Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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americanus, Amphiprion Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:205 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] America. No types known. Account refers to plate 47, apparently in error. •Valid as Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Tortonese 1973:361 [ref. 7192], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:788 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:509 [ref. 5660], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:192 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:130 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:360 [ref. 25518], Paulin et al. 1989:173 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:138 [ref. 14674], Smith 1990:703 [ref. 18227], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:154 [ref. 25472], Santos et al. 1997:79 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:80 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:199 [ref. 25013], Thomson et al. 2000:103 [ref. 25640], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:92 [ref. 25942], Hutchins 2001:29 [ref. 25847], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:390 [ref. 26158], Sedberry 2003:1297 [ref. 27055], Moore et al. 2003:225 [ref. 27076], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Barreiros et al. 2004:1439 [ref. 27641], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:156 [ref. 28072], Paxton et al. 2006:978 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:79 [ref. 29533], Roberts & Gomon 2008:534 [ref. 30641], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:41 [ref. 36649], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:129 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:171 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:112 [ref. 36167], Goren & Galil 2015:519 [ref. 33910], Roberts 2015:1176 [ref. 34193], Bañón et al. 2016:321 [ref. 34397], Roberts in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2355 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Martins & Carneiro 2018:122 [ref. 36550], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:96 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:50 [ref. 36742]). Current status: Valid as Polyprion americanus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Polyprionidae. Distribution: Nearly circumglobal, including Mediterranean Sea; not recorded from Pacific coast of South America or in the North Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.