Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 July 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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calcarifer, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:100, Pl. 244 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Pattukottai (10.4°N, 79.3°E), Tamil Nadu, India. Holotype (?): ZMB 8735 (right skin) [or 13652]. Non-types: ZMB 13652 (right skin) Type catalog: Paepke 1999:58 [ref. 24282]. On p. 80 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. Renamed calcar by Bloch & Schneider 1801:89 [ref. 471]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:58 [ref. 24282], but disputed by Pethiyagoda & Gill 2012:8-9 [ref. 31984] . For extensive comments on possible types and the type locality see Pethiyagoda & Gill 2012:8-9 [ref. 31984]. •Valid as Lates calcarifer (Bloch 1790) -- (Greenwood 1976:77 [ref. 14198], Roberts 1978:55 [ref. 8886], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:223 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:482 [ref. 12442], Ataur Rahman 1989:337 [ref. 24860], Larson & Martin 1990:42 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:112 [ref. 21090], Pethiyagoda 1991:208 [ref. 20075], Kottelat et al. 1993:103 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:206 [ref. 25213] as calcarrifer, Kohno et al. 1996 [ref. 22268], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:216 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:183 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:354 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Larson 1999:2431 [ref. 24811], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:608 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:72 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368], Allen et al. 2000:96 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:191 [ref. 25930], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S103 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:367 [ref. 31338], Otero 2004:86 [ref. 27721], Morgan et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27718], Allen et al. 2006:967 [ref. 29081], Allen et al. 2008:117 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:21 [ref. 31262], Pethiyagoda & Gill 2012:1 [ref. 31984], Hammer et al. 2012:67 [ref. 32389], Larson et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:323 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:95 [ref. 34464], Morgan et al. 2014:18 [ref. 36567], Psomadakis et al. 2015:193 [ref. 34104], Pusey et al. 2017:55 [ref. 35250], Motomura et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:96 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:182 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:75 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:379 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lates calcarifer (Bloch 1790). Latidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam and southern China, south to Pilbara (Western Australia) and northern Queensland (Australia); mostly in brackish and fresh water. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.