Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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meleagris, Tetrodon Anonymous (ex Commerson in Lacepède) 1798:684 [Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung 1798 (pt. 3) (no. 288) (for 25 Sept. 1798); ref. 24107] Mers de l'Asie [Indo-West Pacific]. No types known. Usually dated to Lacepède 1798:505 [ref. 2708], but he only used a vernacular name "méléagris" in italics under vernacular genus 'Tétrodon', as 'Le tétrodon méléagris'; Lacepède did not use italics for scientific names. Correctly dated to Anonymous [ex Commerson, Lacepède] 1798:684 [ref. 24107], which is the first available, Latinized version. Sometimes dated to Bloch & Schneider 1801. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Arothron meleagris (Lacepède 1798) -- (Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:365 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:897 [ref. 5714], Pequeño 1989:77 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:70 [ref. 13251], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Matsuura 1994:29 [ref. 21445], Allen & Robertson 1994:299 [ref. 22193], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1633 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:401 [ref. 22896], Lindberg et al. 1997:165 [ref. 23547], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:303 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:645 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:412 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:289 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:30 [ref. 25829], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1428 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:467 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:274 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3956 [ref. 26317] with authors as Bloch & Schneider, date as 1801, Nakabo 2002:1428 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:651 [ref. 27495] as Bloch & Shneider 1801, Lobel & Lobel 2004:78 [ref. 27576] as Bloch & Schneider 1801, Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:452 [ref. 28072], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:453 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:646 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:533 [ref. 28379], Hoese et al. 2006:1915 [ref. 29099], Randall 2007:494 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:152 [ref. 36646], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider 1801). •Valid as Arothron meleagris (Anonymous 1798) -- (Fricke 1999:604 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:121 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1088 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:273 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] with authorship as Bloch & Schneider 1801, Galván-Villa et al. 2016:151 [ref. 34871], Matsuura 2016:[6] [ref. 34211], Fourriére et al. 2016:451 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:612 [ref. 34923], Fricke et al. 2018:385 [ref. 35805], Sánchez-Jiménez et al. 2018:S8 [ref. 36248], González-Murcia et al. 2019:309 [ref. 36544], Zajonz et al. 2019:102 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Arothron meleagris (Anonymous 1798). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros and Madagascar east to Clipperton Island, Mexico and Panama (eastern Pacific), north to Ryukyu, Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Easter Island. Habitat: marine.