Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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schoepfii, Balistes Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:461 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated [New York, U.S.A.]. No types known. Based on 'Balistes' in Schöpf 1788:186 [ref. 18700]. •Valid as Alutera schoepfii (Walbaum 1792) -- (Berry & Vogele 1961:66 [ref. 19549], McAllister 1990:225 [ref. 14674] as scoepfi). •Valid as Aluterus schoepfii (Walbaum 1792) [sometimes seen as schoepfi] -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:471 [ref. 14275], Smith 1986:459 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:300 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:562 [ref. 25518] as schoepfi, Harmelin-Vivien & Quéro 1990:1062 [ref. 19527], Boschung 1992:180 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:359 [ref. 23827], Murdy et al. 1997:265 [ref. 23144], Cervigón 1996:95 [ref. 24489], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221] as shoepfii, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:507 [ref. 24550] as schoepfi, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:349 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754] as schoepfi, Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:592 [ref. 26158] as schoepfi, Matsuura 2003:1974 [ref. 27119], Menezes & Moura in Menezes et al. 2003:109 [ref. 27192] as schoepfi, Smith et al. 2003:69 [ref. 27621] as schoepi, Nelson et al. 2004:184 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:905 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:190 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:86 [ref. 33341], Matsuura 2014:11 [ref. 33576], Pinheiro et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34324], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3059 [ref. 34618], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Ribeiro et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Aluterus schoepfii (Walbaum 1792). Monacanthidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia (Canada) south to Brazil, including Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: marine.