Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 March 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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tobianus, Ammodytes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:247 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Northeastern Atlantic, Baltic Sea [original: "in Oceano Europæo"]; localities include Scania and Öland Island, Sweden; Cornwall, England; Rome and Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: LS 41 (right half-skin), NRM 5716 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:267 [ref. 20707] who indicate that NHRM 5716 is A. marinus Raitt 1934, Wheeler 1985:67 [ref. 20705]. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Originally based on multiple species and at least 18 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:16 [ref. 30578], Artedi 1738:55 [ref. 30529] and Artedi 1738:29 [ref. 30349] as Ammodytes; Salviani 1558:70, Pl. (p. 69) [ref. 30229] as Sandilz, Charleton 1668:146 [ref. 30580] as Anguilla de arena, Willughby 1686:113 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:38 [ref. 30231] as Ammodytes Gesneri. •Valid as Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Wheeler 1973:446 [ref. 7190], Reay in Whitehead et al. 1986:947 [ref. 13676], Ida et al. 1994:258 [ref. 22075], Amaoka in Okamura et al. 1995:219 [ref. 22531], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:177 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S20 [ref. 28536], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Psomadakis et al. 2012:17 [ref. 33457], Parin et al. 2014:465 [ref. 33547], Turanov & Kartavtsev 2014:447 [ref. 34455], Orr et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33719], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:418 [ref. 36370] see remarks, Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Ammodytes tobianus Linnaeus 1758. Ammodytidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea, North Sea, eastern North Atlantic: Iceland and Norway to Portugal (strays into western Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: marine.