Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Synodontis (subgenus of Pimelodus) Cuvier [G.] 1816:203 Masc. Silurus clarias Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1862:6 [ref. 393]. Apparently Synodontes Minding 1832:116 is the same. Synodontis is regarded as a feminine Greek noun by some, but masculine by others -- conclusion uncertain; see Schraml 2011:23 [ref. 31313]. However, it should be known that all early authors, such as G√ľnther, Bleeker, Boulenger, Vaillant, Pellegrin, Poll, Vinciguerra, Pfeffer and Peters all treated Synodontis as masculine. Also the Code states that if a genus can be regarded as masculine or feminine, then it is to be treated as masculine. Therefore, we treat Synodontis as masculine, unlike Ferraris 2007. •Valid as Synodontis Cuvier 1816 -- (Poll 1971:43 [ref. 7700], Gosse 1986:117 [ref. 6194], Paugy 1987:357 [ref. 6738], Burgess 1989:195 [ref. 12860], Lévêque et al. 1989:120 [ref. 26480], Paugy & Bénech 1989:303 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:340 [ref. 26477], Skelton & White 1990:277 [ref. 13608], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1992:515 [ref. 21590], Willoughby 1994:25 [ref. 22047], Poll & Gosse 1995:201 [ref. 24781], Seegers 1996:220 [ref. 23725], Dankwa et al. 1999:37 [ref. 28023] dated 1817, Friel & Vigliotta 2006:45 [ref. 28580], Wright & Page 2006:104 [ref. 28885] dated 1817, Ferraris 2007:311 [ref. 29155], Grant 2008:14 [ref. 29668], Friel & Sullivan 2008:3 [ref. 29726], Vigliotta 2008:121 [ref. 29734], Musschoot & Lalèyè 2008:1303 [ref. 29749], De Weirdt et al. 2008:122 [ref. 29869], Fermon et al. 2007:729 [ref. 30032], Vreven & Milondo 2009:97 [ref. 30416], Vreven & Ibala Zamba 2010:359 [ref. 31194], Schraml 2011:27 [ref. 31440], Schraml 2011:18 [ref. 31313], Vreven & Ibala Zamba 2011:359 [ref. 31194], Marshall 2011:175 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Synodontis Cuvier 1816. Mochokidae: Mochokinae.