Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 August 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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merluccius, Gadus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:254 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European ocean. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Gadus merlucius of Sonnini 1803:268 (vol. 6) [ref. 30473] is not a misspelling, but an unnecessary replacement name. •Valid as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:300 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:677 [ref. 13676], Klausewitz 1989:260 [ref. 13650], Cohen 1990:534 [ref. 15766], Inada in Cohen et al. 1990:339 [ref. 18936], Arruda 1997:70 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24101], Roldán et al. 1999:82 [ref. 27164], Grant & Leslie 2001:700 [ref. 25592], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:53 [ref. 26753], Lloris et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27698] with subspecies, Golani 2005:26 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:63 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:55 [ref. 30517], Fricke 2008:19 [ref. 30182], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:168 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:514 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:317 [ref. 34397], Lloris et al. 2016:2011 [ref. 34587], Martins & Carneiro 2018:35 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:148 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:47 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Merluccius merluccius (Linnaeus 1758). Merlucciidae: Merlucciinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland south to Mauritania, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.