Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 August 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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pristis, Squalus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:235 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea, Indian Ocean, western Atlantic [original: "in Europa"]; localities include Marseille, France; Italy; Lesbos Island, Greece; Syria; Brazil. No types known. Lectotype or neotype fixation needed. Originally based on multiple species and at least 32 pre-Linnaean sources including Artedi 1738:66 [ref. 30578] and Artedi 1738:93 [ref. 30349] as Squalus rostro longo cuspidato osseo plano utrinque dentato; Rondelet 1554:487 [ref. 30354] as Prist(is), L'Écluse & Belon 1605:135 [ref. 30583] as Pristis sive serra, Jonston 1649:217 [ref. 30579] as Pust(is), Charleton 1668:168 [ref. 30580] as Pristis, serra, Willughby 1686:61 [ref. 30164] and Ray 1713:23 [ref. 30231] as Pristis sive serra piscis. •Valid as Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:51 [ref. 7167], Stehmann & Bürkel in Whitehead et al. 1984:154 [ref. 13675], Robins & Ray 1986:35 [ref. 23100], Paxton et al. 1989:58 [ref. 12442], Stehmann 1990:53 [ref. 19316], Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:60 [ref. 21589], Boschung 1992:25 [ref. 23239], Kottelat et al. 1993:1 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:75 [ref. 24781], McEachran & Notarbartolo-di-Sciara in Fischer et al. 1995:772 [ref. 22829], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:137 [ref. 23897], Bussing 1998:53 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:62 [ref. 24555], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:173 [ref. 26753], Carvalho & McEachran in Reis et al. 2003:19 [ref. 27061], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:27 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:526 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:81 [ref. 28615], Carvalho et al. 2007:151 [ref. 30012], Fricke 2008:11 [ref. 30182], Faria et al. 2012:11 [ref. 32356], Angulo et al. 2013:989 [ref. 33194], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:104 [ref. 35745], Morgan et al. 2014:35 [ref. 36567], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Psomadakis et al. 2015:95 [ref. 34104], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:104 [ref. 34398], Last et al. 2016:474 [ref. 34473], Last et al. 2016:63 [ref. 34991], Miesen et al. 2016:80 [ref. 34492], Séret 2016:1352 [ref. 34545], Weigmann 2016:81 [ref. 34211], White et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35860], Biscoito et al. 2018:485 [ref. 37562], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:22 [ref. 35805], Kumar et al. 2018:297 [ref. 36178], White & Ko'ou 2018:45 [ref. 35922], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:121 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:42 [ref. 37250], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861], Jones et al. 2020:284 [ref. 37610], Kovačić et al. 2020:46 [ref. 37519], Psomadakis et al. 2020:193 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Pristis pristis (Linnaeus 1758). Pristidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.