Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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spadiceus, Tetrodon Richardson [J.] 1845:123, Pl. 58 (figs. 4-5) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] China seas. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1970.3.3.1. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. •Synonym of Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider 1801), but a valid subspecies -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:301 [ref. 19754]). •Valid as Gastrophysus spadiceus (Richardson 1845) -- (Chen et al. 1997:185 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:477 [ref. 26385] dated 1844, Wu et al. 2011:622 [ref. 32150], Larson et al. 2013:237 [ref. 32988]). •Valid as Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845) -- (Tortonese 1973:645 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:286 [ref. 29757], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:1344 [ref. 13677], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:1059 [ref. 20764], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:236 [ref. 24016], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:403 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:626 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:375 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:254 [ref. 24754], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:105 [ref. 26368], Song et al. 2001:129 [ref. 25468], Ebert 2001:76 [ref. 25494], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3957 [ref. 26317] dated to 1844, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:157 [ref. 26753] dated to 1844, Golani 2005:64 [ref. 37112] dated 1844, Hoese et al. 2006:1922 [ref. 29099], Fricke et al. 2007:117 [ref. 29533], Matsuura 2010:39 [ref. 33271], Matsuura et al. 2011:165 [ref. 31987], Psomadakis et al. 2015:338 [ref. 34104], Matsuura & Satoh 2016:[6] [ref. 34732], Motomura et al. 2017:238 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:389 [ref. 35805], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2018:309 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:138 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus spadiceus (Richardson 1845). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.