Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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sapa, Cyprinus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:328 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Volga River and tributaries. No types known. Originally spelled sapĂ . Spelled sopa by Valenciennes 1844:49 [ref. 1010]. •Valid as Abramis sapa (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:781 [ref. 20661], Coad 1981:8 [ref. 22348], Lelek 1987:139 [ref. 22962], Coad 1995:9 [ref. 23608], Kottelat 1997:43 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:734 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:55 [ref. 23589], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43 [ref. 26178], Hanel 2003:52 [ref. 27894], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:166 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:246 [ref. 28804], Esmaeili et al. 2010:366 [ref. 33391], Parin et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Ballerus sapa (Pallas 1814) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:76 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:179 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:166 [ref. 31251], Perea et al. 2010:15 [ref. 31802], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:865 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:36 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:16 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Ballerus sapa (Pallas 1814). Leuciscidae: Leuciscinae. Distribution: Eastern Europe and former USSR east to Caspian Sea drainage. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.