Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 14 September 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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subbifrenatus, Rhypticus Gill [T. N.] 1861:53 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 13; ref. 1769] St. Thomas Island, Virgin Islands, West Indies. Neotype: USNM 106516. Original genus should have been spelled Rypticus. Neotype selected by Baldwin & Weigt 2012:30 [ref. 31864]. •Valid as Rypticus subbifrenatus Gill 1861 -- (Courtenay 1967:255 [ref. 7882], Courtenay 1970:278 [ref. 21096], Robins & Ray 1986:146 [ref. 23100], Maugé 1990:709 [ref. 17126], Cervigón 1991:377 [ref. 24472], Guimarães 1999:349 [ref. 24429], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:218 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:180 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 30 [ref. 30263], Baldwin & Weigt 2012:23, 30 [ref. 31864], Page et al. 2013:133 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:43 [ref. 33341], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2405 [ref. 34618], Parenti & Randall 2020:102 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Rypticus subbifrenatus Gill 1861. Serranidae: Grammistinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Florida (U.S.A.) south to Brazil; eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands and Annobon Island. Habitat: marine.