Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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bilineatus, Pleuronectes Bloch [M. E.] 1787:29, Pl. 188 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] China Lectotype: ZMB 2432. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:68 [ref. 24282], locality erroneously as Indian Ocean. On p. 21 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:68 [ref. 24282]. Dor 1984:272, footnote [ref. 29757] incorrectly cited this name as preoccupied by Achirus bilineatus Lacepède 1802. Kottelat (2013:763 [ref. 32887]) determined that bilineata Bloch, "Cynoglossus bilineatus" and Paraplagusia blochii (replacement name) refer to the same organism; and, to avoid tautonymy, he renamed Paraplagusia bilineata as P. bleekeri. He did not consider the specimen ZMB 2432 as lectotype, and incorrectly synonymised the species with Cynoglossus quadrilineatus (Bleeker 1851). •Synonym of Cynoglossus quadrilineatus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 2013:764 [ref. 32887]). •Valid as Paraplagusia bilineata (Bloch 1787) -- (Dor 1984:273 [ref. 29757], Ochiai in Masuda et al. 1984:355 [ref. 6441], Desoutter 1986:433 [ref. 6212], Heemstra 1986:867 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:146 [ref. 25477], Quéro & Maugé 1989:393 [ref. 19513], Ataur Rahman 1989:31 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:1044 [ref. 20764], Chapleau & Renaud 1993:801 [ref. 21017], Kottelat et al. 1993:170 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:301 [ref. 24014], Poll & Gosse 1995:79 [ref. 24781], Goren & Dor 1994:72 [ref. 25356], Kottelat & Lim 1995:250 [ref. 23210], Li & Wang 1995:326 [ref. 16193], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:602 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:234 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:374 [ref. 23967], Fricke 1999:575 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:753 [ref. 25471], Munroe in Randall & Lim 2000:646 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1388 [ref. 25182], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:188 [ref. 25703], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:303 [ref. 27511] dating to 1784, Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Munroe 2001:3901 [ref. 26314], Nakabo 2002:1388 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:46 [ref. 31338], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:436 [ref. 28072], Hoese & Bray 2006:1856 [ref. 29000], Ho et al. 2009:14 [ref. 31461], Ho & Shao 2011:62 [ref. 31432], Larson et al. 2013:229 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:468 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:330 [ref. 34104], Voronina et al. 2016:405 [ref. 35064], Fricke et al. 2018:374 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:176 [ref. 36273], Jeong in Kimura et al. 2018:302 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:122 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:319 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Paraplagusia bilineata (Bloch 1787). Cynoglossidae: Cynoglossinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes (Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to Geographe Bay (Western Australia), Bateman's Bay (New South Wales, Australia) and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: brackish, marine.