Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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laevis, Ostracion Pennant [T.] 1776:129, Pl. 19 [British zoology. 4th Edition v. 3; ref. 18528] Cornwall, England, northeastern Atlantic. No types known. •Valid as Ranzania laevis (Pennant 1776) -- (Fraser-Brunner 1951:95 [ref. 19546], Tortonese 1973:650 [ref. 7192], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:301 [ref. 9277], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:366 [ref. 6441], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1350 [ref. 13677], Heemstra 1986:908 [ref. 5660], Robins & Ray 1986:310 [ref. 23100], Pequeño 1989:78 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:247 [ref. 24556], Tortonese 1990:1078 [ref. 18658], Gomon et al. 1994:920 [ref. 22532], Scott in Fischer et al. 1995:1277 [ref. 22830], Cervigón 1996:89 [ref. 24489], Santos et al. 1997:116 [ref. 23531], Lindberg et al. 1997:187 [ref. 23547], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:663 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:124 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:140 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:615 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:358 [ref. 25013], Randall 1999:31 [ref. 25829], Kar & Chakraborty 2000:288 [ref. 25166], Nakabo 2000:1435 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Hutchins 2001:3968 [ref. 26319], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:158 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1435 [ref. 26193], Santini & Tyler 2002:38 [ref. 25998], Matsuura 2003:2015 [ref. 27119], Parenti 2003:4 [ref. 27311], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:111 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:186 [ref. 27807], Dennis et al. 2004:84 [ref. 31601], Mundy 2005:539 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:942 [ref. 28815], Bray & Hoese 2006:1938 [ref. 29049], Fricke et al. 2007:118 [ref. 29533], Bray 2008:861 [ref. 30620], Fricke et al. 2009:124 [ref. 30213], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:76 [ref. 36649], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:182 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:137 [ref. 32972], Psomadakis et al. 2015:340 [ref. 34104], Stewart & Struthers 2015:1748 [ref. 34300], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3081 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Katayama & Matsuura 2016:96 [ref. 34881], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Nión et al. 2016:56 [ref. 35565], Kells et al. 2016:342 [ref. 35888], Ali et al. 2018:347 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Spier et al. 2018:19 [ref. 36103], Artüz & Fricke 2019:561 [ref. 36612], Brown et al. 2019:183 [ref. 36444], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36864], Yapici 2019:14 [ref. 36891]). Current status: Valid as Ranzania laevis (Pennant 1776). Molidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Persian Gulf). Habitat: marine.