Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 November 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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saponaceus, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801:310 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Eastern shore north of Cape Florida lighthouse, Key Biscayne, Dade County, Florida, U.S.A. [Original locality Cuba]. Neotype: USNM 198139 [ex UMML 1358]. Based on the 'Jabonsillo' of Parra 1787:51, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [ref. 6840]. Neotype designated by Courtenay 1967:253 [ref. 7882]. •Valid as Rypticus saponaceus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Courtenay 1967:246 [ref. 7882], Courtenay 1970:276 [ref. 21096], Robins & Ray 1986:146 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:637 [ref. 9166], Maugé 1990:709 [ref. 17126], Cervigón 1991:379 [ref. 24472], Allen & Robertson 1994:118 [ref. 22193], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Guimarães 1999:355 [ref. 24429], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:262 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:218 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:72 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:157 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:107 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:68 [ref. 26943], Heemstra et al. 2003:1327 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:77 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27621] with author as Schneider, Nelson et al. 2004:129 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:179 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Wirtz et al. 2007:10, 30 [ref. 30263], aldwin & Weigt 2012:34 [ref. 31864], Wirtz et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:42 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33516] but not eastern Atlantic (needs description of a new species), Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:152 [ref. 37485], Pinheiro et al. 2015:15 [ref. 34324], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2404 [ref. 34618], Almeida & Alves 2019:272 [ref. 37509], Brown et al. 2019:177 [ref. 36444], Parenti & Randall 2020:101 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Rypticus saponaceus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Serranidae: Grammistinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and southern Florida (U.S.A.) south to Brazil; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena Island; eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.