Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 14 September 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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phoxinus, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:322 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] River Agger north of Lohmar, 50°50'N, 7°12'E, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany. Neotype: NRM 55108. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:25 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Neotype validly established by Kottelat 2007:153 [ref. 29201]. For remarks on systematics see Kottelat 2006:45-46 [ref. 28831]. •Valid as Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus 1758), as a valid subspecies -- (Mitrofanov et al. 1987:132 [ref. 37731]). •Valid as Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Berg 1949:588 [ref. 20661], Yang & Hwang 1964:23 [ref. 13497], Howes 1985:67 [ref. 5274], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Lelek 1987:217 [ref. 22962], Zhu 1995:30 [ref. 25213], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:19 [ref. 22798], Chereshnev 1996:600 [ref. 24659], Bianco et al. 1996:52 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:73 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya 1997:174 [ref. 23566], Kim 1997:256 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:740 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:68 [ref. 23589], Luo in Chen et al. 1998:75 [ref. 23878], Briolay et al. 1998:101 [ref. 25586], Fricke 1999:25 [ref. 24101], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:17 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43 [ref. 26178], Chereshnev et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26736], Pietsch et al. 2001:139 [ref. 25688], Sideleva 2001:51 [ref. 26181], Kim & Park 2002:164 [ref. 25913], Choi et al. 2003:158, 517 [ref. 26218], Fedorov et al. 2003:25 [ref. 27579], Sideleva 2003:9 [ref. 27815], Hanel 2003:49 [ref. 27894], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:96 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:170 [ref. 28369], Hanel & Lusk 2005:200 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:88 [ref. 28831], Ocock et al. 2006:42 [ref. 28933], Kottelat 2007:145 [ref. 29201], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:44 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:228 [ref. 29996], Bianco & Delmastro 2011:5 [ref. 31648], Strange & Mayden 2009:495 [ref. 30381], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897], Parin et al. 2014:85 [ref. 33547], Bianco & De Bonis 2015:3 [ref. 34040], Çiçek et al. 2015:146 [ref. 35151], Zhang et al. 2016:54 [ref. 34477], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:662 [ref. 34853], Palandačić et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35519], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108]). Current status: Valid as Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus 1758). Leuciscidae: Phoxininae. Distribution: Central Europe: Rhine River drainage. Introduced in Italy. Habitat: freshwater.