Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 14 September 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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speculiger, Exocoetus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:94 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN B-0822. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-0823 (1), B-0824 (1), B-0825 (1), B-0826 (1), B-838 (?), 6365 (2). Type catalog: Bruun 1937:181 [ref. 12982], Collette et al. 1997:13 [ref. 22813]. Lectotype established by Bruun 1937:181 [ref. 12982]. Date often wrongly given as 1846. •Valid as Cypselurus speculiger (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Chen et al. 1997:27 [ref. 26476], Parin 2003:1131 [ref. 27018], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Paxton et al. 2006:730 [ref. 29073], Paxton et al. 2006:730 [ref. 29073]). •Valid as Hirundichthys speculiger (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Parin 1973:266 [ref. 7191], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:82 [ref. 6441], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:618 [ref. 13676], Heemstra & Parin 1986:395 [ref. 6293], Paxton et al. 1989:334 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:143 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:15 [ref. 13251], Parin & Gibbs 1990:590 [ref. 16545], Cervigón 1992:319 [ref. 23827], Parin in Fischer et al. 1995:1102 [ref. 22829], Parin 1996:306 [ref. 23179], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:256 [ref. 24023], Monteiro et al. 1998:400 [ref. 23732], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:177 [ref. 24555], Fricke 1999:123 [ref. 24106], Parin 1999:2177 [ref. 24786], Nakabo 2000:555 [ref. 25086], Parin in Randall & Lim 2000:600 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:555 [ref. 26001], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:615 [ref. 27495], Nelson et al. 2004:100 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:290 [ref. 28379], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:370 [ref. 31242], Shakhovskoy & Parin 2013:118 [ref. 32656], Page et al. 2013:102 [ref. 32708], Psomadakis et al. 2015:181 [ref. 34104], Stewart & Struthers 2015:964 [ref. 34274], Parin & Shakhovskoy 2016:2152 [ref. 34602], Fourriére et al. 2016:456 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Shakhovskoy 2018:48 [ref. 36429], Brown et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36444], Carneiro et al. 2019:201 [ref. 37250], Jayakumar et al. 2019:703 [ref. 37111], Parin et al. 2019:209 [ref. 37342], Psomadakis et al. 2020:345 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Hirundichthys speculiger (Valenciennes 1847). Exocoetidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas (including Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.