Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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civitatum, Symphurus Ginsburg [I.] 1951:198, Pl. 3 (fig. H) [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 36 (pt. 3); ref. 12891] Off Mississippi Delta, Louisiana, U.S.A., 29°06'30"N, 89°40'00"W, depth 9.5 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 155227. Paratypes: USNM 86139-40 (2, 1), 86153 (1), 120081-82 (1, 1), 154945-54 (3, 1, 5, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 3), 155226 (1), 157399-403 (3, 3, 1, 1, 1). For comments on spelling of name see Munroe 1991:266 [ref. 15142], but the name civitatum (= of the states) is probably given to refer to the United States, so this noun should not be corrected. •Valid as Symphurus civitatum Ginsburg 1951 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:296 [ref. 23100] as civitatus, Boschung 1992:177 [ref. 23239] as civitatus). •Valid as Symphurus civitatum Ginsburg 1951 (often seen as civitatium) -- (Munroe 1991:263 [ref. 15142], Munroe 1998:125 [ref. 23285], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:500 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:343 [ref. 25013], Munroe 2003:1943 [ref. 27118], Nelson et al. 2004:183 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:876 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:55 [ref. 35565] with author as Guinsburg, Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Symphurus civitatum Ginsburg 1951. Cynoglossidae: Symphurinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.