Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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cantharus, Sparus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:280 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:41 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Tortonese 1973:414 [ref. 7192], Bauchot & Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:907 [ref. 13676], Bauchot & Hureau 1990:811 [ref. 18793], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:164 [ref. 25472], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xi [ref. 21953], Santos et al. 1997:90 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:91 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:41 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:98 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S12 [ref. 28536], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:89 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:103 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:49 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:371 [ref. 33547], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2619 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:149 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:56 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Valid as Spondyliosoma cantharus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Namibia, including Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.