Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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littoralis, Umbrina Holbrook [J. E.] 1847:10, Pl. 1 [Southern ichthyology: or, a description of the fishes inhabiting the waters of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. No. II; ref. 24518] South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype: ANSP 11576. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. Also appeared in Holbrook 1855:142, Pl. 20 (fig. 2) [ref. 2184] and in the second edition, 1860:144, Pl. 20 (fig. 2). See Anderson & Stephens 2002:324 [ref. 26596]. •Valid as Menticirrhus littoralis (Holbrook 1847) -- (Chao 1978:31 [ref. 6983], Robins & Ray 1986:187 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:146 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:406 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:282 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:196 [ref. 23144], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:371 [ref. 24550], Marín 2000:75 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639] dated 1855, Chao 2003:1627 [ref. 27097], Casatti & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:87 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:147 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:432 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:152 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:49 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:41 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:4 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Menticirrhus littoralis (Holbrook 1847). Sciaenidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.