Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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melanotheron, Sarotherodon Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1852:21 [Fische und deren Skelette; ref. 3846] Guinea. Lectotype: SMF 1316. Paralectotypes: SMF 5411-12 (2). See Opinion 1548. Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Tilapia melanotheron (Rüppell 1852) -- (Lee et al. 1980:773 [ref. 22416]). •Valid as Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell 1852 -- (Paugy & Bénech 1989:304 [ref. 26478], Page & Burr 1991:334 [ref. 18983], Trewavas & Teugels 1991:433 [ref. 20954], Lévèque et al. 1991:145 [ref. 31367], Teugels & Thys van den Audenaerde in Lévêque et al. 1992:766 [ref. 21590], Fuller et al. 1999:446 [ref. 25838], Dankwa et al. 1999:48 [ref. 28023], Falk et al. 2000:1849 [ref. 24775], Falk et al. 2003:81 [ref. 26792], Falk et al. 2003:2191 [ref. 27032], Nelson et al. 2004:153 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:210 [ref. 28183], Mundy 2005:422 [ref. 28379], Scharpf 2009:10 [ref. 30400], Page & Burr 2011:613 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:157 [ref. 32708], Schelly & Stiassny in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2710 [ref. 34618], Robins et al. 2018:397 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell 1852. Cichlidae: Pseudocrenilabrinae. Distribution: Western Africa, introduced elsewhere; established in Floida, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.