Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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laevigatus, Tetrodon Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:411 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. No types known. Original genus should have been spelled Tetraodon. Based on manuscript description by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Valid as Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:477 [ref. 14275], Roberts 1986:436 [ref. 6223], Robins & Ray 1986:305 [ref. 23100], Shipp 1990:1070 [ref. 19531], Boschung 1992:182 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:448 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:181 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1996:119 [ref. 24489], Murdy et al. 1997:267 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:517 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:355 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:81 [ref. 25466], Díaz de Astarloa et al. 2000:401 [ref. 24427], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:171 [ref. 27754], Ebert 2001:76 [ref. 25494], Camargo & Isaac 2001:146 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:66 [ref. 26808], Shipp 2003:1994 [ref. 27120], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:110 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:185 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:923 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:42 [ref. 30263], Bañón & Santás 2011:1574 [ref. 31248], Di Dario et al. 2013:264 [ref. 37503], Page et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32708], Fabiano et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], Matsuura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3070 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:56 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35324], Spier et al. 2018:19 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:224 [ref. 37250], Ribeiro et al. 2019:9 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Lagocephalus laevigatus (Linnaeus 1766). Tetraodontidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and New England (U.S.A.) south to Argentina; eastern Atlantic: Spain and Portugal south to Namibia, including Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.