Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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cernua, Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:294 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European lakes. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.5 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin), LS 2 (left half-skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:219 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1985:51 [ref. 20705]. The name cernua is a noun [as described by Linnaeus with a capital C]; see also Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:85 [ref. 30320]. •Valid as Acerina cernua (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:1046 [ref. 20662], Zhu 1995:172 [ref. 25213], Zhang et al. 2016:195 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Gymnocephalus cernua (Linnaeus 1758) (often seen as cernuus) -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845], Coad 1981:16 [ref. 22348], Lelek 1987:285 [ref. 22962], Page & Burr 1991:276 [ref. 18983], Coad 1995:27 [ref. 23608], Chereshnev 1996:606 [ref. 24659], Kottelat 1997:172 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:749 [ref. 24702], Popova 1998:117 [ref. 23588], Scott & Crossman 1998:viii [ref. 24570], Fuller et al. 1999:385 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:57 [ref. 26594], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:122 [ref. 26736], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:201 [ref. 26728], Hanel 2003:64 [ref. 27894], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Bailey et al. 2004:199 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:136 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:205 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:177 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:362 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:90 [ref. 28831], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:81 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:528 [ref. 29996], Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:85 [ref. 30320], Scharpf 2008:35 [ref. 30399], Geiger & Schliewen 2010:131 [ref. 30887], Page & Burr 2011:511 [ref. 31215] as cernua, Page et al. 2013:140 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:354 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:102 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:151 [ref. 35151], Romanov et al. 2017:826 [ref. 35687], Ćaleta et al. 2019:188 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Gymnocephalus cernua (Linnaeus 1758). Percidae: Percinae. Distribution: Native to Europe, introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.