Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 May 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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umbra, Sciaena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:289 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] [Zara], Zadar, Dalmatia, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Neotype: BMNH 1893.9.21.10. Neotype designated by Trewavas 1966:5 [ref. 21252] -- see ICZN Opinion 988. •Valid as Sciaena umbra Linnaeus 1758 -- (Trewavas 1973:396 [ref. 7201], Chao in Whitehead et al. 1986:871 [ref. 13676], Chao & Trewavas 1990:822 [ref. 18934], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:750 [ref. 24702], Popova 1998:121 [ref. 23588], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:100 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S13 [ref. 28536], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:178 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:90 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:109 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:50 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33547], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2650 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612]). Current status: Valid as Sciaena umbra Linnaeus 1758. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: English Channel to Senegal and possibly Gabon, including Canary and Cape Verde islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.