Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 March 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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glacialis, Pleuronectes Pallas [P. S.] 1776:706 [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reiches; ref. 18509] Arctic Ocean, Kara Bay. No types known. Type catalog: Voronina & Volkova 2019:281 [ref. 37075] (no types at ZIN). There is no concensus on the generic placement at this time. •Valid as Pleuronectes glacialis Pallas 1776 -- (Sakamoto 1984:209 [ref. 5273], Lelek 1987:315 [ref. 22962], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:118 [ref. 21500], Kottelat 1997:182 [ref. 22952], Cooper & Chapleau 1998:716 [ref. 26711], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:41 [ref. 25650], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:836 [ref. 25968], Fedorov et al. 2003:135 [ref. 27579], Nelson et al. 2004:181 [ref. 27807], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:131 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Liopsetta glacialis (Pallas 1776) -- (Berg 1949:1181 [ref. 20662], Nielsen 1973:625 [ref. 6885], Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1303 [ref. 13677], Matarese et al. 1989:604 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:223 [ref. 14674], Chereshnev 1996:607 [ref. 24659], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:761 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:159 [ref. 23573], Evseenko 1998:60 [ref. 23643], Voronina & Evseenko 2001:443 [ref. 25618], Pietsch et al. 2001:147 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:48 [ref. 26178], Evseenko 2003:S65 [ref. 28535], Evseenko 2004:9 [ref. 27606], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:241 [ref. 28183], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:593 [ref. 29996], Dolgov 2013:921 [ref. 33112], Voronina & Chanet 2014:45 [ref. 33419], Parin et al. 2014:538 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:165 [ref. 34033], Afonso et al. 2016:74, 253 [ref. 36199], Kells et al. 2016:332 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:235 [ref. 34440], Vinnikov et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35844], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:441 [ref. 36370] see remarks). Current status: Valid as Liopsetta glacialis (Pallas 1776). Pleuronectidae: Pleuronectinae. Distribution: Arctic Ocean and adjacent northeastern and North Pacific; White Sea; Baltic Sea (possibly introduced). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.