Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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pilchardus, Clupea harengus var. Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:38 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cornwall, England, northeastern Atlantic. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:20 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. On Official list of Specific Names in Zoology. •Valid as Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Svetovidov 1973:102 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:276 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:55 [ref. 5141], Parrish et al. 1989:2020 [ref. 19496], Whitehead 1990:213 [ref. 14039], Santos et al. 1997:25 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:29 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:19 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:37 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:19 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:27 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:49 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:20 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:60 [ref. 33547], Munroe 2016:1734 [ref. 34560], Martins & Carneiro 2018:24 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum 1792). Clupeidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.