Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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luridus, Amphacanthus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] (ex Ehrenberg) 1829:45 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1943. Paralectotypes and possible paralectotypes: SMF 5153-54 (2), 5406-07 (2), 7986 (1), 7991 (1), 8549 (1); RMNH D1104 (1), 1543 (1); MNHN A-6927; NMW 31839-40 (2); ZMB 1696 (1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829) -- (Tortonese 1973:456 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:964 [ref. 13676], Woodland 1990:29 [ref. 19220] with discussion of authorship and types, Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356] with author as Cuvier, Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiii [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:385 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:219 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:530 [ref. 24106], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:148 [ref. 26232], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:137 [ref. 26753], Goren & Aronov 2002:239 [ref. 26560], Bariche 2003:52 [ref. 27018], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Golani 2005:58 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29533], Daniel et al. 2009:163 [ref. 30512], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Psomadakis et al. 2015:305 [ref. 34104], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:349 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:168 [ref. 36273], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:111 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36871] as cf. luridus). Current status: Valid as Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829). Siganidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa and Persian Gulf to Comores and Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.