Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 June 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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orientalis, Pleuronectes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:157 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Syntypes: ZMB 7404 (1, right skin), 7405 (1, dry, lost), 7407 (1, right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:139-140 [ref. 24282] with syntypes; listing of ZMB 7404 as holotype by Eschmeyer et al. 1998:1250 [Catalog of Fishes] technically may have established a lectotype. •Valid as Synaptura orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:355 [ref. 6441], Desoutter 1986:431 [ref. 6212], Ataur Rahman 1989:28 [ref. 24860], Poll & Gosse 1995:79 [ref. 24781], Nakabo 2000:1387 [ref. 25182]). •Valid as Euryglossa orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:1047 [ref. 20764], Coad 1991:27 [ref. 15702], Kottelat et al. 1993:171 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:72 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:360 [ref. 22896], Rainboth 1996:222 [ref. 22772], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:596 [ref. 27969], Rema Devi et al. 1996:144 [ref. 24021], Carpenter et al. 1997:233 [ref. 23922], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:188 [ref. 25703]). •Valid as Brachirus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lu & Wu in Kuang et al. 1986:334 [ref. 26639], Li & Wang 1995:305 [ref. 16193], Munroe in Randall & Lim 2000:646 [ref. 25122], Desoutter et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25559], Munroe 2001:3883 [ref. 26314], Nakabo 2002:1387 [ref. 26193], Ataur Rahman 2003:43 [ref. 31338], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S122 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Bray 2006:1845 [ref. 29000], Ho et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31461], Coad 2010:268 [ref. 36620], Larson et al. 2013:226 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:464 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:326 [ref. 34104], Voronina et al. 2016:396 [ref. 35064], Ali et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:372 [ref. 35805], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:123 [ref. 37020], Voronina 2019:423 [ref. 36809]). Current status: Valid as Brachirus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Soleidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to northern Vietnam and Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.