Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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biaculeatus, Balistes Bloch [M. E.] 1786:17, Pl. 148 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 2; ref. 465] Indian Ocean. Lectotype: ZMB 4148. Paralectotypes: ZMB 33116 [ex ZMB 4148] (2), 5911 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:151 [ref. 24282]. On p. 14 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 5 [ref. 21381]. Type information and lectotype selection: Tyler 1968:275 [ref. 6438]. •Valid as Triacanthus biaculeatus (Bloch 1786) -- (Tyler 1968:254 [ref. 6438], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:148 [ref. 25477], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:1051 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:172 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:391 [ref. 22896], Kottelat & Lim 1995:250 [ref. 23210], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:606 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:374 [ref. 23967], Lindberg et al. 1997:50 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:236 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:235 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:576 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:254 [ref. 24754], Johnson 1999:753 [ref. 25471], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1395 [ref. 25182], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:309 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3908 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1395 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:446, 690 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Hoese et al. 2006:1866 [ref. 29067], Matsuura 2009:324 [ref. 31171], Motomura et al. 2010:232 [ref. 31256], Larson et al. 2013:231 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:468 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:225 [ref. 34464], Matsuura 2014:6 [ref. 33576], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2015:99 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:331 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:97 [ref. 34492], Ali et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36183], Jawad et al. 2018:122 [ref. 36262], Karna et al. 2018:592 [ref. 36101], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2018:303 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:324 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:139 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Triacanthus biaculeatus (Bloch 1786). Triacanthidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.