Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Variola (subgenus of Serranus) Swainson [W.] 1839:168, 202 Fem. Variola longipinna Swainson 1839 (= Perca louti Forsskål 1775). Type by monotypy. Swainson's V. longipinna apparently is an unneeded substitute for S. louti of Rüppell which is Perca louti Forsskål 1775. •Valid as Variola Swainson 1839 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:126 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:500 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1991:302 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:301 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2446 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1024 [ref. 28999], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:95 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2011:352 [ref. 31786], Motomura et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:67 [ref. 36273], Ma & Craig 2018:452 [ref. 36100], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Variola Swainson 1839. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.