Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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chrysoptera, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1766:485 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina (South Carolina, U.S.A.); Bahamas. Syntypes: LS 98 and 99 (2 half-skins) South Carolina. Type information: Goode & Bean 1885:202 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:58 [ref. 20705]. Based on manuscript description and 2 specimens sent by A. Garden [South Carolina], and on 'Perca marina gibbosa cinerea' of Catesby 1743:2, Pl. 2, fig. 1 (v. 2) [ref. 774] [Bahamas]. •Valid as Orthopristis chrysoptera (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Lee et al. 1980:753 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:177 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:140 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:238 [ref. 23144], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:333 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:265 [ref. 25013], Lindeman & Toxey 2003:1547 [ref. 27094], Nelson et al. 2004:145 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:380 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:149 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Parenti 2019:164 [ref. 37021]). Current status: Valid as Orthopristis chrysoptera (Linnaeus 1766). Haemulidae: Haemulinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine (U.S.A.) and Bermuda south to Caribbean Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.