Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2016

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Catalog of Fishes
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Scarus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:x, 25 [ref. 1351]. Masc. Scarus psittacus Forsskål (not of Linnaeus) 1775. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Swain 1883:274 [ref. 5966] and by Jordan & Gilbert 1882:938 [ref. 2476]. Not preoccupied by Scarus Gronow (not available). The family name Scaridae is retained on the basis of Randall & Parenti 2014, despite the incorporation in the Labridae by some authors. As they point out the fused jaws are a unique feature that explains the success of the group -- and labrids are herbivors and carniors are primarily herbiverous. Their separation has been suggessted to be (see Randall & Parenti, p. 17) about 42 millian years ago between the labrids and scarids. •Valid as Scarus Forsskål 1775 -- (Randall & Choat 1980 [ref. 5543], Randall & Bruce 1983:8 [ref. 5412], Richards & Leis 1984:544 [ref. 13668], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:218 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:709 [ref. 5706], Bellwood & Choat 1989:16 et seq. [ref. 13494], Bellwood 1994:67 [ref. 19116], Parenti & Randall 2000:54 [ref. 24943], Bellwood 2001:3471 [ref. 26278], Streelman et al. 2002:964 [ref. 26053], Westneat 2003:1724 [ref. 27105], Allen et al. 2006:1430 [ref. 29090], Westneat et al. 2007:59 [ref. 29298], Parenti & Randall 2011:38 [ref. 31299], González-Cuéllar et al. 2013:224 [ref. 32961], Kottelat 2013:381 [ref. 32989], Randall & Parenti 2014:16 [ref. 33392]). Current status: Valid as Scarus Forsskål 1775. Scaridae: Scarinae.