Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 February 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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theraps, Therapon Cuvier [G.] (ex Commerson) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:129, Pl. 53 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] Java, Indonesia; Mahé [Seychelles, western Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: MNHN A-5518 (1, dry) Indian Ocean, 7901 (1) Java, A-0210 (2, dry) Java; Bélanger spec. not found. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:90 [ref. 12478], Bauchot & Daget 1996:241 [ref. 22899]. Original genus should have been spelled Terapon. Based on drawing by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist), misidentified by Lacepède as Holocentrus servus (non Bloch 1790). Also appeared as footnote in Cuvier 1829:148 [ref. 995] with reference to Cuvier 1829 [ref. 21175]. Declared a nomen protectum by Parenti et al. 2013:306. •Valid as Pseudoterapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Lee & Tsai 1999:283 [ref. 24218], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Therapon [sic] theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:108 [ref. 29757], Cheng & Zhou 1997:312 [ref. 26385]). •Valid as Eutherapon theraps (Cuvier 1829) -- (Kottelat 2013:369 [ref. 32989], Yoshigou 2019:132 [ref. 36562]). •Valid as Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829 -- (Vari 1978:259 [ref. 4514], Kyushin et al. 1982:105 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:544 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:62 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:537 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:812 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:108 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:153 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:250 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:98 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:356 [ref. 23967], Shimizu & Hatooka 1997:4 [ref. 24377], Carpenter et al. 1997:150 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:107 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:134 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:507 [ref. 25919], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:243 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Vari in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:951 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:208 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:183 [ref. 25480], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368], Johnson 2001:731 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Vari 2001:3316 [ref. 26126], Nakabo 2002:951 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:358, 628 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:125 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:181 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1342 [ref. 29004], Satapoomin 2009:197 [ref. 30463], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], Allen & Erdmann 2012:362 [ref. 31980], Davis et al. 2012:1173 [ref. 32013], Hata et al. 2012:30 [ref. 32412], Minos et al. 2013:401 [ref. 32860], Larson et al. 2013:163 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:169 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:418 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:204 [ref. 34104], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:72 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:176 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:320 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:110 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:272 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:118 [ref. 37020], Kovačić et al. 2020:35 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:401 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:82 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Terapon theraps Cuvier 1829. Terapontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Rotuma, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia, north to central Japan; Mediterranean Sea (immigrant through Suez Canal). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.