Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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dispar, Lebias Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:66, Pl. 18 (figs. 1-2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 821. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1860.11.9.152 (3) Abyssinia, Rüppell coll., SMF 1988 (10). Lectotype selected by Villwock et al. 1983:246 [ref. 8267]. •Valid as Lebias dispar Rüppell 1829 -- (Coad 1996:6 [ref. 23831], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Getahun & Lazara 2001:152 [ref. 25127], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:175 [ref. 26753], Mirza 2003:22 [ref. 27265]). •Valid as Lebias dispar Rüppell 1829, subspecies dispar Rüppell 1829 -- (Lazara 2001:182 [ref. 25711]). •Valid as Aphanius dispar (Rüppell 1829) -- (Tortonese 1973:270 [ref. 7192], Banister & Clarke 1977:144 [ref. 7232], Coad 1980:35 [ref. 21046], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:563 [ref. 8384], Dor 1984:66 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:624 [ref. 13676], Wildekamp et al. 1986:165 [ref. 6198], Krupp 1983:617 [ref. 8320], Coad 1988:115 [ref. 11814], Krupp 1988:403 [ref. 13859], Krupp & Schneider 1989:388 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:20 [ref. 15702], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:755 [ref. 20764], Wildekamp 1993:42 [ref. 26378], Poll & Gosse 1995:207 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Randall 1995:92 [ref. 22896], Lotan & Ben-Tuvia 1996:203 [ref. 22648], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Seegers 1997:16 [ref. 23895], Carpenter et al. 1997:131 [ref. 23922], Coad & Abdoli 2000:87 [ref. 25295], Menon 1999:270 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:326 [ref. 25220], Golani 2005:28 [ref. 37112], Coad 2009:152 [ref. 30643], Coad 2010:243 [ref. 36620], Stiassny et al. 2010:43 [ref. 31055], Esmaeili et al. 2010:374 [ref. 33391], Teimori et al. 2011:53 [ref. 31612], Esmaeili et al. 2012:58 [ref. 31822], Teimori et al. 2012:56 [ref. 32136], Gholami et al. 2013:136 [ref. 33004], Esmaeili et al. 2014:29 [ref. 33250], Keivany & Esmaeili 2014:68 [ref. 33293], Borkenhagen 2014:97 [ref. 33432], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:893 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:122 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:89 [ref. 35254], Freyhof et al. 2017:565 [ref. 35649], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[4] 242 [ref. 36492], Esmaeili et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36738], Golani & Fricke 2018:43 [ref. 36273], Teimori et al. 2018:[12] [ref. 35934], Zajonz et al. 2019:66 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Aphanius dispar (Rüppell 1829). Aphaniidae. Distribution: Red Sea and easternmost Mediterranean Sea basin; Socotra (northwestern Indian Ocean). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.