Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 February 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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affinis, Heterandria Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] 1853:390 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 6; ref. 15636] Rio Medina and Rio Salado, Texas, U.S.A. Lectotype: ANSP 6974 [ex 6974-6975]. Paralectotype: ANSP 6975 (1). Additional material (probably Gambusia patruelis): MCZ 41141 (1), 41150 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:143 [ref. 13621]. Lectotype selected by Huber 2019:59 [ref. 36941]. •Valid as Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853), subspecies affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:430 [ref. 25598], Sakai et al. 2001:89 [ref. 25693]). •Valid as Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853) -- (Berg 1949:990 [ref. 20662], Okada 1961:741 [ref. 6363], Rosen & Bailey 1963:94 [ref. 7067], Lee et al. 1980:538 [ref. 22416], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:564 [ref. 8384], Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:171 [ref. 25473], Greenfield & Wildrick 1984:931 [ref. 11453], Uyeno & Arai in Masuda et al. 1984:83 [ref. 6441], Chen in Kuang et al. 1986:184 [ref. 26639], Robins & Ray 1986:110 [ref. 23100], Smith 1986:267 [ref. 22186], Wildrick et al. 1985:1054 [ref. 11519], Robison & Buchanan 1988:338 [ref. 23393], Wooten et al. 1988:283 [ref. 22447], Paxton et al. 1989:347 [ref. 12442], Rauchenberger 1989:3 [ref. 15687], Paulin et al. 1989:146 [ref. 24556], Zheng 1989:294 [ref. 21202], McAllister 1990:126 [ref. 14674], Allen & Coates 1990:69 [ref. 25561], Page & Burr 1991:235 [ref. 18983], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Pethiyagoda 1991:190 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:756 [ref. 20764], Pan et al. in Pan et al. 1991:326 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:299 [ref. 21400], Boschung 1992:89 [ref. 23239], Singh & Yazdani 1993:200 [ref. 24022], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:45 [ref. 22290], Skelton 1993:278 [ref. 24071], Etnier & Starnes 1993:372 [ref. 22809], La Rivers 1994:532 [ref. 23389], Warren et al. 1994:133 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:150 [ref. 25560], Baxter & Stone 1995:216 [ref. 23374], Yang & Chen 1995:106 [ref. 23555], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Cross & Collins 1995:179 [ref. 23394], Zhu 1995:160 [ref. 25213], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:185 [ref. 23079], Haro et al. 1996:6 [ref. 25004], Chilcott & Humphries 1996:147 [ref. 25528], Mettee et al. 1996:479 [ref. 25836], Sigler & Sigler 1996:227 [ref. 25943], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:746 [ref. 24702], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:922 [ref. 23897], Castro et al. 1998:79 [ref. 24271], Sato et al. 1998:38 [ref. 24972], Manimekalan 1998:440 [ref. 24989], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:157 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:172 [ref. 24760], Walters & Freeman 2000:555 [ref. 24473], Rema Devi et al. 1999:160 [ref. 24758], Parenti 1999:2200 [ref. 24784], Fuller et al. 1999:304 [ref. 25838], Ruiz-Campos et al. 2000:77 [ref. 24940], Nakabo 2000:546 [ref. 25086], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Azeroual et al. 2000:20 [ref. 25366], Lyons et al. 2000:67 [ref. 26594], Matsuura et al. 2000:193 [ref. 26000], Ghedotti 2000:38 [ref. 27228], Kottelat 2001:144 [ref. 25780], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Gabrielyan 2001:28 [ref. 25867], Ross et al. 2001:376 [ref. 25978], Skelton 2001:278 [ref. 27406], Keith et al. 2002:96 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:546 [ref. 26001], Moyle 2002:317 [ref. 26449], Ghedotti & Wiley 2003:1157 [ref. 27019], Lucinda in Reis et al. 2003:558 [ref. 27061], Garrett & Edwards 2003:783 [ref. 27258], Mirza 2003:22 [ref. 27265], López et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27366], Yadav 2003:23 [ref. 27711], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:163 [ref. 27816], Nelson et al. 2004:103 [ref. 27807], Miller & Robison 2004:277 [ref. 27931], Seegers et al. 2003:41 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:196 [ref. 28107], Menni 2004:86 [ref. 28131], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:178 [ref. 28183], Mundy 2005:293 [ref. 28379], Lucinda & Reis 2005:41 [ref. 29205], Miller 2006:220 [ref. 28615], Shrestha 2008:206 [ref. 29923], Fricke et al. 2007:72 [ref. 29533], Scharpf 2007:16 [ref. 30398], Minckley & Marsh 2009:253 [ref. 31114], Coad 2010:251 [ref. 36620], Meyer et al. 2010:13 [ref. 30817], Page & Burr 2011:445 [ref. 31215], Marshall 2011:195 [ref. 31755], Langerhans et al. 2012:1530 [ref. 32308], Kottelat 2013:300 [ref. 32989], Page et al. 2013:108 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:117 [ref. 35745], Sarmiento et al. 2014:187 [ref. 35004], McDowall & Stewart 2015:971 [ref. 34275], Meyer 2015:54 [ref. 34698], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:296 [ref. 34894], Mirande & Koerber 2015:53 [ref. 35117], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492], Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477], Neumann et al. 2016:306 [ref. 35036], Koeda et al. 2016:15 [ref. 35333], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Bruton et al. 2018:109 [ref. 36373], Huber 2019:58 [ref. 36941], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108] with question, Zhang et al. 2019:513 [ref. 36699]). Current status: Valid as Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard 1853). Poeciliidae: Poeciliinae. Distribution: Alabama, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississipi and Texas, U.S.A. and Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas and Veracruz, Mexico, introduced widely elsewhere for mosquito control. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.