As classifications are refined with use of more subfamilies and tribes, it is required to use the oldest available family-group name for these new taxa. Early authors did not provide authorships and dates for families, and it is very difficult to find them.
Ichthyological Collections -- Presented are those specimen collections mentioned in the main Catalog of Fishes database, especially as repositories of type specimens. Besides museum names and abbreviations, this includes WWW sites, cross-referencing of abbreviations, and selection of museums by country, along with type catalogs, historical articles, name changes, transfers, and other items for individual collections. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.
Ichthyological Journals -- There are nearly 2600 individual journals or monograph series in the Catalog of Fishes database. We provide full citations, and other information such as changes in titles, published duration, ISSN numbers, WWW sites, etc. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.
Thanks to Thomaz Litz for help with Aquarium literature, and to Christopher Scharpf, Dan Zimberlin and Dennis Polack for proofing. Michael Miksik and Erwin Schraml provided literature. Jon Fong prepared the new version. Thanks to Sherry Bostick for entering and proofing Eschmeyer's typing.
Acknowledgments for Bill Eschmeyer (2016): K.V. Akhilesh, Gerry Allen, Marcelo Andrade, William Anderson, Carlos A. Ardila Rodriguez, Philippe Béarez, Roger Bills, Heiko Bleher, Sherry Bostick, Emily Capuli, Tiago Carvalho, Roman Causse, Paula Chainho, Kevin Conway, William Crampton, Gabriel Deprá, Jon Fong, Matthias Geiger, Dani Golani, Martin Gomon, Karsten Hartel, Mysi Hoang, Byron Hosking, M. Shahadat Hossain, Butch (Alexander) Hulley, Hisashi Imamura, Juan Jacobo Schmitter-Soto, Laith Jawad, Howard Jelks, Sven Kullander, Kuldeep K. Lal, Peter Last, Sebastien Lavoue, Thomas Litz, Nathan Lujan, James Maclaine, John McEachran, Catherine Mecklenburg, Michael Mincarone, Hamed Mousavi-Sabet, Thomas Munroe, A. L. Netto-Ferreira, Dirk Neumann, Jørgen Nielsen, Makoto Okamoto, Larry Page, Mark Sabaj Pérez, Paulo Petry, Stuart Poss, John Randall, Roberto E. dos Reis, Adela Y. Roa-Varon, Rob Robins, Ross Robertson, Uwe Römer, Ronald de Ruiter, Mark Sabaj Perez, Christopher Scharpf, Ray Schmidt, Erwin Schraml, Werner Schwazhans, Richard Sexton, Armando Jorge Telese Almeida, Ralf Thiel, Luke Tornabene, Davut Turan, Richard van der Laan, James Van Tassell, Katerina Vasil'eva, James A. Vanegas-Rios, Benjamin Victor, Simon Weigmann, Jeff Williams, Lei Yang, Gus Yearsley and Mikhail Zhukov.
Acknowledgments for Ron Fricke (2016): László Antal, William D. Anderson Jr., Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam, Andrey Balanov, K. K. Bineesh, Sergey Bogorodsky, David Boseto, Pedro Bragança, Wei-Jen Chen, Xiaoyong Chen, Erdoğan Çiçek, Kendall Clements, Oliver Crimmen, Giuliano Doria, Du Li-Na, Jean-Dominique Durand, Marco Endruweit, Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Thomas Fraser, Stephen Gaimari, Daniel Golani, Adeljean Ho, Laith Jawad, Oliver Jewell, K. Kannan, Murat Kaya, Seishi Kimura, Marcus Knight, Alexander Kotlyar, Friedhelm Krupp, Andrey Kukhlevskiy, Kuldeep Lal, Edouard Lavergne, Thomas Litz, Adriana López-Arbarello, Sara Lourie, Carlos de Lucena, James Maclaine, Christophe Mailliet, Enrique Marschoff, Jesús Matallanas, Marcelo Melo, Hiroyuki Motomura, Kongbrailatpam Nebeshwar, Heok Hee Ng, Nguyen Huu Duc, Dalton Nielsen, Willian Ohara, Alla Oleinik, Francesc Ordines, Thomas Orrell, Larry Page, Jorge Palma, Mathews Plamoottil, Valentina Prirodina, Jürgen Pollerspöck, Artem Prokofiev, Peter Psomadakis, Jack Randall, Bertrand Richer de Forges, Pedro Pereira Rizzato, Tyson Roberts, Cesar Román-Valencia, Barry Russell, Ivan Sazima, Christopher Scharpf, Erwin Schraml, Bernard Séret, Bungdon Shangningam, Sergei Shedko, Bikramjit Sinha, Vic Springer, Tan Heok Hui, Davut Turan, Stefano Valdesalici, Katerina Vasil'eva, Anatoly Velikanov, Kirill Vinnikov, Jacob Vinu, Olga Voskoboinikova, Emmanuel Vreven, William White, Alan Whitfield, Peter Wirtz, Uwe Zajonz, Cláudio Zawadzki.
Acknowledgments for Richard van der Laan (2016): Carlos Ardila, Alexandre Bannikov, Rudolf Caers, Paul van der Laan, Peter Last, Bruno Melo, Peter Rask Møller, Larry Page, Carla Pavanelli, Ingo Schindler, Erwin Schraml, Bill Smith-Vaniz, Stefano Valdesalici, Emmanuel Vreven, Will White, Axel Zarske and Elsbeth Zwart.
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