Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 31 May 2017

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Catalog of Fishes
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alpinus, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:309 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "Lapponiae, Angliae alpibus, folus." No types known. See Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:82 [ref. 30320] for nomenclatural issues resulting in umbla Linnaeus taking precedence over alpinus Linnaeus for central and northern European charrs; alpinus is in prevailing usage and therefore retained. •Valid as Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1948:267 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:147 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:111 [ref. 22416], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:383 [ref. 13675], Robins & Ray 1986:77 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:122 [ref. 22962], Scott & Scott 1988:137 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:53 [ref. 22530], Page & Burr 1991:49 [ref. 18983], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], López et al. 1996:16 [ref. 23681], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Kottelat 1997:152 [ref. 22952], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:37 [ref. 23574], Scott & Crossman 1998:201 [ref. 24570], Alexeev & Pichugin 1998:328 [ref. 24677], Fuller et al. 1999:260 [ref. 25838], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:94 [ref. 26736], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:199 [ref. 25968], Hanel 2003:58 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:159 [ref. 28183], Duhamel et al. 2005:114 [ref. 32059], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386] with subspecies, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:433 [ref. 29996], Oleinik & Skurichina 2007:911 [ref. 31791], Møller et al. 2010:27 [ref. 31169], Page & Burr 2011:396 [ref. 31215] with 3 subspecies, Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Dolgov 2013:916 [ref. 33112], Parin et al. 2014:139 [ref. 33547], Oleinik et al. 2015:Eng. 62 [ref. 33831] as S. alpinus alpinus, Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151]). Current status: Valid as Salvelinus alpinus (Linnaeus 1758). Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean basin: circumpolar; North America and northern Europe; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.