Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 July 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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erectus, Hippocampus Perry [G.] 1810:Unnumbered p. 177, Pl. 45 [Ichthyology. In: Arcana, or, The Museum of Natural History v. 1; ref. 12255] Florida, USA. Old locality: American Seas, Mexico, West Indies. Neotype: USNM 223087. Published Dec. 1810. Neotype designated by Lourie et al. 2016:24 [ref. 34632]. •Valid as Hippocampus erectus Perry 1810 -- (Smith 1986:418 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:124 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:633 [ref. 9166], Scott & Scott 1988:349 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:135 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:275 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:95 [ref. 23239], Gomon 1997:250 [ref. 22842], Murdy et al. 1997:138 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1056 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:48 [ref. 24221], Lourie et al. 1999:83 [ref. 23993], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:235 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:189 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:155 [ref. 27754], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:322 [ref. 26158], Fritzsche & Vincent 2003:1224 [ref. 27044], Menezes & Moura in Menezes et al. 2003:71 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:18 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Piacentino & Luzzatto 2004:344 [ref. 28610], Kuiter 2009:72 [ref. 30404], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:114 [ref. 32708], Silveira et al. 2014:320 [ref. 33493], Lourie 2016:128 [ref. 34505], Lourie et al. 2016:24 [ref. 34632], Nión et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35565], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 2 [ref. 35615], Spier et al. 2018:8 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:175 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Hippocampus erectus Perry 1810. Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico; northeastern Atlantic: Azores. Habitat: marine.