Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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diacanthus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:195, 240 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5539 (1, dry half skin). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:35 [ref. 21549], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:12, 13 [ref. 6382]. Apparently diacanthus is a noun and does not decline; even in a feminine genus the spelling remains diacanthus. •Valid as Nibea diacanthus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:162 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:73 [ref. 26476] as diacantha, Youn 2002:347, 621 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Protonibea diacanthus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Trewavas 1977:364 [ref. 4459], Allen & Swainston 1988:92 [ref. 25477], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:864 [ref. 20764], Randall 1995:232 [ref. 22896], Talwar 1995:69 [ref. 25194], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:376 [ref. 27969], Sasaki 1996:89 [ref. 22156], Allen 1997:144 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:361 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23922], Sasaki in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:868 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Sasaki 2001:3171 [ref. 26108] as diacantha, Nakabo 2002:868 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S111 [ref. 27377] as diacantha, Bray et al. 2006:1263 [ref. 29091], Motomura 2009:172 [ref. 30446], Larson et al. 2013:150 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:359 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:280 [ref. 34104], Lo et al. 2017:14 [ref. 35288] as a species complex, Ali et al. 2018:333 [ref. 36183], Eagderi et al. 2019:103 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Protonibea diacanthus (Lacepède 1802). Sciaenidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to South China Sea, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.