Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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trutta, Salmo Linnaeus [C.] 1758:308 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European rivers. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:24 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •See discussion in Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952]. •Valid as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1948:235 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:146 [ref. 7169], Lee et al. 1980:109 [ref. 22416], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:151 [ref. 25473], Behnke 1984:125 [ref. 6177], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1984:382 [ref. 13675], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:38 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:230 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:76 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:101 [ref. 22962], Robison & Buchanan 1988:126 [ref. 23393], Scott & Scott 1988:134 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:165 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:29 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:91 [ref. 24556], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:148 [ref. 25598], McAllister 1990:85 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:52 [ref. 24089], Page & Burr 1991:51 [ref. 18983], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Boschung 1992:68 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:348 [ref. 22809], Skelton 1993:261 [ref. 24071], Stearley & Smith 1993:21 [ref. 26683], Gomon et al. 1994:231 [ref. 22532], La Rivers 1994:318 [ref. 23389], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:580 [ref. 21581], Baxter & Stone 1995:190 [ref. 23374], Coad 1995:25 [ref. 23608], Stauffer et al. 1995:237 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:170 [ref. 23394], Economidis 1995:207 [ref. 23025], Apostolidis et al. 1996:551 [ref. 24743], Apostolidis et al. 1996:608 [ref. 24724], Davies & McDowall in McDowall 1996:81 [ref. 22909], Chereshnev 1996:604 [ref. 24659], Andersen & Deacon 1996:126 [ref. 24717], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:145 [ref. 25528], Mettee et al. 1996:425 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:204 [ref. 25943], Bianco et al. 1996:55 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:141 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:100 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:729 [ref. 24702], Thurow et al. 1997:1106 [ref. 25523], Bianco 1997:612 [ref. 26725], Dorofeeva & Savvaitova 1998:36 [ref. 23574], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Morgan et al. 1998:39 [ref. 24611], Scott & Crossman 1998:197 [ref. 24570], Dorofeeva 1998:442 [ref. 24680], Fricke 1999:28 [ref. 24101], Fuller et al. 1999:258 [ref. 25838], Dyer 2000:89 [ref. 26678], Lyons et al. 2000:51 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:299 [ref. 25086], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Gabrielyan 2001:25 [ref. 25867] as species and subspecies, Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:194 [ref. 26728], Skelton 2001:261 [ref. 27406], Allen et al. 2002:358 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:298 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:293 [ref. 26449], Delling 2002:283 [ref. 26660], López et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27366], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:92 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:57 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:86 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:156 [ref. 27882], Miller & Robison 2004:258 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:354 [ref. 27995], Seegers et al. 2003:40 [ref. 28087], Hammer & Walker 2004:91 [ref. 28129], Menni 2004:85 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:157 [ref. 28183], Delling & Doadrio 2005:55 [ref. 28211], Hanel & Lusk 2005:305 [ref. 28804], Duhamel et al. 2005:110 [ref. 32059], Schöffmann 2005:20 [ref. 33986], Paxton et al. 2006:415 [ref. 28994], Scharpf 2006:33 [ref. 30386], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:56 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:408 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:52 [ref. 30517], McPhail 2007:311 [ref. 31199], Simonović et al. 2007:368 [ref. 33985], Raadik 2008:213 [ref. 30624], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Minckley & Marsh 2009:97 [ref. 31114], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:21 [ref. 36649] subspecies trutta, Page & Burr 2011:400 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:188 [ref. 31755], Hammer et al. 2012:66 [ref. 32389], Page et al. 2013:87 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:137 [ref. 33547] suspecies trutta, Sarmiento et al. 2014:135, 189 [ref. 35004], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:891 [ref. 34062], McDowall & Roberts 2015:415 [ref. 34244], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:293 [ref. 34894], Barbieri et al. 2015:84 [ref. 35029], Mirande & Koerber 2015:49 [ref. 35117], Çiçek et al. 2015:150 [ref. 35151], Reis et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34496], Esmaeili et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36089], Fricke et al. 2018:64 [ref. 35805], Kuiter 2018:108 [ref. 36369], Martins & Carneiro 2018:31 [ref. 36550], Tougard et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36173], Ćaleta et al. 2019:179 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Salmo trutta Linnaeus 1758. Salmonidae: Salmoninae. Distribution: Northeastern Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Europe and western Asia, introduced widely elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.