Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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brasiliensis, Clupea Steindachner [F.] 1879:182 [64] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 1156. Paralectotypes: ?NMW 1155 (1), 1157-62 (3, 2, 2, 4, 1, 4). On p. 64 of separate. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1970:8 [ref. 11605]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clupea brasiliensis Bloch & Schneider 1801, replaced by Clupea janeiro Eigenmann 1894. See Munroe & Nizinski 2003:825 [ref. 26997]. See Figueiredo et al. 2010:282 [ref. 30889] who treat as a nomen protectum. •Treated as valid as Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879) -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:93 [ref. 14275], Whitehead 1985:96 [ref. 5141], Robins & Ray 1986:72 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:43 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:301 [ref. 23827], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192], Munroe & Nizinski 2003:826 [ref. 26997] as tentatively valid). •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Stern et al. 2017:[9] 499 [ref. 36753]). •Valid as Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879) -- (Figueiredo et al. 2010:282 [ref. 30889] as a nomen protectum, Angulo et al. 2013:990 [ref. 33194], Spier et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.