Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 February 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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synodus, Esox Linnaeus [C.] 1758:313 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America. No types known. •Valid as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen 1973:161 [ref. 6885], Sulak in Whitehead et al. 1984:411 [ref. 13675], Robins & Ray 1986:80 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:629 [ref. 9166], Scott & Scott 1988:190 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:99 [ref. 14674], Sulak 1990:369 [ref. 15106], Cervigón 1991:148 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:71 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:447 [ref. 23827], Arruda 1997:42 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:613 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:150 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:70 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1643 [ref. 25634], Collette et al. 2003:99 [ref. 26784], Figueiredo & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27192], Russell 2003:929 [ref. 27004], Smith et al. 2003:11 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Wirtz et al. 2007:26 [ref. 30263], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30983], Frable et al. 2003:141 [ref. 32553], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:28 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Russell 2016:1828 [ref. 34572], Nión et al. 2016:37 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36103], Almeida & Alves 2019:273 [ref. 37097], Brown et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Synodus synodus (Linnaeus 1758). Synodontidae: Synodontinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to northern Angola, including Madeira, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, São Tomé and Principe; southern central Atlantic: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Western Atlantic populations are genetically different [ref. 34572] Habitat: marine.