Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Sphyraena Artedi [P.] in Röse 1793:112 Fem. Esox sphyraena Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation or subsequent monotypy. Spelled Sphyrena by Rafinesque 1810:34 and Sphaerina by Swainson 1839:175 (242) [ref. 4303]. Apparently above is oldest available name for genus; authors also date to Bloch & Schneider 1801 or Klein; Walbaum (1792) is unavailable. •Valid as Sphyraena Artedi 1793 [some authors use Röse as author] -- (de Sylva 1975 [ref. 6302], de Sylva 1984:534 [ref. 13666], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:121 [ref. 6441], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1194 [ref. 13677], de Sylva & Williams 1986:722 [ref. 6301], Daget 1986:35 [ref. 6203], Lin & Shao 1987 [ref. 6420], Johnson 1986:32 [ref. 5676], Daget in Lévêque et al. 1992:789 [ref. 21590], Gomon et al. 1994:664 [ref. 22532], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:459 [ref. 24550], Senou 2001:3686 [ref. 26303], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:803 [ref. 25968], Russell 2003:1808 [ref. 27114], Parin 2003:S25 [ref. 28536], Doiuchi & Nakabo 2005:132 [ref. 28229], Bray & Hoese 2006:1749 [ref. 29049] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider 1801, Béarez 2008:95 [ref. 30486], Pastore 2009:1299 [ref. 30405], Gomon 2008:774 [ref. 30616], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:68 [ref. 36649], Doiuchi 2011:99 [ref. 31623], Parin et al. 2014:507 [ref. 33547], Abdussamad et al. 2015:1 [ref. 33861], Trnski 2015:1600 [ref. 34198], Motomura et al. 2017:208 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:358 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:120 [ref. 36273], Ballen 2019:402 [ref. 37027], Fricke et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Sphyraena Artedi 1793. Sphyraenidae.