Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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festivus, Scarus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:282 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] No locality stated [probably Caroline Islands, western Pacific]. No types preserved. Based on a drawing by Mertens [Franz Karl Mertens, 1764-1831, German botanist]. •Valid as Scarus festivus Valenciennes 1840 -- (Randall & Bruce 1983:16 [ref. 5412], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:218 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:712 [ref. 5706], Bellwood 1994:67 [ref. 19116], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:490 [ref. 27969], Myers 1999:210 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:456 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:56 [ref. 24943], Bellwood in Randall & Lim 2000:630 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1021 [ref. 25182], Bellwood 2001:3482 [ref. 26278], Nakabo 2002:1021 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:51 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:637 [ref. 27495], Liao et al. 2004:531 [ref. 28045], Randall 2005:454 [ref. 28239], Motomura et al. 2010:176 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:739 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:81 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:298 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Scarus festivus Valenciennes 1840. Scaridae: Scarinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Chagos Archipelago east to Marshall Islands and Gambier Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.