Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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surinamensis, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:112, Pl. 277 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Suriname. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2825. Type catalog: Kullander & Nijssen 1989:38 [ref. 14136], Paepke 1999:63 [ref. 24282], Paepke & Schindler 2013:270 [ref. 32895]. On p. 89 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Geophagus surinamensis (Bloch 1791) -- (Gosse 1976:25 [ref. 7029], Kullander & Nijssen 1989:31 [ref. 14136], Page & Burr 1991:330 [ref. 18983], Fuller et al. 1999:430 [ref. 25838], Keith et al. 2000:188 [ref. 24547], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:634 [ref. 27061], López-Fernández & Taphorn 2004:3 [ref. 27573], Staeck & Schindler 2006:74 [ref. 28755], Schindler & Staeck 2006:96 [ref. 29420], Scharpf 2009:6 [ref. 30400], Page & Burr 2011:608 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:156 [ref. 32708], Hauser & López-Fernández 2013:284 [ref. 32965], Kottelat 2013:374 [ref. 32989], Melo et al. 2016:135 [ref. 34701], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:98 [ref. 35633], Robins et al. 2018:373 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Geophagus surinamensis (Bloch 1791). Cichlidae: Cichlinae. Distribution: French Guiana, Brazil, Colombia and Suriname; established in southern Florida, U.S.A. and Singapore. Habitat: freshwater.