Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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encrasicolus, Clupea Linnaeus [C.] 1758:318 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] 18 nautical miles off Sète, Gulf of Lyon, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. MNHN 2002-1775. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:20 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype designated by Borsa et al. 2004:1113 [ref. 28607]. Spelled encrasiolus in Brünnich 1768:83 [ref. 17290]. Sometimes spelled encrasicholus or encrassicolus.. •Valid as Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:111 [ref. 7169], Dor 1984:43 [ref. 29757], Nelson 1984:424 [ref. 5190], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:282 [ref. 13675], Whitehead et al. 1988:316 [ref. 5725], Whitehead 1990:228 [ref. 14039], Goren & Dor 1994:11 [ref. 25356], Coad 1995:9 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Santos et al. 1997:121 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:30 [ref. 24952] as encrasicholus, Fricke 1999:20 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:39 [ref. 26753], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:30 [ref. 28183], Borsa et al. 2005:1121 [ref. 28607], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:25 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:44 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:20 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:51 [ref. 33547], Nizinski & Munroe 2016:1717 [ref. 34559], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:32 [ref. 36273], Martins & Carneiro 2018:29 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Engraulis encrasicolus (Linnaeus 1758). Engraulidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, eastern Atlantic: Norway south to South Africa, including Madeira and Canary Islands; Red Sea (Mediterranean Sea immigrant); southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.